haihongyuan.com
海量文库 文档专家
全站搜索:
您现在的位置:首页 > 初中教育 > 初中英语初中英语

2013年八年级英语上册_Unit_1_Where_did_you_go_on_vacation?知识讲解和练习题

发布时间:2013-10-06 13:08:25  

Unit1 Where did you go on vacation?

一、重点短语

go on vacation去度假 stay at home待在家里 go to the mountains去爬山

go to the beach去海滩 visit museums 参观博物馆 go to summer camp去参观夏令营

quite a few相当多 study for为??而学习 go out出去

most of the time大部分时间 taste good尝起来很好吃 have a good time玩得高兴

of course当然 feel like给??的感觉;感受到 go shopping去购物

in the past在过去 walk around四处走走 because of因为

one bowl of? 一碗?? the next day第二天 drink tea喝茶

find out找出;查明 go on继续 something important重要的事

up and down

take photos照相

二、句型集萃

buy sth. for sb. / buy sb. sth.为某人买某物 taste + adj. 尝起来??

seem+(to be)+ adj. 看起来?? keep doing sth.继续做某事 上上下下 come up出来

1

arrive in+大地点 / arrive at+小地点 到达某地 tell sb. (not) to do sth. 告诉某人(不要)做某事

try doing sth.尝试做某事 / try to do sth.尽力去做某事 decide to do sth.决定去做某事 forget doing sth.忘记做过某事/ forget to do sth.忘记做某事

enjoy doing sth.喜欢做某事 want to do sth.想去做某事

stop doing sth. 停止做某事 dislike doing sth. 不喜欢做某事

Why not do. sth.?为什么不做??呢? so+adj.+that 此??以至于??

look+adj. 看起来

start doing sth.开始做某事

三、单元重点、难点、考点精讲

(一)Section A

1.Where did you go on vacation? 你去哪里度假了?(P1)

1)这是有疑问副词where引导的特殊疑问句,where用来询问地点和场所,放在句首。

a._____ do you _____ ______?你从哪里来?

b._____does he______?他住在哪里?

2)go on vacation意为“去度假”。 I want ____ ____ ____ ____in Hainan this winter.今年冬天我想去海南度假。

2.visited my uncle 看望了我的叔叔(P1)

visit是及物动词,意为“拜访;探望”,后接表示人的名词或代词。

visit还可以意为“参观;游览”,后接表示地点的名词。

如?? 2

a.I visited my grandmother last week. 上周我去______了我的外婆。

b.Do you want to visit Shanghai? 你想______上海吗?

拓展:visitor意为“参观者;游客”。

eg: These visitors come from America._______________________

3.buy anything special 买特别的东西。(P2)

1)buy及物动词,意为“买;购买”。其过去式为______。

拓展:buy sth. for sb.=buy sb. sth. 意为“给某人买某物”。

My uncle_____ _____a bike.

= My uncle_____ _____for me.

2)anything不定代词,意为“某事;某件东西”,主要用于疑问句或否定句中。

a.Do you want anything from me?

b.I can’t say anything about it.

3) anthing special表示“特别的东西”,形容词修饰不定代词时后置。

a. Is there________ ________in this book?这本书里有新的内容吗?

4.Oh, did you go anywhere interesting?哦,你去有趣的地方了吗?(P2)

1)本句是did开头的一般疑问句

2)anywhere用作副词,意为“在任何地方”。

eg:Did you go anywhere during the summer vacation?

辨析:anywhere与somewhere

anywhere意为“在任何地方”,常用于否定句和疑问句中。 eg:I can’t find it anywhere.

somewhere意为“在某处;到某处”,常用于肯定句中。 eg:I lost my key somewhere near here.

5.We took quite a few photos there.我们在那里拍了不少照片。(P2)

take photos 意为“照相;拍照”。

eg:We______ ______on the Great Wall.我们在长城上照了相。

3

辨析:quite a few与quite a little

quite a few 意为“很多;不少”,修饰可数名词复数;

quite a little 意为“很多;不少”,修饰不可数名词。

a. He stays here for _____ _____ _____days.

b.There is _____ _____ _____water in the bottle(瓶子).

