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八年级上册英语所有单元知识点

发布时间:2013-10-12 13:39:42  

Unit 1 Where did you go on vacation?

一、短语

agree with sb 同意某人的看法 agree on sth 同意某事 arrive at/in sp 到达某地 ask sb to do sth 叫某人做某事 ask sb not to do sth 叫某人不要做某事

be busy doing/with sth 忙于做某事 be strict in sth 对某事要求严格 be strict with sb 对某人要求严格 decide to do sth 决定做某事 dislike doing sth 不喜欢做某事 enjoy doing sth 喜欢做某事 find sb do/doing sth 发现某人做某事

finish doing sth 完成某事 give sb sth 给某人某物 give sth to sb 给某人某物 have fun doing sth 做…很有趣 help sb with sth 帮助某人某事 help sb (to) do sth 帮助某人做某事

it‘s time for sth 该做某事了 it‘s time for sb to do sth 该某人做某事了

it‘s time to do sth 该做某事了 like doing/to do sth 喜欢做某事 make sb do sth 让某人做某事 mind (sb) doing sth 介意(某人)做某事

pass sb sth 把某物递给某人 pass sth to sb 把某物递给某人 practice doing sth 练习做某事 remember doing sth 记得做过某事

remember to do sth 记得要做某事

see sb do/doing sth 看见某人做某事

show sb sth 给某人看某物 show sth to sb 给某人看某物 spend…(in) doing sth 花费…做某事

spend…on sth 花费…在某物上

start doing sth 开始做某事 start to do sth 开始做某事

stop doing sth 停止做某事 stop to do sth 停下来再做某事 talk about sth 谈论某事 talk to/with sb 与某人交谈 tell sb about sth 告诉某人关于某

tell sb to do sth 告诉某人做某事 tell sb not to do sth 告诉某人不要做某事

want sth 想要某物 want to do sth 想要做某事 want sb to do sth 想要某人做某事

watch sb do/doing sth 看见某人做某事

wish to do sth 希望做某事 would like to do sth 想要做某事

.decide to do sth all day

二.重点句子和注意事项 1.Where did you go on vacation? I went to summer camp.

Where did they go on vacation? They went to New York City. Where did he go on vacation? He stayed at home.

Where did she go on vacation? She visited her uncle.

2. Did you/he/she/they go to Central Park?

Yes, I/he/she/they did. No, I/he/she/they didn‘t.

3. How were the movies? They were fantastic

4. have fun doing something 干某事有乐趣

= enjoy oneself doing something

We have fun learning and speaking English .

We enjoy ourselves learning and speaking English .

我们学英语有很多乐趣 . 5. find sb. doing sth. 发现某人在干某事 find sb. do sth. 发现某人干过某事

I find him reading the novel (小说). I found him go into the room . 6. corner 角落,角,拐角处 in the corner 在角落里(指在建筑物里面)

at the corner 在拐角处(指在建筑物外面或道路的拐角) My bike is at the corner .

7. be lost 迷路了=get lost , lost (adj.)

The girl was lost in the big city .

8. help sb. (to) do sth.=help sb for sth 帮助某人干某事

He always helps us learn English

9. make sb. do sth. 让/使某人干某事 let / have sb. do sth. do前不带to The movie makes me relaxing.

Let the boy do his homework alone.

10. feel+ adj. 感到...

I feel hungry / tired /happy / excited

11. decide to do sth. 决定干某事 They decided to go to Hainan on vacation.

Unit 2 How often do you exercise?

【知识梳理】

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一For about three years.大约三年.

(2)how soon意为―多久以后‖.多用于将来时间,其答语为in+一段时间.

—How soon will your mother come back?你妈妈多久以后回来? 一She will be back in ten minutes.她十分钟以后回来.

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(3)how many times意为―多少次‖,它只询问次数,即―多少次‖.常用once一次,twice两次,three times三次等回答.

一How many times did you get to Beijing?你去北京几次了? —Oh,four times.哦,四次了.

(4)how far意为―离……多远‖,多用来询问路程.

How far is it from your school to your home?你家距离学校有多远?

【易混辨析】house, family ,home

(1)house一般指所居住的建筑物,即―房子,住宅‖.

His house was burned in a big fire.他的房子在一场大火中被烧毁了.

(2)family着重指家庭成员.

My family are au here.我们一家都在这儿.

(3)home则指某人出生及生活的环境,包括住处及家人. He left home at the age of 18.他18岁离开了家.

4.try

try to do sth.试图做某事,想要做某事 try one's best竭尽所能 She tries to learn English.她试着去学英语.

Jack tries his best to win the game.杰克尽他最大的努力去赢这场 第- 10 -页

比赛.

5. a lot of, many, much

三者都可表示―许多‖,a 10t 0f既可修饰可数名词,也可修饰不可数名词;many修饰可数名词复数;much修饰不可数名词. We have a lot of friends.---We have many friends.我们有许多朋友. Do you have a lot of money?=Do you have much money?你有许多钱吗?

在修饰可数名词复数时,a lot/lots of可与many互换;在修饰不可数名词时,alot/lots of可与much互换.但a lot/lots of一般不用于否定句和疑问句中,在这两类句子中要用many或much.

6.kind of

kind of后接形容词或副词,意为―有点,有几分‖.

He felt kind of tired.他感觉有点累.

The like is kind of expensive.那辆自行车有点贵.

(1)a kind of+ m一种

This kind of question is hard to answer.这种问题很难回答.

(2)all kinds《+n.各种各样的

There are all kinds of flowers iIl the park.公园里有各种各样的花. 第- 11 -页

(3)different kinds of+n.不同种类的

There a地different kinds of animals in the zoo.动物园里有不同种类的动物.

7.Maybe ,perhaps, likely possible, probably

maybe. perhaps和probably都有―也许,大概‖的意思.perhaps也许,大体和possibly同义;probably大概,肯定的成分较大,是most likely的意思;possibly可能,常和call,may,must等情态动词连用,比probably语气弱得多;maybe或许,比perhaps普通,但不庄重;

likely或许,通常与most,very连用.

8.although , though

although和though作连词用,意为―尽管,虽然‖,二者可以通用. Although/Though they are so poor ,they have enough to eat·他们虽然穷,食物还是够吃的.

注意:在一个句子中,用了although或though就不能用but了,用了but则不能用although或though,即:―虽然……但是……‖不见面,但是可以用yet.

9.hard, hardly

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hard既可作形容词,也可作副词,其词义丰富;hardly是具有―几乎没有,几乎不‖这种否定含义的独立副词.

ms ground is too bard to dig.这块地太硬,挖不动.(adj.)

Chinese is hard t0 learn for foreigners.对于外国人来说汉语很难学.(adj.)

You should study hard.你应该努力学习.(adv.)

There is hardly any coffee left.几乎没剩下什么咖啡了.(adv.) Hardly anybody came.几乎没有什么人来. (adv.)

【中考连线】

①一Do you have any plans for your summer vacation?

一I am ____for London next Sunday.

A.going to B.leaving C. will go

答案:B点拨:leave for意为―动身去某地‖,故选B. ②(2009·浙江湖州中考)---___do you visit your uncle?

----Once a week, at least.

A.How long B. How many

C.How often D . How soon

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答案:C点拨:本题考查疑问词的用法.由答语―至少一周一次‖可知用how often how long ―多久‖;how many'?多少‖;how soon'?多久‖.

③(2009·淄博中考)--Would you mind ____my little sister while I‘II away?

--Of course not.

A.looking for B. looking at

C. looking after D. looking forward to

答案:C点拨:由题意―当我不在时,你介意照顾一下我妹妹吗?‖知选looking after.

④《2009·河北中考)--___can you be ready ,Andy?

一In ten minutes. .

A.How much B.How often

C.How long D . How soon

答案:D点拨:how much多少.提问不可数名词或价格; How often多久一次;how long多久,多长;how soon多久,用于将来时态.由答语in ten minutes―在l0分钟之后‖知选D.

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Unit 3 I'm more outgoing than my sister.

【知识梳理】

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【课文解析】

1.than conj。.比……

than用于形容词和副词的比较级之后,后接比较对象的第二部分。 I'm taller than Li Ping.我比李平高。

Tom is older than Paul.汤姆比保罗年龄大。

Sam is thinner than Tom.萨姆比汤姆瘦。

I'm more outgoing than my sister.我比我妹妹(或姐姐)外向。

2.calm n. adj&v.

(1)calm adj.镇静的,沉着的

It's important to keep calm in danger.危急情况下保持镇静很重要。

(2)calm n平静(的状态或时期)

After the storm came a calm.风暴过后,万籁俱寂。

(3)calm v(使某人)镇静,安静

Just calm down a bit.请静一静

[辨析]calm,still,quiet与silent

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calm意为―镇静的,平静的‖,指不受干扰时的宁静、平静,如海洋的―平静‖;用于人时,指沉着、镇定、安宁。still意为―不动的,静止的,寂静的‖,仅指物理上的安静状态。quiet意为―安静的,静止的‖,指寂静的状态,没有吵闹或指人的娴静、文静,也可指活动的停息。silent意为―沉默的,无言的‖,主要用于人,指不发出声音或不说话,强调无声的状态。

When we face danger.we should keep calm.当我们面对危险时,应该保持冷静。

The baby kept still when she was taking photos.当她照相时,这个婴儿保持不动。

Be quiet.everyone.The teacher is coming.请安静,同学们。老师来了。

We shouldn't keep silent when the teacher asks us some questions.当老师问我们问题时,我们不应保持沉默。

3.wild adj轻率的

wild是形容词,表示―鲁莽的‖,其副词是wildly,其名词是wildness. Jack looks very wild.杰克看上去很鲁莽。

I think this is a wild plan.我认为这是一个鲁莽的计划。

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be wild with joy欣喜若狂

sth .渴望做某事 be wild to do

be wild about sb./sth.狂热崇拜某人,热衷于某事 go wild狂怒,狂热

4.Smart adj聪明的,伶俐的,机敏的

smart是形容词,表示―聪明的‖,在句中常作表语。

The new employee is smart and quick to learn.新来的那位职员既聪明,学得又快。

It is easy to teach smart students.教聪明伶俐的学生很轻松。

clever多指―聪明伶俐的‖,侧重指―才思敏捷的‖,也可用于指主意、办法之妙。

smart[侧重指―领悟力强的‖,且含―精明,不会被人蒙骗之意‖。 She is a c1ever student.她是个聪明的学生。

It's a very clever ,idea.这主意不错。

He is a smart businessman.他是个精明的商人。

5.Here are photos of me and my twin sister Liu Ying.这是我和我的双胞胎姐姐刘英的照片。

photos n照片,相片

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photos是名词photo"照片‖的复数形式。以。结尾的可数名词变为复数有两种形式:在potato,tomato等词后加-es,大多数以。结尾的名词,其复数加-s。

6.as conj如同……一样

as在句中作连词,意为―如同……一样‖。as在不同的语境中有许多不同的含义。

请注意体会下面的例句,学习了解as的一些用法和含义: 第- 20 -页

I don't need both(the)dictionaries.这两本字典我并不是都需要。 I need neither of the dictionaries.这两本字典我都不需要。

(3)both...and...意为―……和……都,既……又……‖。 Both you and 1 were wrong.你和我都错了。

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He can speak both English and French.他会说英语和法语。 需要注意的是,both...and...的否定为neither...nor。

He can speak neither English nor French.他既不会讲英语也不会讲法语。

1o.although虽然,尽管,即使,纵然

although 相当于though,两者可以相互替换。

He is shorter than I,although he is older.虽然他年龄大,但是他比我矮。

They still came although it Was raining.虽然天在下雨,但是他们还是来了。

Although he is ill,he works hard.尽管他病了,但他仍努力工作。 注意:英语中,although(though)表示―虽然……(但是)‖之意,不能与but连用,就像because与so不能同时使用一样。

[辨析]however,although与though .

however为副词,意为―然而,不过‖,although和though也都有―然而‖之意,但however更为正式一些。

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14.a little 一点

a little可以作状语,用来修饰比较级,表示程度。相当于a bit。在英语中,形容词、副词的比较级前常用much,a lot.a little,a bit,any,no等词语修饰,以表示不同的程度。

She's going to stay there a little longer.她准备在那儿待久一些。 第- 23 -页

He usually reaches school much later than I.他通常到校比我晚得多。

This ruler is a little longer than that one.这把尺子要比那一把稍长一些。

15.the same as和……一样

the same as意为―和……相同‖,表示同等比较。

His bike is the same as mine.他的自行车和我的一样。

Lily looks the same as Lucy.They are twins.莉莉看上去和露西一样,她们是双胞胎。

其反义词为be different from...意为―与……不同,不同于‖

This question is different from that one.这个问题与那个不同。

16.Popular adj受欢迎的,流行的,通俗的

My good friend Sam is popular in our class.我的好朋友萨姆在班里很受欢迎。

比较级~popular

This song is more popular in the world.这首歌在世界上更为流行。

17.be good at 擅长,在……方面做得好

be good at意为―擅长做某事‖,其同义词组为do well in。

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I'm good at Chinese.我中文学得好。

Are you good at sports?你擅长运动吗?

