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九年级英语unit2复习

发布时间:2013-10-04 10:19:46  

unit 2 I used to be afraid of the dark

本章知识要点

一、词汇 (1)基础词汇: used to 曾经 dark 黑暗 spider 蜘蛛 insect 昆虫 (2)词汇复习 short hair短发 curly hair卷发 long hair长发 straight hai直发 tall高的 short矮的 造成很多麻烦 一个十五岁的男孩 一个问题孩子

和他妈妈最近的一次对话 近几年以来 1 过去常常 2 非常害怕 3 最后,终于 4 做决定,下决心 5 令人惊奇 6 即使 7 不再①② 8 对…感到自豪 9 对…注意,留心 10 放弃,放弃做某事 11 入睡

sure 无疑,确实 right 立即,马上 chew 嚼,咀嚼 be afraid of 害怕做… gum 口香糖 be interested in 对…感兴趣 comic 连环漫画

be terrified of 对感到恐惧

thin 瘦的 中等胖瘦 heavy重的,沉的

(be)medium height中等身

(have/has) a medium build

12 不喜欢体操课 13 和某人聊天 14 改变很多 16 使你压力很大 17 改变他的生活 18 有能力或时间做某事 19 引起很多麻烦

20 陷入和…有关的麻烦中 21 把…送到… 22 浪费时间 23 害怕独处 24 尽可能好地 25 为。。。付钱 26 改变某人的主意/想法 27 使学历史成为一个真实的经历

他爸爸去世后

几年前

变得艰难得多

二、日常用语 他妈妈支付不了他孩子的学费。

1.I wasn’t very outgoing. 我性格不是非常外向。

2.You used to have long hair. 你曾经梳着长头发。

3.---Did you use to have straight hair? 你曾经留长头发吧?

---Yes, I did. 是的,我曾。

4. —Did you use to have straight hair? 你过去是直发吗?

—Yes, I did. 是的。

5. —Did you use to play the piano? 你过去弹钢琴吗?

—No, I didn’t. 不,我不弹。

6. I used to be short when I was young. 我年轻时个子很矮

7. I used to be afraid of dark.我过去害怕黑暗。

8. I’m terrified of the snakes.我害怕蛇。

9. —Did you use to be afraid of being alone?你过去害怕独自一人呆着吗? —Yes, I did. 是的,我怕。

10.— I used to eat candy all the time.我曾一度一直在吃糖果。

— Did you? 是吗?

— Yes, I did. I used to chew gum a lot.是的。我曾吃口香糖吃的很凶。 难点解析

Section A:

1、Don’t you remember me? 难道你不记得我了吗?

本句是否定形式的疑问句。 否定形式的疑问句一般在下述情况下使用。

(1)表示期待、请求或希望得到肯定答复时。

Don’t you remember that holiday we had in Spain? Yes, I do/ No, I don’t..

你难道不记得我们在西班牙的度假吗? 不,我记得/是的,我不记得。。

(2)想要表示惊讶、不相信或者夸张时。

---Can’t you (really) ride a bike? 你真的不会骑自行车吗?

---No, I can’t. 是的,我不会。

(3)表示想说服别人时。

---Won’t you help me?

---No, I’m afraid I can’t.

是的,我恐怕帮不了你。

(4)表示批评或者表示厌烦、挖苦时。

Can’t you shut the door behind you?

你不能随手关门吗?

(5)用在感叹句中(用将调)。

Didn’t he do well!

难道他做的不好吗?

Isn’t it cold here!

难道这里不冷吗?

2、过去我常害怕独处。

(1)alone 是表语形容词,意思是“独自的,单独的。”

She lives alone in the house.

她独自住在这座房子里。

注意区分alone和lonely

alone的意义是“单独、独自的”,而lonely则指“孤独的、寂寞的”。试看下面这个句子: The old man’s wife died a year ago. He lives alone now, but he never feels lonely.

这位老人的妻子一年前去世了,他独自生活,但从不感到孤独。

(2)be afraid of 害怕……, 后面可接名词、代词和动词-ing 形式。

Are you afraid of snakes?

你害怕蛇吗?

He is afraid of going out alone at night.

他害怕在夜里独自外出。

be afraid 后面还可接动词不定式,和宾语从句。

Don’t be afraid to ask for help if you need it.

如果你需要,不要害怕向别人求助。

Section B:

1、When I was young, I used to have so much time, but these days I get up early and stay in school all day. 在我年纪小的时候,我常常有那么多的时间,但现在我早早起床,并且一整天都呆在学校里。

so much 用来修饰不可数名词,意思是“如此多的”

so many 与可数名词连用

试比较下面两个句子:

You eat so much food.你吃的太多了。

You have so many books to read.你有那么多要读的书。

语法讲解

used to 的用法:

(1)肯定句:

used这个词没有人称的变化,to后面接动词原形。

否定句是didn’t use to….

