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_现在进行时详解和习题

发布时间:2013-10-08 10:33:08  

现在进行时详解和习题

大家知道,谓语的动词用来表示动作(情况)发生时间的各种形式称为时态。

现在进行时表示:

1、现在(说话的瞬间)正在进行或发生的动作,强调“此时此刻”。e.g. He is reading . They are talking now.

2、当前一段时间内的活动或现阶段正在进行的动作。e.g. They are working these days.

3、某些动词的现在进行时,表预定的计划或即将发生的动作。e.g I am coming.

其结构为be+现在分词.

现在分词的变法有

1、一般在动词词尾加上-ing ,e.g. jumping

2、以不发音字母e结尾的动词,先去e,再加-ing. e.g having, writing

3、如果末尾是一个元音字母和一个辅音字母,双写末尾的辅音字母,再加ing,如:run-running, stop-stopping sit-sitting get-getting forget-forgetting begin-beginning

4、以ie结尾的动词,改ie为y加ing ,die--dying lie--lying

其句式变换都在be上做文章。

e.g. He is buying a bike.

Is he buying a bike?

He isn’t buying a bike.

一般由look, listen, 引起的祈使句及now, at this moment等时间状语做标志。

尽管现在进行时比较简单,但在做题过程中也常会犯一些错误,常见的错误:

一、把动词变成现在分词形式易出错

例:1、They are swiming.(swim)

2、Jenny is plaiing(play)football.

答案:1.swimming 2 .playing

解析:动词变现在分词可有如下口诀:“一添一去y不变”. “一添”指双写规则;“一去”指去掉不发音字母e规则;“y不变”指要与名词变复数区分开。

二、丢掉be动词或忘记把动词变成现在分词

例:1、Look, two children flying.(fly) a kite in the park.

2、Li Ming isn’t read ( not read) a book in bed now.

答案:1 are flying 2 isn’t reading

解析:现在进行时肯定句的结构规律为: “be+现在分词,缺一不可”。这一点必须牢记。

三、对动词或动词词组提问时丢掉doing

例:1、The students are singing in the room.(对划线部分提问)

What are the students in the room?

答案:What are the students doing in the room?

解析:现在进行时态中对动作提问可记住此句式“What +be +主语+doing+其它?”

或简写为“What......doing......”?句式。

四、现在进行时态的选择疑问句中易忽视or后用现在分词形式

例:孩子们在跑还是在跳?

Are the children running or jump?

答案:Are the children running or jumping?

解析: or连接的是两个并列成分,动词形式须一致。

自我检测

(一) 、单选 (20分;3分钟)

1、 Look! He _____their mother do the housework.

A. is helping B. are help C. is help D. is helpping

2 、_____are the boys doing ? They are singing in the room.

A .Who B .How C. What D. Where

3、 Don’t talk here. My mother _____.

A. is sleeping B .are sleeping C. sleeping D .sleep

4 、Danny ______. Don’t call him.

A. is writeing B .is writing C.writing D .writes

5 、–When_____he_____back?

– Sorry, I don’t know.

A. does, come B. are, coming C. is ,come D. is, coming

(二)、填空 (36分;6分钟)

1、It’s ten o’clock. My mother _____(lie)in bed.

2、What____he _____(mend)?

3、We _____(play)games now.

4、What ____you____(do) thesse days?

5、____he ___(clean) the classroom?

6、 Who____(sing)in the next room?

7、The girl____(like)wearing a sweater. Look! She ____(wear)a red sweater today.

8.My father always _____ (come) back from work very late.

9. The teacher is busy. He __________ (sleep) six hours a day.

10. Listen! Joan _________(sing) in the classroom. She often ________ (sing) there.

11. _______ your brother _____(know) Japanese?

12. Where __________ you __________ (have) lunch every day?

(三)、造句: (42分;5分钟)

1).she,the window,open,now(用现在进行时连词成句.)_____________________

2).is,who,the window,cleaning?(连句)______________________

3).She is closing the door now.(改成否定句)______________________

4.)You are doing your homework.(用"I"作主语改写句子)___________________

5).they,the tree,sing,now,under.(用现在进行时连词成句.)____________________

6).The Young Pioneers are helping the old woman.(改成一般疑问句)__________

自我检测

(一) 、单选 (20分;3分钟) 1—5 A C A B D

1、 Look! He _____their mother do the housework.

