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英语八下词组

发布时间:2013-10-07 09:33:42  

2010级3班4组·八年级(下)新目标英语重点短语及句型总汇(Units1-10)

八年级(下)新目标英语重点短语及句型总汇 Unit 1 Will people have robots? 1. fewer people 更少的人 2. less free time 更少的空闲时间 3. fall in love with… 爱上…

4. live alone 单独居住 feel lonely 感到孤独 5. keep/feed a pet pig 养一头宠物猪

6. fly to the moon 飞上月球 7. hundreds of +复数 数百/几百概数类似还有thousands of; millions of) 8. the same as 和……相同 9. A be different from B A与B不同 10. wake up 醒来 11. get bored 变得厌倦 12. go skating 去滑冰 13. lots of/a lot of 许多 14. at the weekends 在周末 15. study at home on computers 在家通过电脑学习 16. agree with sb. 同意某人(的意见)

且拥挤

17. I don’t agree. = I disagree. 我

28. be in college 在上大学 不同意 29. dress 穿得很随18. on a piece of paper 在一张纸上意

(注意

30. 变成现实 paper/information/news/work/ho31. take hundreds of years 花几百mework/housework等常考到的

年的时间 不可数名词) 32. over and over again 一次又19. on vacation 度假

一次 20. help sb with sth/help sb do sth33. be in different shapes 形状不 帮助某人做某事 同 21. many different kinds of … 许多

34. twenty years from now 今后不同种… 20年

22. look smart 显得精神/看起来35. in twenty years 20年以后 聪明 36. there will be 将有 23. in the future 在将来/在未

37. It’s…(for sb.) to do 来 (对某人来说)做某事是。。。 24. no more=not …anymore 不Unit 2 What should I do? 再(强调多次发生的动作不再发1. too loud 太大声 生) 2. out of style过时的 in style 25. no longer=not… any longer 不流行的

再(强调状态不再发生)

3. call sb up=ring 26. besides(除…之外还包括)与sb.up=call/ring/phone sb.给…..打

except =but(除…之外,不包括) 电话

27. be able to与can 能、会 4. busy enough 够忙 (enough修34 .be big and crowded 大而饰形容词或副词时必须后置) 1

5. a ticket to/for a ball game 一张球赛的门票 注意:the key to the lock/the

key(answer)r to the question)/the solution to the problem .此处几个短语不能用of表示所有格

6. talk about 谈论 talk…on the phone 通电话

7. pay for 付款 8. sb. spend(spent)…on +sth.

=spend...( in) doing sth. 某人在…花钱

9. It takes sb. sometime to do sth. 某人做某事花…时间 10. borrow …from 从….借( 借进来) 11. lend…to 把…借给(借出去) 12. buy (bought) sth for sb 为……买东西

13. tell(told) sb to do /not to do sth. 告诉某人做/不做某事

14. want sb. to do sth.=would like sb. to do 想某人做某事

15. find(found) out 发现;查清

2010级3班4组·八年级(下)新目标英语重点短语及句型总汇(Units1-10)

楚;弄明白

16. fail the test=not pass the test 考试不及格

17. succeed in (doing) sth 在...方面成功

18. write(wrote) sb a letter/write to sb. 给某人写信

19. to one’s surprise 使某人吃惊的是….. 20. ask sb. for… 寻求/向某人要某物

21. have a bake sale 卖烧烤

22. with sb. 与某人争吵 23. have a fight with sb.=fight with 与某人打架 24. return sth. to sb.=give sth. back to sb. 把某物归还给某人 25.

get on /along well with 与…相处很好 all kinds of 各种各样

26. as much as possible=as much as you can 尽可能多

27. take part in=join in 参加(某种活动/集会) 28.

a bit =a little 一点儿(当修饰形容词或比较级时)

“应该做某事”

29. a bit of =a little 一点儿/一些could+动原 表建议“可以做

(当修饰不可数名词时) 某事”

30. be angry with… 生…的气 44. What’s wrong with…?/ What’s the 31. do sth by oneself=do sth alonematter with…? …。。。怎么了?(有

