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人教新目标八年级英语unit2 Section B

发布时间:2013-10-13 11:00:59  

Unit 2

How often do you exercise?

The good habits of English study
Read English every day. Listen to English tapes every day. Sing English songs. Watch English programs. Try to talk in English. Read English newspapers/magazines. Write letters/diaries in English Make an English pen pal.

Free talk: Talk about your habits.

How often do you eat vegetable? How often do you eat fruits? How often do you drink milk? How often do you eat junk food? How often do you eat meat? How often do you exercise? What sports do you play? How many hours do you sleep every night?

New words

milk

coffee

vegetables

fruit

We sleep every day.

Junk food

chips

hamburger

cola

chocolate

is good for our health.

Junk food is bad for our health.

1a. Match the words with the pictures.

a

b

c

d

e

f

Check the answers!
1. ____ junk food 4. _____ vegetables b c a 2. _____ milk
e 3. _____ fruit

f 5. _____ sleep
d 6. _____ coffee

1b. Ask and answer questions. Use the words from 1a.
A: How often do you drink milk, Liu Fang?

B: I drink milk everyday.
A: Do you like it?

B: No. But my mother wants
me to drink it. She says it’s good for my health.

Find
cola, salad, soup, hot dog, mushroom, broccoli, milk , hamburger, dumpling, potato chips, fried chicken, onion, junk food, milk, coffee, chips, cola, chocolate, fruit, vegetables healthy:
unhealthy:

healthy:

salad, soup, broccoli, milk , dumpling,
onion, mushroom, milk, fruit, vegetables unhealthy: cola, hot dog, potato chips, fried chicken,

hamburger, junk food, coffee, chocolate

1c Listen to the interview about eating habits. Circle your answer to each question.

Does Tina have good habits? Yes. No.

I don’t know.

Does Bill have good habits? Yes. No. I don’t know.

Are they in good health? Of course, they aren’t.

Why are they so heavy?

Because their eating habits are bad.

How are your eating habits?
activities Every day Three or four times a Once or twice a week never week Eat vegetables

Eat fruit Drink milk Eat junk food

? ?

?
? ?

Drink coffee

good/ok/bad? My eating habits are ____________.

1d Listen again. Fill in the blanks in the survey.
Questions
1.How often do you exercise? 2.How often do you eat fruit?

Tina
Every day Every day Nine Every day

Bill
Hardly ever Never Nine Never

3.How many hours do you sleep every night?
4.How often do you drink milk? 5.How often do you eat junk food? 6.How often do you drink coffee?

2 or 3 times a week 4 times a week

never

4 times a day

Who has better eating habits? Whose lifestyle is better?

I think Tina has better eating habits. Because she every day.

She

two or three times a week.

She never

Her lifestyle is better.

She

She

nine hours every night. She looks after her health. She is very healthy.

Bill sleeps nine hours every night, too. Is he healthy?
Although Bill sleeps nine hours every night, he is unhealthy.

Who can get better grades?
Her healthy lifestyle helps her get good grades. Good food and exer

cise help her to study better.

1e Student A is the reporter. Student B is Tina or Bill. Ask and answer questions. Then change roles.

A: How often do you exercise?

B: I exercise every day.
A: And how often do you …?

2b Read the article
What Do No.5 High School Students Do in Their Free Time Last month we asked our students about their free time activities. Our questions were about exercise, use of the Internet and watching TV. Here are the results. We found that only fifteen percent of our students exercise every day. Forty-five percent exercise four to six times a week. Twenty percent exercise only one to three times a week. And twenty percent do not exercise at all! We all know that many students often go online, but we were surprised that ninety percent of them use the Internet every day. The other then percent use it at least three or four times a week. Most students use it for fun and not for homework.

The answers to our questions about watching television were also interesting. Only two percent of the students watch TV one to three times a week. Thirteen percent watch TV four to six times a week. And eighty-five percent watch TV every day! Although many students like to watch sports, game shows are the most popular. It is good to relax by using the Internet or watching game shows, but we think the best way to relax is through exercise. It is healthy for the mind and the body. Exercise such as playing sports is fun, and you can spend time with your friends and family as you play together. And remember, “old habits die hard”. So start exercising before it’s too late!

