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九年级英语 Unit 1 How do you study for a test 讲解与练习

发布时间:2013-09-17 17:43:10  

○线---------------------------- 考号 线※※※※※※※※※※※※※ 九年级英语 Unit 1 How do you study for a test ? 讲解与练习 write unless he writes first. 除非他先写要不我不写 处理 如:I dealt with a lot of problems. 担心某人/ 某事 如:Mother worried about his son just now. 妈妈刚才担心他的儿子。 25. be angry with sb. 对某人生气 如:I was angry with her. 我对她生气。 26. perhaps === maybe 也许 27. go by (时间) 过去 如: Two years went by. 两年过去了。 28. 看见某人正在做某事 强调正在发生 看见某人在做某事 如: She saw him drawing a picture in the classroom. 她看见他正在教室里画画。 29. 如:The boys regarded Anna as a fool. 这些男孩把安娜看成傻瓜。 一、重点回顾 (一)重点词汇、短语 通过……方式 如: by 还可以表示: ―在…旁‖、―靠近‖ 如:I live by the river. / The thief entered the room by the window. ―在…以前‖、―截止…为止―如: I have to go back by ten o’clock.―乘交通工具‖ 如:The student went to park by bus. 2. 如:The students often talk about movie after class.学生们常常在课后讨论电影。 3. 提建议的句子: ①如:What/ How about going shopping? ②Why don’t you + 30. too many 许多 如: too much 许多 如: - -※ --※ -※ - -※ - --※ --※ --※ 场--※考--※- --※ --※ --※ - -※ - -※ - --※ -○※ 封题 级--※班--※- -※ - -※ - --※ --※ - -※ - -※ - -※ --※ - -※ - -※ - --※ --※ --※ - -※ - -※名-○密※姓答 - --※ --※ --※ - -※ - -※ - -※ - -※ - --※ - -※ - -※ - -※ - -※ - -※校--※学---※如:Why don’t you go shopping? ③Why not + do sth. ? 如:Why not go shopping? ④Let’s + do sth. 如: Let’s go much too 太 修饰形容词 如:shopping ⑤如:Shall we/ I go shopping? 31. change… into… 将…变为…如:The magician changed the pen into a book.这个魔术师将这本书变为一本书。 4. a lot 许多 常用于句末 如:I eat a lot. 我吃了许多。 32. 如:with the help of LiLei = with LiLei’s help 用于句中 如:Running a hotel needs a lot of money. 33. 5. too…to 太…而不能 常用的句型 Last summer I went to Beijing. This year I’m going to Shanghai 去年夏天我去北京, 今年我将要去上海。 I will go 如:I’m 我太累了,什么都不想说。 我将代替你去。 他呆在家里而不是去游泳。 6.not …at all 一点也不 根本不 如:I like milk very much. I do我非常喜欢牛奶。我一点也不喜(二)重点语法 欢咖啡。not经常可以和助动词结合在一起,at all 则放在句尾 1. 动词不定式 7. (1)做定语—后置 The best way to learn English is reading aloud. The fastest way to travel is by plane 如:我对去北京感到兴奋。

