unit 2 I used to be afraid of the dark
一、词汇 （1）基础词汇： used to 曾经 dark 黑暗 spider 蜘蛛 insect 昆虫 （2）词汇复习 short hair短发 curly hair卷发 long hair长发 straight hai直发 tall高的 short矮的 造成很多麻烦 一个十五岁的男孩 一个问题孩子
和他妈妈最近的一次对话 近几年以来 1 过去常常 2 非常害怕 3 最后，终于 4 做决定，下决心 5 令人惊奇 6 即使 7 不再①② 8 对…感到自豪 9 对…注意，留心 10 放弃,放弃做某事 11 入睡
sure 无疑，确实 right 立即，马上 chew 嚼，咀嚼 be afraid of 害怕做… gum 口香糖 be interested in 对…感兴趣 comic 连环漫画
be terrified of 对感到恐惧
thin 瘦的 中等胖瘦 heavy重的，沉的
(have/has) a medium build
12 不喜欢体操课 13 和某人聊天 14 改变很多 16 使你压力很大 17 改变他的生活 18 有能力或时间做某事 19 引起很多麻烦
20 陷入和…有关的麻烦中 21 把…送到… 22 浪费时间 23 害怕独处 24 尽可能好地 25 为。。。付钱 26 改变某人的主意/想法 27 使学历史成为一个真实的经历
1．I wasn’t very outgoing. 我性格不是非常外向。
2．You used to have long hair. 你曾经梳着长头发。
3．---Did you use to have straight hair? 你曾经留长头发吧？
---Yes, I did. 是的，我曾。
4. —Did you use to have straight hair? 你过去是直发吗？
—Yes, I did. 是的。
5. —Did you use to play the piano? 你过去弹钢琴吗？
—No, I didn’t. 不，我不弹。
6. I used to be short when I was young. 我年轻时个子很矮
7. I used to be afraid of dark.我过去害怕黑暗。
8. I’m terrified of the snakes.我害怕蛇。
9. —Did you use to be afraid of being alone?你过去害怕独自一人呆着吗？ —Yes, I did. 是的，我怕。
10．— I used to eat candy all the time.我曾一度一直在吃糖果。
— Did you? 是吗？
— Yes, I did. I used to chew gum a lot.是的。我曾吃口香糖吃的很凶。 难点解析
1、Don’t you remember me? 难道你不记得我了吗？
Don’t you remember that holiday we had in Spain? Yes, I do/ No, I don’t..
---Can’t you (really) ride a bike? 你真的不会骑自行车吗？
---No, I can’t. 是的，我不会。
---Won’t you help me?
---No, I’m afraid I can’t.
Can’t you shut the door behind you?
Didn’t he do well!
Isn’t it cold here!
She lives alone in the house.
alone的意义是“单独、独自的”，而lonely则指“孤独的、寂寞的”。试看下面这个句子： The old man’s wife died a year ago. He lives alone now, but he never feels lonely.
（2）be afraid of 害怕……, 后面可接名词、代词和动词－ing 形式。
Are you afraid of snakes?
He is afraid of going out alone at night.
be afraid 后面还可接动词不定式，和宾语从句。
Don’t be afraid to ask for help if you need it.
1、When I was young, I used to have so much time, but these days I get up early and stay in school all day. 在我年纪小的时候，我常常有那么多的时间，但现在我早早起床，并且一整天都呆在学校里。
so much 用来修饰不可数名词，意思是“如此多的”
so many 与可数名词连用
You eat so much food.你吃的太多了。
You have so many books to read.你有那么多要读的书。
used to 的用法：
否定句是didn’t use to….
·When I was a child, I didn’t use to like apples.
疑问形式是did you use to…?
·Where did you use to live before you came here?
（2）含有used to 的句子的反意疑问句不要usedn’t + 主语，而用didn’t ＋ 主语。 He used to smoke, didn’t he? 他过去常常吸烟，是吗？
Yes, he did./ No, he didn’t. 是的，他吸。/ 不，他不吸。
（3）used to 表示过去的习惯动作， 而不是现在的。
I am used to the weather here. 我已经习惯于这里的天气了。
He is used to hard work. 他习惯于艰苦的工作。
（4）used to 可以和be, have 以及其他状态动词连用，描写过去的状态。
I used to be a waiter, but now I’m a taxi-driver.
★ 本单元的许多运用used to 的句子属于描述过去的状态。
Mario used to be short.马力奥过去总是很矮。
Amy used to be outgoing. 爱米过去性格外向。
Tina used to have long and straight hair. 蒂娜过去有一头直的长头发。
He used to wear black shoes. 他过去常穿黑鞋。
Would与used to都可用来表示过去经常性或习惯性的动作，常常可以换用。如： When we were boys we used to/would go swimming every summer.
He used to/would spend every penny he earned on books．
People used to believe that the earth was flat．
He would go to the park as soon as he was free．
1. When I was a child, I used to ___________ strawberry.
A. liking B. like C. liked D. likes
2. It ___________ that he has been ill for a long time.
A. seems B. looks C. looks as if D. seems as if
3. He is afraid of ___________ strangers.
A. see B. seeing C. saw D. seen
4. I used to have short hair but now I have _____ hair.
A. curly B. long C. straight D. yellow
5. I don’t like going out. I’m very _______.
A. funny B. quiet C. quite D. active
6. My sister likes music. My father used to take her to the _______.
A. museum B. amusement park C. concerts D. hospital
7. ___________ study in No.4 Middle School?
A. Did you used to B. Did you use to C. Do you used to D. Do you use to
8. Don’t ___________ about things so much. It will make you stressed out.
A. afraid B. terrify C. terrified D. worry
9. I used to be shy. I couldn’t ___________________.
A．alone B. speak in front of a large group C. say anything D.try
10. It _________ that Yu Mei has changed a lot.
A. seem B. seems C. look D seemed
I used to travel by air a great deal of when I was a boy. My parents used to live in South America and I used to fly there from Europe in the holidays. An airhostess would take charge of me and I never had an unpleasant experience. I am used to traveling (习惯于某事)by air and only on one occasion have I ever felt frightened. After taking off, we were flying low over the city and slowly （逐步升高）, when the plane suddenly turned round and flew back to the airport. While we were waiting to land, an air-hostess told us to keep calm and to get off the plane quietly as soon as it had touched down. Everybody on board was worried and we were curious to find out what had happened. Later we learned that there was a very important person on board. The police
（被告诉，得知）that a bomb had been planted on the plane. After we had landed, the plane was searched thoroughly（被彻底搜查）. Fortunately, nothing was found and five hours later we were able to take off again.
( ) 1. The writer used to fly much when he was a boy.
( ) 2. The writer’s parents used to live in South Africa.
( ) 3. While they were waiting to land, an air-hostess told them not to be calm.
( ) 4. Nothing was found and nine hours later they could take off again.
( ) 5. There was really a bomb on the plane.
1. B“主语+used to+动词原形+其它”。
2. Ait seems that。
3. Bbe afraid of doing sth.
7. A本题考查的是used to句型的疑问形式。
8. D 9. B 10.B
1. √2. ×3. ×4. ×5. ×