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中考英语语法不定式

发布时间:2013-10-06 17:07:06  

中考英语语法----不定式

I. 要点

不定式的形式。以动词write为例。

不定式的句法功能

(1) 作主语

To hear from you is nice.

To be a good teacher is not easy.

不定式作主语时,为了保持句子的平衡,往往以it作形式主语,而不定式置于谓语动词后。如:It's nice to hear from you.

It's not easy to be a good teacher.

(2) 作宾语

通常用于want, hope, wish, like, need, hate, begin, start, remember, agree, learn, pretend, refuse, manage, help等词后。如:I forgot to lock the door.

Please remember to write to me.

(3) 作表语

My job is to pick up letters.

He seemed to have heard nothing.

(4) 作定语

不定式作定语时,须放在它所修饰的名词或代词后。如:

I have two letters to write.

I have a lot of work to do.

(5) 作宾补

通常用于want, wish, ask, order, tell, know, help, advise, allow, cause, force等词后。如: He ordered her to leave at once.

He was forced to obey his order.

(6) 作状语

He got up early to catch the first bus.

He worked hard to catch up with the other students.

(7) 作独立成分

To tell you the truth, I told a lie.

(8) "疑问词+不定式"结构。 如:

I don't know how to choose them.

I cannot decide where to go.

(9)不定式的否定式。如:

I decided not to go.

(10)不定式的完成式。如:

He seemed to have cleaned the room before I came in.

The boy is said to have been sent to the hospital last week.

(11)too…to 结构。如:

He was too excited to go to sleep.

He was only too glad to go. (他太高兴了,乐意去)

(12)主动表被动。如:

The book is easy to read.

I have a book to read.

II.例题

例1 I haven't got a chair ____.

A to sit B for to sit on C to sit on D for sitting

解析:该题选C。不定式to sit on在句中作定语,修饰名词chair. 因为不定式和它所修饰的名词间是"动宾关系",所以不定式必须是及物动词,故此处on不能省略。

例2 He was made ____. A go B gone C going D to go

解析:该题选D。make sb. do sth. 如果是被动形式,不定式do前的to不能省略。

例3 A new factory is ____ very soon.

A to be built B built

C to build D to building

解析:该题选A。is to be built意为"将要被建"。

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