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Unit4

发布时间:2013-10-10 08:03:46  

21世纪大学实用英语

Unit 4 Text A I like Animals
— 21st Century Practical College English

Step I. Lead-in & Warm-up
Task 1. Ask students to read the new words, phrases and expressions. If necessary, correct their wrong pronunciation. (This is a check about students’ previewing work.) Task 2. Ask students to answer the following questions: 1) Do you like animals? Why or why not? 2) What is your favourite animal and why do you like it?

Step II. Presentation
Task 1. Ask students to go through the text quickly, then try to get the main idea of it. Task 2. Ask students to find out reasons for the author to like animals. ( How many “ I like animals because…” are there in the text? Where are they?)

Step III. Text Analysis
Text A
CH

I Like Animals
Laura A. Moretti
“Why do you suppose you like animals so much?” was the question put

1

N

to me on Christmas Eve. I knew my family was expecting me to say something like, “I like animals because they’re clever and fun to play with.” 2 But instead I said, “I like animals because they’re honest.”

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Text A
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“About what?” one of my brothers asked — as

if honesty were merely about telling the truth, and
everyone knows animals can’t talk! His question was met with hearty laughter. 4 “I like animals because they don’t pretend to be someone they’re not,” I continued in my reply. “Animals don’t fake their feelings.”

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Text A
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5 6

We were sitting on sofas and arm-chairs after our dinner and present“I like animals,” I added, “because they only take out of life what they

opening. Coffee was being served, so I seized the opportunity.
need. They don’t abuse their environment, pollute their water and the air they breathe. They don’t build weapons of mass destruction and use them

against others — particularly members of their own species. I like animals
because they have no use for those things.”

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Text A
CH

7 N “That’s because they don’t know any better,” my sister argued. “They don’t

do those things because they don’t know how.”
8 “Lions don’t get together,” I countered her, “and decide how to exterminate zebras — their very source of food. N I don’t think it’s because they don’t know how. I think it’s because it’s counter-productive.” 9 They laughed.

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“I also like animals,” I continued, “because they don’t dwell on things

of the past, nor use them as excuses for behavior in the present. And they
don’t plan to live some day in the future; they live today, this moment, fully, completely, and purely. I like animals because they live their lives with so much more freedom than humans live theirs.”

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11 12 13

“That’s because they don’t think,” one of my cousins offered. “Is that the difference?” I wondered. “You meant to say they don’t think The room had become strangely quiet.

I was amazed at how closely
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the way we think.” my family was listening.

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Text A
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14 “Moreover,” I added, remembering why I was an animal rights activist, “animals are the most victimized living creatures on earth: more than children, more than women, more than people of color. N Our prejudice enables us to exploit and use them as scientific tools and expendable commodities, and to eat them. We do to them any cruel act we can think of. I like animals because N they don’t do to themselves or to others the things we do to them.”

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“And finally,” I finished, “I like animals because they’re not hypocrites.

They don’t say one thing and do another. They are, as I’ve said, honest. Animals — not humans — are the best this planet has to offer.”

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Text A
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16

And, interestingly enough, despite my straight talk, none of them made

a snide comment or gave a hint of laughter. The conversation actually rolled into shared stories of animals they’d known, stories of animal loyalty and intelligence, their humor and innocence. And it was me who’d become the listener with the occasional comment: 17 “Now, if humans could only be like animals.”

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Text A
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18 And that is how I fight the good fight; I rise on behalf of the best among US.

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1) Why does the writer like animals? How did her family expect her to answer this question?

She likes animals because they are honest. Her family expected her to say that she likes animals because they are clever and fun to play with.

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Chinese Version

我喜欢动物
劳拉·A·莫雷蒂

“你觉得你为什么这么喜欢动物呢?”这是圣诞夜我的家人问我的问题。我 知道他们期待我会说些诸如“我喜欢动物是因为它们聪明、好玩”之类的话。 可是我却说:“我喜欢动物,因为它们诚实。”

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Language Points

Why do you suppose you like animals so much? 你觉得你为什么这么喜欢动物呢? 其中do you suppose作插入语,类似的还有do you think/ do you guess/ do you imagine e.g.

