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2013中考英语作文突破指导

发布时间:2013-10-05 12:34:57  

三、中考评分标准:
作文一律按档给分,与错误个数无直接关系。 影响作文分数的因素:

1 题目要求、内容要点;
2 句子准确、通顺; 3 层次结构清晰; 4 拼写、语法等错误; 5 卷面整洁度;

四、做题步骤:
1 审题:审清作文体裁(类型)时态、人称等细节; 2 列提纲(文章结构框架):分几段,以及每段大体 内容; 3 写作:在提纲的基础上补充要点;

4 复查:2遍——1遍看查拼写、语法、标点等问题;2 遍不出声读查,靠语感检查语句是否通顺、连贯等;
5 誊抄:不允许做任何的更改。 *总之做到三审:体裁、时态、人称; 三思:词汇—>短语—>句式; 三查:要点、拼写和语法、连贯。

五、作文一般框架:
文章分3段: (1)综述:概括性强,最多2句话引入主题;

(2)正文——主要内容:层次性强,一定要有过渡型 连接词。最多展开3个方面,每个方面最多2句话;
(3)结尾:紧扣主题,2句话内结束,尽量升华。

满分作文标准:
第一档:(10---9分) ? 完全符合题目要求,观点正确, 要点齐全,立意 高。 ? 句式多样,词汇丰富。语言准确,语意连贯, 表达清楚,结构合理,具有逻辑性。

? 卷面书写干净, 整洁,无涂抹,字迹大小 适中,疏密合适,书写美观。标 点,大小 写正确。
? 最好能有一两个亮点句。 (主从,定从,表从,谚语)

七、如何列提纲:
例1:计划安排型作文——谈假期安排 Para1: (综述)graduate from…, holiday is coming, plan for this holiday Para2: (正文)Firstly, study comes first. make preparations for the first senior year; Secondly, visit tourist attractions; Last but not least, do sports to build up my body.

Para3: I am sure I’ll have a meaningful holiday. (I’m looking forward to the coming holiday.) (I can’t wait to enjoy my summer vocation.)

? 二、口头通知常见写作模板: ? 呼语及开场白部分: ? Ladies and gentlemen, May I have your attention, please? I have an announcement to make. ? 正文部分: ? All the teachers and students are required to attend it. ? Please take your notebooks and make notes. ? Please listen carefully and we’ll have a discussion in groups. ? Please come on time and don’t be late. ? 结束语部分: ? Please come and join in it. ? Everybody is welcome to attend it. ? I hope you’ll have a nice time here. ? That’s all. Thank you.

八、常见的作文类型提纲模板:
2 图表、数字比例型
(提出讨论或调查的事实)Last week, our class had

a class meeting on (how to)… Here are the results.
(表达出不同看法或观点)Most students think …

While … 20% of them choose to…. Another 15 believe… There are also some… saying that… (表达个人看法) As a student, I agr

ee to…

3 说明利弊型
Nowadays … is becoming more and more popular. It has many advantages . First, 优点1… Besides, 优点2… However, every coin has two sides. It also brings us bad influences. On the one hand, 缺点 1… On the other hand, 缺点2… In my opinion,个人观点 …

4 不同观点型
We made a survey about whether we should …提出矛盾问题. Different people hold different ideas. Some believe …正方观点. First, 原因1… Besides, 原因2… While others don’t agree. They think…反方观 点. On the one hand, 原因1… On the other hand, 原因2… As for me,个人观点 …

5 解决问题型 Recently, the … problem has been more and more serious. …should do something to solve it. Firstly, 方法1… Secondly, 方法2… Finally, 方法3… I am sure if everyone can make a contribution to …, the … will become better and better.

九、常用过渡性词语
叙事文常用的句子间连接词:
At first; at last; in the end… then/next/after that… when/while/as soon as/not… until… at the same time; at times; once in a while; so that To one’s surprise/joy Luckily/fortunately/unluckily/unfortunately… in a word/in all

议论文常用连接词
表 示 并列 : either…or; neither…nor; both…and;

not only…but also; 表示递进的:besides; what’s more; what’s worse; (moreover); 表示原因的:because; for…; because of…; thanks to…; (for the reason that…); 表示结果的:so; as a result; so…that…; therefore; 表示目的的:so that…; in order that…; (in order) to…; for…; 表示对比的:while; on the one hand + on the other hand; Each coin has two sides.; prefer…to…; would rather do…than do…;

