1. 有be动词（am，is，are），情态动词can, may, would, should的，直接将这些词提前，句尾加？
3. 在一般疑问句中，some变any（委婉请求的句子不变），and可变为or，already变为yet。4. 一般疑问句用Yes或No回答。
1. 有be动词（am，is，are），情态动词can, may, would, should的，直接在这些词后加not，可缩写。
① 助动词（do，does）及情态动词（can，may，have to，would）后跟动词原形；② 祈使句的句首用原形； ③ help sb. do sth.（帮助某人做某事）；let / make / have sb. do sth. （让某人做某事）；had better do（最好做）；Why not / Why don’t you do (为什么不做)。see/ watch / look at / hear/ listen to / find / sb. do sth. (看到/听到/发现某人做了某事（全过程），would do rather than do=would rather do than do=prefer to do rather than do(宁愿?不愿?)
2. 使用动词不定式（to do）的几种情况：
① to do作目的状语，如：come to visit, exercise to keep fit, follow to see, …
② to do作定语，如：less work to do; time and freedom to relax, …
③it作形式主语或形式宾语时，不定式作真正的主语或宾语。如：It’s easy for a child to wake up and know … They might find it difficult to plan things for themselves.
④want to do =would like to do（想做某事）；want sb to do =would like sb to do（想让某人做某事）；hope to do=wish to do（希望做某事）；help sb. to do sth.（帮助某人做某事）ask/tell sb (not) to do（要求/告诉某人（不）做某事）；learn to do（学习做某事）；need to do（需要做某事）；teach sb to do（教给某人做某事）；use sth. to do(用某物做某事)；plan to do（计划去做某事）；decide to do(决定去做某事）；agree to do(同意做); fail to do(失败做); happen to do(碰巧做), seem to do(看起来似乎); get sb. to do( 让某人做); invite sb. to do(邀请某人做); begin/start to do（开始做）； stop to do（停下来去做）；remember to do（记得去做）；forget to do（忘记去做）；like/love to do（喜欢做某事；某次具体的）；hate to do（讨厌做某事；某次具体的）；try to do（尽力去做）；try one’s best to do（竭尽全力去做），volunteer to do(志愿去做)，can’t wait to do（迫不及待地去做）；allow sb. to do(允许某人做)；It’s better to do(最好做)；wait for sb. to do(等待某人做某事); urge sb. to do(强烈呼吁某人做某事); educate sb. to do(教育某人做某事); refuse to do(拒绝做); pretend to do(假装做)
①介词后，如：with，without, at，in, on, about, for, like(像) …②动名词作主语：Eating vegetables is good for you. ③enjoy doing（喜欢做某事）； have fun doing/have a good/hard time doing （做某事开心/困难），be busy doing （忙于做某事）；practice doing（练习做某事）；finish doing（完成做某事）；keep doing（保持做某事）；feel like doing（想做某事）； spend … doing(花费?做), mind doing(介意做), imagine doing(想象去做); begin/start doing（开始做某事）；stop doing（停止做），remember doing（记得做过）forget doing（忘记做过）；like/love doing（喜欢做某事；习惯性的）；hate doing（讨厌做某事；习惯性的）；try doing（尝试着去做）；have trouble / problems doing(做某事遇到困难)；waste… doing(浪费?做某事)；see/ watch / look at / hear/ listen to / find / sb. doing sth. (看到/听到/发现某人在做某事（正在发生）)；can’t help doing（禁不住做）；allow doing（允许做）, feel nervous doing(做某事感到紧张)
4. 过去分词： a boy called / named …, have / get sth. +过去分词，spoken English
1. 一般现在时 构成：“主语+动词原形/单数第三人称”；时间状语：every day/ week, …; often, sometimes, …
2. 现在进行时 构成：“主语+am/ is/ are+doing”；时间状语：Look. Listen. Now, Where’s …? It’s … o’clock.
