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八年级英语试卷及答案.

发布时间:2013-10-12 13:39:42  

2012—2013学年度第二学期期末测试

八年级英语试卷

(全卷120分,时间120分钟)

一.词汇(共10分)。

A)用括号中所给单词的适当形式填空.(每题1分,共5分)

1.The ground is ____________ (cover) with white snow.

2.Jenny and Danny, help _____________(you) to some bread.

3.Look!There is a coat ___________ (lie) on the playground.

4. Don’t be ___________(worry), Li Lei. We’ll have another way to work it out.

5. The teacher told us that the earth ________(go) around the sun.

B). 根据句意、汉语和首字母提示,写出适当的单词.(每题1分,共5分)

6. How many _____________ (发明) did Edison have in his life?

7.Greenland is the biggest i_________ in the world.

8.Li Ming has ____________ (分类)the books into three types.

9. We will ______________(成功) if we study hard every day.

10.Italy is a country in E________.

二.语法与情景会话(每题1分,共25分)。

( ) 11. ______ speak ______ in ________.

A. Germen, German, Germany B. German, Germen, Germany

C. Germans, Germen, Germany D. Germans, German, Germany.

( )12. I find ______quite difficult to learn physics well.

A . that B. it C. this D. its

( )13.One of my pens _______ green.

A. is B. were C. are D. has

( )14. We have been good friends ________ we joined the same club.

A. until B. since C. after D. before

( )15. --- Do you have _______ to say? If you don’t, we’ll leave for

Shanghai.

A. something else B. else something

C. else anything D. anything else

( )16. You’d better ______ your car here.

A. not to park B. don’t park C. not park D. can’t park

( )17. ---- Do you know ____________”

----- Maybe next Monday.

A. when she will leave Gansu B. when will she leave Gansu

C. when does she leave Gansu D. when she left Gansu

( )18. We should keep our classroom _______.

A. cleaned B. to clean C. clean D. cleaning

( )19. They ____ a meeting at this time of yesterday..

A. are having B. was having C. will have D. were having

( ) 20. ---- May I help you?

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---- __________.

A. You’re welcome B. Thanks a lot

C. Yes, please D. That’s OK

( )21. Be quick, _______ you’ll be late!

A. so B. and C. but D. or

( )22. He studies ____ to pass the exam.

A. hard enough B. hardly enough

C. enough hard D. enough hardly

( )23. --- Where is your mother?

--- She _____ Shanghai. She’ll be back in two days.

A. will go to B. has gone to C. has been to D. have gone to

( )24. Could you ________ early tomorrow morning , Dad ?

A. wake me up B. wake up me C. wake I up D. wake up I

( )25. ---- Grandma, let me help you.

---- It’s really nice ______ you.

A. of B. to C. off D. for

( )26. Nothing can stop them _____ hard.

A. to work B. of working C. from working D. with working

( )27. What about ____ a movie after school, Danny ?

A. watching B. to watch C. watch D. watched

( )28.The weather here is _____ different from that in London.

A. a few B. few C. a little D. a bit of

( )29. The population of India is ______ than that of China.

A. less B. more C. larger D. smaller

( )30. There ____ an important talk tomorrow. Please come early.

A. is going to be B. will be

C. is going to have D. both A and C

( )31. Some girls are having fun _____ volleyball in P.E class.

A. to playing B. play C. played D. playing

( )32. ---- Hello! Is ______ Lucy ?

---- No, ______ is Lily speaking.

A. that, that B. this, that C. that, this D. this, this

( )33.Eating _____ is bad for your health.

A. many too B. too many C. much too D. too much

( )34. I won’t believe it _____ I see it with my own eyes.

A. and B. until C. that D. if

( )35. Windows _______ glass.

A. are made of B. are made from C. are made in D. are made into

三. 动词考查(每题1分,共10分)

A) 选择动词的适当形式填空(5分).

( ) 36 I’m sorry to keep you ________ for me so long.

A. wait B. to wait C. waited D. waiting

( ) 37. I’m too tired to run any farther. Let’s stop _____.

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A. to have a rest B. have a rest C. having a rest D had a rest

( ) 38. When I got to the station, the train _______ already.

A. has left B. had left C. have left D. left

( ) 39. ----- Listen! Is Lucy singing in the next room?

----- No, it ______ be Lucy. She has gone to Canada.

A. may not B. couldn't C. can't D. mustn't

( ) 40. But much of the world’s water ____ from rivers and lakes.

A. come B. comes C. coming D. to come

B) 选择方框中动词词组并用其适当形式填空(共5分).

41.My son is too young to __________________ himself. I still need to help him.

42. _________________ what I said one minute ago, please.

43. He _______ his wife ________ as soon as he arrived in the US.

44. Would you please ________________ the TV? The baby is sleeping in the

bedroom.

45.He wrote his cousin an e-mail and he __________________ him just after five minutes.

四. 句型转换(共10分).