I'm better at math than Li Lei.我比李磊更擅长数学。

Tina is good at swimming.蒂娜擅长游泳。

They're good at playing chess.他们都擅长下象棋。

18.make me laugh使我笑(开心)

(1)make在此意为―使‖,它和let(让)均为―使役动词‖。其结构特点是:make/let+人(宾语)+动词原形(宾补)

Don't make her work for long.不要让她工作太长时间。 They made us forget the past.他们使我们忘记了过去。 Let me help you.让我来帮助你。

另外,make+宾语+形容词(宾补)

He often makes me fired.他经常使我感到劳累。

His words made us happy.他的话使我们很高兴。

[辨析make与let

make和let都表示―使,让‖,但make有强制的意味,let则无强制的意味。

He made me drink it.他强迫我喝下去。

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He let me drink it.他让我喝下去。

What made you so angry?什么事使你这么生气?。

19.the same……as和……相同

the same与as既可以合用,也可以分开。the same as…意为―和……相同‖。the same...as…意为―和……相同的……‖,有时可以互换。 Her Mouse is the same as mine.=She has the same blouse as me.她的衬衫和我的一样。

【辨析】like与as

二者均可作―像……一样‖讲,但用法不同。

(1)like用于说明两者在形态上或性质上有相似之处,但不等同。 Look !I have wings,just like you.看!我和你们一样有翅膀。

She wants to be a famous cook like her father when she grows up.她希望长大以后像她父亲一样,当一名有名的厨师。

(2)as指身份或资格,意为―作为,看作‖等。

He works like a worker.他像工人一样干活。(实际上不是工人) He works as a worker.他作为一名工人而工作。(职业是工人) Some friends have opposite views and interests,... 一些朋友有对立的观点和兴趣 ,……

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opposite adj.&prep.&n.

(1)opposite作形容词,意为―对面的,相反的,相对的‖。 常与to搭配,表示―……对面的‖。

She turned and ran to the opposite direction.她转身朝相反的方向跑了。

He stood on the opposite side of the street.他站在那条街的对面。

(2)作介词,意为―在……的对面‖。

The store is opposite the station.那家商店在车站的对面。 The waitress stood opposite me.那服务员站在我对面。

(3)作名词,表示―反义词,对立的事物‖。

Calm is the opposite of wild.镇静是鲁莽的反义词。

view n.观点,看法

view是名词,表示―观点,态度‖,属可数名词。此外view还表示―风景,景色‖,in view of表示―鉴于,考虑到‖。

What's your view on this problem?你对这个问题有何看法?

Her view of life is different from yours.她的人生观和你的不同。

21.opinion n 主张,观点

opinion用作名词,表示―观点,看法‖,既可作可数名词,又 第- 27 -页

可作不可数名词;one's opinion of...表示―某人对……的观点和

看法‖。

I think we should clean the classroom right now.What's your opinion?

我觉得我们现在就该打扫教室,你的意见呢?

These are my opinion of the whole affair.

这是我对整个事件的看法。

22.I like to have friends who are like me

我喜欢交和我个性一样的朋友

Like v喜欢prep.像……一样

句中有两个like,第一个为动词,意为―喜欢‖;第二个为介 词,意为―像……‖。

She likes to have friends like you.

她喜欢拥有像你一样的朋友。

教材中上面的那个句子是一个含有定语从句的复合句。

定语从句who are like me修饰其前名词friends,who为定语从 句的主语。

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We love the teacher who teaches us music.

我们喜欢我们的音乐老师。

23。most of 大多数……

Most of后面可接可数名词或不可数名词,作主语时,其谓 语形式取决于of后面的名词:most of+单数名词,谓语动词用

单数;most of+复数名词,谓语动词用复数。

Most of us are students.我们大多数人是学生。

Most of the apple was eaten by a rat. ,

这个苹果的一大半被老鼠吃掉了。

: 24.heat n打赢,战胜

: beat在句中作动词,意为―赢,打败‖,其宾语可以是某人或 i某一团队、组织等,表示在比赛或竞争中获胜,打败对手。其过 去式为不规则变化,仍为beat。

We beat the team from the No.3 Middle School. 我们打败了三中的队伍。

[辨析]beat与win

相同点:二者均用作动词,表示―赢‖。

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不同点:beat后常接表示人的名词,win后常接比赛、竞赛、 战争等名词。

We played very well,and beat them.

我们发挥很好,击败了他们。

They won the match this time.这次他们赢了比赛。

15.center n

center是名词,表示―中心,中央‖,其形容词是central,意为 ―中心的,中央的‖。

It's in the center of the town.它位于城镇的中央。

center指某一特定物体的中心,如果指狭长物体的中心或 时间的中心,用in the middle of。

the center of a circle圆心

in the middle of the road在道路的中央

in the middle of the night在午夜

:6.enjoy telling jokes喜欢讲笑话

enjoy doing sth.表示―喜欢干某事‖,enjoy后面习惯上跟动 名词或名词作宾语。

I enjoy watching TV.我喜欢看电视。

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[辨析]enjoy,like与love

(1)enjoy后接动(名) 词,不接不定式作宾语。

(2)like喜欢,语气较弱,后可接不定式或动名词。

(3)love爱,热爱,语气最强,后可接不定式或动名词。 I enjoy going to the cinema.我爱看电影。

I like visiting friends on Sundays.and I like to visit Joan this Sunday. 、

我喜欢星期天拜访朋友,这个星期天我想去拜访琼。 He loves to go fishing.他很喜欢钓鱼。

I love watching baseball on TV.我很喜欢在电视上看棒球。

27.so who do you think should get the job, Ruth or Rose? 那么你认为谁应该得到这份工作, 露丝还是罗斯? 本句中的who作句子的主语,句中的do you think是插入 语。在有此类插入语的情况下,疑问代词或疑问副词位于句 首,后面的句子要用陈述句语序。

Who do you think is the most outgoing in your class? 你认为谁是你们班最外向的?

When do you think they will arrive?

第- 31 -页

你认为他们什么时候会到?

上面引自教材的那个句子可转换成:So do you think who should' get the job,Ruth or Rose?

18.stop talking停止谈 话

stop talking意为―停止谈话‖,stop doing sth.指停止正在进 行的动作。

Don't leave until it stops raining.雨停了再走。

[辨析]stop doing sth.与stop to do sth.

(1)stop doing st}1.意思是停止做某事(doing作宾语)。

(2)stop to do sth .意思是停下来(原来的事)去做某事(to do表示停下来的目的,作状语)。

We stopped talking.我们停止了谈话。

We stopped to talk.我们停下来,开始谈话。

形容词的比较级

大多数形容词都有三个等级,即原级,比较级,最高级。原 级也就是形容词的原形。当两个事物进行比较时,就要用比较 级,其结构形式为:主语+谓语(系动词)+形容词比较级+ than+对比成分,即含有形容词比较级的主句+than+从句。 第- 32 -页

注意从句常常省略意义上和主句相同的部分,只剩下对比的 成分。

It‘s wormer today than it was yesterday.今天比昨天暖和。 This picture is more beautiful than that one.

这张照片比那张漂亮。

1.形容词比较级的构成

(1)一般在原级形容词词尾直接加-er

tall--taller cold·-——colder

(2)以字母e结尾的形容词,词尾加-r

nice·-——nicer large·-——larger

(3)重读闭音节词的词尾只有一个辅音字母时,应先双写 这个辅音字母,再加-er

big--bigger thin--thinner rod--redder

(4)以―辅音字母+y'‘结尾的双音节词,先变y为i,再 加一er

easy--easier happy--happier early—earlier

(5)多音节形容词前直接加more ?

athletic———more athletic

第- 33 -页

popular--more popular

beautiful——more beautiful

(6)不规则变化

』good better』Dad—.worse many--more

well ill much

old—folder 』farther little—1old ?

一{elder far---{further little--less

2.形容词比较级的用法

形容词比较级常用于两者之间的比较,表示两者之间的 差异。

Today is even colder than yesterday.今天甚至比昨天更冷。 ―比较级+and+比较级‖或"more+ and +more+原级(多 音节和部分双音节词)‖意为―越来越……‖。

Our city is more and more beautiful.

我们的城市越来越漂亮了。

―The+比较级,the+比较级‖意为―越……就越……‖。 The more you read,the more you know.

你书读得越多,懂得就越多。

第- 34 -页

as…as意为―与……一样……‖,否定形式―not as/so...as‖ 意为―不如……那样……‖,也是一种表达比较的形式,但as与 as之间用形容词原级。

This loom is not as/so big as that one.

这个房间不如那个房间大。

=This room is smaller than that one.

这个房间比那个房间小。

3.形容词比较级的其他用法

比较级前可以用much,a little,a bit等词语修饰,表示 程度。

I'm a little thinner than my sister.我比我妹妹稍微瘦一些。 比较级前可以用―数词+名词‖结构表示确定的度量。 I am5 centimeters taller than him.我比他高5厘米。 get/become后面通常接―比较级+and+比较级(用于单音 节词和少数双音节词)‖或―more and more+原级(用于多音节 词和部分双音节词)‖结构,表示―变得越来越……‖。

It's getting colder and colder when winter comes.

当冬天来临时,天气变得越来越冷。

第- 35 -页

Our hometown is getting more and more beautiful.

我们的家乡变得越来越美丽。

Unit 4 What’s the best movie theater?

A. (1)原级: 常用结构__________像..……一样

Zhang Hong is __________ Tom.(和......一样高)

Tom runs __________Jack.(和......一样快)

否定形式: ―不如/不及..…____________________

(2)比较级(用于两者之间的比较)

常用结构:__________

____________________(谁跑得更快),Lucy or Hanmei?

____________________.(他比我高)

Tina is more athletic than Sam.

Holly‘s best friend is __________。(比他更有趣)

(3)最高级用于三者或三者以上比较,形容词的最高级前常加定冠词____ 常用结构: a: ____________________是...... 中最......

Eg:He is the tallest of the three.

活学活用:

He is__________(最有趣的)in his class.

The seats in the middle of the cinema are the best of all.

John is__________(最胖的) in his class.

b:____________________最……之一

Eg:Kunming is one of the most beautiful cities in China.

活学活用:

Mr Wu is ____________________(最友好的老师之一).He often helps us. Changjiang River is ____________________(最长的河流之一) in the world. c:特殊疑问词+be+the+最高级,甲,乙or丙?

Who is the tallest,Tom,Jim or John?

_____________________________(哪种语言是最困难的),English,Japanese or Chinese?

第- 36 -页

Which is ________________(最好的电影院),Town Cinema,Screen City or Movie Palace?

d:the +序数词+最高级+单数名词+in 短语

The Yellow river is the second longest river in our country.

《注意》形容词最高级前一般要加定冠词the,但当形容词最高级前有形物代,所有格时,则不能再加the. B. 形容词、副词比较级和最高级有规则变化和不规则变化。 (a)规则变化

1)一般情况下,单音节或双音节的形容词(或副词)比较级+er , 最高级+est

如: clever-cleverer-cleverest few-fewer-fewest small-smaller-smallest等。

)以e结尾的词,比较级+r,最高级+st 即可

如: nice-nicer-nicest cute-cuter-cutest large-larger-largest

3)以辅音字母+y结尾的变y为i+er或est

如:容易的---更容易的--- ________________________________ 幸福的---更幸福的--- ________________________________

再如:early , busy , heavy , dirty , lazy . 也如此。

4)双写最后一个辅音字母+er 或 est的词同学要用心去记。

1. fat-fatter-fattest 2. thin-thinner-thinnest 3. hot-hotter-hottest

4. red-redder-reddest 5. wet-wetter-wettest 6. big-bigger-biggest

5)多音节和部分双音节的词需要在形容词原级前+________构成比较级,+________构成最高级。如:

beautiful -more beautiful - the most beautiful

又: delicious, popular, important, interesting, expensive, creative等也是。 双音节的词如:

careful-more careful -the most careful

useful -more useful -the most useful.