Complete the pie charts.
15 10 13 2

20 45

20 90 85
4 times a week

2c Read the article again and answer the questions.
1.How many students do not exercise at all? 20% students do not exercise at all. 2.How many students use the Internet every day? 90% students use the Internet every day. 3.How often do most students watch TV? What do they usually watch? Most students watch TV every day. They usually watch sports, game shows.

4.What does the writer think is the best way to relax? Why? Exercise, because it is healthy for the mind and the body. 5.Do you think the students at No.5 are healthy? Why or why not? No , I don’t think so.Because they watch TV more and exercise less.

2d Write sentences with percentages using always, usually or sometimes.
1. 90%:________________________________ Internet. Ninety percent students always use the

2. 85%:________________________________ watch TV. Eighty-five percent of students always
3. 45%: Forty -five percent of them usually exercise. ________________________________ 4. 10%: Ten percent of them sometimes use the Internet. ________________________________ 5. 13%: Thirteen percent of them sometimes watch TV. ________________________________ 6. 2% : Two percent of them sometimes watch TV. ________________________________

Language points
1. She says it’s good for my health.

她说它对我的健康有益。

1)此句

为宾语从句, says后面跟的从句
的时态必须和主句中谓语动词时态 保持一致, 都用一般现在时。

2) be good for 对??有好处

例如: Vegetables are good for our health. 蔬菜对我们的健康有益。 Junk food are not good for our

health.
垃圾食品对我们的健康有害。

2. only one to three times a week 每周只有一到三次
注意这种表达, “to”为介词。 翻译: 1) 两到三次。 two to three times. 2) 每月四到五次。 four to five times a month.

3. The answers to our questions about watching television were also interesting. 对我们提出的有关看电视的问题的答案也挺 有意思。
1)句子主语为 the answers ,故谓语用 were。 2) 表示“…的答案”要用“answer to…” 如: There’s no easy answer to this problem. 这个问题没有简单的答案。 Her answer to your question is a big “NO”! 她对你所提的问题的答案是一个大大的“不”字!

3)表示“有关…的(问题)”用question about… 如: He asked us some questions about our daily habits. 他问了一些有关我们日常习惯的问题。 Her questions about you were not so friendly. 她有关你的那些问题并不那么友善。

4.Although many students like to watch sports, game shows are the most popular. 虽然很多学生喜欢看体育节目,但游戏类节目 是最受欢迎的。
although 为连词,意为:“虽然,尽管”。 注意:在英语中,当表示“虽然…,但是….”这 样的意思时,although和but不能在同一个句子中 使用。也就是说,在一个句子中,有although就没 有but ,反之亦然。如: Although the car is old , it still runs well. =The car is old , but it still runs well. 这辆小车旧了,但是依然跑得不错。

5. So start exercising before it’s too late! 所以赶紧锻炼起来,不要等到来不及了。
It’s too late 字面意思为“为时太晚,来不及了” 是英语的一个常用表达。如: Now you know you are wrong , but it’s too late. 你现在知道错了,已经太晚了。 句中, It’s too late 与before共同组成从句,表示 “不要等到为时已晚;不要等到来不及的时候; 趁还来的及”。如: You should work harder before it’s too late to catch up.你现在用功还赶得上。

3a Look at the information in the chart and complete the report.
Activities Days a year Exercise 365 Read books 365 Watch TV for over 2 hours 320 Drink juice 210 Eat hamburgers 95 help with housework 20 Stay up late 15 Go to the dentist 0

Jane is a 16-year-old high school student in the United States. American Teenager magazine asked her about her habits. Jane has a lot of good habits. She always exercises and she reads books every day Also, she _______ drinks juice _______. usually and she hardly stays up late. However, she has _______ always some bad habits, too. She _______ watches TV for more than two ho

urs a day, and shesometimes _______ eats hamburgers. Her parents are not very happy because she hardly helps with _______ housework and she never goes to the dentist _______ for teeth cleaning. She says she is afraid.