46. He does his homework every day. (改为否定句)

He ________ _________ his homework every day. 47.The population of Australia is 19,500,000.(对划线部分提问).

_______ _______ the population of Australia?

48. Brain, you can’t read the book in the sun.(改为祈使句)

Brain, ________ ________ the book in the sun.

49.Russia is larger than any other country in the world.(改为同义句) Russia is _ _ country in the world.

50. I think there is nothing left in the cup.(改为反意疑问句)

I think there is nothing left in the cup ,_______ _______?

五.完形填空(每个1分,共10分)。

Many parents buy everything their children want. If they go on doing so, the children won’t know that money 51 from hard work. When they 52 up, they will waste money but not save it.

Some parents like holding birthday parties 53 their children. If they go on doing so, the children will think they 54 enjoy birthday parties every year. They may 55 their parents’ birthdays and only remember theirs. Many parents don’t let their children do chores(干家务). They think children have 56 one thing to do. They should study hard and be 57 at their

subjects. If parents go on doing so, children will think their parents should

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do 58 and won’t like cleaning the room after they find a job. 59 doing chores can help children start good habits, parents should 60 children to do some chores.

( ) 51. A. comes B. keeps C. leaves D. makes

( ) 52. A. open B. turn C. grow D. get

( ) 53. A. with B. for C. as D. of

( ) 54. A. should B. needn’t C. mustn’t D. would

( ) 55. A. hold B. have C. forget D. think

( ) 56. A. hardly B. almost C. always D. only

( ) 57. A. well B. good C. kind D. nice

( ) 58. A. homework B. shopping C. reading D. chores

( ) 59. A. Why B. Until C. Because D. While

( ) 60. A. let B. learn C. make D. teach

六.阅读理解(每题2分,共40分)

A

Helen Keller was a very bright and beautiful girl. At the age of six months

she could already say a few words. But before she was two years old, she was badly ill. She could not see or hear, and soon she could not even talk. Since then Helen had to fight for what she wanted.

When she was six, her parents invited a teacher for her. With the help of

the teacher, she began to see and hear the world around her through her hands. She learned to read the books for the blind. The teacher took Helen for long walks and told her about all the beautiful sight(风景). Helen touched the flowers, climbed tress and smelled a storm before it became. She also learned how to swim and ride a horse.

After she grew up, she became a famous writer in America. Her first and most

famous book is “The story of My Life.” Her story has brought new hope to many blind and deaf people. It gave light to those in darkness and encouraged them to live and work.

( ) 61. When could Helen Keller already say a few words?

A. At the age of two B. At the age of a year and a half

C. At the age of six months. D. When she was six years old

( ) 62. ---- Why couldn’t Helen see or hear later? ----- _______ .

A. she was badly ill B. she had a traffic accident

C. she was very tired D. she became very lazy

( ) 63. How could Helen begin to see and hear the world around her?

A. With the help of her parents B. With the help of her uncle

C. With the help of her friends D. With the help of her teacher

( ) 64. After Helen grew up, she became a famous ___________.

A. doctor B. scientist C. singer D. writer

( ) 65. Who did her story bring new hope to?

A. All the people B. The blind C. The deaf D. B and C

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B

Mr. White had a farm in England. He and his wife grew a lot of things on the farm. They worked very hard. One day Mr. White said to his wife, “Dear, let’s go to London next Sunday. We can have a good lunch there, and then we can go to the cinema.” His wife was very happy when she heard this, because she and her husband always ate a lot, and she didn’t like cooking three times every day.

They went to London by train and walked for an hour. When it was twelve o’clock, they wanted to have a meal. They looked at a few restaurants. In one of them there was a blackboard outside. On the blackboard was “Lunch 12:30 to 2:30 $ 1.5.”

“Well, that’s good.” Mrs. White said, “We eat for two hours for $ 1.5 here! This is the place for us.”

( ) 66. Mr. White took his wife to a restaurant, and the food there is

________.

A. dear B. cheap C. new D. delicious

( ) 67. Mrs. White was happy because ________.

A. she didn’t have to cook B. Mr. White ate too little

C. she couldn’t eat much D. they worked hard

( ) 68. They wanted to see a film ________.

A. before lunch B. in the morning

C. in the afternoon D. in the restaurant

( ) 69. The words on the blackboard told people _______.

A. to eat a slow lunch B. to eat for two hours

C. to have lunch anytime between 12:30 and 2:30

D. Not to leave before 2:30

( ) 70. Mrs. White wanted ________.

A. to go home B. to eat nothing

C. to eat for a long time D. to eat quickly

C

Peter was eight and a half years old. He went to school near his house.

He always went there and came home on foot, and he usually came back on time. But last Friday he came home late from school.

“ Why are you late today ? ” his mother asked when she saw him.

“ My teacher was angry and sent me to the headmaster(校长) after school,” Peter answered.