少数单音节词也是这样如:

pleased-more pleased -the most pleased

tired-more tried -the most tired

第- 37 -页

(b)不规则变化:

good—better—best far—further—furthest (程度深) well—better--best far-farther—farthest(距离远)

bad-worse - worst old—elder —eldest (长幼) many, much—more—most old—older—oldest (年龄) 小试身手:

一.写出下列形容词的比较级和最高级

!. good ___ ___ 9. popular ___ ____

2. bad ___ ___ 10. friendly ____ ______

11. comfortable ___ ____

3. big ___ ___ 12. athletic ___ ____

4. late ___ ___ 13. important____ ____

5 heavy ___ ____ 14. outstanding ___ ____

6. fun ___ ___ !5. cheap____ ____

7. thin ___ ___ 16. talented ___ ____

8. new ___ ___ 17. interesting ___ __

二.单项选择。

1. Pop music is ______music in the world.

A .best of B .more better C .good of D. the best

2. Of all the students, Angie is the __________but studies __________than others.

A .shorter, best B .shortest, better C .shortest, best

D .shorter, better

3. As students, we must work hard to make our country _______.

A .rich and stronger B .richer and stronger C .richer and stronger D .rich and strong

4. John often talks _____ but does _____, so all of us think he is a good boy.

A .little, many B .few, fast C .less, more D. more, less

5. The boy didn‘t run ____ to catch the bus.

第- 38 -页

A .fast enough B .enough fast C .quick enough C .enough quick

6. I‘m sure you can jump as ____as Jim if you wear your sports shoes.

A .slow B .slower C .higher D .high

7. I don‘t think this question is ____than that one .It is ____of these questions.

A. easier, more difficult B .easier, the most difficult

C. easiest, more difficult D .easier, much more difficult

8. Mr Zhang is one of ____in our school.

A .the more popular teachers B .most popular teachers

C .the most popular teachers D .the most popular teacher

三、翻译下列句子。

1.It has the biggest screens.

_________________________________

2.It's the most popular. _________________________________

3.It's the closest to home._________________________________

4.它是最便宜的。 _________________________________

5.它有最友好的服务。_________________________________

_________________________________

1. close to home 靠近家里

close 形容词。表示―近的,接近的,封闭的,亲密的‖意思

[搭配]______________________与某人/某物接近

[拓展]close 还可作动词,意为―________‖

He to me. A. open B. closing C.closed

D. Close

第- 39 -页

Tianjin is _____ Beijing.

A. close to B. close from C. closed to D. closed from

2. friendly service 友好的服务

[词组搭配________________对某人友好,友善

________________和某人关系好,与某人要好

【考例】

(friend). The man looked at me with a ____ smile on his face.

A. friend B. friends C. friendly D. friends‘

3. quality n.质量,品质,特质,特性

How do you think of the of the goods.

【考例】

The price depends on the ____.

A. service B. quality C. seat D. number

4. comfortable seat舒适的座位

[语法讲解]其副词为________舒适地 其反义词为________ life.

5. think vt.思考,考虑,认为,以为。

[词组搭配] 认为________……考虑________

在 I think后的从句里,如果有否定词not,需要把否定词not由从句中移到think之前,即否定前移

[练一练]I think it's uneasy to learn English well.(变同义句)

to learn English well.

What do(es) sb. think about/of sth.? 意为―某人认为……怎么样?‖,是一个用来询问某人对某事有何看法的句型

―________________________?‖答语往往是对人(物)的评价。 第- 40 -页

例如: ---What do you think of your math teacher ?

--- She is friendly and knowledgeable. Everyone likes her.

练一练:-- ______do you _______ the game?

--It‘s wonderful. I think the players are great.

A. How; like about B. What; think of C. What; like about

D. How; think about

用所给词的适当形式填空。

1. The white shirts are as ones.

2. Which one is ______________ (popular), football or basketball?

3. The fifth orange is ______________ (big) of all. Give it to the young boy.

4. Jason‘s has Fuzhou?

最好的

电影院

最大的

荧屏

最受欢迎

4.the closest to home 离家最

最短的等待时间 6.the best sound 最好的音响 most comfortable seats 最舒服的座位 best clothes store 最好的服装店 第- 41 -页

9.the best radio station 最好的电台

10.the worst clothes 最差的衣服

11.buy clothes the most cheaply 买衣服最便宜

12.buy tickets quickly 买票最快捷

13.have the worst music 有最差的音乐 放最无聊的歌曲

15.choose songs the most carefully 选择歌曲最仔细

16.Welcome to the neighborhood! 欢迎成为邻居

第- 42 -页

【应掌握的句子】

1. What‘s the best radio station? 哪一家是最好的广播电台?

翻译:张老师是我们学校最好的老师之一。

___________________________

你们班谁的英语最好?___________________________ 最好的影剧院是哪个? ___________________________

2. How do you choose what movie theater to go to? 你如何选择去哪一家影剧

院。

翻译:让我看你选了什么。___________________________

3. I think Gold Theater has the most comfortable seats.我认为黄金剧院的座位

最舒适。

翻译:我认为Jason 服装店是最好的。 ___________________________ 我认为Jim Carrey是最滑稽的演员。 ___________________________ 我认为他是不对的。 ___________________________

4. What do young people think about places in town? 年轻人认为我们镇里的

场所怎么样?

翻译:所有的影剧院都不错,但是the Screen City是我们镇里最好的。

______________________________________________________

5. The film is interesting.这电影令人感兴趣。

翻译:我对这部电影感兴趣。 ___________________________ 我对卡通片很感兴趣,因为它是那么的有趣。

______________________________________________________ 第- 43 -页

6. Where are we going for lunch? 我们到哪里吃午饭?

翻译:我门到哪里看电影? ___________________________ 离学校有多远? ___________________________

服务好吗?___________________________

7. My sister Isabel is the funniest person I know.我妹妹伊莎贝尔是我知道的

最滑稽的人。

翻译:魏芳是我们班里最漂亮的女孩。___________________________ 李先生是我认识的最好的老师。___________________________

8. Last week‘s talent show was a great success.上个星期的才艺表演获得了巨

大的成功。

翻译:Eliza Clark获得了最佳演员奖。 ___________________________

9. He danced without music.在没有音乐伴奏的情况下,他跳了一曲。

翻译: 他没有向我说再见就走了。___________________________ 没有纸和笔,我无法写。 ___________________________ 如果没有水,人类就不能生存。 ___________________________

10. As for radio stations, most people think that Jazz 107.9 FM is really great。至于电台,大部分人认为爵士调频 107.9 兆赫是真的很棒。

as for 在此意为―________________________‖之意。

As for you, I never want to see you in Beijing again. 至于你,我再也不想

在北京见到你。 随时练

【考例】

______ me, I have nothing to say about it.

A. As for B. As if C. Look like D. Look at

11. 11. Last week's talent show was a great success. 上周的天才表演真是非

常成功。

第- 44 -页

success 是名词,它的形容词是___________―成功的‖,动词是_________;

___________________________. 成功做某事。

I don‘t think it is a successful performance. 我认为这不是成功的演出。 If you work hard, you will succeed. 如果你努力,你就会成功。

【考例】He is a great ____ as a teacher.

A. success B. performer C. successful D. perform

最有趣表演奖给了Steve Tan 和他的狗Fido。

the prize for ……的大奖

go to相当于be won by… 被……赢得

【考例】

At last, the man ___ an air ticket from Dalian to Guangzhou as a prize.

A. goes to B. was won C.was won by D. won

13. Harbin is in the north of China. 哈尔滨在中国的北部。

表示方位的有三个介词:in; to; on

(1)in 表示在某一地区之内的方位(属于该范围);

(2)to表示在某一地区之外的方位(不属于该范围);

(3)on表示与某一地区相邻的方位(接壤)。

Changchun is in the north of China. 长春在中国的北方。表示长春在中国境内,它属于中国。此时用介词in。 如果一个地方不在一个地方内,如日本和中国的方位怎么说呢?日本在中国的东部。因为日本不在中国境内,因此我们不能用介词in,而用介词to。 Japan is to the east of China. 日本在中国的东部。 【考例】 Qingdao is ____ the east of China.

A. on B. to C. in D. from

14. About 200 yuan a night is enough. 一晚上大约200元足够了。

enough 可以修饰名词也可以修饰形容词。 当它修饰名词时可放在名词的前边,也可放在后边。当它修饰形容词或副词时,则放在后边。 There is enough water (名)here. 这里有足够的水。

Your classroom is big (形)enough. 你的教室足够大。

【考例】

It is ____ to work out this problem. You don‘t need to ask the teacher for help.

A. enough easy

B. enough easily C. easy enough D. easily

( ). Jim thought about ______ the movie with his friend.

A. go to B.to go to C.going to D. went to

2.( )From your letter , I ______you would visit our city very soon. 第- 45 -页

A. studied B. learnt C. taught D.got

3.( )He stayed up late lasr night. That‘s______ he came late.

A. Why B.how C.what D. that

4.( )I‘m looking for a good place ______lunch.

A. have B. to have C. having D. had

5.( )--- ______ is the cinema from here? ---About ten minutes‘s walk.

A. How far B. How long C.How much D. How many

II.用所给单词的适当形式填空

1. This bag is very _________(heavy), but that one is even _________(heavy).

2. Mum gets up _________ (early) in my family.

3.Titanic was one of _________(popular) movies at that time.

4.Which is _________(big), themoon, the earth or the sun?

5.The Yellow River is the second _________(long) river in China.

6. We have to wear woolen _________(clthing) in cold winter.

7.He is a successful man and lives an _________(easier) life.

III.根据汉语意思完成句子,每空一词。.

?What do you ______ ______(认为) the cinema in town?

?______ ______ (至于)movie theater, I like Movie palace best. ?Bargain House has _____ ______ _______(质量最差).

?_______ ________ (多少钱) is the radio/

最优秀的服务)

1、The coat is too expensive, I don't have e_________ money to buy it.

2、We'll go to the c_________ to see a movie.

3、I think Tom is the best p_______.

4、The movie is very d________, I don't like it at all.

5、It's a long d________ from Hainan to Harbin.

6、The new clothing store has the f________ service.

7、My home is c______ to the school.

8、He likes traveling by train. because the seats are very c_________.

(二)、选择:

1、January is _______ month in Beijing.

A、cold B、cold er C、the coldest D、coldest

2、Which box is_______ ,the first,the second or the third.

A. more expensive B. expensive C. the most expensive D. most expensive

3、Now the air in our city is _______than it was before.

A、much better B、more worst C、more better D、much worst

4、Boys love action movies_______ girls don't often go to see them.

A、and B、so C、but

第- 46 -页

5、Last week's talent show was a great_______

A、successful B、success C、successes D、successfully

6、Can you sing and dance_______ music? A、with B、without C、in D、to

(三)、选词填空:

1、The theater has the_______ screens and the most comfortable seats.

2.I think Town cinema has the_______ quality.

3、______ does it coat?

4、_______ is it from school?

5、Who do you think is the_______actor?

6、When we do our homework, we must be as_______as we can.

7、In summer the days get _______. .

8、It's early for the meeting.We'd better _______a game now.

四. 完成句子(本大题有5小题,每小题2分,共16分) 根据汉语意思完成下列英语句子,每空一词。

1. 去年冬季,烟台和威海有足够的雪。Yantai and Weihai had _________ _________ last winter.

2. 上周的才艺表演非常成功。Last _________ _________ _________ is very _________.

3. 最佳演出奖授予了杨小姐。The _________ _________ the best act _________ _________ Miss Yang.

4. 昨晚这个小男孩弹奏了一首优美的钢琴曲。

Last night, the little boy ________ _______ ________ _________ _________.

5.你觉得游戏节目怎样? _____ _______ ______ _____ game shows?

6.昨天我们做了我们读者的一项调查。 We ____ _____ ____ ____our readers yesterday.

7.从我家到车站乘车有20分钟的路程。

It‘s _____ ______ _____ ____from my home to the station?

Unit 5 Do you want to watch a game show

重点短语

1、think of = think about 认为

第- 47 -页

What do you think of this movie?

What does your father think of his boss?

2、I don‘t mind them. 我不介意他们。

mind: 介意;在乎;反对。多用于以下句型:(表示请求或征求意见) Would you mind doing …? Would you mind opening the door?

Do you mind …? Do you mind my dog?

3、I can‘t stand it! 我不能忍受它/我受不了它!

stand: 忍受(多用于否定句、疑问句) I can‘t stand the movie! It is too boring!

An accident happened to him.

4、I do, too. / I don‘t, either. 我也… / 我也不…

too 与either的区别:too―也‖, 表示肯定意义,与肯定的表达方法连 用;而either ―也不‖,表示否定意义,与否定的表达方法连用。 --My brother likes to play soccer. ?I do, too.

--My brother doesn‘t like to play soccer. ?I don‘t, either.

5、a thirteen-year-old boy 一个十三岁的男孩

此结构中,year用单数形式,且用连字符,类似的结构还有: five-month-old baby 五个月大的婴儿

试比较:

He is a student. He is thirteen years old.

He is a thirteen-year-old student.

6、hair clip 发卡

第- 48 -页

有关hair的其他几个常见短语:

hair band 发带, hair cut发型,发式;理发(名词), hair dresser理发师

Want hope decide woulk like plan to do

Find /think /feel it +adi + to do 发现、认为、感觉做某事怎么样

I find it important to study English well.