议论文常用连接词
表示转折的:however; but; 表示举例的:for example; for instance; such as…; like…; that is to say… 表示总结的:in all/short; in a word; in brief/ total; last but not least; last; 表示利弊的:be good/bad for sb.; be harmful to sb.; do harm to sb.; …have great/much influence on sb.; sth. benefit sb.; sb benefit from sth.; affect; have an effect on sb.; 表示喜爱的:love/like/enjoy…; be fond of…; be interested in…; show great interest in…; lose oneself in…; put one’s heart into…; be good at;

议论文常用连接词
表达个人想法的:I think/believe…; (as) for

me; in my opinion/view; as a student; from
the bottom of my heart; personally; 其他:in general; generally speaking; to be

short; to be honest; to tell the truth; as we
know; make up one’s mind to do; in a way;

议论文常用连接词
表达个人想法的:I think/believe…; (as) for

me; in my opinion/view; as a student; from
the bottom of my heart; personally; 其他:in general; generally speaking; to be

short; to be honest; to tell the truth; as we
know; make up one’s mind to do; in a way;

十、作文万能句式
I will work hard to make my dream come true. I hope your dream wi

ll come true one day. It takes sb. +时间+to do… Sb. spend(某种人称时态)+时间/钱+on sth./ (in) doing sth. It’s important/necessary/useful/useless/common…(for sb.) to v… It’s nice/kind of sb. to v.. It’s time for sb. to do sth. It’s a waste of time to… It’s …years/days since sb. +ved It’s great fun to do=sb. have great fun doing It’s a pity that… It’s an honor to…

十、作文万能句式
I’m/We’re not allowed to … I’m afraid of making mistakes… There be …doing… Great changes have taken place in… sth is/are well worth v-ing. It seems/seemed that… It seems (im)possible to v… It is said that… As the saying goes, … …and …. are different in many ways. too + adj./adv. to do There are many differences between … and …

十、作文万能句式
I have made up my mind to … I am sure that… I am not sure whether/if… I would rather …. than … It doesn’t matter if… Thank you for v-ing. If everyone can make a contribution to the earth/ nature/ society, our life will be better and better.

十一、作文万能短语
have/look for a chance to do do outdoor activities be/get used to (doing) sth. learn…from… be proud of/ take pride in… play an important/active part/role in… agree with sb. to do sth. with the help of sb.=with one’s help (反义:without one’s help) be/get ready to do sth.= be/ get ready for sth. pay attention to… take good care of … make friends with… get on/along well with …

十一、作文万能短语

wish you successful/success as time goes by… graduate from… looking back to the past three years,…(用现在完成时态) pass the (final) exam stick to doing keep you mind on your goals make up one’s mind to do sth. (on sth.) make a decision to do work hard at English once in a while/ at times/ now and then from then on

十一、作文万能短语
in the future(将来)/ in future(从今以后) increase our knowledge/ enlarge our vocabulary in fact/as a matter of fact in the beginning/ at first feel like giving up have trouble/difficulty in (doing) sth. have (no) time to do have experience in (doing) sth. follow one’s advice/suggestions master some basic … skills be required to do ask sb. for help can’t wait to do

十一、作文万能短语
be supposed to do encourage sb. to do deal/do with … work out/solve the problems all sorts/kinds of… at home and abroad one of … be full of… learn sth. by oneself come up with good ideas be surprised at sth.(to do sth.) in order to keep healthy/fit a good way to v…

十一、作文万能短语
keep (on) trying worry about…/ be worried about… in one’s spare/free time be kind/friendly to be strict with help others say thank you to… have fun/enjoy oneself/have a good time plenty of +C/U worry about/be worried about ask sb. for help/ turn to sb. for help/call sb. for help be popular with… share sth. with sb. know little/much about …

十一、作

文万能短语
do/try one’s best to v…
be/feel sorry for…

help sb. (to) do sth./ with sth.
in/during class

before/after class
teach sb. to do sth.

四、Language errors in writing 纠错

1.

be多余或缺少

? I’m enjoy studying English.
I enjoy studying English.

? It bad for our health.
It is bad for our health.

2. 时态错误
? At that time, they always help me with my English. At that time, they always helped me with my English.

? I had enjoyed studying English since I meet him. I have enjoyed studying English since I met him.

? My favorite sport is run.

My favorite sport is running.

? I think do some sports is very important for us. I think doing some sports is very important for us.

3. 非谓语动词错误
? I like do sports.
I like doing sports. ? I wish take part in the Olympic Games when I grow up.

I wish to take part in the Olympic Games when I grow up.

4. 副词位置错误
? I very thank her.
I thank her very much.

? I very like football. I like football very much.

5. 代词错误
? They are good for us body. They are good for our body.

? I hope me also become a basketball player. I hope I also become a basketball player.