“ To the headmaster ?” his mother said, “ Why did she send you to him?” “Because she asked a question in class,” Peter answered , “ and nobody

gave her the answer except me.”

His mother became angry. “ But why did the teacher send you to the headmaster, then? Why didn’t she send all the other children ?” She asked Peter. “ Because her question was: Who put ink(墨水) on my chair?” Peter said.

( ) 71. Peter always _________.

A. went to school by bike B. walked to school

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C. went to school by car D. went to school with his mother

( ) 72. He usually came home _________.

A. late B. early C. at the right time D. at night

( ) 73. Last Friday Peter came home _____________ .

A. later than usual B. earlier than usual

C. at the same time D. with the headmaster

( ) 74. His teacher sent him to the headmaster because _______ .

A. the headmaster was happy B. he didn’t do his homework

C. he did something wrong D. the teacher was angry

( ) 75. According to the passage, we know ________ .

A. Peter was a clever boy B. Peter was a lovely boy

C. Peter was a naughty(淘气的) boy D. Peter was a friendly boy

D

A young man once went into town and bought himself a pair of trousers.

When he got home, he went upstairs to his bedroom and put them on. He found that they were about two inches(英寸) too long.

He went downstairs to the kitchen. His mother and two sisters were washing

up the tea-things there. “The new trousers are too long,” he said. “They need shortening(被变短) by about two inches. Could one of you do it for me, please?” His mother and sister were busy and none of them said anything. But as soon as his mother had finished washing up, she went quietly upstairs to her son’s bedroom and shortened the trousers by two inches. She came downstairs without saying anything to her daughters.

Later on, after supper, the elder sister remembered her brother’s

trousers. She was a kind-hearted girl, so she went quietly upstairs without saying anything to anyone, and shortened(使变短) the trousers by two inches.

The younger sister went to the cinema, but when she came home she, too, remembered her brother’s trousers. So she ran upstairs and did as her mother and sister had done.

You can imagine the look on the young man’s face when he put the trousers on the next morning.

( ) 76.The young man’s trousers were ______ for him at first.

A. a bit too long

C. not too long B. very good D. too short

( ) 77.The young man’s mother and sisters didn’t answer because they

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were busy ______ in the kitchen.

A. cooking B. making tea

C. washing clothes D. washing cups, glasses and so on

( ) 78.His elder sister shortened the trousers ______.

A. in the evening B. after lunch

C. as soon as she had finished the washing

D. after she came back from the cinema

( ) 79.The next morning the young man found that the trousers were ______

inches too short for him.

A. two B. four C. six D. eight

( ) 80.We can imagine that when the young man put the trousers on the next

morning, he would feel

A. happy B. surprising C. surprised D. thankful

七 补全对话(每个1分,共5分)

从方框中的七个句子中选出五个句子的正确序号补全对话

A:Hi, Li Ming. What are you going to do this afternoon?

B: 81 Why?

A:Shall we go to play basketball this afternoon?

B:I’d love to, but I must do my homework at home.

A:Why don’t you do it tomorrow?

B:Sorry. 82

A:You are right. 83 B:I think so. 84 A:OK. That’s a good idea. B: 85

A:We are going to meet outside the school gate at nine o’clock. B:OK. See you tomorrow. A:See you.

八.书面表达(共10分)。

你最喜欢的交通方式是什么?为什么喜欢这种交通方式呢?它是否有利于保护环境?请用所学知识,以My favourite transportation为题,写一篇小短文。

要求: 1. 语句通顺,语法正确;

2. 思路清晰,重点突出;

3. 80词左右。

第 7 页 共 8 页

My favourite transportation

第 8 页 共 8 页

2012----2013学年八年级第二学期期末测试

八年级英语答案

一. 词汇(每题1分,共10分).

A) 用括号中所给单词的适当形式填空(每题1分,共5分)

1. covered 2. yourselves 3. lying 4. worried 5. goes

B) 根据句意和首字母提示,写出适当的单词。(每题1分,共5分)

6. inventions 7. island 8. sorted 9. succeed 10 Europe

二.语法与情景会话(每题1分,共25分)。

11----15 DBABD 16----20 CACDC 21----25 DABAA 26----30 CACDA 31----35 DCDBA

三.动词考查(每题1分,共10分)

A) 选择动词的适当形式填空(每题1分,共5分).

36----40 DABCB

B) 选择方框中动词词组的适当形式填空(其中一项多余,5分).

41. take care of 42. write down 43. rang up 44. turn off

45. heard from

四.句型转换(每题2分,共10分)。

46.doesn’t do 47.What is 48. don’t read 49.the largest 50. is there

五.完形填空(每个1分,共10分)。

51----55 ACBAC 56----60 DBDCD

六.阅读理解(每题2分,共40分)

61----65 CADDD 66----70. BACCC 71---- 75. BCACC

76----80. ADABC

七 补全对话(每个1分,共5分)

81---85 DGBFA

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