A. is helping B. are help C. is help D. is helpping

2 、_____are the boys doing ? They are singing in the room.

A .Who B .How C. What D. Where

3、 Don’t talk here. My mother _____.

A. is sleeping B .are sleeping C. sleeping D .sleep

4 、Danny ______. Don’t call him.

A. is writeing B .is writing C.writing D .writes

5 、–When_____he_____back?

– Sorry, I don’t know.

A. does, come B. are, coming C. is ,come D. is, coming

(二)、填空 (36分;6分钟)1 is lying 2 is mending 3 are playing 4 are doing

1、It’s ten o’clock. My mother _____(lie)in bed.

2、What____he _____(mend)?

3、We _____(play)games now.

4、What ____you____(do) these days?

5、____he ___(clean) the classroom? 5 Is; cleaning 6 is singing 7 likes ; is wearing

6、Who____(sing)in the next room?

7、The girl____(like)wearing a sweater. Look! She ____(wear)a red sweater today.

8.My father always _____ (come) back from work very late. 8 comes 9 sleeps

9. The teacher is busy. He __________ (sleep) six hours a day.

10. Listen! Joan _________(sing) in the classroom. She often ________ (sing) there.

11. _______ your brother _____(know) Japanese?

12. Where __________ you __________ (have) lunch every day?

10 is singing, sings 11 Does; know 12 do; have

(三)、造句: (42分;5分钟)

1).she,the window,open,now(用现在进行时连词成句.)She is opening the window now.

2).is,who,the window,cleaning?(连句) Who is cleaning the window?

3).She is closing the door now.(改成否定句) She is not closing the door now.

4.)You are doing your homework.(用"I"作主语改写句子)___________________

5).they,the tree,sing,now,under.(用现在进行时连词成句.)____________________

6).The Young Pioneers are helping the old woman.(改成一般疑问句)__________ 4、I am doing my homework. 5、They are singing under the tree now.

6、Are the Young Pioneers helping the old woman?

答案:

(一)1—5 A C A B D

(二)

1 is lying 2 is mending 3 are playing 4 are doing 5 Is cleaning 6 is singing 7 likes ; is wearing 8 comes 9 sleeps 10 is singing, sings 11 Does know 12 do have 13 likes, is wearing

(三)

1、She is opening the window now.

2、Who is cleaning the window?

3、She is not closing the door now.

4、I am doing my homework.

5、They are singing under the tree now.

6、Are the Young Pioneers helping the old woman?

现在进行时检测题

一、写出下列动词的现在分词:(1个单词0.5分,共13分;4分钟)

play___run_____swim____make___go___study___write___read____sing__dance___put____see____buy____eat____live__take___come___get____stop____sit___begin二、用所给的动词的正确形式填空:(10分;5分钟)

1.The boy ________ ( draw)a picture now.

2. Listen .Some girls ________ ( sing)in the classroom .

3. My mother __________ ( cook )some nice food now.

4. What _____ you ______ ( do ) now?

5. Look . They _________( have) an English lesson .

6.They ________(not ,water) the flowers now.

7.Look! the girls ________________(dance )in the classroom .

8.What is our son doing? She ______ (listen ) to music.

9. It’s 5 o’clock now. We _____________(have)supper now

10.______Helen_______(wash )clothes? Yes ,she is .

三、句型转换:(12分;3分钟)

1. They are doing housework .

一般疑问句:__________________ 否定句: _________________

2.The students are cleaning the classroom .