I think it easy to study English

Unit 6 I am going to study computer science

重点短语

1. grow up

长大,成长 打算做某事 电脑程序设计师 棒球运动员 2. be going to do = want to do 3. computer programmer 4. baseball player

5. spare time=free time 空余时间

6. computer science

7. take acting lessons

8. practice basketball

计算机科学 上表演课 练习篮球 第- 49 -页

9. move to 搬到,移动到

move to New York 搬到纽约

move to somewhere interesting 搬到某个有趣的地方

10. my dream job 我梦想的工作

11. what I want to do 我想做的事情

12. sound like 听起来像……

13. fashion shows 时装表演

14. fashion magazine 时尚杂志

15. part-time 兼职的, full-time 全职的,全日制的 a part – time job 一份兼职的工作

16. a reporter for fashion magazine 时装杂志记者

17. a year or two = one or two years 一两年

an hour or two = one or two hours 一两个小时;

a day or two = one or two days 一两天

18. save some money 积蓄一些钱,攒钱

19. at the same time 与此同时

20. send sth. to sb. = send sb sth. 将某物发送/寄给某人 send them to magazines and newspapers 把他们寄给杂志社和报社

21. I‘m not sure yet 我还没有定下来

22. get a part-time job 找到一份兼职工作

23. communicate with sb. 与某人交流

24. a job as a foreign language teacher 一份当外语教师的工作 第- 50 -页

25. after high school = leave school

26. international magazines

27. have a welcome party 中学毕业后 国际杂志社 召开一个欢迎会

28. professional basketball player职业篮球运动员

29.hold art exhibition举办美术展览

30. the Olympic Games=the Olympics奥运会

31. New Year‘s resolutions新年的决心

32. keep fit 保持身体健康

33. make one‘s resolution 表决心

34. the exchange students留学生

重点句型和语法:

1. What are you going to be when you grow up? 你长大后将干什么?

2. I am going to be a computer programmer. 我将来成为一名电脑程序设计师。

3. How are you going to do that? 你将怎么做?

我将要学习计算机科学。 4. I‘m going to study computer science.

5. Where are you going to work?

6. When are you going to do that? 你将去哪里工作? 你将什么时候去做?

7. When I grow up, I‘m going to do what I want to do.

当我长大的时候,我将做我想做的事。

(1)when在这里引导一个时间状语从句,―当我长大时‖

(2)do what I want to do. 意为―做我想做的事‖

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8. somewhere interesting 意为―某个有趣的地方‖

somewhere是不定代词,修饰不定代词的定语必须后置

nothing difficult 没什么难事

something important 重要的事

9. Being a computer programmer is his dream.

一般将来时态 (be going to do)

用―be going to‖ 结构表示将来要发生的事,或打算、计划,决定要做的事情。 be going to+动词原形

1.肯定句结构:主语 + be (am , is , are) + going to + 动词原形

如:I am going to travel around the world.

游。

They are going to meet outside the school gate. 他们将在校门口见面。

He is going to play basketball tomorrow.

球。

It is going to rain. 天将下雨。 他打算明天打蓝 我将到世界各地旅 nothing wrong 没什么问题

2. 否定句:主语 + be + not + going to + 动词原形

如:We are not going to have any classes next week. 下周我们将不上课。

I am not going to be a teacher. 我将不成为教师。

3. 疑问句:将am , is , are 提前大写即可

Be (Am , Is , Are ) + 主语 + going to + 动词原形

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如:Are you going to be a doctor when you grow up? 你长大后将做名医生吗?

回答:Yes, I am. No, I am not.

Is he going to take the piano lesson tomorrow?

吗?

Yes, he is. No, he isn‘t.

4. 特殊疑问句:

特殊疑问词 **When (How , What , Where )等 + be (am , is , are ) + 主 + going to + 动词原形

如:What are you going to do next Sunday?

么?

Unit 7 Will people have robots? 知识点: 需要背诵的是:第6页的3a 1、一般将来时 a) 一般将来时的构成:由助动词shall或will加动词原形构成,shall用于第一人称。在口语中,will在名词或代词后常简略为‘ll, will not常简

第- 53 -页 他明天上音乐课你下星期天将做什

用‖be going to +动词原形‖也可表示将来时,表示将要发生的事,打算或决定要做的事。 I think it is going to snow.我看要下雪。 b)一般将来时的用法: 1)表示将要发生的动作或情况; 2) 不以人的意志为转移,肯定要发生的事情。The day after tomorrow will be National Day.后天是国庆日。

c) 一般将来时的时间状语标志词:

1.含tomorrow; next短语;

2.in+段时间 ;

3.how soon;

4.by+将来时间; …

6.祈使句句型中:7.在时间/条件状语从句中, 如果从句用一般现在时, 主句用将来时

8.another day

2、in 与 after的区别 in是指以现在时间为起点的―在一段时间以后‖。也可以表示―在将来多少时间之内‖,句子中的谓语动词要用一般将来时态;after常指以过去时间为起点的―一段时间之后‖,所以它与过去时态连用。当after指某个特定的未来时刻或日期之后,或指以将来某一时间为起点的若干时间之后时,它可以与将来时态连用。

例句:I'll be back in half an hour. 我半小时后就回来.

本句中的in作"以后"解,不能用after代替。

第- 54 -页

after和in都可以表示"以后"的意思,其区别是:

1)after以过去为起点,表示过去一段时间以后,常用于过去时态的句子。例如:

They started working after lunch. 他们是午餐后开始工作的。

The film was shown after the meeting. 电影是会议结束以后放的。

2)in以现在为起点,表示将来一段时间以后,常用于将来时态的句子。如:

They will start working in half an hour. 他们将在半小时后开始工作。 The film will be shown in 2 or 3 days. 这部电影将在两三天后上映。

3)在某个特定的时间以后,after也可用于将来时态的句子。例如: They will start working after 10 am. 他们将在上午10点以后开始工作。 The film will be shown after 5 o'clock. 这部电影将于4点以后上映。

4) “after+一段时间”或“一段时间+later”表示“(在过去某个时间看来)一段时间之后”。

He went home after two days.

他两天后回家了。

Three years later,she had a baby.

三年后,她生了一个婴儿。

征对性练习

一. 根据句意,用括号中动词的适当形式填空。

1. We________(go) fishing tomorrow.

2. What are you going________(do) this evening?

第- 55 -页

3. —Would you like to play football with us?

—I'd love to. But I________(help) my mother after lunch.

4. —Is your brother in?

—Yes. But he____(leave) for Egypt soon.

5. —What time________we________ (start)?

—At eight tomorrow morning.

二.请在下列各题空格处填入shall或will。

1.You ______ not drive through a red light.

2.I ______ do everything for her.

3.______ you help me with this heavy bag, John?

4.______ I help you with that heavy bag, Madam?

5.Let's go and take a walk after dinner, ____ we?

6."No one ______ leave the classroom if I haven't said Okay," said the teacher.

7.It ______ soon be over, I am sure.

8.Do what you ______ , but don't go out.

9.I ______ take you there with me, if it's OK with your mother.

10.Rain or shine, I ______ come.

3.fall的短语:n.秋天,秋季

v.掉落,掉下

(1)fall behind:落在······的后面

e.g. Work harder,or you will fall behind others.

(2)fall off:从······上掉下来

第- 56 -页

e.g. Mary fell off the ladder last night.

(3)fall in love with

(4) fall over

4、There be结构

英语中,There be句型常表示某处有某人或某物。

例如:There are always more than one hundred birds in the big tree every evening. 每天傍晚那棵大树上总会有100多只小鸟。

一、There be句型的用法:

1)There与be中间可插入一些表示推测的情态动词、表示时态的短语和一些动词短语,以强调某种语气。

例如:There must be some flowers in the box. 盒子里肯定有些鲜花。

There happened to be some money in my pocket.我的口袋里碰巧有一些钱。 There will be a meeting this afternoon.注意:be不能换成have及have的变化形式。

2)There be句型常与过去时间状语连用,构成一些固定句型,用于故事发生的开头,交代故事发生的时间。

例如:Many years ago,there was such a beautiful girl called Cindy.很久以前有一个叫Cindy的美丽女孩。

3)There be句型可换成There come / go,以引起注意,加强语气。

例如:There comes the bus.公共汽车来了。

4)There be句型或There加其他动词的句型,其动词的单复数,常采用就近一致的原则。

第- 57 -页

例如:There is a desk, two chairs and three benches in the room. There are two chairs, a desk and three benches in the room.

5)There be或There加其他动词的句型,其反意疑问句一律用…there? 例如:There is a cat in the garden, isn't there? There used to be no house here, used there / did there?(过去这儿没有房子,是吗?)

二、使用There be句型时应注意:

1、there be 结构中的be是可以运用各种时的。

There is going to be a meeting tonight. 今晚有个会议。

There was a knock at the door. 有人敲门。

There has been a girl waiting for you. 有个女孩一直在等你。

There will be rain soon.不久天就要下雨了。

2. 动词be单复数形式要跟there be之后的真正的主语一致。并且要根据就近一致原则来变换be的单复数形式。

如:There is a book on the desk.课桌上有一本书。

How many people are there in the city? 这个城市里有多少人口。

There is a pen and two books on the desk. 课桌上有一个钢笔和两本书。

3. 在there be引起的句子结构中,用来修饰主语的不定式主动形式和被动 形式均可。 There is no time to lose (= to be lost).时间紧迫。 There is nothing to see (=to be seen).看不见有什么。

There is nothing to do.(=to be done) 无事可做。

4、There is no doing.(口语)不可能…….

第- 58 -页

There is no telling when he will be back.

无法知道他什么时候回来。

There is no knowing what he is doing.

无法知道他在做什么。

4、.there be与have的区别: 1)含义不同。there be表示的是―某地(时)有某人(物)‖,强调―存在关系‖。Have则表示―某人(物)所有‖,强调―所属关系‖。如, There is a bus in your factory.(公共汽车不一定属于我们厂所有) Our factory has a bus.(公共汽车属于我们厂所有) 2)句型不同。there be句型为―There be +某人(物)+某时(地)‖;have 句型为―某人(物)+have(has)+某物(人)。如There isn‘t a cat under the chair. She doesn‘t have two brothers. 3)当表示某物的构成和组成部分时,用there be和have 均可。如,Our school has sixty classes.= There are sixty classes in our school.我们学校有60个班。 【注意】there be句型中有两个或多个并列主语时,须根据就近原则,be与最靠近的主语在数上保持一致。如,There are two eggs and a cup of milk on the table. There be句型的将来时表达方式:肯定:There will be…否定:There won‘t be…一般疑问句:Will there be….? Yes, there will. No, there won‘t.

相关练习:

1. There ___ any rice in the bowl.

A. are B. is C. isn‘t D. aren‘t

2.There___ not ___ milk in the cup .

A. are, many B. are , much

C. is ,many D. is ,much

3.There ___ many apples on the tree last year. A. have been B. were C. are D. is

4.Do you know if ___ a meeting next Sunday ?

A. there was going to have

第- 59 -页

B. there was going to be

C. is there going to be

D. there will be

5.- Is this the last exam we have to take ?

- No, but there ____ another test three months later.

A. will be going to B. is

C. will be D. has been

6.There ______ great changes in such kind of computers in the last few years.

A. is B. are C. will be D. have been

7.There _____ a film tomorrow evening. A.will have B.have

C.is going to be D.has

8.There ____ a school at the foot of thehill. A.have B.stand

C.are D.stands

9.There's going to ____ in tomorrow's newspapers.

A. have something new

B. have new something

C. be something new

D. be new something

10.There is some milk in the bottle, ____ ?

A.isn't there B.aren't there

C.isn't it D.are there

11.How many boys ____ there in Class one? A. be B. is C. are D. 第- 60 -页

am

12.There ____ a lot of good news in today's newspaper.

A. is B. are C. was D. were

13_ any flowers on both sides of the street ?

A.Is there B.Are there C.Has D.Have

14. There ____ great changes in our country since 1982.

A. have been B. were C. has been D. are

15. There is little water in the glass, ____ ?

A. isn't there B. isn't it

C. is it D. is there

16. ----There is no air or water on the moon. Is there? --- ____.

A. Yes, there are B. No, there isn't

C. Yes, there isn't D. No, there is

17.----What did you see in the basket then ? ----There ____ a bottle of orange and some oranges.

