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看绿箭侠学英语9月17日

发布时间:2013-09-18 08:47:07  

Either my stepfather doesn’t want to be found or someone doesn’t want him to be found.

要么我的继父不想被人找到要么就是有人不想他被找到。10集

He was killed on duty last night.

他昨晚上班时被杀害了。

Maybe Walter wasn’t abducted. 也许沃尔特没被绑架.

But my friend, she thinks he was murdered.

但我的朋友觉得他是被谋杀的

今天我们一起学习被动语态:

一般现在时的被动语态:be+过去分词

一般过去时的被动语态:was/were+过去分词

一般将来时的被动语态:shall/will+be+过去分词

现在进行时的被动语态: be+being+过去分词

过去进行时的被动语态: was/were+being+过去分词

现在完成时的被动语态:have/has+been +过去分词

过去完成时的被动语态:had+been+过去分词

被动语态的注意事项:

1. 感官、使役动词后接不带to 的动词不定式作宾补,在变为被动语态时要加上to (let除外)

They made him work twenty hours a day.

He was made to work twenty hours a day.

2. 宾语从句一般不可作为被动句的主语

He told me when the project would start,

I was told when the project would start by him. (∨)

when the project would start was told to me by him. (×)

3. 动词不定式的被动语态,通常暗示动词不定式的动作不是主语执行的 I have a lot of work to do today. (工作是我自己做,不用被动语态) I have some clothes to be washed. (衣服不是我自己洗,用被动语态)

4. 被动语态与系表结构的区别

① 被动语态表动作,系表结构表状态或情况

Trees are planted in our city every year.

Trees are planted in our city.

② 被动语态可用于进行时态,系表结构常用一般时或完成时

The plan is being carried out.

Many kinds of art have been lost in the world.

③被动语态可有by引出,系表结构常用其他介词短语引导

被动语态常用greatly等词修饰,系表结构常用 very, quite, rather, too, so, 等词修饰

I was greatly inspired by the report by Yang Liwei.

I am very interested in computer studies.

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