3. 一般过去时 构成：“主语+动词过去式”；时间状语：yesterday, last night/week/…, in 2000,…
4. 一般将来时 构成：“主语+will+动词原形”或“主语+be going to+动词原形”；时间状语：tomorrow, next
week/year/…, in+一段时间, …
5. 过去进行时 构成：“主语+was/ were+doing”；时间状语：When引导的主句，While引导的从句，at this time …,
at that time, at … o’clock last night, from … to … last …, between … and … last …, …
6. 情态动词can，may，have to，would, should …+动词原形。
7. 现在完成进行时 构成：“主语+have/has+been+doing”；时间状语for+一段时间（动词必须延续），since+某一
8. 现在完成时 构成：“主语+have/has+过去分词”；时间状语：already, yet, ever, never, just, before, so far, … times,
recently, for+一段时间（动词必须延续），since+某一过去时间（动词必须延续），in the last/past … years
1. 一般现在时 构成：am/is/are + 过去分词 2. 现在进行时 构成：am/is/are + being+过去分词
3. 一般过去时 构成：was /were + 过去分词 4. 一般将来时 构成：will be + 过去分词
5. 过去进行时 构成：was / were being + 过去分词 6. 现在完成时 构成： have/has+been+过去分词
7. 情态动词can，may，have to，would, should …+ be + 过去分词。 8. 写出：周日到周六________ _________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________; 一月到十二月______ ________ ________ ________ _________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________________ ________;
春夏秋冬________ ________ ________ _________，阳光明媚的________ 多云的________ 下雨的________ 刮风的________ 下雪的________ ；基数词与序数词：1_________ ________ 2_________ ________ 3_________ ________ 4_________ ________ 5_________ ________ 6_________ ________ 7_________ ________ 8_________ ________ 9_________ ________ 10_________ ________ 11_________ ________ 12_________ ________ 13_________ ________ 15_________ ________ 18_________ ________ 19_________ ________ 20_________ ________ 21_________ ________ 30 _________ ________ 40 _________ ________ 50 _________ ________ 80_________ ________ 90 _________ ________ 100_________ ________ 2000________ 背不规则动词表
I. 根据句意及首字母提示，完成各句中所缺单词 12. It’s important _______(work) hard every day. 1. He’s worried about the ________ ________(期末考试). 13. I find it hard _______(work) out the problem. 2. The food s______ terrible. It must be bad. 14. They _____(bear) in China, but they _____(be not) 3. Do you know who d________ the America? here now. 15. I want/need _______(buy) a pen. 4. Pacific is an o_______ in the world. 17. He taught me ______ (play) soccer yesterday. 5. His mother w______ 50 p_______ last year. 18. He learned _____(sing) songs at the age of 4. 6. The earth is one of the p______ of the sun. 19. Would you like ______(go) with us? 7. He was strong and l_______ the heavy box. 20. He’s happy _____(be) here. 21. I hope ____(see) you . 8. He’s selfish and often ________(拒绝) to help others. 22. Do you have something ______(eat)? I’m hungry. 9. She learned English all by h_______. 23. He seems ____(be) ill. 24. He planned ____(exercise). 10. The ground is c______ with the leaves in autumn. 25. He asked me ______(get) up early. He told me ______ 11. He reads many books and he’s _________(知识渊博). (not sleep) late. 12. Please put the _____(烧伤)area under cold water. 26. Jim likes _____(read) books in the afternoon. But this 13. He has many ______(烦恼) every day. afternoon he doesn’t like ________ (read) books. 14. We should do something for our __________(社会). 27. He’s too tired. So he stopped ______(rest). 15. The boys are r_______ money for charity. 28. They stopped _____(talk) when the teacher came in. 16. There are many _________(石头) on the road. 29. Remember _______(close) the door when you leave. 17. How are you getting along with your _______(邻居)? 30. I’m busy _______(do) my homework. 18. There are three _______(主任) in our office. 31. He enjoys ______(listen) to music after supper. 19. There are two m_______ planes on the table. 32. We had a good time/fun ______(read) a book. 20. At first we'll learn new words and e___________. 33. When did you start _______(hiccup)? 21. She p______ the drawer open and found a book. 34. When did you finish ______(write) the letter? 22. We have five f_______ on each hand. 35. He often practices _______(speak) English. 23. M________ are a kind of naughty animals. 36. How about________ (join) us? 24. Some boats are moved by the w________. 37. He is good at _____(run). 38. Thanks for ___(help) me. 25. Your answer is not quite c_________. 39. He does well in ______(draw). 26. My watch d_______ out of my pocket and was broken. 40. Can you imagine ______(fly) in the sky? 27. You can put the books on those _______(架子). 41. Could you please _______(help) me? 28. Do you want to go for a ________(野餐) with me? 42. I can help you ______(work) out the problem. 29. He was wearing a white shirt and a blue t_______. 43. Let’s _____(go) _____ (drink) something. I’m thirsty. 30. Who are the _________(物主) of these bikes? 44. He makes me _______(do) lots of things every day. 31. There are many clouds in the s__________. 45. Could you tell me who _______(sing) a song now? 32. Our cat isn't very _____(有帮助的) in catching mice. 46. He said he ______(fly) to Beijing tomorrow. 33. We ________(赶上) the last bus yesterday. 47. The teacher told us the earth _____(go) around the sun. 34. She was on her k_____ planting flowers in the garden. 48. He said that he ______(must work) hard. 35. There is too much _______(噪音) in this class. 49. I often hear him ______(sing) in the room. Listen! You 36. For the r______ of the day, he reviewed his lessons. can hear him ______(sing) in the room. 37. The river is not ____(深) and big ships can not use it. 50. He spent the whole day ______(watch) TV. 38. The old man fell d________ and broke his leg. 51. Do you want to see him ______(play) soccer? 39. How many people have you i_______ for the job? 52. When I walked past the playground, I saw him 40. I’ll give the money to medical r________. ______(play) soccer. 41. Please tell the _____(听众) what program comes next. 53. — Where is Tom? I can’t find him. 42. We sat in a ________(圈子). — He _____(go) to Shanghai.