A. is B. are C. was D. were

18. ____ any flowers on both sides of the street ? A. Is there B. Are there

C. Has D. Have 19. ____ is there on the table? A. How many apples B. How much bread C. How much breads D. How many food 20. There isn't ____ paper in the box. Will you go and get some for me? A. any B. some C. a D. an 4、every day与everyday区别: every day名词短语,表示―每天‖,通常与一般现在时连用;而everyday形容词,表示―日常的,每天发生的,每日所用的‖。 例如: I get up at six every day. 我每天6点起床。

第- 61 -页

He wears everyday clothes today.今天他穿一身便服。 Wear、put on、have..in的区别 wear表示―穿‖,表示状态,用一般现在时表示经常状态,用现在进行时表示暂时状态。 eg.We wear our rain boots on a rainy day. 我们在下雨天穿雨鞋。 She is wearing a new coat. 她穿着一件新衣服。 Does he wear glasses? 她戴眼镜吗? put on是―穿上‖,―戴上‖的意思,强调动作。 eg.She put on a red coat and went out. 她穿上红色大衣出去了。 注意:put on是一时的动作,不能跟表示一段时间的状语连用。 他整天戴着草帽。 误:He puts on a hat all day. 正:He wears a hat all day 5、. be worth doing值得; be worthy of doing, be worthy to do值得 6、Seem的用法: 1)seem to do似乎…He seems to think so. 2)It seems that看来…It seems that he is lying. 3) seem +adj./n.好象是… He seems ill. 7、would like sth意思为―想要某物―; would like to do意思为 ―想要做某事‖。回答would like句型的一般疑问句时,其肯定回答为 ―Yes, please.‖;否定回答―No, thanks‖或 ―I‘d like /love to, but….‖ 8、.make sb. do; make +n+adj.; make friends with sb.; make +n./ pron.+n. 9、. Such作形容词,意思是―如此的‖―这样的‖,修饰各种名词。 ? Such这样的。如It is such bad weather.天气如此恶劣。 ? Such常和as搭配,表示一种类别。如We enjoy such a voice as hers.我们喜欢象她那样的嗓子。 ? Such常和表示结果的that从句搭配,表示―如此….以至于…‖如 It was such a hot day that we all had to stay at home. ? Such…that…和so…that…都可用来引出一个结果状语从句。由于such是形容词,所以that从句前有一个受such修饰的名词;而so 是副词,用以修饰形容词或副词,因此that从句前一般不出现名词。如 They are such kind-hearted teachers that people in the village all respect them. The exam was so difficult that many students failed to pass it. a) 如果名词是可数名词的单数形式,such和so的位置不同: such+a/an+形容词+单数名词 so+形容词+a/an+单数名词 b) 如果名词是不可数名词或名词复数,只可用such,不能用so.: such+形容词+不可数名词或复数名词 c) 如果被修饰的不可数名词被much, little, 或复数名词被many, few等表示 第- 62 -页

量的形容词修饰时,用so,不用such. d) 当little表示―年纪小的‖时,可用such+little+名词 There were such little children that they couldn‘t clean the room. 10、 people, person, folks, human: people―人们―全体;person ―人‖(不分年龄,性别它包括men, women, children.它可做people的单数形式可以说every person但不能说one people. Person指―人们‖时着重个体;folks―人们‖,指一般人或特殊年龄位置,境遇等特殊级的人;human主要用来区别于其他动物。 11、be able to 为―能,会‖,表示能力,在这个意义上与can的意思相同,一般情况下两者可以互换,但can只有现在式和过去式(could)而be able to则用于更多的时态,主要体现在be的变化。两者在用法上有一些差异:can (could)表示主观能力不表示意愿,它的将来时用will be able to而 be able to表示主观意愿强调克服困难做某事。 12.Fee-fed-fed. Feed sth to sb把…食物给…; feed sb on sth

13.use的短语:

(1)be used by:被······使用

e.g. Rockets are used by astronauts.

(2)use sth. to do sth.:使用某物做某事

e.g. He often uses the computer to study.

14、will与would的区别 一、will 1.表示意志、意愿,有―愿、要‖之意。例如: 1) We will fight on until final victory is won. 2) I will do my best to help you. 3) She will not shove the heavy load on to others. 2.在疑问句中用于第二人称,表示说话人向对方提出请求或询问对方的意思,有―你………好吗、你愿………‖。例如: 1) Will you help me with my work? 2) Will you join our discussion? 3.表示习惯、经常性、倾向性,有―惯于、总是‖等意义。例如: Every morning he will have a walk along this river. 4.在if ,when ,until等连词引导的表示时间或条件的从句中要用一般时表将来,但在if 从句中有时为了表示意愿也可用will ,有―愿意‖的意思。例如: 1) If you will read this article ,you will realize you are wrong. 2) If they won?t help us ,we can not finish the task within one month. 二、would 1.Will 的过去式,表示对过去时间的意志、意愿、决心,有―愿、要、偏 第- 63 -页

要‖的意思。例如: 1) I promised that I would do my best. 2) I told him not to go ,but he would not listen to me. 2.表示请求或个人的想法、看法,使语气婉转,有―愿、倒‖等意思,例如: 1) Would you please take a seat? 2) Would you mind opening the window? 3) I would like to express my thanks to you. 3.表示过去习惯性的动作,着重动作的重复,有―总是、总会‖等意思。例如: On Sundays he would come to our village and work with us. 4.表示虚拟、假设、条件等,有―要、将要、会、就会‖等意思。例如 1) If you had come earlier ,you would have seen him. 2) It would be better to adopt the new method. 注意: 1)would like; Would like to do = want to 想要,为固定搭配。 Would you like to go with me? 2)Will you…? Would you like…? 表示肯定含义的请求劝说时,疑问句中一般用some, 而不是any. Would you like some cake? 3)否定结构中用will,一般不用would, won't you是一种委婉语气。 Won't you sit down?

16、hundred 的用法

one hundred students

three hundred books

five hundred trees

hundreds of students/books /trees

16、alone adj.(只作表语 adv. 独自;单独

He was alone in the house他一个人在屋里 。

I went to the movies alone,I felt lonely. 我独自去看电影了,我觉得很孤独。

[注] alone

表示―单独的,独自一人的‖,不含感情色彩.做形容词时,只能在be动 第- 64 -页

词或系动词之后做表语与lonely不同,lonely表示―孤独的,寂寞的‖含有丰富的感情色彩.lonely做形容词时,可做定语和表语。如: a lonely village 孤寂的村庄.

17、seem 与 look 的区别:

seem 和 look 的意思相同,但它们的着重点不同,用法有相同之处,也有一些差别? seem 指说话人内心的主观判断,而 look 则强调从所述事物外表上看得出的视觉印象?

1. 两者后面都可接形容词?名词?动词不定式 to be 及介词短语?例如: She seems/looks a nice teacher. 她看上去是个好老师?

My mother seems/looks tired. 我母亲似乎很疲倦?

The patient seemed/looked(to be) very ill. 那病人似乎病得很重?

2. 两者后面都可接 as if 引导的表语从句,但 seem 的主语一般是 it,而 look 的主语可以是 it,也可以是其他的名词或代词?例如:

She looked as if she slept badly. 看她那样子仿佛没有睡好?

下列几种情况下不能用 look 取代 seem:

1. seem 后面接动词不定式 to do 时?例如:

My father seemed to know the news. 我父亲好像知道这个消息?

2. 在―it seems/seemed that...‖句式中?例如: It seemed that you were lying. 看来你在撒谎!

3. 在―there seems/seemed + 动词不定式‖句式中?例如:

There seems to be many young people at the concert. 好像有许多年青人在 第- 65 -页

听音乐会?

重点强化

I一般现在时,一般过去时,现在进行时 的区别。

1 I _____ (be) a little kid ten years ago.

I _____ (be) a middle school student now.

I _____(be) a college student in five years.

2 She______ (not have ) a pet parrot five years ago. She _____( have) a parrot now.

She ______ (have ) a car in five years

II(划线提问) ____________________________________

相关练习

( ) 1 There ____ an English speech contest tomorrow afternoon in our school.

A will have B will is

C is going to have D will be

( ) 2 In ten years Joe _____ an astronaut.

A is B was C will is D will be

( ) 3 He is very happy , because he _____ in a big apartment next year.

A live B lives

C will live D will living

4 There will be less pollution ,_______________ ? (反义疑问句) 第- 66 -页

5 Kids will go to school (否定句)____________________________________ (划线提问)

____________________________________

7 What is the weather like today? (用将来时改写)

What ___ the weather _______ tomorrow?

8 There ___ (be) less free time in the future.

9 He ___ (ride) his bike to school tomorrow.

10 Tom __________ (write) a letter this morning, and he _________(send) it to his father this evening.

11 Kate often ______ (watch) TV at night, but this evening she _______ (watch) a new movie in the cinema.

12I _____ (study) in high school ten years ago, and now I ___ (be) a college student.

In ten years I _____ (be) a lawyer.

(II) fewer 与less及more表数量的用法。

试翻译下列短语

1 更少的高建筑物_______________

2 更多的搞建筑物_______________

3 更少的污染 _______________

4 更多的污染 _______________

5 更少的空闲时间 _______________

6 更多的空闲时间 _______________

第- 67 -页

7 更少的机器人 _______________ 8 更多的机器人_______________

看图表,用more,less或 fewer 完成练习。 人物:Littleton,New York

In 100 years…

1. There will be ___________ houses.

2. There will be ___________ pollution.

3. There will be ___________ schools.

4. There will be ___________ people.

5. There will be ___________ snow.

6. There will be ______ movie theaters. (III)be able to do sth

第- 68 -页

注意(1)be的形式(2)动词用 to do

1 、He ______ (be) able _____ (get )good grades next year.

2 、I ______ (be) able to _____ (go) climbing with my friends last Sunday. 3 、She _____ (be) able to play the piano well.

4 、They _____ (be) able to visit Shang hai last year.

(VI) 试完成下列划线部分提问 ____ ____ the weather ____ today?

____ _____ the weather today? __ ___ the weather __ ___ tomorrow?

___ __ the weather ____ tomorrow?

__ ____ ____ life _____ ___?

_____ ___ your life ______ ?

第三关语法关

一、基础练习 (1)

1My little son isn‘t old enough to ____ himself

A wear B put in C dress D be in

2 There ____ a football game on TV tonight

第- 69 -页

A is going to be B will have C is going to be D is having

3 It ____ that Lucy knew everything about it

A seem B looks like C seemed D looked like

4 There are about two _____ volunteers planting trees

A hundred B hundreds

C hundred of D hundreds of

5 Don‘t make the kids ____this or that ,or they will be tired

A doing B did C do D to do

6 We find ____ useful to learn a foreign language

A that B this C it D \

7-How soon will he come back?-__ _ two days.

A. Before B. after C. in D. for

8 If you want to be healthier, you must eat ____food and do ____ exercise.

A. little, many B. much, few

C. fewer, less D. less, more

9 I hope my dream ____ true in the future.

A. comes B. came

C. will come D. to come

10 Mr Green ___ out this morning. He____ back this evening.

A. goes, is B. went. Was

C. went, will D. went. will be

I1 hope everything ___ free in twenty years.

第- 70 -页

A. is B. was C. will D. will be

12 Kate likes singing ____ because she's very shy.

A. along B. alone C. lonely D. longly

13 Will you go skating tomorrow? _______.

A. Yes, I won't B. No, I don't

C. Yes, I'll. D. No, I won't.

14. -Will you please go skating with me ?-__ _.

A. Sure. B. No, I don't

C. Yes, I'll. D. No, I won't.

15 Would you like to have a try? Yes, very much. It ____ to be exciting.

A. seems B. seemed

C. is look D. seem

练习:用括弧中动词的适当形式填空

1. When ____Mike ____(arrive)here tomorrow?

2. He____(be)back in three hours.

3. I____ (buy) a house when we save enough money.

4. They____(make)progress soon.

5. If he isn't free tomorrow,he____(not take)part in the party.

6. If he ___(have)time,he___(go)to the cinema that night.

7. We won't go until you___(come)soon.

8. If she___(return)I___(let) you know.

第- 71 -页

9. We___(send)for a doctor if you___(be)not better in the evening.

10. She_____(have)a concert the next year.

句型转换

1. Sally will be a player in six years.(提问)

_____ ______ Sally be in six years?

2. The weather will be sunny soon.(提问)

____ ____ the weather ____ ____ soon?

3. She'll take a train to Beijing.( 否定)

She _____ _____ a train to Berijing.

4. I'll play tennis with Lucy.(疑问) ____ _____ play tennis with Lucy?

5. He'll go skating on the next day off.(提问)

____ _____ he ____ on the next day off?

6. It's rainning now.(用soon替换now)

It _____ ______ soon.

7. There was a tree near the river.( 用next year改写句子)

There____ ____ a tree near the river next year.

8. Will they stay at home on Sunday? (否定回答)______, _____ _____.

9. There will be more people in the future. (疑问people in the future?

10. I think she'll arrive here 2 hours later.(否定)

I ____ think she ____ arrive here 2 hours later.