3b Complete the chart with your own information. In the last column, use expressions like always, every day, twice a week and never.
Activities Good habits Bad habits How often?

3c Write a report about your good and bad habits based on the following information. Say how often you do things. Use the report in 3a as an example.
Activities Days a year Exercise 60 Read books 100 Watch TV for over 2 hours 350 Drink milk 0 Eat junk food 300 Play computer games 365 Stay up late 15

Is his lifestyle healthy? why?

4.Take the health quiz.
1.How often do you eat breakfast? a. Never b.A few minutes a week c. Almost every day. 2.How often do you eat fast food? a. Never b. A few minutes a week c. Almost every day 3.How often do you eat vegetables and fruit? a. Never b. A few minutes a week c. Almost every day 4.How often do you exercise? a. A few minutes a year b. A few minutes a month c.A few minutes a week 5.How many hours do you watch TV every week? a. None b. One to four c. Five or more 6.How many hours do you usually sleep at night? a. Less than six. b. Six or seven c. Eight or more

1.a=0, b=1,c=2 2.a=2, b=1,c=0 3.a=0, b=1,c=2 4.a=0, b=1,c=2 5.a=2, b=1,c=0 6.a=0, b=1,c=2

Are you healthy?
9-12points: You’re really healthy! Good for you-- and your health! 4-8points: You’re smart about health most of the time. 0-3points: You have to learn more about healthy habits. Don’t worry-- you can do it!

Exercises
I. Fill in the blanks.
1. The old man ________(锻炼) exercises every morning. shop 2. I often _______ (购物) on weekends. keep 3. We must _______ (保持 ) our classroom clean. differences 4. There are some ___________(不同)

between the two pictures.

5. He ____________ (几乎不) goes to a hardly ever restaurant for dinner. drink 6. Katrina doesn't often _______ (喝) coffee, she likes green tea. habits 7. My eating _________(习惯) are not very good.

Ⅱ. 单项选择
1. I like English very much, so I ____ A

listen to the tape in the morning.
A. usually B. hardly ever C. never D 2. Milk is good _____ our ______. A. to; healthy B. to; health

C. for; healthy

D. for; health

3. —What does your father do in the evening? C —He usually _______. A. watch TV B. exercise C. reads books B 4. — ____ students in your class are from Beijing? —Only one. A. How often B. How many C. How much

A 5. — _______ do you go skating? — Every day. A. How often B. How many C. When B 6. Most students in my class ____ exercise every day. A. does B. do C. is doing D. are doing D she ____ on weekends? 7. What _____ A. is, do B. does, does C. do, do D. does, do

8. —______do your grandparents A come to see you?

—Twice a week.
A. How often B. How many C. When 9. He’s a very lazy student, as a result, C he always gets ____

___ grades. A. a good C. terrible B. high D. an awful

Ⅲ. 句型转换
1. I sleep 8 hours every night.(画线提问) How many hours _____ _____ ______ do you sleep every night? 2. He watches TV twice a week.(画线提问) How often does _____ _____ _____ he watch TV? 3. Jack does his homework every day. (改为否定句) doesn’t do Jack _______ _____ his homework every day.

4. He is talking to his father.

(用usually改写句子) usually talks He _______ _____ to his father. 5. My father often reads newspaper
after supper.(画线提问) What does your do _____ _____ _____ father often ____ after supper?

Healthy/unhealthy lifestyle?
Lisa sleeps eight hours every night. She eats a good breakfast and she exercises every day. She never eats junk food.
读一读, 判断谁的生活 健康?

Healthy/unhealthy lifestyle?
Pam likes to watch TV. On weekends, she never exercises and she doesn’t like fruits or vegetables. She eats junk food. And Pam never goes to the doctor.

Healthy/unhealthy lifestyle?
Pico is tall and thin. He plays tennis three times a week and he runs every Saturday. He never watches TV. He eats fruits and vegetables every day and sleeps nine hours every night.

Early to bed, early to rise, makes a man healthy, wealthy and wise.

Homework
以My habits(good habits and bad habits) 为题目写一篇短文。(字数不少于50字)


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