43. He o_______ me a cup of tea just now. 54. — _______ you ______(see) my book? 44. It may _________(可能) be so. — Yes, I _______ (see) it five minutes ago. 45. He fell out of a tree and h_______ his leg. 55. I __________ (not take) any food since last Sunday. II. 用所给动词的适当形式填空 56. The best way _____(learn) English is by ______(use) 1. — ______ he _____(drink) milk every day? English. — No, he never ______(drink) it. 57. — How _______ he _______(study) for a test? 2. Look! The children ______(play) basketball. — He ________(study) by ______(read) books. 3. We ______(go) to the beach last summer vacation. 58. He used to _______(get) up late, but now he gets used 4. _____ you _____ (read) a book last night? to _______(get) up early. 5. There _______(be) less pollution in 5 years. 59. We don’t allow him _______(smoke) here. 6. I _______(read) when he _______(come) in yesterday. 60. We don’t allow _______(smoke) here. 7. ______(eat) too much is bad for your health. 61. Teenagers shouldn’t ________ (allow) to drive. 8. ______(run) like this. ______(not run) like that. 62. We _________(not allow) to have the test yesterday. 9. Can / Could you _______(bring) my book here? 63. My life _______(change) a lot in the past few years. 10. We shouldn’t _______(eat) too much fast food. 64. The long bridge________(build）in two months． 11. He _____(have) to ______(look) after his mother now. 65.Which language _______the most widely_______
（speak）in the world？ 66.Last year a large number of trees_______(cut) down. 67. The students _____ often _____(tell) to take care of their desks and chairs. 68. The old man is ill. He ____ (must send) to the hospital. 69. Vegetables, eggs and fruits________ (sell) in this shop. 70. The food _____________ (smell) delicious.
答案 5. 写出：周日到周六Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday; 一月到十二月January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December 春夏秋冬spring, summer, autumn, winter，阳光明媚的sunny, 多云的cloudy, 下雨的rainy, 刮风的windy, 下雪的snowy；基数词与序数词：1 one / first, 2 two / second, 3 three / third 4 four / fourth, 5 five / fifth, 6 six / sixth 7seven / seventh, 8 eight / eighth 9 nine / ninth, 10 ten / tenth, 11 eleven / eleventh, 12 twelve / twelfth, 13thirteen / thirteenth, 15 fifteen / fifteenth, 18eighteen / eighteenth, 19 nineteen / nineteenth 20 twenty / twentieth 21 twenty-one / twenty-first, 30 thirty, / thirtieth 40 forty / fortieth 50 fifty / fiftieth, 80 eighty / eightieth 90 ninety / ninetieth 100 one hundred / one hundredth, two thousand 背不规则动词 I. 根据句意及首字母提示，完成各句中所缺单词 1. He’s worried about the final exam. 2. The food smells terrible. It must be bad. 3. Do you know who discovered the America? 4. Pacific is an ocean in the world. 5. His mother weighed 50 pounds last year. 6. The earth is one of the planets of the sun. 7. He was strong and lifted the heavy box. 8. He’s selfish and often refuses to help others. 9. She learned English all by herself. 10. The ground is covered with the leaves in autumn. 11. He reads many books and he’s knowledgeable. 12. Please put the burned area under cold water. 13. He has many worries every day. 14. We should do something for our society. 15. The boys are raising money for charity. 16. There are many stones on the road. 17. How are you getting along with your neighbor(s)? 18. There are three directors in our office. 19. There are two model planes on the table. 20. At first we'll learn new words and expressions. 21. She pulled the drawer open and found a book. 22. We have five fingers on each hand. 23. Monkeys are a kind of naughty animals. 24. Some boats are moved by the wind. 25. Your answer is not quite correct. 26. My watch dropped out of my pocket and was broken. 27. You can put the books on those shelves. 28. Do you want to go for a picnic with me? 29. He was wearing a white shirt and a blue tie. 30. Who are the owner of these bikes? 