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培优专项训练一

发布时间:2013-10-05 10:02:58  

培优专项训练一

Unit 1 主题阅读

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Ⅰ.阅读理解

A good reader is very much like a driver. He must change his reading speed to fit his purpose and the material he is reading, just as a driver does fit the road situation. A good reader may be able to read a thousand words per minute (WPM) , but he won’t use that speed for everything he reads. A good reader who is doing research reading in the library may read at the speed of 1,000 words per minute as he looks for materials for a report. But once he finds something that is useful to him, he may need to slow down to 100 WPM. A good reader may read newspaper and magazine articles at 600 WPM . But it may take him 150 WPM to read his science or maths text . Just as a driver has a wide change of speed , so does a good reader .

1. According to the writer, good readers can_________.

A. read at 1,000 WPM

B. spend more time reading

C. change the speed as needed

2. The passage tells us that the speed of reading depends on_________.

a. the number of books

b. the purpose of reading

c. the time when you’re reading

d. the material that you’re reading

e. the place where you’re reading

A. a and b B. b and d C. b , c and d

3. A good reader may use the highest speed of reading when_________ .

A. he is trying to find materials for his report B. he is trying to work out a maths problem

C. he reads the material most useful to him

4. The passage suggests that a good driver should_________ .

A.be able to drive at a high speed B. be good at driving on a country road

C. be good at changing driving speed

5. This passage is mainly about_________.

A.the importance of having different reading speed

B.the relation(关系)between reading and driving speed

C.the differences between driving and reading

Ⅱ.根据短文内容和所给中文提示,在空白处填入单词,每空限填一词

US President Obama gave a TV speech to his country’s students on the 1._____(第一) day of school. He made it from a 2. _____ (教室) in a high school. He told them to study as 3. _____ (努力)as they could.

“No matter what you want to do with your life, you will need an education,” he said.

“This isn’t just important for your own life and your own future. It will 4. _____(决定) the future of this country.”

Obama also said that school is not always 5. _____ (容易).The challenges of life make school a difficult time. “Maybe you can’t get your parents’6._____ (帮助). Maybe someone 7. _____ (要求) something wrong. But there is no excuse for not doing your homework or for not 8. _____ (尝试).Your attitude toward yourselves and your education is the 9. _____ (最)important.”

Students shook 10. _____ (手) with Obama at the end of the class.

综合提升训练(一)

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I.单项选择

1. Mary said she had never seen ________ UFO before.

A. an B. a C. the D. /

2.—Where are my school clothes?

—Oh, sorry. I have taken ________ by mistake.

A. yours B. his

C. mine D. her

3. There will be ________ pollution and________

trees and flowers if we try to care about the environment from now on.

A. less, fewer B. less, more

C. least, fewest D. more, fewer

4. She had to sell the house even though it was ________ her own wishes.

A. above B. on

C. against D. for

5. ________mothers both work in the same hospital.

A. Tim and Peter’s B. Tim’s and Peter

C. Tim’s and Peter’s D. Tim and Peter

6. My younger sister studies very hard________go to a good senior middle school.

A. in order to B. in order that

C. so that D. such that

7. —________! The traffic is moving so fast! —Don’t worry. I will.

A. Hold on B. Go ahead

C. Look out D. Help yourself

8. I like skiing better than climbing because I think climbing is________ skiing.

A. not as exciting as

B. not as more exciting as

C. not as most exciting as

D. more exciting than

9. We could see nothing because the lights suddenly ________.

A. went on B. went over

C. went down D. went out

10.—It’s such hard work! What shall I do?

—You ________ask someone for help.

A. will B. may

C. must D. needn’t

11. —Do you still remember where we first met?

— Sure, just in the library. And it ________at that

time.

A. rained B. was raining

C. has rained D. is raining

12. ________it is blowing! I can hardly walk on.

A. What strong B. How strong

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C. How strongly D. What strongly wind

13. The boy was so hungry that he ate________ of the rice.

A. three fourth B. three fourths

C. third fours D. third four

14.—________have you been a green volunteer? — For more than three years.

A. How often B. How long

C. How soon D. How much

15.—Where is the English book?

—Oh, I lent it to Jack yesterday, but it ________this afternoon.

A. will be given back B. was given back

C. gave out D. will give out

II. 完形填空

The price of gas has been going up. We don’t know when it will end. Many people want to know

driving habits.

The faster you drive, gas you use. Drivers should slow down a bit to save gas. Driving at a steady (稳定的) speed helps save gas. It also helps you save gas when you little.

leaving your home. You should do as many things that you need to do in one trip. Always try to pick 路线) when going somewhere.

Cars that are in good working condition use less gas. the engine is running well. Check it if something seems wrong.

Tires (轮胎) are important ,too. If the tires are in good condition, they will help the car roll Finally, think about using your car less. If you don’t need to go far, or riding a bike is the best way. Take public transportation when you can. Leaving your car at home really saves gas.

These are just a few ideas can help you save some money at the gas station. Try changing the way you drive and see how much it saves you!