·When I was a child, I didn’t use to like apples.

当我还是孩子的时候我不喜欢苹果

疑问形式是did you use to…?

·Where did you use to live before you came here?

当你来这儿之前你住哪儿?

(2)含有used to 的句子的反意疑问句不要usedn’t + 主语,而用didn’t + 主语。 He used to smoke, didn’t he? 他过去常常吸烟,是吗?

Yes, he did./ No, he didn’t. 是的,他吸。/ 不,他不吸。

(3)used to 表示过去的习惯动作, 而不是现在的。

I am used to the weather here. 我已经习惯于这里的天气了。

He is used to hard work. 他习惯于艰苦的工作。

(4)used to 可以和be, have 以及其他状态动词连用,描写过去的状态。

I used to be a waiter, but now I’m a taxi-driver.

我过去是一个服务员,但现在我是出租车司机。

★ 本单元的许多运用used to 的句子属于描述过去的状态。

Mario used to be short.马力奥过去总是很矮。

Amy used to be outgoing. 爱米过去性格外向。

Tina used to have long and straight hair. 蒂娜过去有一头直的长头发。

He used to wear black shoes. 他过去常穿黑鞋。

Would与used to的共同点:

Would与used to都可用来表示过去经常性或习惯性的动作,常常可以换用。如: When we were boys we used to/would go swimming every summer.

小时候,每到夏天我们都要去游泳。

He used to/would spend every penny he earned on books.

过去,他通常把挣来的钱全花在买书上。

Would与used to的区别:

Used to表示过去经常性或习惯性的动作或状态现在已经结束

would则表示有可能再发生。如:

People used to believe that the earth was flat.

过去,人们总以为地球是扁平的。(现在已不再这样认为)

He would go to the park as soon as he was free.

过去,他一有空就去公园。(现在有可能再去)

单元练习

一、单项选择

1. When I was a child, I used to ___________ strawberry.

A. liking B. like C. liked D. likes

2. It ___________ that he has been ill for a long time.

A. seems B. looks C. looks as if D. seems as if

3. He is afraid of ___________ strangers.

A. see B. seeing C. saw D. seen

4. I used to have short hair but now I have _____ hair.

A. curly B. long C. straight D. yellow

5. I don’t like going out. I’m very _______.

A. funny B. quiet C. quite D. active

6. My sister likes music. My father used to take her to the _______.

A. museum B. amusement park C. concerts D. hospital

7. ___________ study in No.4 Middle School?

A. Did you used to B. Did you use to C. Do you used to D. Do you use to

8. Don’t ___________ about things so much. It will make you stressed out.

A. afraid B. terrify C. terrified D. worry

9. I used to be shy. I couldn’t ___________________.

A.alone B. speak in front of a large group C. say anything D.try

10. It _________ that Yu Mei has changed a lot.

A. seem B. seems C. look D seemed

二、阅读理解

I used to travel by air a great deal of when I was a boy. My parents used to live in South America and I used to fly there from Europe in the holidays. An airhostess would take charge of me and I never had an unpleasant experience. I am used to traveling (习惯于某事)by air and only on one occasion have I ever felt frightened. After taking off, we were flying low over the city and slowly (逐步升高), when the plane suddenly turned round and flew back to the airport. While we were waiting to land, an air-hostess told us to keep calm and to get off the plane quietly as soon as it had touched down. Everybody on board was worried and we were curious to find out what had happened. Later we learned that there was a very important person on board. The police

(被告诉,得知)that a bomb had been planted on the plane. After we had landed, the plane was searched thoroughly(被彻底搜查). Fortunately, nothing was found and five hours later we were able to take off again.

根据短文内容,判断对错,对的打√,错的打×。

( ) 1. The writer used to fly much when he was a boy.

( ) 2. The writer’s parents used to live in South Africa.

( ) 3. While they were waiting to land, an air-hostess told them not to be calm.

( ) 4. Nothing was found and nine hours later they could take off again.

( ) 5. There was really a bomb on the plane.

答案和解析

一、

1. B“主语+used to+动词原形+其它”。

2. Ait seems that。

3. Bbe afraid of doing sth.

4. Bshort和long是相对的。

5. B这句话说的是我不喜欢外出,我很安静。

6. C

7. A本题考查的是used to句型的疑问形式。

8. D 9. B 10.B

二、

1. √2. ×3. ×4. ×5. ×

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