6. I just stayed at home most of the time to read and relax. 我大部分时间只是待在家里读书休息。 (P2)

most of the time意为“大部分时间”,其中most为代词,意为“大部分;大多数”。

拓展:most of?意为“??中的大多数”,它作主语时,谓语动词取决于most of后所修饰的名词。 a. Most of us_____(be)going to the park. 我们大多数人要去公园。

b. Most of the food_____(go)bad. 大部分的食物都变质了。

7.Everything tasted really good!所有的东西尝起来真的很好吃!(P3)

taste在此为系动词,意为“尝起来”,其后接形容词构成系表结构。

a.The food tastes really great.食物尝起来棒极了。

8. Did everyone have a good time?大家都玩得很开心吗?(P3)

have a good time = enjoy oneself = have fun 玩得开心 (+ doing)

eg: We had a good time visiting the the Great Wall.

= We enjoyed ourselves visiting the the Great Wall.

= We had fun visiting the the Great Wall.

9.How did you like it? 你觉得它怎么样?(P3)

How do/did you like??? 意为“你觉得??怎么样?”,用来询问对方的观点或看法,相当于

What do you think of???

eg: How do you like your new job?

= _____ _____ _____ _____ your new job?

10.Did you go shopping? 你们去购物了吗?(P3)

go shopping意为“去购物;去买东西”,同义短语为do some shopping.

4

eg: I usually go shopping on Sundays.我通常星期天去购物。

拓展:“go+doing”形式表示“去做某事”,常用于表达从事某一体育活动或休闲活动。

go skating 去滑冰 go hiking 去远足

go sightseeing 去观光 go fishing 去钓鱼

go swimming 去游泳 go boating 去划船

11.I went to a friend’s farm in the countryside with my family.我和家人一起去了乡下一个朋友的农场。(P3)

a friend’s farm是名词所有格形式。 一般情况下,表示“有生命的人或物”的名词后面加’s,表示所属关系。

eg:The red bike is Alice’s. 那辆红色的自行车是爱丽斯的。

拓展:名词所有格的构成:

1)单数名词词尾加’s ,复数名词词尾没有s,也要加’s

the girl ‘s pen女孩的钢笔 women’s shoes女鞋 on Children’s Day

2)复数名词以s结尾的只加 ’

the students’ reading room学生阅览室 Teachers’ Day教师节

3)如果两个名词并列,并且分别有’s,则表示“分别有”;只后一个名词有一个’s,则表示“共有”: John’s and Kate’s rooms. 约翰和凯特(各自)的房间。

Lily and Lucy’s father. 莉莉和露西的爸爸(同一个爸爸)。

4)表示无生命的名词一般以...of...构成短语,表示所有关系。

a map of China一幅中国地图 the name of the story那个故事的名字

12. Still no one seemed to be bored. (即使这样)仍然没有人看起来无聊。(P3)

1)seem意为“好像;似乎;看来”。

eg:Everything seems easy.一切似乎很容易。

拓展:a. seem+adj. “看起来??”。 You seem happy today.你今天看起来很高兴。

b. seem+to do sth. “似乎,好像做某事”。 I seem to have a cold.我似乎感冒了。

c. It seems/seemed+从句 “看起来好像?;似乎?”。

5

It seems that no one believes you.看起来好像没有人相信你。

2)辨析:bored与boring

a. bored意为“厌烦的;感到无聊的”,一般在句中修饰人。

b. boring意为“无聊的;令人厌烦的”,一般在句中修饰事或物。

eg:a. I’m ______with what he said.我对他说的话厌烦极了。

b. I find the story very_______.我发现这个故事太无聊了。

(二)Section B

1. What activities do you find enjoyable? 你发现什么活动让人快乐?(P5)

1)activities是activity的复数形式,意为“活动”。 Students like outdoor activities. ____________________________

2)enjoyable形容词,意为“愉快的;快乐的”。

I’m sure we will have an enjoyable vacation. 我确信我们将会有一个愉快的假期。

2. I arrived in Penang in Malaysia this morning with my family. 今天早上我和家人到达了马来西亚的槟城。(P5)

arrive不及物动词,意为“到达”。arrive in表示到达较大的地方,如国家、省、市等;arrive at表示到达

较小的地方,如机场、商店、广场、村庄等。(注:地点副词home,here,there前介词省略)

辨析:arrive in+大地点 / arrive at+小地点

get to +地点

reach+地点

eg:I (到达) school at 8:00 o’clock yesterday.

