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中考英语完型填空6

发布时间:2013-10-10 12:29:48  

26

The computer is fast, and never makes a mistake, while people are too slow, and full of mistakes sometimes. That’s __1__ people often say when __2__ talk about computers. For over a quarter of a century, scientists have been __3__ better and better computers. Now a computer can __4__ a lot of __5__ jobs wonderfully. It is __6__ used in factories, hospitals, post offices and airports. A computer can report, decide and control in almost __7__ field. Many computer scientists are thinking of __8__ the computer “think” like a man. With the help of a person, a computer can __9__ pictures, write music, talk with people, play chess, recognize voices, translate languages and so on. Perhaps computers will __10__ really think and feel. Do you think the people will be afraid __11__ they find that the computer is too clever to listen to and serve the people? No, people will __12__ better use of the computers in __13__ future. Man is __14__ the master of the computer. The computer works only __15__ the help of man. It cannot take the place of man.

1. A. that

2. A. we

3. A. loving

4. A. have B. what B. they C. how D. why C. you D. people B. taking C. making D. thinking D. offer

D. some day

D. deeply B. get C. do 5. A. everyday 6. A. widely

7. A. either B. every day C. each day B. wide C. great B. all C. both D. every

8. A. producing

9. A. take

B. ordering B. look at C. making D. building C. draw D. put

10.A. one day

11.A. when B. a day B. that

B. get C. any day D. the other day D. while D. make C. how C. take 12.A. chose

13.A. a B. an

C. the D. / D. sometimes 14.A. often

15.A. with

名师点评 B. never C. always D. for B. under C. by

1.B。这里需要一个表语从句的引导词,并在从句中作say的宾语,代替上文的内容。 what从意思和语法上都合乎文意,为正确选项。

2.B。替代前文的people应用they。

3.C。科学家们一直在制造越来越好的电脑,故选择making。

4.C。do a lot of jobs意思为“干许多事情”。其余三个动词皆不合文意。

5.A。词组every day意思为“每天”;some day指将来的“某一天”;形容词everyday意思为“日常的”,合乎文意,为正确选项。

6.A。这里应选择一个副词,表示电脑应用的程度。widely意思是“广泛地”,为正确选项。

7.D。下文中的field是可数名词单数形式,意思为“领域”,而either指两者中的任意一个,不合文意,故选择every。

8.C。make作使役动词时,后面应接不定式的复合结构,且不定式省去to,即make sb. do sth.,故选择make。

9.C。draw意思为“画图”,合乎文意。

10.A。the other day指过去的某一天;one day既可指过去的某一天,也可指将来的某一天。这里讲的是将来的设想,故选one day。

11.A。这是一个时间状语从句。while引导的从句中的动词必须是延续性动词;when引导的从句中,动词既可以是延续性动词,也可以是瞬间动词,故when为正确选项。

12.D。固定结构make use of意思为“利用”。

13.C。in the future意思为“将来”,为正确选项。而in future意思为“今后”,不合文意。

14.C。根据上下文,电脑是不可能取代人类的,而人类应永远是电脑的操纵者,故选always。

15.A。固定结构with the help of意思为“在??的帮助下”。

27

It was very cold that day. It was __1__ heavily and the ground was covered with __2__ snow. The shepherd thought it was dangerous to __3__ the hill and it was difficult for the sheep to find some __4__ there. So he decided to stay in the __5__ room. He put some hay(干草) in a pen(围栏) __6__ the sheep could eat it when they were __7__. The dog, who felt cold outside, lay on the __8__ hay and soon went to sleep.

At noon the sheep wanted to eat the hay. They were __9__ afraid of the dog and __10__ could get close to it. At last the __11__ sheep came to the hay. Before he started to eat, the dog heard it and opened his eyes. He barked(吠) loudly to __12__ him. The sheep ran away __13__. Looking at the unnatural(不近人情的) dog, the

sheep began to talk __14__.

“What a selfish(自私的) dog!” said one of the sheep. “He cannot eat the hay, and yet refuses to __15__ those who can to eat!” 1. A. raining 2. A. thick

B. snowing B. thin

C. blowing

D. shining D. big D. go to

C. beautiful C. climb up

3. A. play on B. live on 4. A. cake

B. grass

C. fruit D. vegetables D. warm D. in order D. free

5. A. cold B. cool

C. hot C. so that

6. A. in order to B. so as to 7. A. hungry B. sick 8. A. hard 9. A. both

B. soft

C. full C. thin C. all

D. wet D. neither

D. some D. strongest

B. either

10. A. none B. neither 11. A. smallest

C. any

B. youngest C. weakest

12. A. meet B. greet 13. A. easily

B. happily

C. warn C. sadly

D. receive D. quickly D. politely D. allow

14. A. angrily B. happily 15. A. let 名师点评

B. ask

C. quietly C. forget

本篇是一个寓言故事,说的是一只牧羊犬,因为天冷,就睡在牧羊人给羊吃的干草上。结果,羊吃不着草,感到非常生气,他们认为狗太自私,自己又不能吃草,还不让能吃草的吃。 答案简析

