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八年级英语时态复习

发布时间:2013-10-13 12:35:02  

英语动词时态:

时间的变化+动词词型的变化

(一)一般现在时

一、定义

1) 经常性或习惯性的动作。

I leave home for school at 7 every morning.

2) 客观真理,客观存在,科学事实。

The earth moves around the sun.

Shanghai lies in the east of China.

3) 现在时刻的状态, 或主语具备的能力、性格和个性。

They are at school .

Ann Wang writes good English but does not speak well.

二、连用的时间状语: every/day/morning/week/moth/year, sometimes, often, usually, always,

never at six, on Sundays,

三、构成

1)be动词的一般现在式:(第一人称单数用am第三人称单数用is, 其余的人称用are。) ①肯定句:主语+am/is/are+其他

如: You are workers,she is a writer and I am a student.

②否定句: 主语+ am/is/are +not+其他

如:She is 13 and her two brothers are 15.

③一般疑问句: Am/Is/Are +主语+其他?

如:Are you lily? Is she Miss Green?

2)行为动词的一般现在时:(第三人称单数用does(动词三单形式),其余人称用do(动词原形))

①肯定式:主语+do/does+其它。

如:She likes reading but we like singing.

②否定式:主语+don’t/doesn’t+动词原形+其它。

如:My sisters don’t go to the zoo. May doesn’t go,either.

③一般疑问句:Do/Does+主语+动词原形+其它?肯定回答:Yes,主语+do/does.

否定回答No,主语+don’t/doesn’t.

如:Do they have a meeting? Yes,they do. / No,they don't. ④特殊疑问句:特殊疑问词+do/does+动词原形+其他?

如:What time do you get up every morning? 补充:单三主语与非单三主语的区别

单三主语:I, we, you之外的主语中的单数。如:my cousin, the panda , their school, our Chinese teacher, that car。

非单三主语:包括I, we, you和第三人称复数主语。:如:they, his brothers, the twins。

(二)现在进行时

一、定义:

1、表示现在(说话的瞬间)正在进行或发生的动作

如:Se is reading a book now

2、表示现阶段正在进行或当前一段时间内一直进行的动作。

如:They are working on the farms these days .

3、表示将要发生的动作或行为(适用于某些动词:如fly(飞往),leave(离开),go,come,

arrive,reach,move等。)

如:We’re leaving tomorow.

二、结构:

(1)肯定式:主语+be+v-ing+其它。如:

He is mending his bike.他正在修自行车。

(2)否定式:主语+be+not+v-ing+其它。如:

He is not(isn't) mending his bike.他没在修自行车。

(3)疑问式:主要分一般疑问句和特殊疑问句两种句式。

一般疑问句:Be+主语+v-ing+其它?如:

—Is he mending his bike?他正在修自行车吗?

—Yes,he is.(No,he isn't.)

特殊疑问句:疑问词+be+主语+v-ing+其它?如:

—What is he doing?他正在干什么?

三、常用于现在进行时的时间状语提示词:

(1)Look!或Listen!提示我们说话时动作正在进行,应用现在进行时。如:

Look!The children are playing games over there.

Listen!Who's singing in the classroom?

(2)now(现在),at pesent, at this moment等常表示说话时动作正在进行,这时也常用现在进行时。

如:We are reading English now.

(3)these days,this week等表示当前一段时间内的活动或现阶段正在进行的动作时常用现

在进行时。

如:We are playing football these days.这些天我们在踢足球。

(4)描述图片中的人物的动作时常用现在进行时,以示生动。

如:Look at the picture.The girl is swimming.

(5)有时句子中可能没有时间状语,但如果表示的是说话时或者现阶段正在进行的动作,就应该用现在进行时。如:

—What's Jim doing?吉姆在干什么?

—He is cleaning the room.他正在打扫房间。

注意:是不是所有的动作都可以用现在进行时?

不是。有一些表示状态、结果、感觉和感情的动词,如have(有),be(是),like(喜欢),know(知道),want(想要),think(认为),see(看见),hear(听见),forget(忘记)等,一般不用现在进行时。如:I have a new bike now.现在我有一辆新的自行车。但不说:I'm having a new bike。此类动词还有 love, ,hate,hope,need,prefer,wish,

understand,remember,guess,mean,feel, seem, look(看起来),see, own, find, mind(在意),等。 一般现在时和现在进行时的区别

1.一般现在时表示经常性的动作;而现在进行时表示暂时性的动作。

He walks to work.

他步行上班。(习惯、经常性的动作)

He's walking to work because his bike is being repaired.

他现在走着上班,因为他的自行车正在修理。

(只是暂时的情况)

Where does he live?

他家住在哪儿?(询问一般的情况)

Where is he living(staying)?

他这几天住在哪儿?

(询问暂时一段时间的情况)

2. 现在进行时有时可用来代替一般现在时,表达说话人的某种感惰,使句子有强烈的感情色彩。常与always,forever连用。

You are always forgetting the important thing.

你总是把重要的事情忘掉。(表达出不满的情绪)

Mary is doing fine work at school.

玛丽在学校学习得挺不错。

(比Mary does fine work.更富有赞许的意思)

一般过去时

一、 定义:

1.表示在确定过去时间发生的动作或存在的状态,常与表示过去时间的副词如:yesterday,last week,two hours ago,in 1996等连用。

如:My family moved here five years ago. 或 I was born in 1973.

2.表示过去一段时间经常或反复发生的动作。这时可与频度副词如:often,usually,always等连用。 那些日子他总是工作到深夜。 年我经常出差。

3.表示过去发生的一连串动作。

He put down the heavy box,took out the keys,and opened the door.

They moved the chairs to the table,sat down and began to have supper.

4.表示主语在过去的特征或性格。

如:At that time,she spoke little English.