3. ?so we decided to go to the beach near our hotel? 因此我们决定到旅馆附近的海滩上去。(P5)

decide to do sth.意为“决定做某事”。

eg: They _____ ______ ______the museum.他们决定去参观博物馆。

拓展:decide后常跟“疑问词+动词不定式”做宾语。

6

He can’t decide when ______ ______(leave) 他不能决定何时动身。

4. My sister and I tried paragliding.姐姐和我尝试了滑翔伞运动。(P5)

try此处用作及物动词,其后常接名词、动名词或不定式,意为“尝试;试图,设法;努力”

She is trying my bicycle.她正在试骑我的自行车。

拓展:try也可用作名词,意为“尝试”,常用短语“have a try”,意为“试一试”。

I want to have a try.我想试一试。

辨析:try doing sth. / try to do sth.

1)try doing sth. 尝试做某事,表示一种尝试、做做看的想法,不一定付出很多努力。

2)try to do sth.尽力、设法去做某事,表示想尽一切办法要把事情办成,强调付出努力设法去完成。 a. I ______ ______ him, but no one answered. 我试着给他打电话了,但没有人接听。

b. I’m ______ ______ ______ English well. 我正尽力把英语学好。

5. I felt like I was a bird. It was so exciting! 我感觉自己就像一只小鸟。太刺激了!(P5)

1)feel like意为“给??的感觉;感受到”。其后常接从句。

eg: He feels like he is swimming. 他感觉像在游泳一样。

拓展:feel like还可意为“想要??”,其后可接名词、代词或动名词。即:

feel like sth. 想要某物

feel like doing sth. 想要做某事

eg:Do you feel like a cup of tea now? 你现在想要一杯茶吗?

Do you feel like ______ (take) a walk in the park with me? 你想跟我在公园散步吗?

2)辨析:exciting与excited

exciting 意为“令人兴奋的,使人激动的”, 一般修饰某物。

excited 意为“感到兴奋的,激动的”, 一般修饰某人。

Eg:a.The story is_________(exciting, excited) .

b.He told me the_______(exciting, excited)news.

7

c.Sarah was_______(exciting, excited)to see the singer.

6. There are a lot of new buildings now?现在有许多新的建筑物??(P5)

building 可数名词,意为“建筑物;楼房”。

build 动词,“建造,建筑” (built,built),

7. I wonder what life was like here in the past. 我想知道在这儿过去的生活是什么样的。(P5)

wonder此处是及物动词,意为“想知道;琢磨”。其后常接who, what, why等疑问词引导的宾语从句。 Eg:1.I wonder _______________. 我想知道那个男孩是谁。

A. the boy is who B. who the boy is

2. I wonder what they were doing here.我想知道他去哪里了。

8.I really enjoyed walking around the town. 我真的很喜欢在镇上到处走走。 (P5)

1)enjoy及物动词,意为“喜爱;欣赏;享受??的乐趣”,其后接名词,代词或动名词作宾语。

a. Do you enjoy your job? 你喜欢你的工作吗?

b. I enjoy reading books. 我喜欢读书。(enjoy doing sth.喜欢做某事)

拓展: enjoy oneself =have a good time = have fun 玩得开心 (+ doing sth.)