B。从下文可知天是在下雪。

A。上文说天在下着大雪,所以地上应该被覆盖着“厚厚的”雪。

C。可能有同学会选go to the hill,但比较climb up the hill,后者更符合常理。意为“在这种天气下爬上山是很危险的。”

B。根据常理,羊在那儿也很难找到草。

D。天冷,牧羊人就想呆在温暖的房间里。英语里一般不用hot room。

C。后面是一个完整的句子,所以不可以用in order to或so as to。so that意为“以便”,后面得跟一个完整的句子。

A。全句意为“牧羊人把干草放在围栏里以便羊在饿的时候能吃”。

B。躺在软草上,用soft最恰当。

C。羊都很害怕狗。“三者以上的都”只有用all。

A。没有一只羊能接近它。

D。最终也只有最强壮的羊敢上前去。小的、弱的哪有这个胆量?

C。狗大声叫,是想警告羊。绝不是去问候它。

D。羊只好赶紧离开,其他副词都不妥当。

A。不敢去吃草,只好私下里很气愤地谈论。

D。本句可能有同学会选let,但注意后面有to eat ,没有let sb. to do sth的说法.,但是有allow sb to do sth.,意为“但还不允许能吃的去吃(草)。

28

Mr. and Mrs. Harris had always spent their summer holidays in a small hotel at the seaside near their hometown. One year, however(然而) , Mr. Harris made a lot of 1 in his business, 2 they decided to go to a foreign country and stay at a really good 3 .

They flew to Rome, and 4 at a 5-star hotel late in the evening. They thought they would have to go to bed hungry, because in that 5 hotel where they had been used to stay in the past, no meals were served (供应) 6 seven in the evening. They were 7 to be told that the hotel served dinner until ten.

“Then what are the times 8 meals?” asked Mrs. Harris.

“Well, madam, we serve breakfast from seven to eleven, lunch from twelve to three, 9 from four to five, and dinner from six to ten.”

“But that hardly 10 any time for us to see the city!” said Mrs. Harris.

1. A. mistakes

2. A. but B. time C. friends D. money D. yet

D. restaurant

D. reached

D. good B. so C. though C. city 3. A. hotel B. place 4. A. stayed B. got 5. A. small

6. A. on

7. A. tired

8. A. with B. big C. arrived C. foreign B. after C. during D. until D. worried B. interested C. surprised B. on C. at D. of

D. food

D. leaves 9. A. drink B. tea C. beer 10. A. takes B. does C. has

名师点评

哈里斯很少住星级宾馆,一次在罗马旅行时住进了一家五星级宾馆,因为对宾馆提供的服务不胜了解,结果闹出了笑话。

答案简析

1.D。根据下文,哈里斯夫妇出国旅游并住进高级宾馆,说明他们赚了很多钱。

故选money。

2.B。made a lot of money与下文go to a foreign country构成因果关系, 故选so。

3.A。与下文他们住进a 5-star hotel相对应,这里应选择hotel。

4.C。表示到达目的地,reach可直接接宾语, get后应加介词to, arrive为不接物动词,后应加介词in或at才能接宾语,所以arrive为正确选项。

5.A。根据文章的第一句,以前他都是住的small hotel,这里应选small。

6.B。on和during都不能与seven连用。他们估计要挨饿,说明在以前住的宾馆里7点以后不可能有饭菜供应。故应选择after。

7.C。有人告知饭菜供应会持续到十点时,他们理应感到surprised。

8.D。of常用来表示所有关系,the times of the meals表示“每顿饭的供应时间”。

9.B。根据西方人的生活习性,宾馆一般不会在一段时间只供应啤酒,下午喝茶比较合乎常理。故选tea。

10.D。哈里斯以为从早到晚都得在吃饭或喝茶,几乎没有剩余时间观光旅游了,leave表示“剩下,遗留”,为正确选项。

29

Friends are very important in our everyday life. Everyone 1__ friends. We all like to feel close to someone. __2__ is nice to have a friend to talk, laugh, and do things with. 3 , sometimes we need to be alone. We don’t always want people 4 . But we would feel lonely if we __5__ had a friend.

No two people are 6 . Friends 7 don’t get on well. That doesn’t mean that they no longer like each other. Most of the time they will make up (言归于好) and become 8 again.

Sometimes friends move away. Then we feel very 9 . We miss them very much, but we can 10 them and write to them. And we can __11 new friends. It is encouraging to find out how much we like new people when we get to know them. There’s more good news for people who have friends. They live __12__ than people who don’t. Why? Friends can make us feel happy. __13__ happy helps you stay well. Or it could be just done that someone cares. If some one cares about you, you take 14 care of 15 .

