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中考中的交际用语

发布时间:2013-10-05 10:02:58  

中考中的英语交际用语 编者:云南省大理州祥云县祥城镇第二初级中学 梁洪波

九年义务教育中学英语课程标准明确指出:英语教学的目的是通过听.说、读、写的训练,使学生获得英语的基础知识,培养学生良好的学习习惯,初步运用交际英语的能力。显然,要学好一门外语,掌握它的语音、语法、词汇和惯用语这一语言结构是远远不够的,我们还必须了解英、美人民的文化背景、生活方式、风土人情和交际习惯。由于社会生活的信息化和经济的全球化,使英语的重要性日益突出,许多国家在基础教育发展战略中,都把英语教育作为公民素质教育的重要组成部分,并将其摆在突出的地位。由于新目标九义制教材在全国大范围内使用,今后的学业水平测试必然朝着语境化、交际化、综合化的方向发展。因此,同学们在平时的学习以及学业水平测试中,—定要注意这方面的训练内容。现将一些交际用语归纳如下,仅供同行们参考。

一、表示问侯:Greetings

1、当人们第一次见面,互相介绍、互相问候时,应该这样说: A: How do you do? I?m Tom.

B: How do you do? I?m Li Ming.

若是互相熟悉,彼此了解的朋友,见面时应该这样问候: A: Hello! How are you?

B: Fine,thank you.And you ? 或very well,thank you.

3、A: Good morning/afternoon/evening! 早上好/下午好/晚上好! B: Good morning/afternoon/evening! 早上好/下午好/晚上好! A: Hello/Hi! 嗨!/ .你好

B: Hello/Hi! 嗨!/ .你好

4、Best wishes(regards) to sb. 问候某人好。

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Please give my regards (best wishes, love) to Tom. 请代我向汤姆致以问候。 Please remember me to Tom.请代我向汤姆问候。

Say hello to Tom.向汤姆问好

5、Glad (Pleased/Nice) to meet you here (again). 很高兴在这里 (或:又)见到你。 Glad (Pleased/Nice) to meet you here (again), too. / me, too

6、介绍 Introductions

(1)This is Mr. (Mrs., Miss., Ms.) Green. 这位是格林先生(或夫人、小姐、女士)。 That is Li Ning. 那位是李宁。

(2) My name is Li Ning. 我名叫李宁

I?m a teacher. 我是老师

I?m Chinese. 我是中国人

Excuse me, what?s your (full) name, please? 请问你贵姓(您尊姓大名)

(3)I have often heard about you. 我常常听人谈起你

I have often wanted to meet you. 我一直想认识你

Excuse my introducing myself. 恕我冒昧地自我介绍一下

Do you know my father? 你认识我父亲吗?

I don?t think you have met my father.我想你还没有见过我父亲吧 Allow (let) me introduce Mr. Green to you.

请允许 (或让) 我给你介绍一下格林先生

二、当别人感谢你的帮忙时,你应该说“不用谢”、“没什么”等,用英语应该这样

表达:

A: Thank you very much./Thanks a lot.

B: Not at all./You are welcome./With pleasure./It?s pleasure./That?s all right. 注意: 不能将It doesn?t matter.Never mind用在这一场合.

三、当别人夸奖、赞扬你时,中国人的习惯总是说: “不行,差远了”.外国人却

不以这种降低自己的方式来表示谦逊.在这种场合,他们总是欣然接受赞扬,

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?谢谢?.例如:

A: You speak English quite well.

B: Thank you./Thanks./It?s very kind (nice) of you to say so.

四、当别人觉得对不起你,向你道歉时,你应说: ?没什么?,?没事? 等。英语应

该这样说:

A: I am sorry to keep you waiting.

B: Oh, not at all./ It doesn?t matter.Never mind.It?s nothing.

That?s all right. Don?t mention it.

五、当你听到别人的不幸时,你应该表示遗憾和同情.英语应读这样说,例如:

A: My mother was ill.I had to take her to the hospital yesterday.

B: Oh, I am sorry to hear that.

六、当你向某人告别时,你应该这样说:

(1) A: I think lt?s time for me to leave now./I think It?s time for me to go home now. B: Good bye! / Bye—bye! See you later. See you tomorrow. / Good night.

(2) I?m afraid I must be leave (must be off, have to go) now. 恐怕我得走了。 I think it?s time for us to leave now. 我想我们该走了。

It?s time I met Tom (did my homework). I have to go now.

(注意从句要用虚拟语气) 我该去见汤姆 (或:去做作业了). 现在我得走了。

七.询问时间或日期

1、询问星期几。

A: What day is it today? 今天星期几?

B: It?s Monday. (Tues/Wednes/Thurth/Fri/Satur/Sun)-day 今天星期一。

2、询问日期。

A: What?s the date today? 今天几号? B: It?s June 25th. 今天是6月25曰. January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September,

October, November, December

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3、问现在几点钟。

A: What time is it ? 几点钟了/是什么时间了?

B: It?s five o?clock.现在是5点钟。

4、表示现在是干某事的时间时。

A: What?s the time,please? 请问, 是什么时间了/几点钟了?

B: lt?s time for lunch.该吃午餐了./ It?s time for me to go. 我该去了。

八、问年龄、职业.长相,为人、健康情况、家庭成员等。

1、问年龄.

A: How old are you? / What?s your age? 你有几岁了?