一般疑问句:__________________ 否定句: _________________

3.I’m playing the football 对划线部分进行提问)_____________

4.对划线部分进行提问)________________

五、将下列句子改成现在进行时 (16分;5分钟)

1. Tom speaks Chinese. ________

2. We have four lessons. ________

3. I watch TV. _____________

4. She works in a hospital. ________

5. Kitty and Ben have lunch at about twelve. _________________

6. His father helps them. ___________

7. Danny, open the door._________

8. They read books ._______

六.按要求改写句子 (每个要求1分,共12分;4分钟)

1. The boy is playing basketball.

否定句:_________________一般疑问句:_____________

肯定回答:______否定回答:__________

对“is playing basketball”提问:_____________

对“ The boy”提问:_______________

2. They are singing in the classroom.

否定句:_______________一般疑问句:___________

肯定回答:________否定回答:__________

对“are singing ”提问:___________

对“ in the classroom”提问:_____________

八. 用一般现在时或现在进行时填空。(每空1分,共7分;4分钟)

1. Miss Guo___ (teach) us Chinese this term. She____ (be) a very good teacher. She often____ (talk) with us after class. Many of us like____ (talk) with her. Now, she___ (talk) with Lily

2. Listen! Who____(read) English? Han Meimei is. She often_____(read) English in the evening.

九.单选 (30分;8分钟)

( )1. Who _____ over there now?

A. singing B. are sing C. is singing D. sing

( )2. It’s eight o’clock. The students ___ an English class.

A. have B. having C. is having D. are having

( )3. Listen! The baby ____ in the next room.

A. crying B. cried C. is crying D. cries

( )4. Look! The twins _____ new sweaters.

A. are wearing B. wearing C. are wear D. is wearing

( )5. Don’t talk here. Grandparents _____.

A. is sleeping B. are sleeping C. sleeping D. sleep

( )6. Tom is a worker. He _____ in a factory. His sisters _____ in a hospital.

A. work/ work B. works/ work C. work/ works

( )7. Who _____ English best in your class?

A. speak B. speaks C. speaking

( )8. Mrs Read _____ the windows every day.

A. is cleaning B. clean C. cleans

( )9. We ____ music and often ____ to music.

A. like/ listen B. likes/ listens C. like/ are listening

( )10. She ___ up at six in the morning.

A. get B. gets C. getting

( )11. The twins usually ___ milk and bread for breakfast, but Jim ____ some coffee for it.

A. have/ have B. have/ has C. has/ have

( ) 12. Mr. Smith ______ short stories, but he ______ a TV play these days.

A. is writing, is writing B. is writing, writes

C. writes, is writing D. writes, writes

( ) 13. I _______ to the cinema. I _________ there every Sunday.

A. go. go B. am going, go C. go. am going D. am going, am going

( ) 14. Look. they _________ a good time, _________ they?

A. have, do B. have, don't C. are having, are D. are having, aren't

( ) 15. You ________about the future (将来) now, ________you?

A. don't think, don't B. aren't thinking, aren't

C. don't think, do D. aren't thinking, are

现在进行时检测题

一、写出下列动词的现在分词:(1个单词0.5分,共13分;4分钟)

play___run_____swim____make___go___study___write___read____sing__dance___put____see____buy____eat____live__take___come___get____stop____sit___begin

二、用所给的动词的正确形式填空:(10分;5分钟)

1.The boy ________ ( draw)a picture now. 1 is drawing 2 are singing 3 is cooking

2. Listen .Some girls ________ ( sing)in the classroom .

3. My mother __________ ( cook )some nice food now.

4. What _____ you ____ ( do ) now? 4 are;doing 5 are having 6 aren’t watering

5. Look . They _________( have) an English lesson .

6.They ________(not ,water) the flowers now.

7.Look! The girls ________________(dance )in the classroom .

8.What is our son doing? He ______ (listen ) to music.

9. It’s 5 o’clock now. We _____________(have)supper now

10.______Helen_______(wash )clothes? Yes ,she is .

7 are dancing 8 is listening 9 are having 10 Is; washing

三、句型转换:(12分;3分钟)

1. They are doing housework .

一般疑问句:Are they doing housework? 否定句:They aren’t doing housework.

2.The students are cleaning the classroom .

一般疑问句:Are the students cleaning the classroom? 否定句:The students aren’t cleaning the classroom.

3.I’m playing the football in the playground .(对划线部分进行提问)_____________

4.Tom is reading books in his study . (对划线部分进行提问)________________

3 What are you doing in the playground? 4 What is Tom doing in his study?

五、将下列句子改成现在进行时 (16分;5分钟)

1. Tom speaks Chinese. Tom is speaking Chinese.

2. We have four lessons. We are having four lessons.

3. I watch TV. I am watching TV now.

4. She works in a hospital. She is working in a hospital.

5. Kitty and Ben have lunch at about twelve. Kitty and Ben are having lunch at

about twelve.