16. A. what B. how

C. why D. where

B. think B. the less 17. A. keep 18. A. the more C. more 19. A. hold on

C. turn off

C. before C. change D. depend D. less B. put down D. speed up D. during

D. the shortest

4 20. A. after B. until 21. A. the longest B. the most important C. the most interesting 22. A. Agree B. Make sure

C. Look over D. Point at

23. A. but B. and

C. or D. drive

D. as 24. A. walking C. driving

C. who B. walk 25. A. which B. what D. when

III.阅读理解

A

Many people like to have pets at home, but in fact, they are not for everyone. Because they make extra work, cost money and are a responsibility (责任) for 365 days a year.

Pets such as dogs and cats bring in mud (泥土) and leave hairs on the floor and furniture. often on business or go out, then you should make plans for them first. If not, you’d better not have one. You also need to check how much money you can spend on a pet. Because what the pets eat and drink, even medical care can cost lots of money.

Many parents decide to get a pet because the children want one, but pets are not toys for fun. Some parents expect their children to look after their pets themselves, but such responsibility should never be placed on young children. You can encourage them to help, but when it is not the things that they must do, they will feel bored.

Children who watch their parents feeding the cat, walking the dog, going to the vet (兽医) and so on, will understand that this is all parts of normal family life—caring for each other. In fact, it is the same care that they themselves receive from their parents. This is the most basic lesson which children can begin to learn from their earliest days. By watching the family pets receiving love and care, they are learning a valuable lesson.

So when it comes to making a decision—to have or not have a pet—remember that the person who will do most of the work and who must take the responsibility for that pet is YOU. Think about it carefully.

26. The underlined word “destroy” in Paragraph 2 probably means “_________” in Chinese.

A. 清洗 B. 指挥

C. 破坏 D. 寻找

27. We can know from the passage that __________.

A. dogs and cats are not suitable (适合的) to be kept as pets

B. you mustn’t keep a pet if you often go out on business

C. children would only like to keep pets as their toys for fun

D. you must consider it carefully when you want to keep a pet at home

28. According to the writer, the best way parents teach children about love is by ___________ .

A. asking them to look after the pets

B. walking the dog themselves

C. looking after the pets themselves

D. giving love to the children

29. What is the most important in keeping a pet according to the passage?

A. Money. B. Food and drink.

C. Responsibility. D. Medical care.

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30. Which of the following is NOT the writer’s idea?

A. Parents ask their children to look after the pets.

B. Parents should consider how much it will cost to keep a pet.

C. Parents should do most of the work to look after their pets.

D. Parents should encourage their children to help them care for their pets.

B

When my family moved to America in 2010 from a small village in Guangdong, China, we brought not only our luggage, but also our village rules, customs and culture. One of the rules is that young people should always respect(尊敬) elders. Unluckily, this rule led to my very first embarrassment in the United States.

I had a part-time job as a waiter in a Chinese restaurant. One time, when I was serving food to a middle-aged couple, the wife asked me how the food could be served so quickly. I told her that I had made sure they got their food quick-ly because I always respect the elderly. As soonas I said that, her face showed great displeasu-

re. My manager, who happened to hear what I

said, took me aside and gave me a long lecture about how sensitive(敏感) Americans are and

how they dislike the description “old”. I then

walked back to the table and apologized to the wife. After the couple heard my reason, they

understood that the problem was caused by

cultural differences, so they laughed and were nolonger angry.

In my village in China, people are proud of being old. Not so many people live to be seventyor eighty, and people who reach such an age

have the most knowledge and experience. Young people always respect older people because they

know they can learn from their rich experience.

However, in the United States, people think “growing old” is a problem since “old” shows

that a person is going to retire or that the body

is not working well. Here many people try to

keep themselves away from growing old by doingexercises or jogging, and women put on makeup, hoping to look young. When I told the couple

in the restaurant that I respect the elderly, they

got angry because this caused them to feel they

had failed to stay young. I had told them some-

thing they didn’t want to hear.

After that, I changed the way I had been with older people. It is not that I don’t respect them

any more; I still respect them, but now I don’t

how my feelings through words.

By Jack

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31. Jack brought the couple their food very fast

because _______.

A. the manager asked him to do so

B. he respected the elderly

C. the couple wanted him to do so

D. he wanted more pay

32. When Jack called the couple “elderly”, they

became _______.

A. nervous B. satisfied

C. unhappy D. excited

33. In Jack’s hometown, _______.

A. people dislike being called “old”

B. people are proud of being old

C. many people reach the age of seventy or eighty

D. the elderly are the first to get food in

restaurants

34. After this experience, Jack _______.

A. lost his job in the restaurant

B. made friends with the couple

C. no longer respected the elderly

D. changed his way with older people

35. Which of the following is TRUE?

A. The more Jack explained, the angrier the couple got.

B. Jack wanted to show his feelings through words after his experience.

C. The manager went back to the table and apologized to the couple.

D. From this experience, Jack learned more about American culture.

IV. 词语运用:根据句意及所给提示,补全单词或用单词、固定短语、固定搭配的正确形式填空

.

37. The baby stopped (cry) at once and began to laugh when she saw her mother.

(five) floor of the building, so I don’t go up and down in a

lift.

39. The children are making so (噪音)

outside. Please tell them to be quiet.

40. As we all have grown up, we should learn to look after (自己).

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