2)walk around 意为“四处走走”。

He’s just walking around the village.他只是在村庄里随便走走。

9. What a difference a day makes! 一天的变化有多大呀! (P5)

difference可数名词,意为“差别,差异” ;其形容词形式为different,意为“不同的;有差异的”。 Eg: a. What is the difference between this book and that book? b. My schoolbag is different from yours. ( be different from 意为“与??不同”)

10. We wanted to walk up to the top , but then it started raining a little so we decided to take the train.(P5)

1)want to do sth. 意为“想要做某事”。

2)start doing sth. 意为“开始做某事”,同义短语:start to do sth.

Eg: Tom started learning English last year.

3)a little 意为“一点儿”,在句中修饰动词、形容词或副词。也可以修饰不可数名词。

8

Eg: a. I can draw a little, but only as a hobby. ______________________________

b. It’s a little cold outside. ______________________________

c. He can speak a little English. ______________________________

4) take the train意为“乘火车”,take在此意为“乘坐”。

11.We waited over an hour for the train because there were too many people. 因为人太多,所以我们等了一个

多小时的火车。(P5)

1)wait for意为“等候”,其后可接人或物。

Tom was waiting for a bus over there.

2)over介词,意为“多于;超过” ,相当于more than。

Eg : My father is over 40 years old.

There are over eight hundred students in our school.

3) too many意为“太多”,其后接可数名词复数。 He always has too many questions to ask me.

辨析:too many + 可数名词复数 意为“太多... ”

too much + 不可数名词 意为“太多... ”

much too + 形容词 意为“太... ”

eg:I have homework to do today.

12.And because of the bad weather, we couldn’t see anything below.而且因为坏天气,我们也没能看到下面的

任何景色(P5)

辨析:because of与because

a. because of意为“因为,由于”,后可接名词、代词或动名词,不能接句子。

He lost his job because of his age.

b. because意为“因为”,引导状语从句,即接句子。

I didn’t buy the shirt because it was too expensive.

13. My father didn’t bring enough money? 我爸爸没带足够的钱??(P5)

9

1)辨析:bring与take

bring意为“带来;拿来”, 指从别处带到说话者所在地。

take意为“拿走;带走”, 指从说话者所在地带到别处去。

2)enough 意为“足够的,充分的”

1.用来修饰形容词或副词,一般置于被修饰词之后。

2.用来修饰名词时可放在形容词前面或后面。

Eg:a. We have enough time to do our homework. b. The box is big enough.

14. ?because we forgot to bring an umbrella? 因为我们忘了带雨伞。(P6)

辨析:forget to do sth.与forget doing sth.

forget to do sth. 意为“忘记要做某事(事情还没做)”

eg: Don’t forget to close the window.

forget doing sth. 意为“忘记做过某事(事情已经做过了)”

eg: I forget closing the window.

15. About one hour later, we stopped and drank some tea. 大约一小时后,我们停下来喝了些茶。(P6)

1)one hour later 一小时后 ; 一小时前__________________

2)stop动词,意为“停止;中断”,过去式_________,现在分词__________;

3)drink及物动词,意为“喝;饮”; 还可以作名词,意为“饮料”。

16. Did you dislike anything? 你不喜欢什么东西吗?(P7)

dislike意为“不喜欢;厌恶”,其后可接名词、代词或动名词形式作宾语。

Eg:a. Mary ______ the hamburgers. 玛丽不喜欢汉堡包。

b. I _____ ______ computer 我不喜欢玩电脑游戏。

17. Why not? 为什么不带呀?(P8)

why not意为“为什么不呢”,一般用在疑问句中,表示提建议;why not后面需跟动词原形。

注:“Why not + 动词原形?” 相当于“Why don’t you+ 动词原形?”

a. Why not go to the party with me?

10

=Why don’t you go to the party with me?为什么不和我一起去参加聚会呢?

b._____ _____ take a walk? = _____ ______ _____ take a walk? 为什么不去散步呢?

18.Everyone in our class took a bag with some food and water. 我们班上的每一个人都随身带了装有食物和水

的提袋。(P8)

with介词,意为“具有;带有”。 此处介词短语with some food and water作bag的后置定语。 拓展:with作介词时的其他用法:

a.“和??一起’ I often go to school ______ my friend. 我经常和朋友们一起去上学。

b. 以(手段、材料),用(工具), Cut the apple with a knife. 用刀切苹果。

19. My legs were so tired that I wanted to stop. 我的双腿太累了以至于我都想停下来。(P8) so?that? / such?that?(如此?以致)引导的结果状语从句

so+adj./adv.+that?