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Ask a question about the statement by using the words provided in brackets. Model: I like animals very much. (why, suppose)

→ Why do you suppose you like animals so much?
1. The bad weather has made him change his mind. (what, guess) What do you guess has made him change his mind? ___________________________________________ 2. He is the winner of the speech contest. (who, guess) Who do you guess is the winner of the speech contest? ____________________________________________
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Language Points
play with: enjoy oneself with 拿?玩;和?一起玩

e.g. Don’t play with your cellphone in class.
上课不要玩手机。

The lonely child has no companion to play with.
那个孤独的孩子没有玩伴。

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2) Why does the writer say that animals are honest?

Because they don’t pretend to be someone they are no

t; they don’t fake their feelings.

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Chinese Version
“在哪方面呢?”我的一个兄弟问道——似乎诚实仅仅表现在说实话, 而众所周知动物是不会说话的!他的问题引来一阵开怀大笑。 “我喜欢动物,因为它们从不假装成别人,”我继续我的回答,“动 物不会伪造感情。”

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Language Points
hearty a. showing warm and friendly feelings; enthusiastic; loud and (too) cheerful 热诚的,热情友好的;衷心的;尽情的,纵声的 n. heart relevant word: kind-hearted e.g. Let’s give all the teachers here a hearty welcome.
让我们给予在座的各位老师热诚的欢迎。

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Language Points
pretend v. make oneself appear to be (doing) sth. in order to deceive others or in play 假装;佯装;佯作

e.g. When I was to talk to him, he pretended not to have seen me. 我正要上前和他搭话,他却装作没看见我。

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fake vt. make (sth. false) so that it seems genuine; pretend (sth.) 伪造;假装 e.g. 他为了不上课假装生病。 He faked illness so as not to attend class. vi. 假装;佯攻;做假动作 e.g. 那个小女孩根本就没在哭,她只是在装样子而已。 That little girl isn’t crying but is faking. n. [C]冒牌货;仿造品 e.g. The experts discovered several fakes in the art collection. 专家们在这批艺术收藏品中发现了几件赝品。 adj. 假的;冒充的 e.g. fake wine/ fake medicine/ fake diploma 假酒,假药,假文凭
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3) When did this conversation take place?

On Christmas Eve, after dinner and present-opening.

4) According to the writer, how do animals treat the environment?

Animals take from the environment only what they need; they don’t abuse the environment.

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Chinese Version
圣诞晚餐吃过了,礼物也打开了,我们正坐在沙发和扶手椅上。咖啡 正端上来,于是我抓紧机会继续说。 “我喜欢动物,因为它们从生活中只索取它们需要的东西。它们不糟 蹋环境,不污染水和它们所呼吸的空气。它们不生产大规模杀伤性武器, 然后用这些武器去攻击别人——尤其是它们的同类。我喜欢动物因为它们 根本不需要那些东西。”

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Language Points
abuse vt. make bad or wrong use of (sth.); treat (sb.) badly
滥用,妄用;虐待

e.g. He abused his power while in office. 他在职时滥用权力。 The center provides service to abused women and children. 该中心为受虐待的妇女和儿童提供服务。

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mass 1. n. large number 大量;众多 e.g. a mass of ice 一大块冰 adj. involving a large number of people 群众的;大量的;大规模的 e.g. the mass media 大众传媒

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Language Points
destruction n. destroying or being destroyed 破坏;摧毁;毁灭

e.g. Many countries are working together to stop the destruction of the environment.
许多国家在共同努力制止对环境的破

