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初中英语虚拟语气

发布时间:2013-10-10 08:03:46  

虚拟语气:

英语中,人们常常用不同的动词形式来表达自己的不同看法和态度。这种动词的形式就叫做动词的语气。

英语动词有陈述语气、祈使语气和虚拟语气。

虚拟语气:表示说话人的一种愿望、假设、怀疑、猜测、建议等含义,虚拟语气所表示的含义不是客观存在的事实。 初中主要学习在条件句中的虚拟语气。

If I were you, I’d take an umbrella.

如果我是你,我会带把伞。(与现在事实相反,事实:我不可能是你)

If you had worked hard, you wouldn’t have failed the exam. 如果你早用功,你就不至于考试不及格了。(与过去事实相反,事实:没用功)

If it were to rain tomorrow, our picnic would be put off.

万一明天下雨,我们的野餐就推迟。(与将来事实相反,事实:根据推测,明天下雨的可能性很小或不会下雨)

练习:

1. If I _____ you, I’d take the small apple.

A. am B. were C. was

2. What would you do if you ____ a lot of money?

A. had B. have had C. will have

3. We would be very pleased if you _____ (come).

4. What a pity! I haven’t got my car. If I had, I _____ (take) you to the airport.

5. If the old man _____ (be) younger, he would climb over that wall quickly.

6. Where _____ they ______(go) if it rained right now?

7. If Bill _____ (be) here, he would have helped you. 答案:

1. B

2. A

3. came

4. would take

5. were

6. would; go

7. had been

拔高:

1. What would I have done without you?

当时若没有你,我该怎么办?

(本句通过介词短语给出虚拟条件,without you相当于if I had not been with you或if you had not helped me)

2. We didn’t know his telephone number, otherwise we would have telephoned him.

我们不知道他的电话号码,要不然我们当时就给他打电话了。

这是陈述句+or else/otherwise +虚拟句句型

联想:number的用法:

A number of the other plants were found in America.

The number of people who travel by plane in China is larger than ever before.

a number of意为“很多”,修饰可数名词复数时谓语用复数 the number of意为“….的数目”,做主语时,谓语用单数 练习:

A number of students in this class _____ here now. (is /are)

A small number of students ___ passed the exam. (have/has) The number of the students in this class ____ fifty. (is/are)

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