(2)与所修饰的名词构成动宾关系 I need a pen to write with. I don’t have a partner to practice English with. 2. 动名词 在动词后加ing为动名词doing,相当于名词,在句子中可以做主语、宾语、表语、定语等。 (1)作主语(谓语为第三人称单数)Memorizing the words of pop songs also helps a little.记流行歌曲的词也起作用。 9. first of all 首先 to begin with 一开始 later on 后来、随 (2)作宾语 在动词(keep\practice\finish \enjoy\hate\be busy\mind) 后只用—ing 作宾语 10. 也、而且(用于肯定句)常在句子的中间 如:He is a student.I am also a student. Eg. We should keep speaking English in class. He often practices singing in the morning. 也 (用于肯定句) 常在句末 如:He is a student.I am a student too. (3)作表语 Babysister’s job is washing,cooking and taking care of the children。 也(用于否定句)常在句末 如:He isn’t a student. I‖m not a student,either. (4)作定语 I think that doing a lot of listening practice is one of the secrets…… 11. make mistakes 犯错 如:I often make mistakes. 我经常犯错。 3. 现在完成时 make a mistake 犯一个错误 如: I have made a mistake. 我已经犯了一个错误。 A. 表示过去发生或已经完成的动作对现在造成的影响或结果,或从过去已经开始,持续到现在的动作或状态。现在12. 笑话;取笑(某人) 如:Don’t laugh at me! 不要取笑我! 完成时常用时间状语有recently,lately,since+时间点,for+数字+时间名词,in the past few months/years等 13. compare … to … 把…与…相比 如:Compare you to Anna, you are lucky. 你和安娜相比,你是幸运的。 肯定形式:have/has + done 否定形式:have/has + not +done 一般疑问句:have或has放于句首。 14. take notes 做笔记,做记录 each other 彼此 B. 现在完成时的用法 1)现在完成时所表示的动作在说话之前已完成,而对现在有影响。 如:她喜欢踢足球。 车子来了。(结果:车子已在门口) 过得愉快 如:He enjoyed himself. 他过得愉快。 Someone has broken the window. 有人把窗户打破了。(结果:窗户仍破着) 16. native speaker 说本族语的人。 17. make up 组成、构成 如:Twelve girls make up the performance team. 区别:have been to, have gone to, have been in 18. one of +(the+ 形容词比较级)+名词复数形式 …其中之一 have been to,表示去过某个地方,不过现在已经回来了,例如Have you been to Beijing before?你以前去过北京么? 如: She is one of the most popular teachers. 她是最受欢迎的教师之一。 have gone to表示去了,但还没有回来,也许是在去的途中 19. It’s +形容词+(for sb. ) to do sth. (对于某人来说)做某事… 如:It’s difficult (for me ) to study English. 对于我来说例如:A: Is Mr.Wang at home?B: No,he is not in, he has gone to Shenzhen. 学习英语太难了。 句中的it 是形式主语,真正的主语是to study English have been in指的是在某个地方,从过去一直延续到现在 例如:My family have been in Hong Kong since 1998. 20. practice doing 练习做某事 如:她经常练习说英语。 2)现在完成时所表示的动作开始于过去,持续到现在,也许还会持续下去。常用for和since表示一段时间的状语21. 如:李雷已经决定去北京。 或so far,now,today,this week (month,year)等表示包括现在时间在内的状语。 22. unless 假如不,除非 引导条件状语从句 如:You will fail unless you work hard..假如你不努力你会失败。 I won’t eg. He has studied English for 5 years. He has studied English since 2001. Now I have finished the work. 第 1 页 (共4 页) 第 2 页 (共4 页)

二、习题练习 单项选择

( ) 1. Look at the old man. He makes money selling old books. A. in B. for C. at D. by ( ) 2. --- How do you improve you English?--- By .

A.read and speak B.to read and to speak C.reading and speaking D.reading and speak ( ) 3. Did you find very interesting to play football? A. this B.it's C. that D. it ( ) 4. ---Many students don't know how to ____ stress ---I think they'd better ask their teachers for help.. A. argue with B. deal with C. quarrel with D. come up with

( ) 5. The sports meeting will continue it rains this afternoon.A. but B. since C. as soon as D.unless ( ) 6. _______ it doesn't rain tomorrow, we'll go to the beach. A.If B. Although C. Unless D. Because ( ) 7. The teacher asked Tom a difficult question in class. A. answer B. answering C. to answer D. answered ( ) 8. --- Our country ______ a lot so far . --- Yes . I hope it will be even ______ .

A.has changed ; well B.changed ; good C.has changed ; better D.changed ; better ( ) 9.Zhao Lan ______already ______in this school for two years .

A. was ; studying B. will ; study C. has ; studied D. are ; studying

( ) 10. His father ______ the Party since 1978 . A. joined B. has joined C. was in D. has been in ( ) 11. He learnt English by ___ English songs. A. listen B. listen to C. listening D. listening to ( )12. If you practice ________ English every morning, you will improve it quickly. A. to read B. reading C. read D. be reading

( ) 13. It’s Sunday today. What about _____ the mountains? A. to climb B. climb C. climbing D. climbed ( ) 14. Tom decided _____ in China. A. travel B. traveling C. to travel D. traveled ( ) 15. Do you enjoy ____ on the Internet? A. surfing B. surf C. to surf D. surfed

( ) 16. She said she had some trouble ___ her homework. A. finish B. finishing C. to finish D. finished ( ) 17. Do you find this book ____? A. frustrate B. frustrating C. frustrated D. frustration ( ) 18. Can you tell me the best way ____ the problem? A. solve B. solved C. to solve D. solving ( ) 19. Jenny does not know where ___ on National Day. A. to go B. going C. goes D. will go ( ) 20. I spend some time _____ newspaper every day. A. read B. reading C. to read D. on read ( ) 21. _____ you work harder ,you will not pass the examination .