31. There are many clouds in the sky. 32. Our cat isn't very helpful in catching mice. 33. We caught the last bus yesterday. 34. She was on her knees planting flowers in the garden. 35. There is too much noise in this class. 36. For the rest of the day, he reviewed his lessons. 37. The river is not deep and big ships can not use it. 38. The old man fell downstairs and broke his leg. 39. How many people have you interviewed for the job? 40. I’ll give the money to medical research. 41. Please tell listeners what program comes next. 42. We sat in a circle. 43. He offered me a cup of tea just now. 44. It may possibly be so. 45. He fell out of a tree and hurt his leg. II. 用所给动词的适当形式填空 1. — Does he drink milk every day? — No, he never drinks it.
2. Look! The children are playing basketball. 3. We went to the beach last summer vacation. 4. Did you read a book last night? 5. There will be less pollution in 5 years. 6. I was reading when he came in yesterday. 7. Eating too much is bad for your health. 8. Run like this. Don’t run like that. 9. Can / Could you bring my book here? 10. We shouldn’t eat too much fast food. 11. He has to look after his mother now.
12. It’s important to work hard every day. 13. I find it hard to work out the problem. 14. They were born in China, but they aren’t here now. 15. I want/need to buy a pen. 17. He taught me to play soccer yesterday. 18. He learned to sing songs at the age of 4. 19. Would you like to go with us? 20. He’s happy to be here. 21. I hope to see you . 22. Do you have something to eat? I’m hungry. 23. He seems to be ill. 24. He planned to exercise. 25. He asked me to get up early. He told me not to sleep late. 26. Jim likes reading books in the afternoon. But this afternoon he doesn’t like to read books. 27. He’s too tired. So he stopped to rest. 28. They stopped talking when the teacher came in. 29. Remember to close the door when you leave. 30. I’m busy doing my homework. 31. He enjoys listening to music after supper. 32. We had a good time/fun reading a book. 33. When did you start to hiccup / hiccupping? 34. When did you finish writing the letter? 35. He often practices speaking English. 36. How about joining us? 37. He is good at running. 38. Thanks for helping me. 39. He does well in drawing. 40. Can you imagine flying in the sky? 41. Could you please help me? 42. I can help you work /to work out the problem. 43. Let’s go to drink something. I’m thirsty. 44. He makes me do lots of things every day. 45. Could you tell me who is singing a song now? 46. He said he would fly to Beijing tomorrow. 47. The teacher told us the earth goes around the sun. 48. He said that he must work hard. 49. I often hear him sing in the room. Listen! You can hear him singing in the room. 50. He spent the whole day watching TV. 51. Do you want to see him play soccer? 52. When I walked past the playground, I saw him playing soccer. 53. — Where is Tom? I can’t find him. — He has gone to Shanghai.
54. — Have you seen my book? — Yes, I saw it five minutes ago. 55. I haven’t taken any food since last Sunday. 56. The best way to learn English is by using English. 57. — How does he study for a test? — He studies by reading books. 58. He used to get up late, but now he gets used to getting up early. 59. We don’t allow him to smoke here. 60. We don’t allow smoking here. 61. Teenagers shouldn’t be allowed to drive. 62. We weren’t allowed to have the test yesterday. 63 My life has changed a lot in the past few years. 64. The long bridge will be built in two months． 65.Which language is the most widely spoken in the world？ 66. Last year a large number of trees were cut down. 67. The students are often told to take care of their desks and chairs. 68. The old man is ill. He must be sent to the hospital. 69. Vegetables, eggs and fruits are sold in this shop.
70.The food smells delicious.