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仁爱英语 八年级上 Unit2 Topic2 Section C 学案

发布时间:2013-10-11 09:34:22  

常胜镇初级中学 英语 八年级上

《Unit2 Topic2 Section C》导学案

班级________ 姓名_______ 指导教师: 时间___________

一、学习目标 Aims and demands

学会使用情态动词 might, must, must not, can, should, shouldn’t, 并会用其围绕健康

的生活习惯展开话题。

二、学法指导 How to study

1. 认真阅读Unit2 Topic2 Section C,并对语言点、难点做出标记;

2. 记本部分单词、学案所列出的词组和句型;

3. 学习学案,并完成学案上的练习题;

三、 自主预习 Preparation

Ⅰ.英汉互译下列单词并标上词性。

1.tomato________( ) 2. cabbage________( ) 3.主食_______( ) 4. 小麦________( )

5.食盐_______( ) 6.sugar_______( ) 7. 病,疾病_______( ) 8. 虚弱的_______( )

9. 冰淇淋________( ) 10. force_______( ) 11. 童年________( ) 12.盘子_____( )

13. mad________( ) 14. taste_______( ) ________( ) 15. 西瓜__________( )

16. surprise________( )________( ) 17.土豆________( ) 18.三明治__________( )

19.草莓_________( ) 20. beef_______( ) 21.饼干________( ) 22.such________( )

Ⅱ. 在课本中找出下列短语划在书上并翻译

1.小心做某事______________ 2.照顾___________________3.例如__________________

4.强迫某人做某事______________ 5.一再做某事_______________ 6. 尽快_________

7. 感到生气___________8.很惊讶做某事______________ 9.而然___________ Ⅲ. 翻译并熟记下列句子.

1. 妈妈总是告诉孩子们他们应该吃什么。______________________________________

2.注意不要吃太多的盐或糖。 ______________________________________

3.简的妈妈总是强迫她喝牛奶。 ______________________________________

4.在迈克尔的童年,他不得不吃很多蔬菜水果来保持健康。

____________________________________________________________

【课文原句】_________________________________________.

e.g. Be _____ _____ _____ the road. 过马路要当心。

or 连词,意为“或者,还是”,用于连接选择、替换的词、短语或从句。

e.g. Are you coming or not? 你来还是不来?

or 表示“也不”,用于否定句,提出两种或多种事物时的连接词。

e.g. He can’t _______ ______ _______. 他不会写,也不会读。

or 表示“否则,不然”,用于警告或忠告

’ll ______ ______. 快点不然你就迟到了

_________________________________________.

是ill的名词,意为“疾病”,常指身体或精神上的疾病,只表示抽象的疾病或生病的状态,和 sickness可以通用。

e.g He missed a lot of lessons because of his illness. 他因为生病耽误了很多功课。

。常指特定的某种疾病。 e.g. heart disease 心脏病。

【课文原句】_________________________________________.

e.g. He ____ ____ ____ go there on foot. 他强迫我步行到那里。

4. she had to drink a glass of milk because her mother was always watching her. 她不得不喝

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常胜镇初级中学 英语 八年级上 杯牛奶,因为她妈妈总是看着她。

【导学点拨】本句是一个主从复合句,从句是由从属连词because 引导表示“原因”的状语从句,它既可置于主句之后,也可置于其前。置于主句之前时,常用逗号隔开,表示强调。

e.g. He was late _____ he didn’t ______ ______ ______ ______

______ he didn’t _____ _____ _____ _____, he was late. 他迟到了,因为没赶上早班车。 Because 与介词of 连用,意为“因为??”但of后面只能接名词,代词或动名词,而不能接从句。 e.g. They didn’t go out because of the rain. 因为下雨他们没外出。

be always doing sth. 一再做某事,带有一定感情色彩。

他老是忘记我的名字。

_________________________________________.

as soon as引导的时间状语从句的动作一发生,主句动作就马上发生。如果主句用一般将来时,从句多用一般现在时。

e.g. We will go back to school ___ ___ ___ the holiday is over. 假期一结束我们就返校。

get mad 感到生气。 get作为系动词,后接形容词,构成系表结构。类似的还有 get hungry变饿, sound interesting 听起来有趣

五、课堂任务 Task

I. 阅读1a,回答问题

1. What did Kangkang’s mother said when he was a child? ____________________________

2. Maria mustn’t eat too much candy, why? ______________________________________

3. Did Jane drink milk everyday? Why? ______________________________________

4. What made Michael get mad? ______________________________________ II. 完成1b,1c,总结良好的饮食习惯。

III.阅读2,学习如何对饮食习惯提建议。

六、目标检测 Practice

根据句意及首字母填空

1. He had an ______, but he is better now.

2.

