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2013年秋新目标八年级英语unit4

发布时间:2013-10-04 10:19:46  

学智教育学科教师辅导讲义模板

年 级:初二 辅导科目:英语 教师姓名:梅x 校区:湖州凤凰苑校区 辅导日期:2013-08-5

课 题 Unit 4. What’s the best movie theater?

教学目的 1、最高级的用法2、学会运用形容词的原级、比较级和最高级来表达自己的观点和思想。

教学内容

〖语法(Grammar)〗

形容词和副词最高级的用法

对三者或三者以上的人或物进行比较时用最高级。形容词最高级前面要加定冠词the,副词最高级前可加the,也可省掉the;后面可带of/in短浯来说明比较范围:

“主语+系动词+the+形容词最高级+of短语/in短语”

eg.She is the youngest Of all.

“A+谓语动词+(the)+最高级+of短语/in短语”

eg.Linda draws most carefully in her class.

(1)用于三者或三者以上的人或事物之间的比较,其结构是“the+最高级+名词复数+表示比较范围的短语或从句”.

The Great Wall is the greatest walls in the world.

This question is the most difficult one of the three.

Which do you think is the best, football, basketball or handball?

(2) 表示“最?之一”和“第?个最?”时, 用“one of + 最高级+名词复数 ”和“the first(second) +

最高级+ 名词单数”。

Beijing is one of the biggest cities in the world.

Wang Fei is the most popular singer in China.

形容词最高级前通常要加定冠词the,而以下几种情况一般不需要加定冠词the:

1.形容词最高级前有序数词、物主代词、指示代词或名词所有格等限定词修饰时,最高级前不用the。如:

The Yellow River is the second longest river in China.黄河是中国第二长河。

2.形容词最高级在句中作表语而比较范围又不明确时,最高级前不用the。如:

They are happiest on Saturdays.他们在星期六最快乐。

3.如果两个形容词最高级并列修饰同一个名词时,第二个形容词最高级前不加the。如: He is the youngest and tallest boy in his class.他是班上年龄最小、个子最高的男孩。

4.如果形容词最高级用来加强语气,作"十分;非常"之意时,前面不加the。但形容词最高级作单数名词的定语时,可用不定冠词a/an。如:

That book is most interesting.那本书非常有趣。

5.作宾语补足语的形容词最高级前不加the。如:

I found it most difficult to get to sleep.我发现入睡最难。

6.在一些固定用法中,最高级前通常省略the。如:

With best wishes for you.向你致以最美好的祝愿。

【Section A】

〖必备知识清单〗

1.最高级的用法

2.comfortable使人舒服的,舒适的

3.thanks for?因??而感谢

4.no problem没什么

5.路程的表达方式

【考点精讲】

1. Thanks for telling me.

thanks for意为“因?而感谢”,for是介词,后接名词、代词或动名词,表示感谢的原因或内容。

eg:---Thanks ____joining the Talk Show.

A.by B.on C.of D.for

2.10 minutes by bus.乘公交车10分钟

常见表示距离或者路程长短的方法主要有1):“It’s+具体距离+from A to B.”

2) “It’s+基数词+minutes’/hours’+walk/ride+from A to B.”

3)“It’s+所用时间+交通方式+from A to B.”

eg:---How far is it from your home to school?

---It’s about twenty ______walk.

A.minute’s B.minutes’ C.minutes

3.How do you like it so far.

so far 意为“到目前为止”侧重描述一种客观现象,可用于一般现在时。

〖Section A〗

基础巩固练习

一、 英汉互译

1. 最舒适的座位 2. the biggest screens 3. so far 4.最好的服装店 5.最差的音乐

二、 根据句意及首字母或汉语提示完成句子

6.I have two _________ (票)to the basketball match.

7. Tam listens very c_________ in class. All the teachers like him.

8. That restaurant has good s _________ .

9. (2012,贵州铜仁)He can speak English _________ (更好 地)than I.

10. The supermarket has the _________ (最新鲜的) fruit.

三、用所给词的适当形式填空

11. Thanks for _________ (help) me.

12. His brother is a _________ report).

13: This coat is _________ (expensive)than That one.

14. You can sit the most _________ (comfortable) at Sun Cinema.

15一What do you think of Funky Fashions? 一I think it’s the _________ (bad).It has really bad service .

三、 单项选择

16. The People’s Cinema is close _________ my home.

A. in B, out C. to D. of

17. _________ is the coat?

A. How far B. How much C. How soon D. How often

18一 _________ is it from your home to school? 一Ten minutes by bus.

A. How far B. How much C. How soon D. How long

19. FM 97. 4 is the best_ _________ . Lt plays popular music every day.

A. fast food restaurant $. Clothing store C. radio station D. music store

20. (2012,广西桂林)The red pencil is _________ than the green one.

A. short B. shorter C. nice D. the shortest

21: You can buy ticket _________ here.