二、构成:

1)be动词时过去式的句式:(第一人称单数和第三人称单数用was, 其余的人称用were。)

①肯定句:主语+was/were+其他

如:Last year, the twins were 12, Tom was 13 and I was 14 .

②否定句: 主语+was/were+not+其他

如:She was a good student but you were not .

③一般疑问句: Was/were+主语+其他?

如:Were they students last year? No, they weren’t. .They were workers last year.

2)。行为动词过去式的句式。(无人称和数的变化)

①肯定式:主语+v-ed(动词过去式)+其它。

如:They had a good time yesterday.

②否定式:主语+did not(didn't)+动词原形+其它。

如:They didn't watch TV last night.

③一般疑问句:Did+主语+动词原形+其它?肯定回答:Yes,主语+did.否定回答:No,主语+didn't.

如:Did they have a meeting two days ago? Yes,they did. / No,they didn't.

④特殊疑问句:特殊疑问词+did+主语+动词原形+其它?

如:What time did you finish your homework?

练习:

一、用括号内动词的适当形式填空。 (have) dinner at home. 5. (like) the World Cup? 7. 8. The girl (teach) us English on Sundays. (take) a walk together every evening.

10. There

20. -- It’s Saturday.

21.Look!Tom and his parents ________(swim)in the river now.

22.It's only 7 o'clock,but Mary ________(sleep)in bed.She ________(not go)to bed so early every night.She is ill today.

23.—I ________(do)my homework.But my pen is broken.

—Don't ________(worry).I'll ________(mend)it for you now.

24.—What are they doing now?

—They ________(put)on their clothes.

25.It's five o'clock.The students ________(play)football on the playground.

26.Listen!Jim's radio ________(make)a loud noise.Would you please tell him ________(turn)it down?

27. I _________ (have) an exciting party last weekend.

28. ______ she ______(practice) her guitar yesterday? No, she _________.

29.—— What ________ Tom ________ (do) on Saturday evening?

—— He ________(watch) TV and __________(read) an interesting book.

30 They all _________(go) to the mountains yesterday morning.

31. She _________(not visit) her aunt last weekend. She ________ (stay) at home and

_________(do) some cleaning.

32.When ________ you _________(write) this song? I __________(write) it last year.

33. My friend, Carol, ___________(study) for the math test and __________(practice) English last night.

34. ________ Mr. Li __________(do) the project on Monday morning? Yes, he _________.

35. How _________(be) Jim's weekend? It _________(be not) bad. 10. ________ (be) your mother a sales assistant last year? No. she __________.

二、按照要求改写句子

1. Daniel watches TV every evening.(改为否定句)

2. I do my homework every day.(改为一般疑问句,作否定回答)

3. She likes milk.(改为一般疑问句,作肯定回答)

4. Amy likes playing computer games.(改为一般疑问句,作否定回答)

5. We go to school every morning.(改为否定句)

6. He speaks English very well.(改为否定句)

7. I like taking photos in the park.(对划线部分提问)

8. John comes from Canada.(对划线部分提问)

9. She is always a good student.(改为一般疑问句,作否定回答)

10. Simon and Daniel like going skating.(改为否定句)

11.He is at work now.(改为同义句)

He ________ ________ now.

12.They play basketball in the morning.(用now替换划线部分)

They ________ ________ basketball now.

13.The teacher is talking to my brother.(对划线部分提问)

________ is the teacher talking to?

________ ________ is the teacher talking?

14.Mr. Green is teaching us English.(对划线部分提问)

________ ________ Mr. Green ________?

15.The women are working near the house.(对划线部分提问)

________ ________ the women working?

16.Tom and his classmates are cleaning the windows.(同义句)

Tom ________ his classmates is cleaning the windows.

17.我过了一个忙碌但却刺激的周末。

I _________ _________ __________ __________ exciting weekend.

18. Jenny喜欢看书。昨晚她看了一本地理方面的书籍。

Jenny likes _________ __________. She _________ a book ________ _________ last night.

19.Emma每天都练习弹吉他。可是昨天他没有练习。他为数学考试作准备了。

Emma __________ the guitar every day. But he _________ ___________ yesterday. He _________ _________ the math test.

20. 上周六他们做什么了?他们做作业和购物了。

What ________ they _________ _________ Saturday?

They _________ __________ homework and _________ ________ __________.

2 1.What day is it today?(用yesterday改写句子)

22.He was at school yesterday.(改为否定句)

23.We did our hom ework after supper.(改为否定句)

24.They were in Beijing last week.(改为一般疑问句,并作肯定回答)

—?

—.

25.She had sports yesterday afternoon(改为一般疑问句并作否定回答) ?

26.They read newspapers a moment ago. ?

27.He flew to Beijing with his robot yesterday. ?

28.We came here because my parents worked here. ?

29.The Greens moved to Shanghai. ?

三、单项选择题

1.—What're the children doing?

—They ________.

A.are listening the radio B.are looking books

C.are watching TV D.seeing a film

2.There is a dog ________ in the yard(院子)now.

A.run B.running C.runs D.is running

3.We __any Chinese classes on Thursday.We ____an English class now.

A.aren't having;have B.don't have;have

C.don't have;are having D.aren't having;are having

4.The twins ________ red skirts today.They look fine.

A.are wearing B.are putting on C.are wear D.put on

5.One of the boys ________ standing by the lake.

A.are B.be C.is D.am

6.It's 12 o'clock.The Green family ________ lunch.

A.have B.has C.are having D.is having

四、改错

( )1. Is your brother speak English?

( )2. Does he likes going fishing?

( )3. He likes play games after class.

( )4. Mr. Wu teachs us English.

( )5. She don’t do her homework on Sundays.

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