某人自己/独自地 什么毛病) 32. on the other hand 另一方Unit 3 What were you doing when

面 the UFO arrived? 33. I find/feel/think it difficult to do..1. in front of 在??的前面(外

我发现/感到/认为做某事难. 部) in the front of 在??的前34. see/hear/watch sb. doing sth. 看面(内部)

到/听见/注视某人正在做… 2. sleep late 睡懒觉 sleep well睡35. not…until 直到…才(谓语动得好

词一般是非延续动词) 3. get to sleep=fall asleep 睡着 36. sports clothes 运动服 4. walk down/along 沿??37 the same age as=as old as 和--- 走 年龄一样 5. take off (飞机)起飞;脱下38. complain about (doing sth) (衣帽) 抱怨 6. on Sunday evening 在星期39. try to do sth, 尽量干某事 日晚上注意:(特指某日如星期、40..a mother of three 三个孩假日、某月某日或某个特定的上子的妈妈 下午、晚上用on) 41.compare…with 和---比7. in the tree在树上 on the 较 tree在树上 42. be angry with… 生某人的气 8. take photos 照相 43.should+动原 表劝告或建议9. walk home 走回家

2

10. for example 例如 11. in the city of 在??

12. on the playground 在操

场上

13. ten minutes ago 十分钟

14. take (took) place 发生(强

调必然性)

15. happen to sth./sb. 发生(强调

偶然性)

16 all over the world=around the

world 遍及全世界 17.next to 相邻,紧贴 18.close to 接近于;在附近

19.be ill in hospital/bed 生病住院/在床

20. hear (heard) about/of 听说(间接

听到)

21. in silence 沉默不语 keep silent

保持沉默

22. an unusual experience 一次不

寻常的经历

23. have(had) fun doing sth 干

某事有乐趣

2010级3班4组·八年级(下)新目标英语重点短语及句型总汇(Units1-10)

be famous as? 作为?而出名 24. have a difficult time doing sth neither….nor 两者都不2.(谓语动(留)个口信

干某事有困难 25. a national hero 一个民族英雄 26. be famous for 以。。。出名 27. for the first time 第一次 28. get(got) out of… 从。。。出来 29.run(ran) away 逃跑,跑掉 30. be surprised 感到惊讶 31. surprise sb. 惊讶某人/ 使某人惊讶 32. be scared/afraid of sth. 害怕。。。 be scared of doing sth./to do sth. 害怕做某事 33. think(thought)about doing.. 考

虑做某事 34. leave(left) homework at home 把作业忘在家里 Unit 4 He said I was hard-working 1. first of all =at first 首先 词要注意就近和对称原则)

16. be good at(doing)…=do well in…3. an exciting week 令人兴奋擅长(做)…

的一周 17. be better at…(than)…=do better 4. pass on (to) 传递 in…than…(比)…更擅长 5. be supposed to do sth.=should doUnit 5 If you go to the party,you’ll 被期望或被要求做.../应该做... have a great time! 6. be mad at …… 对??疯狂/生1. at the party 在晚会上 气 2. stay at home 呆在家 7. be in good health 身体健3. half the class/students 一康 半学生 8. get over 克服;恢复;原4. get injured 受伤

谅 5. have a great time =have a 9. open up 打开/展开/开wonderful\good time 玩得高发/揭露 兴 10. care for (take care of, look after) 6. take …away 运走,取走 照料;照顾;意愿;计较 ( put away 收起来,放好) 11. have a surprise party for sb. 7. all the time=always 一直,始为某人举行一次惊喜的聚会 终 12. be surprised\happy\excited to do 8. make (made)a living (by doing sth 做某事感到惊讶、高兴、激sth) 谋生 动 9. in order to do sth… 为了做13. be \get nervous 感到紧张 某事

14. have a very hard time with.. 10.

have a party 举行聚会 在---日子不好过 11. go to college 上大学 15. take\ leave a message 捎12. be famous for…因??而著称

3

13. make a lot of/lots of/much money 挣许多钱 14. in fact 事实上 15.

laugh at… 嘲笑

16.

too much太多(修饰不可数名词)

17. too many太多(修饰可数名词复数)