坏。

He didn’t take the advice; pride led to his own destruction.
他没有接受劝告,骄傲导致了他的毁灭。

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Language Points
species (pl. species) n. group of animals or plants within a genus differing only in minor details from the others
[单复同]物种,种

e.g. a species of fish
一种鱼

several species of birds
几个品种的鸟

There are more than two hundred and fifty species of shark.
鲨鱼种类达250种以上。
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Language Points
have no use for: have no purpose for which sth. can be used
不需要,用不着

e.g. I received a lot of gifts but had no use for most of them.
我收到很多礼物,但大多数都用不着。

They kicked their elderly father out when they had no use for him any more.
他们不需要他们的老父亲时 ,就一脚把他踢开了。

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5) What difference lies between the writer and her sister as to why animals don’t do those harmful things mentioned earlier? The writer says they don’t do those things because it’s counterproductive; her sister thinks it’s because they don’t know how to do them.

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Chinese Version
“那是因为它们无知,”我的姐姐争论道,“它们不做这些事是因为 它们根本不知道怎么做。” “狮子们不会聚在一起,”我反击道,“来商议如何灭绝斑马——即 它们的食物来源。我想这并不是因为它们不知道怎么做,而是因为这么 做会适得其反。” 他们笑了。

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Language Points
… they don’t know any better: The expression “not know any better” is used to say that someone does something bad or stupid because they have not been told or taught that it is wrong. not know any better 用来表示“因为无知而做了错的或愚蠢的事”。

e.g. Drugs are being sold to children who don’t know any better.
有人正在把毒品卖给无知的孩子们。

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I don’t think it’s because…: When verbs like think, believe, imagine, suppose are used to introduce negative ideas, it is generally the introducing verb (think, etc.) that is made negative. 当用think, believe, imagine, suppose这类的动词转述一个否定的意思时,通常将否
定词放在这些转述动词之前。

e.g.

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Change the sentence pattern as shown by the model. Model: It’s not because they don’t know how. → I don’t think it’s because they don’t know how.

1. He will not agree with us. I don’t think he will agree with us. ____________________________________________________

2. Alice cannot understand such a difficult question.
I don’t think Alice can understand such a difficult question. ____________________________________________________

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3. You are not at all taller than your brother. I don’t think you are taller than your brother. ____________________________________________________________ 4. They haven’t made up their minds. I don’t think they have made up their minds. ___________________

_________________________________________

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Language Points
exterminate vt. destroy completely (a race or group of people or animals) 彻底毁灭;根除,灭绝

e.g. How can I exterminate the ants without harming the plant?
怎样才能既消灭蚂蚁又不伤害植物?

Hitler tried to exterminate the Jews.
希特勒曾试图灭绝犹太人。

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Language Points
counter vt. respond to with an opposing view, a return attack, etc.反对,反 击,反驳 e.g. He countered my plan with one of his own. 他用他自己的计划与我的计划抗衡。 a. 相反的;反对的;对立的 e.g.Our neighbor's opinion was counter to that of my parents. 我家邻居的意见与我父母的意见相反。 vi. 反对;反击;反驳 e.g.He hit me but I did not counter. 他打了我,但我没有还手。

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Language Points
counter-productive a. having the opposite effect to that intended 产生相反结果(或效果)的;适得其反的;事与愿违的

e.g. I feel that some ways of managing stress are just counter-productive.
我感觉某些控制紧张情绪的方法只会产生相反的效果。

Do you agree that the War on Terror is counter-productive?
反恐战争事与愿违,你同意吗?

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6) According to the writer, what is the animals’ attitude towards life?

They neither dwell on the past nor plan for the future; they just live for today.

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Chinese Version
“我喜欢动物,”我继续道,“还因为它们不留恋过去的东西,也不 把过去的东西用作现在行为的借口。它们不去计划未来的生活,它们只活 在今天,这一刻,充实地,完全地,单纯地活着。我喜欢动物因为它们比 人类活得自由得多。”

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Language Points
dwell /dwel/: (dwelt /dwelt/) vi. [on] think, speak or write at length about (sth.) 老是想着;详细论述 dwell on: think, speak or write at length about 老是想着;详述

e.g. Ann was sad at her failure but too much was happening for her to dwell on it.
失败令安伤心,不过正在发生的事情太多,使她无法总想着自己的失败。

The teacher dwelled on the importance of honesty.
老师反复强调诚实的重要性。

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7) How does the writer’s cousin explain that animals live a freer life than humans? Her cousin thinks it’s because animals don’t think. 8) How did the family members respond to the conversation?