Eg:1. He is ____lovely a boy____we love him very much.

A.very, that B.too, to C.as, as

D.so, that

2. The little boy is so young that he can’t go to school.

_________________________________

20. 常用的感叹句的结构:

1)What +adj.+ 复数名词 / 不可数名词+主语+谓语!

2)What +a/an+adj.+可数名词单数+主语+谓语!

3)How +adj. +a/an+可数名词单数+主语+谓语!

4)How+adj./adv. +主语+谓语!

eg: 1.What an interesting book it is!

= How interesting a book is! 那本书多么有趣啊!

2.____a clever girl she is! A.Who B.What

C.How D.Where

3. _____clever a girl she is! A.Who B.What 11

C.How D.Where

4._____important jobs they have done! A.What B.Who

C.How D.Where

5._____sweet water it is! A.Who B.What

C.Where D. How

6._____interesting the dog is! A.Who B.What

C. Where D. How

21. My classmates told me to keep going, so I went on. 我的同学告诉我坚持往前走,因此我

便继续前

进了(P8)

1)tell sb. (not)to do sth. 意为“告诉某人(不要)做某事。

The teacher ______ ______ ______ ______ the window just now. 老师刚才告诉我

们擦窗户。

2)keep doing sth. 意为“继续做某事,一直做某事”。

She______ ______ TV for two hours last night. 昨晚她持续看了两个小时的电视。

23. Everyone jumped up and down in excitement. 大家都兴奋地跳起来。(P8)

up and down 意为“上上下下;来来回回”,在句中作状语。

Eg:They looked me ______ ______ ______. 他们上上下下打量我。

He walks______ ______ ______ in the room. 他在房间里来回走动。

语法练习

一、单选题

( )1.---Do you have______to say for yourself?

---No,I have______to say.

A.something;everything B.nothing;something C.everything;anything

D.anything;nothing

( )2.Paul and I______tennis yesterday. He did much better than I.

A.play B.will play C.played

D.are playing

12

( )3.He went into his room and ______to work.

A.begins B.began C.beginning

D.to begin

( )4.I don’t want to go to the museum, it’s too_______.

A. relaxing B. boring C. bored

D.beautiful

( )5.I didn’t go to the mountains ______the bad weather.

A.so B.because of

C.because D.but

( )6.Do you enjoy______photos?

A.to take B.take

C.taking D.takes

( )7.Yesterday afternoon, we______to the park.

A.went B.go

C.goes D.goed

( )8.It’s cold, so we decided______at home.

A.stay B.to stay

C.staying D.stayed

( )9.Don’t forget______your homework tomorrow.

A.bring B.to bring

C.brought D.bringing

( )10.She didn’t______me about it.

A.told B.tell

C.telling D.tells

二、句型转换

1.I did my homework yesterday. (改为否定句) I _____ ______ my homework yesterday.

13

2.She went to New York on vacation. (就划线部分提问) _______did she ______ on

vacation?

3.Vera visited the Great Wall last Sunday. (改为一般疑问句)

______ Vera _____ the Great Wall last Sunday?

4.He was at home this time yesterday. (改为一般疑问句) ______ he at home this time yesterday?

5.The students had fun in the park.(改为同义句) The students______ ______ ______ ______ in the park.

6. Lucy did her homework yesterday evening. (改为否定句)

Lucy ______ _________ ________ homework yesterday evening. 7. Jim went to the beach last Sunday. (对画线部分提问) _____ _____ Jim ______ last Sunday?

8. They played basketball yesterday. (对画线部分提问) ________ _______ they play basketball?

三.用所给动词的适当形式填空。

1. Tom and Mary _______ (come) to China last month.

2. My daughter ________ (not go) to school yesterday.

3. —_____ she _________ (practice) her guitar yesterday?

—No, she ___________.