18. much too+形容词/副词 太? 19. travel around the world 周游世界

20.

work hard 努力工作 21. wear jeans 穿牛仔裤 22. let ... in 允许??进入, 嵌入

23. keep?out 不允许?进入

24.

get an education 获得教育

25. study(studied) for the test/exam 准备考试

26.

make some food 准备食物make dumplings 做水饺 make the bed 整理床铺

27.

children’s hospital 儿童医院

2010级3班4组·八年级(下)新目标英语重点短语及句型总汇(Units1-10)

28. give(gave)money to a charity 7.thanks for (doing) 因??而22. an interesting city with a colorful 周围

history 12. get mad = get annoyed = get angry 给慈善组织捐钱 表示感谢

29. become a professional soccer 8. run out of 用完,用尽 一个具有丰富历史的城市 生气,感到恼火 player 23. The more…, the better. 13. try(tried) (not) to do sth. 9. by the way 顺便说一下,顺尽力(不 成为一个职业的足球运动员 30. play sports for a living 靠体育运动为生 31. ride (rode)a bike 骑自行车 32. a good time to do…. 做某事的好时刻 33. get enough exercise 得到足够的锻炼 Unit 6 How long have you been collecting shells? 1 how long 多长,多久 2. far away 在远处 far from… 离。。。远 3. a pair of 一双,一副,一把,一条 4. raise money (for charity) (为慈善机构)募捐,筹钱 5. the whole five hours 整整五个小时 6. three and a half years 三年半= three years and a half 便问一下 越多 越好 10. in Russian style 以俄罗斯的24. have problems with…/doing 做风格 某事有麻烦 11.fly (flew) kites 放风筝 25. thousands of 几千;成千上万

12. a talent show 才艺表演 Unit 7 Would you mind turning 13. finish doing sth. 结束做某down the music? 事 1. turn down (音量)放小,(光线)调14. be interested in =take an interest in 暗 turn up (音量)放大,(光线)对?感兴趣 调亮turn on 打开(开关、按钮)15. tell (told)sb. about sth. 把情况turn off 关(开关、按钮) 告诉某人 2. not at all 一点也不 16.enjoy(enjoyed) doing sth. 喜3. right away = in a minute (=at 爱做某事 once) 立刻,马上

17. think of 考虑,想起 4. do/wash the dishes 洗碗 18. half an hour 半小时 an hour 5. put on 穿上(动作)

ago 一小时前 half a year 半6. help sb. with sth. 帮助某人做 年 某事

19. the first one to start 第一7. pick up 捡起、拾起

个开始的 8. put(put) out 熄灭 20. on my seventh birthday 在我第9. wait in line 排队 七个生日时 10. cut(cut) in line 插队 21. anyone else 任何别人 11. follow sb. around 跟在某人4

去)做某事 14. seem like 看上去像?? 15. even if/though 尽管、即使

16. take care = be careful (to do sth.) 小心 17. in public places 在公众场合

18. in public 公开地,当众地 19. break(broke) the rule 不遵守规则

20. Could

you please(not) do…? 请你做(不做)。。。好吗?

Would you mind (not )doing sth..? 做(不做) 。。。你介意吗?

21. …don’t/doesn’t/didn’t work. 。。。不工作了(坏了)

=Something is/was wrong with….=There is/was something wrong with …=sth. is/was broken.. 22. all the time 一直 23.wait for 等候 24. sth. happens to sb. 某事发生在某

2010级3班4组·八年级(下)新目标英语重点短语及句型总汇(Units1-10)

人身上

25. complain about 抱怨 26. no problem 没问题

27. at the meeting 在开会 28.at first=first of all 首先

29. keep down控制,抑制 30. drop litter 扔垃圾 31. make posters 做海报

Unit 8 Why don’t you get her a scarf?

1 fall(fell) asleep 入睡 2. leave(left) school 毕业离校

3. take care of = look after =care for 照看

4. too? to? 太??而不能??