=If you don’t work harder ,you will not pass the examination A. Until B .If C. Till D. Unless ( ) 22. There is _____milk in the bottle. Let’s go to buy some. A. a little B. little C. a few D. few ( ) 23. Did you see them _______ basketball this morning? Watch/hear/ See sb doing/do sth A. playing B. play C. to play D. are playing ( ) 24. My father gave up ___ at last. A. smoke B. smoking C. to smoke D. smokes

( ) 25. I spent half an hour ___ my homework .A. finish doing B. to finish doing C. finishing to do D. finishing doing ( ) 26. At the age of 18 he began to work___ a teacher in a country school.A. as B. by C. in D. at

( ) 27. Have you decided which coat_______? A. choose B. choosing C. chosen D. to choose ( ) 28. I read very slowly. I can’t spell some English words, _____. A. also B. either C. but ( ) 29. Lucy thinks that ____ English movies isn’t a good way.A. watch B. watched C. watching ( ) 30. At first they hated each other ,but they ended up _____ on very well .A. get B. got C. getting D. to get 完型填空 第 3 页 (共4 页)

※--- of all, it wasn’t easy for me to understand the teacher when she ※-※---class. To begin with, she spoke too quickly, and I couldn’t ※---me. I couldn’t always ※-※--※----practice is one of the secrets of good language learner. Another thing that I found very difficult was English So I ※※---decided to take lots of grammar notes in every class.

※---( )21. A. lucky B. happy C. difficult D. great. ( )22. A. talked B. talk C. sing D. sang ※-※--( )23. A. think B. believe C. forget D. understand ( )24. A. either B. neither C. also D. too ※----( )25. A. to B. with C. at D. in ( )26. A. watched B. watch C. watches D. watching ※线○线( )27. A. making B. becoming C. changing D. turning( )28. A. grammar B. words C. pronunciation D. tests ※--※ 阅读理解

-※- -How I study English?

※---I often hear some students say English is difficult, and it gives them a headache. So they can’t learn it well. But English i※-※s --very easy for me. I’m good at it. I’m very glad to tell you something about how I study English.

※----First, I think an interest(爱好)in English is very important. When I was in Grade One, we had a new subject – English. It ※※---was fresh for me . I was interested in it, so I worked hard at it. Soon we had an English exam and I got a very good mark. How ※---happy I was! After that, I learned English harder and harder. Our English teacher often teaches us English songs, the songs ※-※---sound nice. I often think how interesting English is!

※---Second, I think English is a foreign language. I should learn it well in the following ways: Listen to the teacher carefully, ※-※--speak bravely, read aloud and have a good vocabulary(词汇). Then practice again and again, never be tired. And I also have a ※--good habit: Asking whenever(不论何时)I have a question, I must make it clear by asking our English teacher. How happy I 题※○封--am when I understand!

※-※--Besides this, I often read English stories, jokes and easy novels. From these I know English is not only interesting, but ※---also useful. They help me understand a lot of things. So to do more reading is an important way to learn English well. ※--※-And I also do some exercises from our class magazines, and I often write English diaries. English has become a close -※---friend of mine.

※-※--Now I have learned English for more than two years. I always keep the first position in our school. From these words, I

-※- -hope every student can learn English well.

※---( )29.Why do some students often ―have a headache‖?

※-※-- A. Because they are easy to catch cold. B.Because it’s often very cold

※---- C. Because they think English is easy. D.Because they don’t think English is easy. ※※--※-( )30 The writer tells us that we should be____in English if we want to learn it well.

--※-A. interest B. interested C. interesting D. strict -答( )31.The sentence ―I got a very good mark‖ means ______.

※○密-※-A.I got a good way. B. I had a good idea. C. I did badly in the exam . D. I did well in the exam. -※--※-( )32.The writer thinks English is interesting because________.

-※--A. English is full of stories. B. English is full of jokes. -※--C. his teacher often teaches them nice English songs. D. of nothing ※--※--( )33.Which of the following is not the way the writer studies by?

※--※-A. speaking bravely B. Writing to foreign friends C. Reading aloud D. Writing English diaries

--※- 第 4 页 (共4 页)

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