They listened closely.

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Chinese Version
“那是因为它们不会思考,”我的一个表亲说。 “这就是差别之所在吗?”我感到疑惑。“你是想说它们不以我们的方式思考 吧。” 屋里变得异常安静。我很惊讶我的家人竟听得如此专注。

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9) According to the writer, what do we humans do to animals?

We exploit, use and eat them. We do to them any cruel act we can think of.

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Chinese Version
“还有,”我想起了自己成为保护动物权益积极分子的原因,随即补充 道,“

动物是地球上受害最深的生物:甚于儿童,甚于妇女,甚于有色人种。 偏见使我们去剥削、利用它们,把它们当作科研工具和可消耗的商品,还去 吃它们。我们把所能想到的任何暴行都用在它们身上。我喜欢动物,因为它 们不对自己或别人做那些我们对它们做的事情。”

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Language Points
activist n. person who takes an active part in sth. 积极分子

e.g. an anti-war activist
反战积极分子

a human rights activist
人权活动家

a political activist
政治活动家
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Language Points
victim: n. person, animal or thing that is injured, killed or destroyed as the result of carelessness, crime or misfortune
牺牲者,受害者

e.g. a victim of war
战争的受害者

flood victims
水灾灾民

Four people were killed in the accident, but police have not yet named the victims.
事故中有4人丧生,但警方尚未公布遇难者的姓名。
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Language Points
victimize vt. make (sb.) a victim 使牺牲,使受害

e.g. When she lost her job, she felt that she had been victimized for her political views.
她丢了工作,感到自己是因政治观点而受迫害的。

Stop victimizing these men just because they tell the truth!
不要因为这些人讲真话就迫害他们!

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Language Points
earth n. the planet on which we live 地球 on earth: in the world 世界上,人世间;到底,究竟

e.g. the longest river on earth
世界上最长的河流

How on earth did you know it?
你到底是怎么知道的?

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Language Points
enable vt. make (sb.) able (to do sth.) 使(某人)能够(做某事)

e.g. The dictionary should enable you to understand English better.
这部词典应该能让你更好地理解英语。

His job as a journalist enabled him to know a lot of people.
他的记者职业使他认识了很多人。

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Language Points
exploit vt. use (sb./sth.) selfishly and unfairly for one’s own advantage or profit; develop or make full use of (a situation, natural supply of sth.) 剥削;(出于自私目的而)利用;开发,开采;
充分利用

e.g. The company exploited its workers with long hours and low pay.
该公司用长工时、低工资的方法来剥削工人。

exploit a mine
采矿

exploit natural resources
开发自然资源
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10) What is the conclusion that the writer draws about animals?

Animals are honest and the best this planet has to offer.

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Chinese Version

“最后,”我总结道,“我喜欢动物,因为它们不是伪君子。它们不会 说的是一套,做的是另一套。它们,我已经说了,是诚实的。动物——而不 是人——才是地球奉献出的最佳一族。”

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Language Points
hypocrite n. person who pretends to have opinions which he does not have or to be what he is not 伪善者;伪君子;虚伪的人

e.g. expose a hypocrite
揭露伪君子

He’s a hypocrite to tell us not to smoke

— he smokes himself.
他很虚伪,让我们不要吸烟而他自己就吸烟。

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Language Points
planet n. one of several large bodies traveling round the sun 行星

e.g. the nine major planets
九大行星

minor planets
小行星

the planet Earth
地球
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11) Do her family members disagree with her? How did they respond to her talk?

No. They responded positively to her talk and added more stories showing animals are lovable.

