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仁爱英语九年级u2t1sb

发布时间:2013-10-06 10:48:47  

0. (can't) stand sb./sth. doing sth. (无法)忍受某人/某物做某事

*11. breathe in/out 吸入/呼出

*12. breathe hard/with difficulty 呼吸困难

13. take (a) (deep) breath(s) (深深地)吸(一)口气

14. waste paper 废纸

15. anyway = anyhow = in any wise 无论如何,不管怎样

16. produce terrible gas 制造糟糕的煤气、气体(废气)

17. make sb./sth. +动词原形/adj. 让某人/某物??样

18. be in/having a bad mood 心情差,处在不好的情绪中

19. had better do sth. 最好做某事

20. go to see a doctor 去看医生

21. write to... 写信给??

1、The chemical factory produces terrible gas.化工厂向外排放难闻的气体 Produce 动词 生产、出产、制造,如: Australia produces wool and meat. 澳大利亚盛产羊毛和肉 Labour produces wealth. 劳动创造财富 2、I can’t stand the environment here. 我不能忍受这样的环境 Stand 动词 忍受 Stand+n./pron. 忍受....如: The boy is too impolite.we should’t stand him any more这男孩太没礼貌了,我们不能忍受他了。

3、anyway,I hope the government will solve this problem soon. 无论如

何,我希望政府不久会解决这个问题。

Anyway adv. 通常用于转移话题,结束谈话或回到原话题,意为无论如何,反正。

直接引语和间接引语的区别

直接引语:直接引用别人的原话,并在原话前后加引号。

例:He said:" It is too late."

间接引语:用自己的话转述别人的话,多数以宾语从句的形式构成。

例:He said it was too late.

直接引语与间接引语相互转化时应注意的问题

第一:人称的变化。

记忆规律:一随主,二随宾,第三人称不更新。例如:

1.直接引语 She said:" I am hungry."

间接引语 She said she was hungry.

She said. "My brother wants to go with me. "→

She said her brother wanted to go with her

2.直接引语 Mum said to me:" You must clean your bedroom by yourself."

间接引语 Mum told me that I had to clean my bedroom by myself.

He said to Kate. "How is your sister now?"→

He asked Kate how her sister was then

3. 直接引语Mr Smith said。 "Jack is a good worker。"→

间接引语Mr Smith said Jack was a good worker

第二:时态变化

直接引语变间接引语时,间接引语的时态要与主句的时态一致。其规律如右图。 注意: 1.直接引语为客观真理时,间接引语时态不变,仍用一般现在时。例如: Teacher told us:" The moon moves round the earth."

Teacher told us the moon moves round the earth.

2.直接引语如果是一般现在时。表示一种反复出现或习惯性的动作,变间接引语,时态不变。如: He said, "I get up at six every morning。" →He said he gets up at six every morning

3.如果直接引语所述事实在当时和目前同时生效,在变成间接宾语是时态不发生变化。

He said ,“I am a boy, not a girl.”

He said that he is a boy ,not a girl.

4.直接引语是过去进行时,时态不变。

5.如果直接引语中的情态动词没有过去时的形式(例:ought to, had better, used to)和已经是过去时的形式时,(例:could, should, would, might)不再变。

第三:指示代词、时间状语、地点状语和动词的变化。

1.指示代词this ---that these---those

2. 时间状语 now ----then today ---that day yesterday---the day before tomorrow ---the next day next week----the next

week last year----the year before a week ago---a week before

3. 地点状语here---there

4. 从句动词come---go bring----take

5. 主句动词say\say to sb----ask\tell

第四:句式上的变化

1.陈述句变间接引语时,用that连接。

如:She said:" I am a girl."----She said that she was a girl. (that可以省略)

2.一般疑问句,选择疑问句和反意疑问句变间接引语时,要用陈述语气,并要加连词if或whether。

例如:(1)She asked me:" Are you Mr. Li?"----She asked me if I was Mr. Li.

(2)She asked us:" Do you want to go on a picnic?"--She asked us if we wanted to go on a picnic.

3.特殊疑问句变间接引语要用特殊疑问词引导。宾从必须是陈述语序。

例如:(1)"How much have we spent on petrol this year," Susan asked her husband.

(2)Susan asked her husband how much they had spent on petrol that year. 4.祈使句变间接引语,“一改二变三加四去。”

一改:said (to) 改为asked或told, ordered等

二变:said to 的宾语或呼语变为asked等的宾语

三加:即在动词原形前加to,使成为动词不定式

四去:去掉please

间接引语应改为"tell(ask, order, beg等) sb (not) to do sth."句型。如:

例(1)"Don’t make any noise," she said to the children. →She told (ordered) the children not to make any noise.

(2)He said to her:" Don't take the book away."

He asked her not to take the book away.

(3)"Bring me a cup of tea, please," said she.→

5.感叹句变为间接引语

(1)"What awful weather it is!" she said.

She complained about the awful weather.

(2)"What a bright girl you are." He said to me.

He praised me that I was a bright girl.

1. (can't) stand sb./sth. doing sth. (无法)忍受某人/某物做某事

2. breathe in/out 吸入/呼出

3. breathe hard/with difficulty 呼吸困难

4. take (a) (deep) breath(s) (深深地)吸(一)口气

5. waste paper 废纸

6. anyway = anyhow = in any wise 无论如何,不管怎样

7. produce terrible gas 制造糟糕的煤气、气体(废气)

8. make sb./sth. +动词原形/adj. 让某人/某物??样

9. be in/having a bad mood 心情差,处在不好的情绪中

10. had better do sth. 最好做某事

11. go to see a doctor 去看医生

12. write to... 写信给??

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