B: I am fifteen.我有十五岁。

2、问职业。

A: What do you do? 你/你们从事什么职业?

B: I am a student. / We are students. 我是一位学生/我们是学生。 A: What is he/she? = What doe she/he do? 他/她从事什么职业?

B: He/She is a doctor.他/她是一位医生.

3、问长相、为人。

A: What is she like?/what does she look like ? 她长得怎样?

B: She is beautiful and tall.她长得又高又漂亮。

She is of medium height and has medium build.她中等身高、中等体格。 A: What is she like? 她为人如何? B: She is kind and honest.她善良诚实。

4、问家庭成员或朋友。

A: Who is he/she? 他是谁?

B: He is my father.他是我父亲。/She is my sister.

5、问健康情况。

A: How is he/she? 他身体如何?

B: He/She is fine/well.他身体健康.

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A: Hello! How are you?

B: Fine, thank you!And you? 或Very well, thank you.

九、问路。

A: Excuse me, where is the library? 劳驾/请问,图书馆在哪里?

Excuse me, is there a library near here? 请问,靠近这儿有一家图书馆吗? Excuse me,could you tell me to the station? 请问,去车站的路怎么走? Excuse me,how can I get to the station? 请问,我怎样才能到达车站?

Could you tell me how I can get to the shop? 你可以告诉我怎样才能到这家商店?

Excuse me, which is the way to the station? 请问,到车站的路走哪一条? Do you know which the way to the shop is? 你知道到那家商店的路走哪一条吗?

Could you please tell me where the shop is? 请你告诉我这家商店在那儿? Can you please tell me if there is a shop near here? 请你告诉我靠近这儿是否有一家商店?

B: Go down(on/along/up)this street. 请沿着这条街道走就是。 It?s over there on the left/right.

It?s next to the …/ in front of the …/behind the…/ between… and….

It?s at the end of the street.

Walk /Go along /down the road /the street, and take the second turning on the left/right.

It?s about 100 meters along on the right.

You?d better take a bus.

Go down this street until you reach the second traffic lights.

At the end of the road you?ll see the….

It will take you about half an hour.

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Go across the bridge.

Go along this road to the end.

Turn left/ right at the second crossing.

Take the No. 3 bus and it will take you there.

The no.3 bus will take you there.

You?d better take the No.3 bus to the hospital.

You can?t miss it. / You?ll find it. / You?ll see it on the left.

It?s about 15 minutes? walk.

十、表示祝愿,祝贺。

1、当听到别人取得好成绩.你应该表示祝贺。

A: Jack, I have passed the exam. 杰克,我考试及格了.

B: Oh, Congratulations. 祝贺你了!

2、当别人祝你节日快乐或周末愉快时.你应该说“也祝你节日快乐!” A: Happy New year to you! 祝你新年快乐!

Have a nice weekend!祝你周末快乐!

B: The same to you! 我也祝你快乐。

3、当别人祝你生日快乐时,你应该说“谢谢”.

A: Happy birthday to you! 祝你生曰快乐!

B: Thank you!谢谢你。

4、当别人要去参观、参加比赛时,你应该表示祝愿。例如:

1)A: I am going to visit the Great Wall.我打算去游览长城.

B: Have a good time! / Have fun! 祝你玩得愉快.

2)A: I will take part in English contest. 我要去参加英语竞赛。

B: Best wishes to you!/Good luck! 祝你好运。

十一、根据英美人的习惯,当对方向你提供帮助时,无论你同意或不同意,都应

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礼貌的说声?谢谢?。

1、A: Would you like some cool drink? 你要不要喝点冷饮?

B: Thanks! That would be nice(fine). 谢谢!那太好了。

2、A: Let me carry the box for you. 让我帮你拿箱子。

B: Thank you for your help.多谢你的帮助。

3、A: Sit down,please! 请坐下! B: Thank you! 谢谢!

4、A: Make yourself at home and help yourself to some bananas!

别客气。请随便吃香焦!

B: Thank you! 谢谢!

如果不愿接受对方的帮助,首先你应该感谢,然后再委婉拒绝。 A: Would you like my help? 你要不要我帮忙?

B: That?s very kind of you,but I can manage.太感谢你了,不过我还能对付。 No, Thanks.不,谢谢了。

十二、当对方向你提出请求时。

1、如果你同意,可以这样问答:

A: Could/Can you post the letter for me? 请你帮我寄这封信好吗?

Would(Will)you please wait for me? 请等等我好吗?

或 May I have a word with you? 我可以和你谈一谈吗?

B: Certainly. 肯定的。/ Sure./Of course.当然。/ With Pleasure.非常乐意。 All right! 好吧。

I?d like to.I?d love to.我很愿意./ I?ll be glad to. 我很高兴.OK.好的。

2、如果你不愿意,可委婉地拒绝。

A: Would you please lend me your bike? 请把你的自行车借给我好吗?

B: I?d like to,but I have lent it to Tom. 我很乐意,但我把自行车借给汤姆了。

3、当对方向你提出要求,要你做什么或不做什么时。

1) A: Please wait for your turn! 请排队!

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B: Yes, I will。我会的。

2) A: Please don?t be late for class! 上课请不要迟到. B: No,I won?t. 不,我不会迟到。

3) A: Will you come to the tea Party? 你愿意参加今天的茶话会吗? B: I?m afraid not.I am too busy. 我恐怕不能去参加了.我太忙了。

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