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Chinese Version

相当有趣的是,尽管我的话十分率直,却没有招来他们恶意的评论或丝 毫的嘲笑。事实上,接下去的谈话变成了分享他们所知的动物故事,有关于 动物的忠诚和灵性的故事,也有关于它们的幽默和纯真的故事。而我反倒成 了听众,只偶尔发表一下评论: “嗳,但愿人能像动物一样就好了。”

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Language Points
despite prep. in spite of 不管,尽管

e.g. I know I have to get on the airplane despite my fear.
我知道我虽然害怕,可还是得上飞机。

Despite the rain we enjoyed our holiday.
虽然下雨,我们的假期过得还是很开心。

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Language Points
snide a. critical in an indirect unpleasant way; sneering
刻毒的;挖苦的;嘲笑的

e.g. a snide tongue
刻毒的舌头

a snide remark
挖苦的话

a snide look
讥讽的表情
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Language Points
comment n. spoken or written remark or observation as an explanation or in praise or criticism 批评,意见;评论

e.g. Did he make any comment on the movie?
他对电影有什么评论吗?

“What do you think of the change?” “ No comment.”
“你对这一变化怎么看?” “无可奉告。”

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Language Points
hint n. subtle way of indicating to sb. what one is thinking or what one wants; indirect suggestion; slight indication; trace
暗示;示意;细微的迹象;线索

e.g. I don’t know the answer. Please give me a hint.
我不知道答案。请给我一点提示。

There was a hint of anger in his statement.
他的话里带有一丝怒气。

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Language Points
roll into: move smooth into 顺利转入

e.g. To our delight, the argument had finally rolled into a friendly discussion.
令我们欣喜的是,争执终于转为友好的讨论。

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Chinese Version

我就这样进行了一场出色的论战;我是代表着我们中间最棒的一 个群体上阵的。

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Language Points
behalf n. support; interest; side支持;利益;方面

e.g. The president can’t be here today, so I’m going to speak on his behalf.
校长今天不能来,所以我来代表他讲话。

on behalf of: as representative of or spokesman for; in the interest of
代表;为了?的利益

e.g. On behalf of everyone here, I’d like to thank you very much for coming.
我代表在座的诸位感谢您的光临。

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Step IV. Evaluation
1. Divide the text into five parts, and then handle Ex. 4. 2. Discuss the following topics: ( Students discuss in groups fi

rst, then each group chooses one student to give their opinions.) 1) Do you agree with the writer’s statement “Animals--- not humans--- are the best this planet has to offer?” 2) If at first you don’t like animals at all,then what’s your opinion after we’ve learned the text?

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Read Text A again and complete the following table. Paragraph 1-4 Topic Sentence I like animals because they are honest. I like animals because they only take out of life what they need. Supporting Details someone they’re not They don’t pretend to be _________________; their feelings they don’t fake ___________ . pollute abuse They don’t _____ their environment, ______ their water and the air they breathe. They don’t build ________________________ weapons of mass destruction and use them against others — particularly their own species members of _______________.

5-9

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Paragraph 10-13

Topic Sentence I like animals because they live their lives __________________ with so much more __________________ freedom than humans __________________ live theirs ________. I like animals because they don’t do to themselves or others the things we do to them.

Supporting Details They don’t dwell on ______________ , nor things of the past in the future plan to live some day __________ ; they live today _____ , this moment, fully, completely, and purely.

14

________ Animals are the most victimized creatures on earth. Our prejudice enables us to ______ exploit ___ and ____ them and to eat them. We do to use them any cruel act we can think of.

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Paragraph 15

Topic Sentence

Supporting Details

I like animals because They don’t say one thing and _________. do another they are not hypocrites ___________________. They are honest.

16-18

Now, if humans could only be like animals.

The conversation actually rolled into shared stories of animals they’d known, stories of animal ______ and __________ , their _____ humor loyalty intelligence innocence and _________.

Now retell the story by using the information in the table you have completed.
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Step V. Assignments

1. Finish Ex.5 & 6 in exercise book and other exercises in textbook. 2. Memorize the new words, phrases and expressions.

Thank you !


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