第- 72 -页

Unit 8 How do you make a banana milk shake? 【知识梳理】

第- 73 -页

第- 74 -页

【课文解析】

1.Turn on the blender.打开果汁机。

turn on打开(电器等),其反义词是turn off关上(电器等)。

turn on the light打开电灯

turn off the radio关上收音机

【辨析】turn on与open

(1)rum on表示―打开(电灯、自来水开关、煤气、无线电等)‖。

Please turn on the radio.请打开收音机。

(2)open表示―敞开,展开;使……露在外面‖。

Open the window please.It's too hot in the room.请打开窗户,房间里太热 第- 75 -页

了。

turn on的反义词组为rum off(关上),其中on和off均为副词,如果宾语是代词,必须放在词组中间且用宾格形式。类似的词组还有:turn up调高,开大;turn down调低,关小。

He turned on the light after he came in.他进来后开了灯。

Don't forget to turn off the light when you leave.你离开时别忘了关灯。 2.cut up 切碎

cut up为动词短语,意为―切碎‖,此时它的宾语为某物,相当于cut...into small pieces,即―把某物切成小块‖。

We should cut up the tomatoes.我们应该把西红柿切碎。

cut up宾语为某人时,意为―(严重地)割伤,打伤‖。

第- 76 -页

How many bananas do we need?我们需要多少香蕉?

How many引导特殊疑问句表示―多少‖,后边跟可数名词的复数形式。 How many pears do you want:?你想要多少梨?

How many people are there,in your family?你家有几口人?

7.How much yogurt do we need?我们需要多少酸奶?

How much表示―多‖,引导特殊疑问句,后边跟不可数名词。How much还有―多少钱‖的意思,用来询问物品的价格。

How much water is there in the bottle?瓶子里有多少水?

第- 77 -页

How much ls the jacket?这件夹克衫多少钱?

need既可作实义动词,也可作情态动词。

(1)need!作实义动词时,可用于各种句型之中。

How many bananas do you need?你需要几个香蕉?

You don't need tn do it at once.你不必马上做那件事。

一Does she need to come?需要她来吗?

一Yes,she does./一No,she doesn't.是的。/不,她不必来。

(2)need怍情态动词时,只用于否定句、疑问句和条件句,后面必须接动词原形。

You needn't go this week.本周你不必去。

一Need he go at once?他马上就得走吗?

一Yes,he must./一No,he needn't.是的,他必须马上走。/不,他不必马上走。

注意:用must引导的问句,肯定回答常用must,否定回答常用needn't。 一Must I go now?我现在必须走吗?

一Yes,you must./一No,you needn't.是的,你必须走。/不,你不必走。

Let’s make fruit salad.我们做水果沙拉吧。

Let's=Let us让我们,咱们

let后的动词不定式不带to,即let sb.do sth.让某人干某事。

Let Li Lei do it.让李雷做这件事吧。

Let us go and help the old man.让我们去帮助那位老人吧。

第- 78 -页

注意:Let us以缩写为Let's,但Let's和Let us所构成的祈使句意义并不完全相同。Let's...―让我们……‖,包括说话方和对方在内;其反义疑问句形式用shall We。

Let's go fishing,shall we?咱们去钓鱼吧,好吗?(包含说话方和对方在内) Let us..―让我们……‖,不包括对方在内,具有请求允许的意味,其反意疑问句形式是will you?

Let us go,will you?让我们去,好吗?(us只指说话方,不包含对方) 9good idea好主意

这是用于应答提出的建议时常用的句子。good idea前不用冠词。 一Let's go fishing.让我们去钓鱼吧。

一Good idea.好主意。

That's a good idea.那是个好主意。

Finally adv最后

finally为副词,意为―最后,最终‖,可位于句首、句中或句尾,位于句中时,要放在be等助动词之后,行为动词之前。

I fina11y worked out the problem.我最后做出了那道题。

[辨析:finally,at last与in the end

(1)finally最后,只指一系列事物或论点的顺序,一般不带感情色彩: He tried many times.and finally succeeded.他尝试了多次,最后成功了。

(2)at last有时可与finally互换,但往往用于一番拖延或曲折之后,因而带有较浓厚的感情色彩,表示不耐烦、放心、如愿等。

He has finished speaking at last他终于说完了!

第- 79 -页

At last I have obtained my wish.我的愿望终于实现了。

(3)in the end终于,可用于预测将来;finally,at last则不能。

He will be a scientist in the end.最终他会成为一名科学家。

First adv 首先

first用作副词,意为―首先‖;用作序数词表示―第一‖;用作形容词表示―第一流的,首要的‖;用作名词表―开端‖、―冠军‖。

January is the first month of the year.一月是一年里的第一个月。

【辨析】first与at first

(1)first一般表示按顺序开始,可说first of all首先/for the first time初次。 First,I‘ll tell you good news.首先,我要告诉你们好消息。

(2)at first为―起先,开头‖之意,暗示与后来的事情动作不同,与at the beginning同义。

At first,we were not good friends.起初我们不是好朋友。

first常构成的词组:

first of all首先,第一 first or last迟早,早晚

from first to last自始至终,一贯

then put in two teaspoons of honey and a cup of yogurt。然后放入凉茶勺蜂蜜和一茶杯酸奶。

two teaspoons of"两茶匙…一·‖和a cup of"一茶杯……‖,分别用来表示不可数名词honey"蜂蜜‖和yogurt"酸奶‖的量。表容器的名词是可数名词,由其前面的数词决定其单复数形式。

These three pieces of paper are hers.这三张纸是她的。

第- 80 -页

注意:不可数名词没有复数形式,不能与a/an连用,不能用数词修饰,但不可数名词前可加some,a little,any,no等词,也可与―量词+of"这种形式搭配,表示数量的多少。不可数名词没有复数形式,但它前边的量词可以有复数。

常见的用于表示不可数名词的量的短语还有:

a glass of一杯……a bag of一袋……

a box of一箱…… a bottle of一瓶……

a bowl of一碗……a cup of一杯……

mix it all up把所有的东西一起进行搅拌。

mix up为动词短语,意为―混合在一起,弄错,弄乱‖。up为副词,故也适用―代词放中间(动、副词之间),名词放两边(副词两边)‖的口诀。

Someone has mixed up all the ingredients.有人已经把所有的配料都混在一起了。

(1)表示―把……和……混在一起/混/掺和,融合‖,常用mix A with B或mix A and B(together)的形式。

Oil doesn't mix with water.油不溶于水。

(2)mixture是mix的名词,意为―混合,结合体,混合体‖。

The city is a mixture of old and new buildings.这座城市是新老建筑的混合体。

14.Add salt to the noodles.把盐加到面条里。

(1)add...to…把……加到……上

Will you please add a few notes to the article?请你给这篇文章加些注释好吗? 第- 81 -页

Add 4 to 6 and you have 1o.4加6等于lo。

(2)add to增添,补充

The wonderful song added to our pleasure.悦耳的歌声给我们增添了欢乐。

15.First,put some relish on a slice of bread.首先,在一片面包上放些调料。 put...on...意为―把……放在……上‖,常用于把某物放于另一物体的表面上。

Could you put the box on the desk?你可以把这个箱子放到书桌上吗? put on意为―穿上/戴上(衣服、鞋、帽等)‖。

It's raining outside.Put on your raincoat.外面下雨了,穿上你的雨衣。 put还常与其他副词连用,构成动词短语,表达不同的意义。常见的有: put away把……收起来/整理好

put down放下,记下 put up把……挂起来/举起来 put off拖延

a slice of...意为―一薄片·…_.‘‘,常用来指不可数名词的量。slice有单复数的变化,以表达不可数名词的多少。

I have had some slices of roast beef.我已经吃了几片烧牛肉了。

slice还可作动词,意为―把……切成(薄)片‖.,其后可用up,也可以省略。 Let's slice(up)the onions.让我们把洋葱切成片儿。

16.Super Chicken Sandwich。超级鸡肉三明治。

(1)super相当于excellent/splendid,表示―超级的,极好的‖。

We had a super meal.我们吃了一顿极好的饭。

(2)另外,super还可用作前缀,后加另一名词,构成一个新名词。 supermarket超市 superpower超级大国

第- 82 -页

superman超人 supermodel超级名模

chicken n.作定语,修饰另一名词sandwich。一般情况下,名词作定语时在数上不受它修饰的名词的影响而用其单数。

a banana tree一棵香蕉树two apple trees两棵苹果树

但是当表示性别的man,woman作定语时,在数上要随它所修饰的名词的单复数而变化。

a man teacher一位男教师

two women doctors两位女医生

l 7.Then cut up an onion and a tomato。然后切一个洋葱和一个西红柿。 cut up这里意为―切碎‖。此句中的―洋葱‖和―西红柿‖分别用不定冠词an和a修饰,泛指单一、每一、任一事物。

1 want to buy a pen.我想买一支钢笔。 【辨析】a,an与one

a/an都是冠词,a用在以辅音音素开头的单数名词前;an用在以元音音素开头的单数名词前。

I have a sister.我有一个姐姐。

He is eating an egg.他正在吃一个鸡蛋。

(1)不定冠词a,an可表达―一个‖,主要强调事物的类别;而基数词one更强调数字概念。

I have one brother.我有一个哥哥。(不是两个,强调个数)

(2)若有only(只有),just(仅仅)这样的词修饰,表达―一个‖时,只能用one,而不能用不定冠词a或an。

第- 83 -页

Now we have only one way.现在我们只有一个方法。

(3)one可以作代词,其复数形式为ones,而a/an是冠词,没有复数形式。 These magazines are too old.Do you have some new ones?这些杂志太旧了,你有新的吗?(ones代替magazines)

(4)a用于以辅音音素开头的可数名词单数前。如:a pen,a cup等;an用于以元音音素开头的可数名词单数前。如:an apple。An hour等;而one可用于所有可数名词单数前。如:one

bus.one egg等。

18.finally,put another slice of bread on the top.最后,在上面放上另一片面包。

another是由an+ other构成的不定代词,意为―另一‖。通常用在单数名词前,且其前不再使用冠词。它表示三者或三者以上的人或事物中任意的另外一个。

I don't like the red hat.Please give me another one.我不喜欢这顶红帽子,请再给我一顶。‘

(1)another后一般接单数名词,但是,其后可接带有few或数词的复数名词。 I have another, three questions to ask.我还有三个问题要问。

(2)another后加数词,表达―再,又几个‖,可与数词+more进行互换。

I'm too hungry.I want to eat another two/two more(cakes).我太饿了,我想再吃两块(蛋糕)。(前面已经吃过一块或几块)

on the top意为―在上面,在顶部‖;也常写作on top。

Stand on top and look down.站在顶上俯视。

第- 84 -页

on top of意为―在……上面,在……上方‖。

Books were piled on top of one another.书一本本地摞在一起。

at the top《意为―在……顶部/顶端‖。

Write your name at the top of the paper.把你的名字写在这页纸的顶端。

all与both

all与both都表示―都‖,但all用于三者或三者以上,而both只能用于两者之间。

All of us like English.我们大家都喜欢英语。

They both like English.他们俩都喜欢英语。

第- 85 -页

21. slices of duck烤鸭片

duck意为―鸭子,鸭肉‖,duck变复数时加s,作群体名词时不变。 duckling n.小鸭子chick n.小鸡chicken n.鸡肉,小鸡

Unit 9 Can you come to my party?知识点

Language goal:

1. Say yes or no to invitations

2. Give reasons

3. 复习情态动词 have to 的用法,以及―be + ving‖的结构。

也就是用现在进行时表示将来已计划好的事情。

Structure

1. Can you come to my party?

2. 情态动词 Model verb: ―have to‖

3. I'm going to …

Vocabulary

I'd love to 我很愿意 Thanks for asking. 谢谢你的邀请。

calendar 日历 the day after tomorrow 后天 第- 86 -页

前天 the day before yesterday invitation 邀请(n.) invite (v. 动词)

school team 校队 whole 全部的(the whole world 全世界)

come over to 从一个地方来到另一个地方;过去 help 帮助 discuss v. 讨论、商讨(n. discussion) till 到……之时,直至 Target Language

1. Can you come to my party? 你能来我的聚会吗? Sure, I'd love to. 当然,我很愿意。

2. Can you go to the movies ? I'm sorry. I have to help my mom.

你能去看电影吗?对不起,我必须帮我妈妈。

3. Can she go to the baseball game? No, she can't. She has to study for a test.

她能去棒球赛吗?不能,她不得不为考试学习。

4. Can they go to the concert? No, they can't. They're going to a party. 他们能去音乐会吗?不能,他们将去(参加)聚会。

在我们日常生活中经常会邀请同学或朋友一起和我们做什么,应该怎么说呢?

第- 87 -页

(1) 你周三能来我的生日会吗? Can you come to my birthday party on Wednesday?

(2) 你能和我一起打网球吗? Can you play tennis with me?

(3) 你明天晚上能来我的家吗?(come over to)

Can you come over to my house tomorrow evening?

(4) 她后天能去听音乐会吗?Can she go to the concert the day after tomorrow?

(5) 他们能去看电影吗? Can they go to the movie?

