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感官动词的用法

发布时间:2013-10-10 12:29:51  

1.感官动词用法之一:see, hear, listen to, watch, notice等词,后接宾语,再接动词原形或ing形式。前者表全过程,后者表正在进行。句中有频率词时,以上的词也常跟动词原形。 I heard someone knocking at the door when I fell asleep.

(我入睡时有人正敲门) I heard someone knock at the door three times.

(听的是全过程)

I often watch my classmates play volleyball after school.(此处有频率词often)

若以上词用于被动语态,后面原有动词原形改为带to不定式:

We saw him go into the restaurant.

→ He was seen to go into the restaurant.

I hear the boy cry every day.

→ The boy is heard to cry every day.

2.感官动词用法之二:look, sound, smell, taste, feel可当系动词,后接形容词: He looks angry. It sounds good. The flowers smell beautiful. The sweets taste sweet. The silk feels soft. I felt tired. They all looked tired.

这些动词都不用于被动语态。如:The sweets are tasted sweet.是个病句。 注意:如果加介词like, 则后不可接形容词,而接名词或代词:

He looks like his mother. That sounds like a good idea. It sounds like great fun. It smells like a flower. It tastes like salt.

感官动词 see, watch, observe, notice, look at, hear, listen to, smell, taste, feel + do 表示动作的完整性,真实性;+doing 表示动作的连续性,

进行性

I saw him work in the garden yesterday.

昨天我看见他在花园里干活了。(强调"我看见了"这个事实)

I saw him working in the garden yesterday.(强调"我见他正干活"这个动作) 昨天我见他正在花园里干活。

典型例题

1)They knew her very well. They had seen her ___ up from childhood.

A. grow B. grew C. was growing D. to grow

答案:A。因题意为,他们看着她长大,因此强调的是成长的过程,而非正在长

的动作,因此用see sb do sth 的句型。

2)The missing boy was last seen ___ near the river.

A. playing B. to be playing C. play D. to play

答案A. 本题强调其动作,正在河边玩,应此用see sb. doing sth句型。

begin / start to do sth

begin / start doing sth.

1) 谈及一项长期活动或开始一种习惯时,使用doing.

How old were you when you first started playing the piano?

你几岁时开始弹钢琴?

2) begin, start用进行时时,后面动词用不定式to do

I was beginning to get angry。

我开始生起气来。

3) 在attempt, intend, begin, start 后接know, understand, realize这类动词时,常用不定式to do。

I begin to understand the truth。

我开始明白真相。

4) 物作主语时

It began to melt.

mean to do 打算、想

mean doing 意味着

I mean to go, but my father would not allow me to. 我想去,但是我父亲不肯让我去。

To raise wage means increasing purchasing power. 赠加工资意味着增加购买力。

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