A. the most quick B. the more quick C. the most quickly D. the more quickly

22..1 like the Big Screen Complex because it has _________ screen.

A. bigger B. the worst C. the biggest D. worst

23.—The weather is _________ today than yesterday.

A. bad B. worse C. badder D. badly

24: Which is__________season in Beijing?

A. better B. best C. the best D. good

25. (2012,福建福州)Shu-how Lin is now one of _________ basketball players in the NBA.

A. popular B, more popular C. the most popular

四、语法专练:形容词的比较级和最商级

用所给词的适当形式填空。

36.My mom is _________ (busy) in my family.

37.Which clothes store is__________ (good),Trendy Teens or Jason’s?

38. Which city is _________ (beautiful),Beijing, Shanghai or Hangzhou?

39. She is _________ (old) of us all.

40. What’s _________ (bad) radio station in town?

41.Oldies 102. 1 FM is _________ (bad) than All Talk 970 AM.

42. Which is _________ (big) of the five ( oranges?

43. Movie Palace has_ ________________ (comfortable) seats of the three.

44.0f all the boxes this one is _________ (heavy).

45.1 want to learn science hard. I think it is _________ (difficult) of all.

【Section B】

〖必备知识清单〗

1.It’s+ adj+to do sth.

2.watch注视,观看

3.other另外的,其他的

4.more and more popular越来越受欢迎

5.join参加,加入

6.be up to是?的职责,由?决定

7.everyone每人,人人,所有人

8.come true实现,成为现实

【考点精讲】

1. It’s always interesting to watch other people show their talents.

1)It’s+ adj+to do sth.表示“做某事是?的”该句中it并非真正的主语,真正的主语是后面的动词不定式(to do sth)

2)watch“注视、观看”后接doing或者do,watch sb doing 看见某人正在做某事,watch sb do sth看到动作发生的全过程。

知识拓展:跟watch用法相似的动词:hear/see/notice

3)易混辨析another,other与others的区别

词条 含义 用法

another 另一个,又一个 常用于三者或三者以上,表泛指

other 别的,其他的 后常接复数名词;常构成one?the other?结构,表示“一个?另一个?”,指两个中的另一个,表特指。

others 别的(其他的)人或物 相当于“other+复数名词“

3.All kinds of people join these these shows

易混辨析:join,join in,attend与take part in的区别

join有两个用法:

(1)指加入某个党派,团体组织等,成为其成员之一,意为:“参军、入团、入党”等。如: ①When did your brother join the army? 你哥哥什么时候参军的?

②She joined the Young Pioneers. 她加入了少先队。

(2)和某人一道做某事,其结构为:join sb. in (doing) sth.,根据上下文,in (doing) sth. 也可以省去。如:

①Will you join us in the discussion? 你参加我们的讨论吗?

②He\'ll join us in singing the song. 他将和我们一道唱歌。

③We\'re going to the East Lake Park on Sunday. Will you join us?

我们打算星期天去东湖公园。你跟我们一道去好吗?

2)join in多指参加小规模的活动如“球赛、游戏”等,常用于日常口语。

如:

①Come along, and join in the ball game. 快,来参加球赛。

②Why didn\'t you join in the talk last night? 昨晚你为什么没参加座谈?

3)take part in 指参加会议或群众性活动等,着重说明句子主语参加该项活动并在活动中发挥作用。如:

①We\'ll take part in social practice during the summer vacation.

暑假期间我们将参加社会实践。

②We often take part in physical labour. 我们经常参加体力劳动。

3hat’s up to you to decide.

be good at sth=do well in sth

be good at sth / doing sth:擅长于某事/做某事

be good for : 对?有益(好处)

be good to sb :对某人友好(和善)

eg. 1)Vegetables are good ____ our health.

2) If you’re good ____ him, he will be better ____ you.

3)He is good ____ fishing.

4.?.makes me laugh.

make做使役动词,表示“使、让”后接“宾语+宾语补足语”。宾语补足语常用动词原形,形容词,名词,过去分词或现在分词来充当。

laugh作动词,意为“笑;发笑”,laugh at sb表示嘲笑某人

词条 含义 用法

Laugh 笑 强调出声的笑

Smile 微笑 强调不出声的笑

Eg:The peaceful music in the CD made the students ______relaxed.

A.feel B.feels C.felt D.to feel

5.Enjoy doing sth.

enjoy作动词,意为“喜欢“,后接动名词作宾语。

6.It’s +adj+for/of sb to do sth.

(对某人来讲)做某事是?的

注意:当形容词指人的品行时,介词用of。常见的该类形容词有:good / kind / nice / polite / healthy。这类句型可转化为两个句子的意思。

如:It’s nice of you to help me.

= To help me is nice . You are nice.

其余情况有for.

eg.1) It’s good ____us to help old man.

2) It’s difficult _____ me to work out the math problem.