6. His father helps them. His father is helping them.

7. Danny, open the door. Danny is opening the door.

8. They read books . They are reading books.

六.按要求改写句子 (每个要求1分,共12分;4分钟)

1. The boy is playing basketball. 否定句:The boy isn’t playing basketball.一般疑问

句:Is the boy playing basketball?肯定回答:Yes, he is.否定回答:No, he isn’t.

对“is playing basketball”提问:What is the boy doing?

对“ The boy”提问:Who is playing basketball?

2. They are singing in the classroom.

否定句:They aren’t singing in the classroom.一般疑问句:Are they singing in the

classroom? 肯定回答:Yes, they are.否定回答:No, they aren’t.

对“are singing ”提问:What are they doing in the classroom?

对“ in the classroom”提问:Where are they singing?

八. 用一般现在时或现在进行时填空。(每空1分,共7分;4分钟)

1. Miss Guo___ (teach) us Chinese this term. She____ (be) a very good teacher. She often____ (talk) with us after class. Many of us like____ (talk) with her. Now, she___ (talk) with Lily 1、teaches, is , talks, talking, is talking 2、is reading, reads

2. Listen! Who____(read) English? Han Meimei is. She often_____(read) English in the evening.

九.单选 (30分;8分钟)

( )1. Who _____ over there now? 1-6 CDCABB

A. singing B. are sing C. is singing D. sing

( )2. It’s eight o’clock. The students ___ an English class.

A. have B. having C. is having D. are having

( )3. Listen! The baby ____ in the next room.

A. crying B. cried C. is crying D. cries

( )4. Look! The twins _____ new sweaters.

A. are wearing B. wearing C. are wear D. is wearing

( )5. Don’t talk here. Grandparents _____.

A. is sleeping B. are sleeping C. sleeping D. sleep

( )6. Tom is a worker. He _____ in a factory. His sisters _____ in a hospital.

A. work/ work B. works/ work C. work/ works

( )7. Who _____ English best in your class? 7-11 BCABB

A. speak B. speaks C. speaking

( )8. Mrs Read _____ the windows every day.

A. is cleaning B. clean C. cleans

( )9. We ____ music and often ____ to music.

A. like/ listen B. likes/ listens C. like/ are listening

( )10. She ___ up at six in the morning.

A. get B. gets C. getting

( )11. The twins usually ___ milk and bread for breakfast, but Jim ____ some coffee for it.

A. have/ have B. have/ has C. has/ have

( ) 12. Mr. Smith ______ short stories, but he ______ a TV play these days.

A. is writing, is writing B. is writing, writes 12-15CBDC

C. writes, is writing D. writes, writes

( ) 13. I _______ to the cinema. I _________ there every Sunday.

A. go. go B. am going, go C. go. am going D. am going, am going

( ) 14. Look. They _________ a good time, _________ they?

A. have, do B. have, don't C. are having, are D. are having, aren't

( ) 15. You ________about the future (将来) now, ________you?

A. don't think, don't B. aren't thinking, aren't

C. don't think, do D. aren't thinking, are

参考答案:

二. 1 is drawing 2 are singing 3 is cooking 4 are doing 5 are having 6 aren’t watering 7 are dancing 8 is listening 9 are having 10 Is washing 三、1 Are they doing housework? They aren’t doing housework.

2 Are the students cleaning the classroom? The students aren’t cleaning the classroom. 3 What are you doing in the playground?

4 What is Tom doing in his study?

四、1 doing am eating 2 is working 3 is putting 4 Is cleaning. is playing 5 is running 6 is singing is singing

五、1 Tom is speaking Chinese. 2 We are having four lessons.

3 I am watching TV now. 4 She is working in a hospital.

5 Kitty and Ben are having lunch at about twelve. 6 His father is helping them. 7 Danny is opening the door. 8 They are reading books in the evening

七、1 are doing 2 am singing 3 is mending 4 is mending 5 Are flying I am 6 Is sitting 7 Are asking 8 are playing

八、1 teaches, is , talks, talking, is talking 2 is reading, reads

九、1-6 CDCABB 7-11 BCABCB 12-15CBDC

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