3. We should open the window and keep the a___ fresh to keep away from germs(病菌).

4. She still w______ after the long illness.

5. I’d like a cup of milk with_____, please.

6. He is s_____ a good teacher that we all like him.

根据汉语提示完成句子

1. Maria’s teeth were weak because she liked eating ______ _______ ______(冰淇淋)

2. I’ll write to you ______ ______ ______(一??就??) I go to Beijing.

3. My father likes rating rice with a lot of meat, ______ ______ (例如) chicken, beef, ect.

4. I don’t like the______(味道) of these flowers.

5. We should wash our hands ______ ______ (饭前)

课后小结

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常胜镇初级中学 英语 八年级上

Section D

班级________ 姓名_______ 指导教师: 时间___________

一、学习目标 Aims and demands

1. 掌握本部分重点词组和句型。

2. 复习整个单元,并会用情态动词围绕健康的生活习惯展开话题。

二、学法指导 How to study

1. 认真阅读Unit2 Topic2 Section D,并对语言点、难点做出标记;

2. 记本部分单词、学案所列出的词组和句型;

3. 学习学案,并完成学案上的练习题;

三、 自主预习 Preparation

Ⅰ.英汉互译下列单词并标上词性。

1.fact _______( ) 2. 不健康的_______( ) 3.化学品_______( ) 4. cigarette_______( )

5. 身体______( ) 6. disease________( ) 7. harm_________( )_________( )

8. 吸烟者______( ) 9. 二手的_______( ) 10. risk_______( ) _______( )

11.可能_______( )

Ⅱ. 在课本中找出下列短语划在书上并翻译

1.事实上__________ 2.不仅??而且??__________ 3. 用某物来做某事____________

4. 尽量??地_____________

Ⅲ. 翻译并熟记下列句子.

1. 我们应该经常洗澡。_____________________________________

2. 吸烟真的是不健康的。___________________________________

3. 它们能导致癌症和其他的疾病。___________________________________________

4. 二手烟可能更危险并有更高的风险。_______________________________________

5. 他们必须尽快戒烟。______________________________________

四、知识链接 Hot link

1. We should often open the window to keep the air fresh. 我们应该经常开窗保持空气清新。

【导学点拨】keep 后接形容词。意为“保持(某种状态)”,keep作系动词,也可以用be替换。e.g. keep quiet!= Be quiet! 请保持安静!

keep sb./ sth. 后接形容词、动名词表示“让某人/某事处于某种状态”

e.g. Keep the window open, please! 请把窗户打开。

Don’t keep him waiting. 不要让他一直等着。

2. Smoker shouldn’t use smoking to help them relax. 吸烟者不应该用吸烟来放松自

己。

【导学点拨】use sth. to do sth. 意为“用??去做??”

e. g. We often ____ the dictionary ___ look up the new words. 我们经常用字典查阅新单词

3. They must give up smoking as soon as possible. 他们必须尽快戒烟。

【导学点拨】as?as possible 尽量??地,可与as?as one can 互换使用。

e.g. Please write down your answers as fast as possible.

= Please write down your answers as fast as you can.请尽可能快地写下你的答案。

五、课堂任务 Task

I . 听录音,完成1,并根据图片造句。

II.填写短文2,并进行熟读翻译。

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常胜镇初级中学 英语 八年级上

六、目标检测 Practice

I. 根据汉语提示完成句子。

1. You mustn’). It’s a bad habit.

2. Smoking too much may (导致癌症).

放弃) bad habits.

(足够的睡眠) is good for health.

II. 根据句意及首字母提示填空。

1. A toothache is a d________. You’d better go to see a doctor.

2. I can see some beartiful scenery t_________ the window.

3. Many d_________are caused by germs.

4. Something was wrong with his s_________. He felt sick after meals.

5. Doing morning exercises is good for our h_________.

III.单项选择

( ) 1. The sunlight came into the room ________ the windows.

A. past B. through C. across D. in

( )2. Headaches may show something ______ your body.

A. is wrong to B. are wrong to C. is wrong with D. are wrong with

( ) 3. If you have headaches often , you need ______ a doctor.

A. sees B. to see C. seeing D. saw

( )4.This article says _______ is bad for our lungs.

A. smoke B. to smoke C. smoked D. smoking

( )5. Fish can’t live ________ water.

A. with B. without C. in D. on

( )6. We watched a football match ______ last night.

A. in TV B. at TV C. into TV D. on TV

( )7.We keep our classroom__________.

A. clean B. to clean C. cleaning D. cleaned

( )8. We should get up _______, or we’ll have no time to have breakfast.

A. early enough B. enough early C. late enough D. enough late

( ) 9.Plant more trees and grass.______ is important to improve our environment.

A. What B. This C. Which D. It

III. 按括号中的要求完成下列各题

1. — _________ ________ ? (根据答语写问句) — I have a bad headache. 对划线部分提问)

______ ______ does Lily do exercise every day?

3. Eating too much is not good for your health. (转换为同义句)

_____ _____ ____ for your health _____ ____ too much.

4. I have enough food. It can keep me healthy. (将两句合并为一句)

I have enough food _____ _____ me healthy.

课后小结

写出本话题你所总结的好习惯。

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