7.I’m getting better,though.

1)though作副词,意为然而,但是。相当于however,位于句末,且常用逗号与句子隔开。

2) though作连词,相当于although,引导让步状语从句,意为尽管,虽然。二者都不能与but连用,但可与yet和still连用。

Eg:Jack still came to school______he was ill.

A.though B.but C.if D.so

8.My best friend helps to bring out the best in me.

help to do sth,to可省略。可用help sb with sth.

eg:Reading more helps ____learn better.

A.we B.our C.us D.ours

9.be similar to 的用法

similar是形容词,意为相似的,be similar to 相当于be like.

be similar in意为“在某方面与?相似”

Eg:Look!Lucy’s new handbag is similar ________mine in style.

A.to B.for C.with D.on

Section B&Self Check

基础巩固练习

一、 荃础知识 (一)基本词汇

1. 天资;天赋 2. common 3.role 4.给 5.实例 6.获胜者 7. prize

(一) 基本短语 8.有共同特征 9.be up to l0.make up 11.认真对待 12.寻找 13. be good at 1

4.play a role 15.(梦想)实现

(二) 基本句式

16.谁是最好的表演者?

Who is _________ _________ _________ ?

17.他们在决定获胜者方面起着重要的作用。

They _________ _________ _________ _________ in deciding the winner.

18.才艺演出变得越来越受欢迎。

Talent shows are getting _________ _________ _________ _________。

19.你认为这些表演怎么样?

What do you_ _________ _________ the shows?

20.谁唱歌唱得最动听?

Who sings _________ _________ _________ ?

二、根据句意以及汉语或首字母完成句子

21.Tom is very _________ (有创造力的).

22.Not e _________ likes watching TV.

23.Lucy gets a good _________ (奖品).

24.Bill Gates often helps the p _________ in Africa.

25. His mother is s _________ ill.

三、用所给词或短语的适当形式填空

,6 .The girl is a good _________ (perform).

27. Mr Brown is _________ (funny) of all the teachers.

28.The _________ (win) in the talent shows get good prizes.

29.Chen Daoming is one of the best _________ (act)in China.

30. His dream _________ _________ (come true) at last with his great effort.

四、单项选择

31.(2012,山东临沂)English is my favorite subject, and I am good _________ it.

A. for B. to C, at D. of

32.All these talent shows have one thing _________ comcmon.

A. on B. in C. at D. for

33.Our teacher asked us to_ _________ a story about the moon.

A. make up B. make of C. make in D. make out

34.It’s fun _________ the talent show.

A. watch B, to watch C, watched D. watches

35.There are _________ school things in the store.

A. a kind of B. kind of C. different kind of D. all kinds of

36.Do you enjoy_ _________ English stories?

A. read B, to read C. reading D. reads

37. His dog is lost(丢了).He is_ _________ it .

A. looking for B. finding C. finding out D. looking at

38.The students take the exams__________ .

A. serious B. seriously C. bad D. worse

39.(2012,四)1l广安)-What a nice watch it is! 一Yes. It’s _________ one of all.

A. expensive B. more expensive C. the most expensive

40.We decide _________ to Beijing tomorrow.

A. going B. go C. to go D. goes

41.They make the little boy_ _________ the room every day

A. cleans B. clean C. to clean D. cleaning

42.Parents play a role in _________ their children.

A. teach B. teaches C. to teach D. teaching

43.Our city is becoming _________ .

A. more and most beautiful B. more beautiful and more beautiful

C. more and more beautiful D. beautiful and beautiful

44.Which subject is_ _________ of all?

A. the most interested B. the most interesting C. the more interested D. the more interesting

45. (2012,贵州毕节)When winter comes, days get _________ .

A. long and long B. short and short C. longer and longer D. shorter and shorter

五、句型转换

46.Funky Fashions has the worst clothes in town.(改哭 一般疑问句)

_________ Funky Fashions _________ the worst clothes in town?

47,Mike’s hair is 5 cm long. Jack’s hair is 6 cm long.(合 并为一句)

Mike’s hair is _________ _________ _________ .

48.It costs about 180 yuan for a night in the hotel.(对画 线部分提问)

_________ _________ does it _________ for a night in the hotel?

49.1 think Jason’s has the best clothes in town.(改为圣 定句)

I _________think Jason’s _________ he best clothes in town.

50. This jacket is cheaper than that one.(改为同义句)

That jacket is_ _________ _________ than this one.

51. The tall boy wins the game.(改为同义句)

The _________ _________ the game is the tall boy.

七 根据所给汉语完成句子

52. Jasper’s has the_ _________ (最友好的)service.

53. Hotels usually __________________ (降低它们的价格) in winter.

54. 1 think Cride Theater has __________________ (最舒适的)seats.

55, The Art Festival _________________________ 持续了 大约10天).

56. The moon cakes are very delicious,but I can’t _________ (再吃).

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