这些句子中―can‖表示―可能性‖。

(1) 这些表示邀请的句子,我们都可以用情态动词 can 来表示―可能‖―能够‖。

表示一种可能性。

(2) 在此之前,我们还见过 can 表示―能力‖―能、会‖。

如:She can run fast, but I can't. 她能跑得很快,而我不能。

(3) 另外我们还学过 can 表示许可、允许。如:

We can listen to music in the music class.我们能在音乐课上听音乐。 We can't run in the hallways. 我们不能在走廊里跑。

第- 88 -页

2. 学会了如何邀请他人做某事,我们也应该知道如何对别人的邀请说愿意或表示拒绝,并学会如何讲清原因。如:当同学邀请你去看电影时,你非常愿意。 那么你就应该说:

Sure! I'd love to.或说:Sure! I'd like to.

注意在这两种中―to‖不能省掉,否则意思不完整,不能说:I'd like 或 I'd love. I'd love to 比 I'd like to 表达程度更深一些。'd = would

I'd love to = I would love to.如果我们有事不能去,我们可以说:非常感谢你的邀请,但很抱歉我不能去。

Thank you very much for your invitation.或说:Thanks for asking. I'm sorry, I can't.

接下来我们应该陈述理由。如:(1) 我必须帮助我的妈妈。 I have to help my mom.

(2) 我们将要踢足球去。 We are playing soccer.

(3) 他不得不为数学考试学习。 He has to study for the math test.

重点词组和句型

一.重点词组

1. come to the party 来(参加)聚会 2. on Saturday afternoon 在星期六下午

3. How / What about you? 你怎样? 4. I'd love / like to. 我(很)乐意/愿意。

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5. study for the chemistry test 为化学考试而学习6. have a (piano) lesson 上钢琴课

7. visit / see sb. 拜访某人 8. go to the doctor 去看医生

9. have to do sth. 不得不做某事 10. help my mom with housework 帮妈妈做家务

11. go to the movies 去看电影 12. go to the concert 去(看)音乐会

13. go to the baseball match /game 去(看)棒球赛 14. go to the mall 去商业街

15. too much homework 太多作业 16. another time 下次

17. Thanks for asking. 谢谢(你的)邀请。 18. have fun/have a good time 玩得开心点

19. the day after tomorrow 后天 20. the day before yesterday 前天

21. have tennis training 进行网球训练 22. call/telephone sb. 打电话给某人

23. keep quiet 保持安静 24. finish the geography project 完成地理课题/作业

25. watch the football math 观看足球赛 26. go to the culture club 去文化俱乐部

27. the whole day / all day 一整天 the whole week / year 一整周/年

28. come over to my house 顺道来我家 29. discuss the science 第- 90 -页

report 谈论科学报告

30. be free = have time 空闲的 31. invite me to his birthday party 邀请我去他的生日聚会

二.重点句型

Invitation(邀请):

Can you come to my party? Would you like to come to my party?

Acceptation(接受邀请): Sure / Certainly / Of course, I'd love / like to. Yes, I'd love /like to.

Declination(拒绝邀请): 1. I'm sorry, I can't. I have to/must …

Sorry, I'd love to. But I have to … But I am V-ing …

2. What day is it today / tomorrow / the day after tomorrow? (询问星期)It is Wednesday.

What is the date today / tomorrow / the day after tomorrow? (询问日期)It is Nov. 2nd.

What's / is today?(询问日期和星期)It is Wednesday Nov. 2nd.

What day was it yesterday / the day before yesterday?It was Tuesday. What was the date yesterday / the day before yesterday?It was Nov. 1st. What was yesterday / the day before yesterday?It was Tuesday Nov. 1st.

3. That's too bad. Maybe another time.

4. Come and have fun.

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5. Thanks a lot for asking / inviting me.= Thank you very much for your invitation.

6. I have tennis training with the school team.

7. Please keep quiet! I'm trying to study.

8. Can you come over to my house? Can you come over to my house on Wednesday?

Can you come over to my house to discuss the science report?

9. I am free till 10:00 pm.

1.

2. 如何邀请别人—Can you come to my party? 学会礼貌的给予答复—

肯定回答:Sure, I‘d love to; Sure, I‘d like to; That would be nice, thanks!

否Sorry, I can‘t.; No, thanks.; I‘d love to, but I‘m afraid I have no time. I‘m afraid not

3. 情态动词can / have to/ need/ must (较难点)

can 是能不能,能够做某事; have to, 不得不,强调客观上的原因迫使不得不去做某事; need 有没有必要,需不需要做某事;must 是必须做某事,具有强制性的意味。

4.时间状语前的介词的复习:星期、具体日期、具体某一天的早上、下午、晚上用on;

On Sunday, on October 4th, on Monday morning/ afternoon/ evening, on a cold night…

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年份、 月份、季节,在早上、下午、晚上用in.

In 1999, in November, in the morning/ afternoon/ evening, in summer …

注意:有了this , that, next , yesterday, tomorrow, 这些词时无介词。 This Monday, that afternoon, yesterday morning, tomorrow afternoon, next summer….

5. have a piano lesson = take a piano lesson, 上一堂钢琴课

6.太多,too much,修饰不可数名词,too many, 修饰可数名词;much too, 太。后接形容词

【巧记提示】an(一个)+other(其他的)

【经典例句】One person‘s meat is another person‘s poison.萝卜白菜,各有所爱。

1)同义词:the other2)短语:one...another... 一个……(两个以上中的)另一个……

一、知识点归纳

1.Can you come to ……? 表示面对面的邀请,或征求对方的意见 肯定回答: Sure / Yes . I‘d love to .否定回答: Sorry , I can‘t .

Can you come to my birthday party?-下周六你能参加我的生日聚会吗? =would you like to come to my party?

Sure , I‘d love to . 当然愿意

Sorry , I can‘t . I have a piano lesson.

I‘d love to, but I have to go to the doctor.

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I‘m sorry, too. I have to go to the doctor.

2 concert n. 音乐会 give a concert举行音乐会 give a piano concert举行钢琴演奏会in concert 一齐

(1)The musician will give us a violin concert in our school next week . 下周那位音乐家将在我校举行小提

(2)They acted in concert in order to find out the thief .为了查到那个小偷他们一齐行动。

3.whom 谁 (宾格)who (主格)

(1)I am going to Tibet with my uncle for vacation next year .明年我打算和我叔叔去西藏度假。 Who / Whom are you going to Tibet with for vacation next year?

(2)Who is he talking with ? = Whom is he talking with? 他在和谁说话?

(3)常见搭配for whom, to whom, with whom

4. calendar n 日历, 日程表 the lunar calendar 阴历 the solar calendar 阳历

(1) According to the school calendar , our final exam will be in February , 2009. 根据学校的日程表,我们的期末考试将在2007年一月进行。

(2)You should write everything you have to do next week on the calendar . 你应该把你下周得做的事情写在日历上。

5 tomorrow n 明天, 用于一般将来时。 the day after tomorrow 后天

(1) Today is Sunday ,so tomorrow is Monday. 今天是星期天,所以明天是星期一。

(2)Children will go sighting the day after tomorrow. 后天孩子们将去观光。 第- 94 -页

6.invite vt , 邀请 invite sb. to sp. 邀请某人去某地

(1) Thanks a lot for inviting me to your birthday party . 非常感谢你邀请我参加你的生日聚会。

invite sb. to do sth. 邀请某人做某事

(2)We invited them to join the art club. 我们邀请他们参加美术具乐部。

7.invitation n 邀请 get an invitation 收到邀请

(1) Thanks a lot for your invitation to visit your hometown next week.非常感谢你邀请我下周你们家乡游玩。

(2)Did you get an invitation to her concert ? 你收到他的音乐会的邀请了吗?

Thank you for asking!=Thanks for inviting me.=Thanks for your invititation. Thank you for your advice. Thanks for helping me.=Thanks for your help.

8.Training n 训练 锻炼 培训

(1) You can do the job after a training course 在接受培训课程之后你可能做这项工作。

(2) have …… training 进行……训练

I‘ll have basketball training with the school team next Wednesday .

下周三我将和校对一起进行蓝球训练。

9. chemistry n. 化学 have a chemistry class 上一节化学课

chemist 化学家a chemist‘s shop 药店

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(1) –Can you come to the movies with us tomorrow ? - Sorry , I can‘t . I‘ll have to study for the chemistry test.

明天你能和我一起去看电影吗?对不起, 我不能。 因为我得为化学测验学习呢。

(2Are you busy now? – Yes , I‘m having a chemistry class.你现在忙吗?是的,我在上化学课。

(3)- Who will teach us chemistry next year. 明年谁将教我们化学?

(4)My mother had a bad stomachache yesterday , so I went to a chemist‘s shop to get some medicine for stomachache. 昨天我母亲胃痛得很厉害,所以我去药店给好买了点治胃痛的药。

10.another adj又一个,再一个

(1) That‘s quite another matter. 那是另一回事。

another pron另一个, 指三个或三个以上中的另一个。

(2) I don‘t like this coat . Please show me another one. 我不喜欢这件大衣。请再给我看一件。

(3)She has three pens ,One is red ,another is black and the third one is blue.. 她有三支钢笔, 一支是红色的, 另一支是黑色的,第三支是羊兰色的。

(4)- Maybe another time. 也许下次吧

other别的 other + n(复数)

(5) We study Chinese ,math,English and other subjects at school .我们在学校学语文,数学,英语和其它的课程。

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(6)What other things can you see in the shop? 你在商店能看到其它什么东西了吗?

one …… the other一个……另一个…...(两者中的一个…...另一个…….)

(7)I have two children .One is a son . the other is a daughter.

我有两个孩子。一个是儿子,另一个是女儿。

(8)Here are two flowers. One is red, the other is white .

这儿有两朵花。一朵是红色的,另一朵是白色的。

others别人 some ……others ……一些……另一些……

(9) When he was young , he was always ready to help others. 他小的时候总是乐于助人。

(10)Some people believe it , others not .一些人相信,其他人不信。 the others表示一定范围内除去一部分以外后其余的全体。

(11)These apples are bad, but the others are all good. 这些苹果坏了,可是其余的都是好的。

11. project n. (学校里的) 课题,作业, 项目

(1) He will try to do a project on English names . 他将尽力做有关英语名字的项目。

(2)- Can you play tennis with me on Sunday ?

- Sorry ,I can‘t . I have to finish the chemistry project.

12. whole adj 整具的, 全部的 , 完整的 all 全部的

(1)在单数名词前多用whole ,在复数名词前多用all.

the whole school 整个学校 all the students 所有的学生

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(2)all 可以修饰不可数名词, whole 一般不修饰不可数名词

all the money 所有的钱all the food 所有的食品

(3 ) 在表示时间的名词前既可以用whole 也可能用all 但要注意其结构不同

all the month = the whole month

He‘s jumping and singing the whole day .

He looked at the whole school ,but he couldn‘t find it anywhere.

13. over 结束 be over 结束 come over 顺便来访, 过来 go over 过一遍,复习

over =more than 多于over and over = again and again 反反复复地

We didn‘t leave the room until the meeting was over .会议结束我们才离开房间。

(1)-Can you come to play tennis with me tomorrow ?

– Sorry , I can‘t .I‘ll have to go over all my lessons.

明天你能来和我一起打网球吗? 对不起, 我得复习所有的功课。

(2)I‘d like you to come over to my house for Mid- autumn.我想让你到我家来过中秋节。

3 I spend over two hours finishing all the homework yesterday .昨天我用了两个多小时做作业。

(4)The teacher asked mi to do my homework over and over . 老师要求我反复做作业。

14. free adj 自由的,空闲的, 免费的 be free = have time 有空

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(1) –Are you free this evening ?

(2) Please come to help me with my English if you are free.

(3) Our teachers have a free lunch every day .

15.too much 太多

I have too much homework this weekend. too much 太多+不可数名词 He talks too much.

There are too many people there. too many 太多+可数名词复数

The box is much too heavy. much too 很,非常+形容词

16.what‘t today? It‘s Thursday, the 24th.

What‘s the date today? It‘s December 24, 2009

What day is it today? It‘s Thursday.

17. 书面表达

根据提示写一封50~60词的信。

Tom 邀请Betty 参加他这周日的生日宴会,但Betty的父母出差要到下个月回来,奶奶又卧病在床,需要人照顾。再说英语考试即将来临,因此,无法前去参加生日宴会。Betty感到很抱歉,只好写信辞谢。

作文范文:

Dear Tom,

Thank you very much for inviting me to your birthday party. I'd love to go but I can't. Because my parents are out on business. They are coming back next

month. And now I have to look after my grandma because she is ill in bed. And I 第- 99 -页

also need to study for my coming Mid-term Exam. I'm very sorry but I can't go to your party. Thank you for asking me.

I hope you can have a good time.

From Betty

三、重要语法

一 用can表示客气的邀请,其肯定回答用Sure,I'd love to,否定回答用 Sorry或I‘m sorry,I can't。例如:

—Can you come to my party?