5. take an interest in = be interested in 对??感兴趣

6. make friends with … 和??交朋友

7. not ? at all 根本不,一点也不

8 get(buy) sb. sth.= get(buy) sth. for sb.给某人买某物

9. give away 分发,赠送 10. pay(paid) for 付??22. on his sixth birthday 在他的款 六岁生日时 11. rather than 而不是(并列) 23. a six-year-old child 一个instead of +sth./doing sth. 六岁的孩子 12. in different ways 以不同

24. an 80-year-old grandmother 的方式 一位80岁的老奶奶 13. as ? as 与??一25. compare…with 与…

样?? 作比较 14. native speakers 说本族语26.Sth.cost(cost) sb. some money 的人 某物花费某人。。。钱 15. encourage sb. to do sth. 鼓励 Sb. spend(spent) some money 某人做某事 /time on sth. 16. make progress 取得进 Sb. spend some money /time (in) 步 doing sth. 17. have fun with sth. 做某事有乐趣某人在某事(物)上花= have fun doing sth. 费。。。钱/时间 18. hear(heard) of 听说 Sb. pays (paid) some money for sth.

19. special enough 足够特某人为某物付了。。。钱 别

It takes(took) sb. time to do sth. 20. How/What about sth./ doing 做某事花费某人。。。时间 sth.? …怎么样? 27. too…to do… 太。。。而不 Why don’t you do…?/Why not 能做。。。 do…? = not…enough to do = so…that sb. 为什么不…呢? can’t do… 21.give sb. sth.= give. sth. to sb . 28. improve your English 提高给某人某物 你的英语 5

29. too personal 太个性化 30. give it to him 把它给他 31. not creative enough 不够有创意

32. photo album相册

33. be difficult/easy to do… 做某事难/容易

34. have enough time to spend with her 有足够的时间陪伴她 35. sleep all day 整天睡觉 36. It’s important to do sth…. 做某

事…是重要的 37. too many(+可数复数) gifts 太多礼物 38. too much (+不可数) money 太多钱

39. different kinds of presents 不同

种类的礼物 40. give money to charity 给慈善

捐钱 41. need to do… 需要做某事 42. learn to do… 学习做某事 43. make her happy 使她高兴 44. make us more interested in 使我

们更感兴趣

45. help you win the prize 帮你获奖

2010级3班4组·八年级(下)新目标英语重点短语及句型总汇(Units1-10)

Unit 9 Have you ever been to an amusement park?

1. have been to 到过某处 (回来了,现不在某处了) 常与 ever, never, once , twice, three times等连用 have/has gone to… 去了某处 (还没回来)

have been in …for.. 在某地待一段时间

2. during the daytime = in the day 在

白天

at night 在夜里 at noon 在

中午

3. all year round 全年,一年到头

4. wake up 醒来,唤醒,叫醒

wake sb. up 把某人唤醒,叫醒 5. see sb. doing sth. 看见某人正在做某事

see sb. do sth. 看见某人做了某事

6. walk around 四处走动 7. take a ride 兜风 8 on board (=on the boat) 在船上

9. take different routes 走不同的路线

10.end up (with) (以 …) 30. a good place to practice English 结束 一个练习英语的好地方 11. argue with sb. 与某人争吵 Unit 10 It’s a nice day, isn’t it?

12. an English-speaking country 一

1. feel like doing=want to do sth.个说英语的国家

15. a tour guide 导游 =would like to do 想做某事

16. such as 例如

2. like to do sth./like doing sth. 17. listening skills 听力技能 喜欢做某事 18. take a holiday 度假 5. feel like sth. 觉得像?.

19. three quarters (fourths) 四

6. have a hard/difficult time doing 分之三 sth 费了很大劲做某事 20. have problems (in) doing sth. /with 7. have problems doing sth 做

做某事很费劲 某事有困难

21. hear of /about 听8. have fun doing sth 乐于做说 某事 22. all the time 一直 9. need to do sth. 需要做某事 23. start/begin(began) to do/doing 11. a thank-you note for.. 给。。。感sth. 谢信

开始做某事 12. look through 浏览

24. take the subway 乘地铁 13. get along/ on well with 相25. have a great time 玩得高兴 处得好 26. travel to 去某处旅行 14. at least 至少

27. improve your English 提

高你的英语 15. at most 最多 28. on the one hand 一方面 16. be careful =look out 当心,小29 on the other hand 另一方面 心

6

17. be careful to do/not to do sth.