1. A. loves

2. A. It B. hates B. He C. needs D. becomes D. Someone C. There

3. A. Hardly B. Nearly C. Suddenly

4. A. alone B. away C. all over

5. A. ever B. never C. just D. Certainly D. around D. really

6. A. friendly B. kind C. just the same D. quite different

D. usually

D. friends

D. alone 7 A. always B. sometimes C. often 8. A. friendly B. good C. pleased 9. A. angry B. sad C. happy

10. A. call B. ask

11. C. tell D. talk with D. know

D. faster

D. Making A. look for B. find C. make 12. A. longer B. shorter C. slower 13. A. Smelling B. Being C. Sounding

14. A. less B. better C. little D. no

15. A. you B. your C. yours D. yourself

名师点评

答案简析

1.C。根据上文,friends are very important. 可以知道每个人都需要朋友, 故选needs。

2.A。这里应用it做形式主语,代替后面真正的主语,即to have a friend。

3.D。一方面我们需要和朋友在一起,另一方面我们也需要独处,根据句意,应该选certainly。

4.D。根据上一句we need to be alone,可以知道我们有时也不希望周围一直有人相伴,故选around。

5.B。根据句意,没有朋友的情况下会感到孤独。故选never。

6.C。根据句意,世界上没有两个人是相同的,故选just the same。

7.B。既然人与人之间总有不同之处,所以朋友有时也会有矛盾,故选sometimes。

8.D。根据上半句they will make up可以知道产生分歧的朋友也会和好如初。故选friends。

9.B。根据语境,朋友离开应是很难过的事情。故选sad。

10.A。根据常识,思念朋友时,我们可以通过打电话和写信来和朋友联络, 故选call。

11.C。make friends为固定结构,意思是“交朋友”。

12.A。根据上句中“good news”, 可以知道这里应该是长寿,又因为句中有than, 可以知道应填比较级,故选longer。

13.B。根据题意,心情好,有助于身体健康。这里用动名词短语充当主语,happy是形容词,前面应添上be动词,故选 being 。

14.B。根据题意,如果别人关心你,你就会加倍珍惜自己,故选better。

1530

Suppose(假设) you are going to Boston, and you 1 the city

before. If someone 2 you about the interesting places in the city, you __3 to get some ideas of what you will see. But don’t have a 4__ idea of where these places are or of how to find 5 . However, 6__ someone has a map of the city and 7 you the main roads and buildings, you may say, “ Oh, now I see . I can find my way with 8__ trouble at all ”. Working in math is somewhat(有点儿) like trying to find your way 9 a new city. Perhaps the words may tell you some information and you have 10 it, but you can’t see any clear road 11 the answers.

Maybe you 12 a kind of map of the main roads in maths 13__ you find your way. Explore(探究)what lies in maths, and 14 to find

the main roads. They will 15 you to the answer. If you can find the “map”, the maths problems will be easily worked out.

1. A. are going to visit B. once visited

D. have ever visit

C. meets

D. tells C. have never visited 2. A. answers 3. A. begin

4. A. clever B. shows B. like C. learn D. refuse B. clear C. strange D. wrong

D. it 5. A. someone

6. A. if B. Boston C. them B. though

B. gives C. whether D. since C. passes D. shows 7. A. helps

8. A. not B. no

9. A. of B. to

C. some D. much D around C. in 10. A. thought over C. written down

11. A. with B. heard about D talked with C. of D to

D. in need of B. for 12. A. need to have

13. A. help B. don’t need C needn’t C. helps B. to help

D help with 14. A. try your best C. look up

15. A. keep

名师点评

B. take your place D walk on C. lead D. ask B. send 文章以在陌生的城市找名胜为例,说明了解决数学最重要的是先找出一条通往答案的路径。

答案简析

1.C。下文表明:你要去的是一个一点儿都不熟悉的城市,说明以前没有去过。故选have never visited。

2.D。show意为“带领某人参观某地”或“向某人展示某物”;tell sb. about sth. 意为“告诉某人关于??的情况。根据下文可知tell为正确选项。

3.A。文章表明:听了别人的介绍后,你对城市的名胜开始有了一些初步的印象。故选begin。

4.B。根据文意,你对名胜的概况只是听说而已,对名胜的具体位置及如何找到所指的名胜不太清楚。故选clear。

5.C。指代上文出现的interesting places应用them。

6.A。根据句意,前半句是后半句的条件状语从句,应用if引导。

7.D。show sb. sth.意为“把??给某人看”,合符文意,为正确选项。

8.B。根据地图上的位置,你会毫不费力地找到想去的地方。故选no。

9.B。

10.A。做数学题时,你肯定要对题目中所给的信息进行思考。故应选thought over。

11.D。the road to the answers意为“解决问题的路径”,to为正确选项。

12.A。根据上文列举的根据地图找名胜的例子可知,做数学题目也需要“地图”。故应选need to have。

13.B。这里应该用动词不定式to help you find your way作目的状语才合符句意。

14.A。try one’s best to do sth.意思是“尽某人最大的努力去做某事”,为正确选项。

15.C。“lead sb. to某地”意思是“引导某人到达某地”。

.D。根据题意,这里表示“自己照顾自己“,故

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