6. 缺介词或介词错误
? I thank him very much help me study English. I thank him very much for helping me study English. ? He even came to my home for help me. He even came to my home to help me.

7. 其他错误 ? I like it because it’s exciting and good for my healthy. (单词错误) I like it because it’s exciting and good for my health. ? I have ever gived up English. (动词P.P.错误) I have ever given up English.

? It’s good for my health. Not only make me brave, but also make me become taller. (缺主语) It’s good for my health. It not only makes me brave, but also makes me become taller. ? If you want to keep fit, it important for you to take an hour to sports every day. (句型错误) If you want to keep fit, it is important for you to spend an hour on sports every day.

Find out the mistakes in the following sentences and correct them.
1. I climed slowly and was very tried. tired climbed

Spelling(拼写)

2. I think it is an unforgetable thing because I helped sb. somebody unforgettable (others) 3. On a friday afternoon, I went shopping with my mother. Friday Capital letter(大小写) 4. I can’t forget that day. Because it is the last time we can celebrate her birthday together. I can’t forget that day because 5. What a crazy day it was, I will remember it forever. ! Punctuation(标点符号)

Find out the mistakes in the following sentences and correct them.
6. I will remembered that day forever. remember 7. I thought it is hungry. was 8. My grandmother always tidy up my room. tidies Verb agreement (主谓一致) 9. How unforgettable this things is! thing Word form (词形)

Tense(时态)

Find out the mistakes in the following sentences and correct them.
Phrases(短语和固定

搭配) 10. In my father’s help, I became more patient than before. With my father’s help, 11. To cut a long story to short, …. To cut a long story short,… 12. I went to Shihua by a bus with my mother. by bus 13. My mother told me don’t give it up. told me not to give it up 14. I saw an old lady lay in the middle of the road. saw an old lady lying…

Find out the mistakes in the following sentences and correct them.
15. I sat on a seat , listening music. listening to

Missing words(漏词)

16. We played snow in front of house. the house played with 17. Then a lady asked who had broken her window. We all were were all afraid. Words’ order(词序) 18. We should do things by our own hands. with Using wrong word(选词错误) 19. It is tired work. tiring

Find out the mistakes in the following sentences and correct them.
Chinese English(中式英语) 20. In my life have many things happened. In my life, many things happened. 21. One Sunday morning, I went to Shihua by bus and sat beside me was a girl. I went to Shihua on a bus and there was a girl sitting beside me. 22. He encouraged me to look for the watch by heart. carefully

Common Errors in English writing
1. 是否有大小写错误(capital letters or lowercase
letters)

2. 是否有拼写错误 (spelling mistakes) 3. 是否有标点错误 (punctuation mistakes) 4.是否有语法错误 (grammar mistakes) ? 主谓是否一致 ? 动词的时态 ? 语态的使用是否正确 ? 词组的搭配是否合乎习惯



五、整洁性

1.字迹乱,划痕较多,字字不踩线。高低错落。 2.字迹或太大,显得不紧凑;或太小,太密, 看不清,占不满格。 3 字数太多,显得太罗嗦,出格就看不见了。 字数太少,空太多格,会被误认为字数不够, 不会得高分。

4 规范三写:大 小 写,拼 写,书 写

六、实战训练
以“My English Teacher”为题写一 篇100字左右的英语短文,提示如下: 1 孙老师,25岁,1.65米, 打扮入时。 2 关心热爱学生 。 3 教学方法生动有趣。 4 与学生关系融洽,深受同学欢迎;

Pre-writing
1.审: “My English Teacher” 为
题写一篇100字作文 2.定:记叙文,第三人称,一般现在时 篇章结构:三段式 首段:个人简历 正文:教学特色 尾段:作者的评价

Writing: 3.列

1.打扮入时 be fashionable
2.热爱学生,关心学生
love students, and care about the students

3.生动有趣 be lively and interesting 4.相处融洽,深受欢迎 get on well with…,be popular with…

Writing 4.连:连词成句,连句成篇
My English Teacher Miss Sun is our English teacher. She is 25 years old. She is 1.65 meters tall. ①She is very fashionable.②She loves her students. She cares about us. ③Her lessons are interesting and lively; ④ Miss Sun gets on well with us. She is very popular. We all love her and her teaching !

复写Rewriting: 5、美——润色丰

富要点;

6、改——查错改错

7、抄——修改无误后,认真规
范地誊写在规定的地方。

Writing
My English Teacher

Miss Sun is our English teacher. She is 25 years old. She is 1.65 meters tall. ①She is very fashionable.②She loves her students. She cares about us. ③Her lessons are interesting and lively; ④ Miss Sun gets on well with us. She is very popular. We all love her and her teaching !


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