小心做/不做某事

18. cross a street =go across a street

过街(穿过表面)

19. go through 穿过(空间/房间/森林等)

20. go past =pass 经过/路过

21. come along 跟着来

22. say in a low/loud voice 小声地/大声地说

23. something cost+钱= something is worth+钱 某物值多少钱

24. do/try one’s best to do sth. 努力/尽力做某事

常见非谓语动词词组、句型用法总结 .一。以下是带to的动词不定式常见搭配

★希望做某事 hope to do sth. ★决定做某事 decide to do sth.

★记着做某事 remember to do sth.

★同意做某事 agree to do sth.

★需要做某事 need to do sth. ★忘记做某事 forget to do sth

2010级3班4组·八年级(下)新目标英语重点短语及句型总汇(Units1-10)

★使用某物做某事 use sth to do sth

★尽力/努力做某事 try to do sth

★计划做某事 plan to do sth.

★不得不 have to do ★学会做某事 learn to do sth.

★告诉(叫)某人做某事 tell sb. to do sth.

★请求某人做某事 ask sb. to do sth.

★想要某人做某事 want /would like sb. to do sth.

★同意某人做某事 agree sb. to do sth.

★教某人做某事 teach sb. to do sth.

★喜欢/想要某人做某事 like sb. to do sth.

★帮助某人做某事 help sb. to do sth/help sb.do

★ encourage sb to do 鼓励某人做 ★ It’s time(for sb.) to do sth.是某人做某事时候了 例句:It’s time for me to go home.

★It’s +adj. for/of sb. to do sth. 对于某人来说做某事是…(当adj.是表示性格、品德的形容词时用of)

例句: It is easy for me to learn it 它不敢;大家千万要小心,有时它把well.

句型改;作主语时用it,自己在后把It is very kind/foolish/nice of you to do so.

身藏;七个感官三使役,宾补要把to★ It takes sb. sometime to do sth.

甩开;疑问词后接上它,宾语从句可某人做某事花了某时间

充当;逻辑主语不定式,不定式前加 例句: 1.It takes me an hour to get for sb.;to前not是否定,各种用法to school by bike. 2.It took me an 区别开。

hour to watch TV last night.

二.以下是不带to的动词不定式(即 3.It will take her two 动词原形)的常见用法

weeks to finish the work.

★ let sb. do sth 让某人做某事

★too+adj./adv. to do sth. 太…..而

不能 例: ★ make do sth 使得某人做某事

He was too angry to say a word.

★find/think/feel it +adj. to do sth.发★ hear sb.do sth 听见某人做某事现/认为/感到做某事是… 例:

I find/think/feel it hard to learn ★ see sb.do sth 看见某人做某事 English well.

★ watch sb.do sth 观看某人做某事 ★序数词+to do 第…..个做某事 例

句:Who is the first to get there?

★ why not 或why don’t you +动词

★我不知怎么办。I didn't know what 原形?为什么不….?(表示建议)例:Why not/Why don’t you take a ★ 离开房间时不要忘记/记住关灯 walk?

例句:Don’t forget/Remember to ★ 情态动词can/may /must /should+

turn off the lights when you left the 动词原形(包括情态动词的否定room

形式+动词原形) ★ be+adj+to do sth 例

★ 助动词

句:I am very sorry to hear that. I am ready to help others. I am do/does/did/will/would/should在happy/pleased/glad to meet you.

构成疑问句或者构成否定句即顺口溜:本领最多不定式,主表定补don’t /doesn’t /didn’t /will not /would 宾和状;样样成分都能干,只有谓语

not/shouldn’t+ 动词原形

7

★ be going to + 动词原形(表示“即

将”“打算” 做某事) 三.以下是带ing的常见用法 ★ enjoy doing... ★finish doing... ★practice doing...

★see /hear/ watch... doing... ★be good at doing... do well in doing...

★ be interested in doing... ★spend doing ★have fun doing

★ have a hard/difficult time doing

★have problems doing

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