4. There _______ (be) three trees around my house last year.

5. —What _____ you ______ (do) last weekend?

—I _________ (study) math on Saturday.

单元练习题

一、写出下列动词的过去式

1. stay________ 2. study________ 3. stop________ 4. decide________ 5.

write________

14

6. feel________ 7. has________ 8. find________ 9. come________ 10.

are________

二、写出下列动词的原形

1. went_______ 2. spent_______ 3. played_______ 4. called_______ 5.

wore_______

6. bought_______ 7. sold_______ 8. enjoyed_______ 9. got_______ 10. ran_______

三、选择填空

( )1. — How ________you ________your summer vacation? — I visited Xi’an.

A. do,spend B. did,spend C. did,

spent

( )2.________did you go on vacation?

A. Where B. What C.

Who

( )3. There ________a small boy ________in the comer,and I helped him find

his mother.

A. was,crying B. is,cry C. was,

cries

( )4. Can you help me ________a taxi?

A. look B. give

C. find

( )5. Do you want ________the music club?

A. join B. joining

C. to join

( )6. What did they decide ________then?

A. do B. to do 15

C. doing

( )7. We had great fun ________in the water.

A. play B. played

C. playing

( )8. That was too expensive,________I decided not to buy.

A. because B. so

C. if

( )9. I didn’t have ________money for a taxi, ________I have to walk home.

A. many, because B. any, so C. some,

so

( )10. Where ________you ________yesterday?

A. do,go B. did,go C. did,went

D. was,go

( )11. There ________a heavy rain last night.

A. is B. are C.

was D. were

( )12. I ________you yesterday afternoon,but you ________at home.

A. call,aren’t B. am calling,aren’t C. called,were

D. called,weren’t

( )13. I didn’t really enjoy it,________the shops were too crowded.

A. so B. because C. but

D. or

( )14. Mom often tells me ________computer games too much.

A. not play B. not to play C. not

playing D. a play

( )15. We had great fun ________the volleyball match .

16

A. watch B. watched C. watches

D. watching

四、完形填空

Molly spent her summer vacation in China with her parents last year. They

visited a lot of famous ___1___, such as Beijing, Guangzhou and Shanghai. She

___2___ Beijing for a week. She ___3___ the Palace Museum, the Great Wall,

Tian’an Men Square ___4___ the Summer Palace. They ___5___ went to the zoos and

the parks.___6___ was cloudy, but not rainy, so it ___7___ not too hot. They

___8___ great fun playing in the zoos and the parks. Molly learnt a lot ___9___

Chinese history. She said, “It is interesting to visit China. I ___10___ China

very much.”

( ) 1. A. parks B. gardens C. cities

D. countries

D. lived at

D. visited

D. until

D. also

D. They

( ) 7. A. is B. are C. were

D. do

D. in

D. decide

四、阅读理解

Last week,the teacher told us that there were many old things in the D. was ( ) 2. A. stayed B. stayed in C. lived ( ) 3. A. made B. cried C. felt ( ) 4. A. and B.Or C. But ( ) 5. A. too B. either C. so ( ) 6. A. It B. This C. That ( ) 8. A. have B. did C. had ( ) 9. A. about B. at C. for ( ) 10. A. hope B. visit C. like

17

museum. So we decided to go and see them. Yesterday we went there on foot because the museum was not far from our school,and the weather was warm. The sun was shining. We walked down Zhong shan Road and turned left at the second crossing (十字路口). We found it on the left. It was between a bookshop and a library.

Many people were there, but most of them were students. When the guide explained (讲解), we listened carefully. There we learned a lot.

根据短文内容,判断句子正(T)误(F)

( )1. The teacher told them about the museum yesterday.

( )2. It was a sunny day when they went to visit the museum.

( )3. They went to the museum on foot.

( )4. The museum was far from their school.

( )5. Most of the visitors were students.

18

网站首页网站地图 站长统计
All rights reserved Powered by 海文库
copyright ©right 2010-2011。
文档资料库内容来自网络,如有侵犯请联系客服。zhit326@126.com