—Sure. I‘d love to.

—I'm sorry,I can‘t. I have to study for the math test.

1. have to 与情态动词的区别

情态动词不能单独作谓语,后面必须接动词原形一起构成谓语,have to 也是这样。

情态动词没有人称和数的变化,而且所用的时态也受到一定的限制,但是have to 有人称和数的变化,可用于多种时态中,在一般现在时中,当主语是第三人称单数时,要用has to, 其余人称用have to;一般过去时中用had to;一般将来时中用will have to, 例如:

She has to go to school by bus.她不得不乘公共汽车去上学。

If you get ill, you'll have to see the doctor. 如果你生病的话,你就得看医生。

2. have to 与must 的区别

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have to 和must 都有―必须‖的意思,那么它们 有哪些不同呢?

(1) 含义和用法上的区别:

have to 强调客观上需要做某事,即表示外界条件的需要不得不做某事,含有―形势逼迫‖的意味;must 强调说话者主观上认为必须做某事,含有―主观判断‖的意味, 例如:

My bike was broken on my way to school. I had to walk there.

我的自行车在上学的路上坏了,我不得不走路去上学。

(我本来不愿意走路,可是自行车坏了,不想走路也不行。)

We must learn English well. 我们必须学好英语。(主观上有这种想法。)

(2) 否定式的区别:

have to 的否定式意为―不必‖,must的否定式意为―禁止;不允许‖。因此,以must开头的一般疑问句的肯定回答为―Yes, 主语+must‖,否定回答为―No, 主语+needn't / don't have to‖。例如:

---Must I finish the homework now? 我必须现在完成作业吗?

---Yes, you must. (No, you needn't / don't have to) 是的,你必须现在完成。(不,你不必。)

3. 反意疑问句的构成区别:

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(1) 陈述部分含有have to 时,其附加问句的谓语往往用助动词do的相应形式或助动词will。例如:You had to go shopping yesterday, didn't you? 昨天你不得不去购物,是吗?

(2) 陈述部分含有must 时,其附加问句的谓语,按下面几种情况来确定:

A. must 意为―必须‖时,附加问句谓语用needn't。例如:

We must clean the room, needn't we? 我们必须打扫房间,是吗?

B. mustn't意为―禁止‖之意,附加问句谓语用must。例如:

The boy mustn't play with the knife, must he? 那个男孩不能玩刀子,对吗?

C. must 意为―应该‖时,附加问句谓语用mustn't。例如:

We must help each other, mustn't we? 我们应该互相帮助,对吗?

D. must 意为―一定;想必‖表示推测时,附加问句部分谓语要根据must后面的动词来 确定。例如: Mr Wang must be at home, isn't he? 王先生一定在家,对吗?

注: must 表示的是一种相当肯定的与事实非常接近的推测。例如: Mr Wang must be at home. 其实就相当于Mr Wang is at home.

因此,它的反意疑问句的附加问句部分是isn't he 也就很容易理解了。 又如:They must be right, aren't they?

1、match意为比赛、竞赛 ,着重指以淘汰方式决出冠军的比赛 如:Last week I watched twofootball matches

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game意为比赛,着重指有观赏性、娱乐性的比赛,表示球类比赛时也可用game,此时与―match‖可换用。 如:They are going to see a volleyball game tomorrow

2 lesson意为课程,作正式用语。而class与lesson同义,二者可换用。 3 join意为加入、参加。指加入某一组织。 如:Mr Wu's daughterwants to jointhe English club

take part in意为参加、参与。表示参加某种活动、晚会。如:Jim wants to take part in planting trees next week

二、Class与lesson的区别

1、class;lesson两者都作―一节课‖解时可以互换。例如:

We are not going to have any classes/lessons next week.下星期我们不上课。

2、class和lesson还有其它含义,这时两者通常是不能互换的。例如:

A、class可以作―课堂;班级;阶级‖解,lesson没有此意。例如: There are forty-six students in our class.我们班有四十六名学生。

B、lesson可以作―功课;科目;(课本中的)一课;教训‖解,但class不可以。例如:

They are doing their lessons.他们正在做功课。

说明:英语课是很多同学一起上的,形成一个班,因此对这堂课称为class,而老师对全班同学也称呼class。钢琴课可不同,钢琴是有声音的,不会是一个班的学生同时教学(否则吵死了), 而是以一台钢琴为单位,作各个 第- 103 -页

曲目的指导与练弹,这就不称class了,而称为lesson或course。不过,如果是很多同学一起上课,仅由老师以一台钢琴演示,或不碰钢琴而做钢琴课程口述讲解,此时又可以称为piano class了。因此class更强调班级教学(动态),而lesson强调少部分教学(静态)。

三、be able to和can的区别

1、can是情态动词,没有人称和数的变化,其后与动词原形连用,通常只有两种时态形式:can(一般现在时);could(一般过去式)。例如: Can you speak English? 你会讲英语吗?

I could run very fast when I was a boy. 小时候我跑得很快。

说明:口语中can可用来表示将来要做的事。例如:

He can come tomorrow. 他明天能来。

2、able是个形容词,常用于be able to这一短语中,其后也接动词原形,但它有人称和数的变化,它还可用于

各种时态,弥补了情态动词can(could)的不足。例如:

Paul isn't able to come because he is ill. 保罗不能来,因为他生病了。 Sorry, I wasn't able to come. 对不起,我没能来。

I'm sorry I haven't been able to give you much help. 对不起,我没能给你多少帮助。

3、在作―能够‖,―能‖讲时可以互换,但作为情态动词的―can‖的其它作用,如―表请求,委婉‖、表―推测‖时,―be able to"则不能用了。

四、till until

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1、till 与 until 的意义和用法相同, 但句首一般不用 till 而用 until。

2、两者皆可用作介词和连词, 但两者都不能没有宾语, 因此都不是副词。

3、要注意在使用 until 或 till 表示汉语―直到...才‖的时候, 当动词是―非延续性动词时‖,常常要把汉语的肯定句改为否定句。

Walk till you come to a white house. 走下去, 一直走到一座白房子为止。 He didn't return till ten o'clock. 他到十点才回来。

We walked until it got dark. 我们一直走到天黑了下来

We can't go until Thursday. 我们要到星期四才能去。

五、Whole all的区别

all一般用于数量多的全部比如all of us就是我们全部whole一般用于指一个物体的全部。这两个词意思相近。但与限定词和名词连用时,它们的词序各不相同。试比较:―all + 限定词 + 名词‖ ―限定词 + whole + 名词‖

1、all与 whole都可以和单数名词连用。例如:

①Mary spent all the summer at home.玛丽整个夏天都是在家里度过的。也可以说成:②Mary spent the whole summer at home.

③all my life我的一生=my whole life

2、whole与all都可以和单数可数名词连用,但whole更为常见。例如: ④Mary wasted the whole lesson.

(较 all the lesson更常见)玛丽把整整一堂课都浪费掉了。

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⑤He ate the whole chicken.

(较…all the chicken更常见)他把整只鸡都吃掉了。

3、all通常与不可数物质名词连用,而 whole则不能。例如:

⑥ 正:Jane has drunk all the milk.

误:Jane has drunk the whole milk.珍妮喝光了所有的牛奶。

⑦You can easily spend a whole day there.(whole多与可数名词连用)

你可以轻松地在那里呆上一整天。▲但有些抽象名词前可用 whole。例如: ⑧Can you tell me the whole truth?(=Can you tell me all the truth?)

你能告诉全部事实真相吗?

4、the whole of或all(of)可放在专有名词,代词和限定词之前。例如: ⑨The whole of/All of London was under water. 整个伦敦都被水淹没。

⑩He has just read the whole of Gone With The Wind.(=…all of Gone With The Wind.) 他刚把《飘》全部看完。

I don't understand the whole of/all of it. 这件事情我并不完全了解。

六、jeans, pants, slacks, shorts, trousers~同义词辨析

jeans →指劳动布裤或牛仔裤。

pants →常用词,在美国,泛指各类裤子,在英国指衬裤或短裤。

This jacket will match those pants nicely.这件夹克和那条裤子会十分相配。 slacks →美国指比较宽松的便裤,英国人指妇女外面穿的长裤。

He wore slacks. 他穿着宽松长裤。

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shorts →指短裤或裤衩。在美国主要指 男用短衬裤

trousers →指长裤,用于较正式场合。英美用法都一样。

a new pair of trousers 一条新裤子

七、happen和take place的区别

happen常指具体事件的发生,特别指那些偶然的或未能预见的―发生‖。既可指愉快的事,也可指不愉快的

事。常可表示―碰巧;恰好‖之意。如:

New things are happening all around us.

It happened that I had no money on me.

take place通常指―(某事)按计划进行或按计划发生。‖此外还有―举行‖之意。如:Great changes have taken place in China since

The meeting will take place next Friday.

Unit 10 If you go to the party,you’ll have a great time!

1. have a great time=have a good time

=have fun =enjoy oneself1、过得高兴;玩得愉快

2. let sb in / out 让某人进去/出来

3. What will happen if they have the party today?

Half the class won‘t come.如果他们今天开晚会,将会发生什么事? 一半的

学生将不会来。

4. a good time to have a party 4开聚会的好时间

5. the rules for school parties 学校聚会规则

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6. take sth away 把某物拿走

7. bring friends from other schools /another school 带外校的朋友来

8. ask sb to leave 叫某人离开

9. go to the old people‘s home visit去老人之家拜访

10. travel around the world 环游世界

11. go to college 上大学

12. make /earn /get (a lot of/much) money挣(许多)钱

13. get an education接受教育

14. seem like a dream job 好像是一份理想的工作

15. make a living doing something you love做你喜欢的事谋生

16. give money to schools and charities捐钱给学校和慈善机构

17. watch you all the time一直关注着你

18. follow you everywhere/ here and there处处跟着你

19. make life difficult使生活艰难

20. play sports for a living从事运动为生

21. get / be injured受伤

22. have a difficult time knowing who your real friends are

很难认清谁是你真正的朋友

23. complain sb about (doing) sth因(做)某事而抱怨某人

24. travel a lot/much大量旅行

25. If you stay at home, you‘ll be sorry.如果你呆在家里,你会很遗憾。

26. We‘ll have a picnic if it doesn‘t rain tomorrow.如果明天不下雨,我们要搞 第- 108 -页

野炊。

27. 祈使句+and/then/or + 一般将来时的陈述句=if从句+主句

错误!未找到引用源。 Work hard, and you‘ll pass the exam.

= If you work hard, you will pass the exam.错误!未找到引用源。努力学习,你考试会及格的。

=如果你努力学习,你考试会及格的。

错误!未找到引用源。 Get up early, or you will be late.

=If you don‘t get up early, you will be late.错误!未找到引用源。早点起床,否则你会迟到的。

=如果你不早点起床,你会迟到的。

28. let in允许进入,允许参加

29. join the Lions加入雄狮队

30. professional athlete职业运动员

31. in fact事实上

32. reasons for…支持……的理由

33. reasons against…反对……的理由

34. laugh at…嘲笑……

35. dye one‘s hair+颜色词 染……色头发

36. the soccer agent足球经纪人

37. the school principal学校规章制度

38. play party games玩聚会游戏

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39. wear jeans穿牛仔裤

40. Money isn‘t everything.钱不是万能的

本单元目标句型:

1. If you do, you’ll… 2. I’m going to … 3. You should…

5. Don’t you think ….? 4. Don’t you want to …?

①如果李老师去参加晚会,我们将会玩得非常高兴。 If Ms Li goes to the party, we’ll have a great time.

②如果你穿牛仔裤去晚会,李老师将不会让你进入。If you wear jeans to the party, Ms Li won’t let you in.

6.For many young people, becoming a professional athlete might seem like a dream job.

7.If you become a professional athlete, you will be able to make a living doing something you love.

8.However, professional athletes can also have many problems.

9.If you are famous, people will watch you all the time and follow you everywhere. This can make life difficult.

1. If you become rich, you will have a difficult time knowing who your real

friends are.

11.In fact, many famous people complain that they are not happy. 本单元语法讲解

if 引导的条件状语从句。If是连词,所连接的句子 叫条件状语 从句,表 第- 110 -页

示假设或条件,意思是 “ 如果…的话”,用法如下:

1、表示假设,表示将会发生和可能发生的事,或进行提醒警告。句子结构如下: If +句子(一般现在时),+主句(主语will/may/can) +动词)

a. If you finish your homework , you can go out and play. b. If I have enough money next year , I will go to travel .

2. 表示真实条件、客观真理、自然现象、定理定义 . 民 间谚语等,句型是:

If + 句子 (一般现在时 ),+ 主句 ( 一般现在时).

例:

If you study hard ,you are sure to succeed . If you put ice in a warm place ,it turns into water . If a glass falls on the floor, it usually breaks If you cook a banana, it becomes very soft . If a plant don’t get enough light ,it grows very tall and thin.

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