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unit 1 section C

发布时间:2013-09-17 18:01:46  

Unit 1

Hobbies
Section C

Grammar

状语从句

1. Street dancing is also a kind of strength dancing, because sometimes it needs upside down with only one hand.
引导从句表原因

英文中状语的功能是说明地点、时间、原因、目的、结果、条件、方向、程度、 方式和伴随状况等。状语一般由副词、介词短语、分词和分词短语、不定式或相 当于副词的词或短语来担当。其位置一般放在句末,但也可放在句首或句中。

Hobbies

2. When you practice yoga, you should focus on your thought, your breath and your movement.
引导从句表时间

3. What should we do if he comes too late? Grammar
引导从句表条件

Grammar
状语从句 连接词

状语从句

when, while, as, as soon as, before, after, since, till, until, 定义:在复合句中担任状语的从句,叫做状 the 时间 moment, directly, once, immediately

语从句。与状语相似,状语从句根据其用途 where, wherever, everywhere 地点 可分为:时间状语从句、地点状语从句、原 because, as, since, now (that) 原因 因状语从句、目的状语从句、结果状语从句、 if, unless, as (so) long as, on condition that, in case… 条件 让步状语从句、比较状语从句、条件状语从 though, although, even if, even though, as, whether, no matter 让步 句和方式状语从句。不同的状语从句由不同 (what, when, who), whatever (wherever, whoever) 的从属连词或相当于从属连词的词组引出。 than, (not) as…as, not so…as, the… the… 比较 各种状语从句所用的从属连词和词组如下表 that, so that, in order that, lest, in case, for fear that… 目的 所示: that, so…that, such…that so 结果
方式 as, as if / as though..

Grammar When, while 和 as 的区别

状语从句

A 从句为”当……的时候”,从句谓语为延续性动词,主句谓语 为非延续性动词(即终止性动词), 三者可通用. B 当从句的谓语动词为终止性动词,只能用when; 表示”正 在那时”, 也只能用when. C.从句和主句的谓语动词都为延续性动词时, 只能用while; while还可作并列连词,表示”而”. D. 当强调主句和从句的动作同时发生时,只能用as, 译为 “一边……一边……; 随着……”

Grammar
用when, while或as 填空

状语从句

While/ As/ When 1. _____________ we were talking, Mr Smiths came in. 2. _____ they came home, I was cooking dinner. When 3. I was about to go to bed _____ I heard someone when knock at t the door.(并列句) 4. _____ we were watching TV, he was studying. While 5. He is fat _____ his brother is thin. (并列句) while 6. _____he talked on, he got more and more excited. As As 7. _____you grow older ,you will know better and better about yourself. 8. They talked ______they walked along the river as
Read and fill

Grammar

状语从句

地点状语从句用连接副词 where或wherever (在任何 地方) 引导。

1.Jus

t stay where you are. 2.Where there is a will, there is a way. 3.Where there is smoke, there is fire. 无风不起浪。 4.You can sit wherever you like. 5.Wherever you go, I’ll be right here waiting for you.

Grammar

状语从句

引导这种从句 常用的连接词是:because, since, now that, for, as和considering that, seeing that 这七个连词 都用于表示表示原因, 但在语气上一个比一个弱。 1. because—直接原因,非推断,语气最强。回答why 的问题,主句前不再 使用so。另外,because前还可 以加only, just, completely等修饰性的副词。 2. since/now that – 通常放句首。译为“既然” 3. as 不谈自明的原因,译为“由于”,语气最弱。 4. for 放句中,引导后半句表原因, 或补充推断的理 由。。

Grammar because, since, as, for的区别

状语从句

1. --Why are you crying, Meg? Because --- _______ I’ve broken your necklace, mom. 2. I went to bed early because I was tired. _______ 3. I was not kind to him _______ he was poor. because 4. I was not kind to him, _______ he was rude. because 5. _____I had a cold, I was absent from school. As for 6. My mother was ill and I sent for Tom, ___ he was a doctor. 7. _____________ we are all here, let’s begin our class. Since/Now that
Read and fill

Grammar

状语从句

比较下面两句 用于正式文体中,所引 in order We’ll sit nearer the front so that we can hear better. that … 从句可于主句前或后。 I shall write it down in case I should forget. (虚拟语气) a. 较常用,一般用于主句后, 注意: 有时可分开,so 有时可省; 从 当从句与主句的主语一致时,可用so as to do … 句中要有情态动词, 否则, 就成 so that 为下一种句型; 或 in order to do …替换so…that…从句 He ran fast so that he might arrive there before ten o’clock. b. 无情态动词则引导结果状 He ran fast so as 语从句。there before ten o’clock. to arrive

Grammar

状语从句

结果状语从句句型:―如此……以致……‖ 1.such + a/an+形容词+单数名词 +that clause 结果状语从句常位于主句之后,由 so, so … that, 2.such + 形容词+可数名词复数/不可数名词 +that... such + 形容词+a/an+单数名词+that clause 3.so … that; so that 等引导。 4.so + 形容词/副词+that clause 5.so + many/much/few/little+名词+that... up with him. a. So quickly did he run that I couldn’t catch 注意: b. The bus broke down so that we had to walk home. so与such引导的结果状语从句之间可互换。 c. She is such a good teacher that everyone admires her. She told us such an interesting story that we all forgot about the time. She told us so interesting a story that we all forgot about the time.

Grammar

状语从句

1. We will be able to get there on time, ____ our car doesn’t break down on the road. A. as soon as B. as far as 条件状语从句由从属连词引导:if, unless (除非), a

s / C. as long as so long as (只要), once D.一旦), inas ( as well case (假使) 等。 2. In time of serious accidents, _____ we know some basic things about first aid, we can save lives. A. whether B. until 条件状语从句中通常用一般现在时表示将来。 C. if D. unless She’ll come over to see you on Saturday if she has time. 3. ____ you have tried it, you can’t imagine how pleasant it We should serve the people as / so long as we live. is. A. Unless B. Because C. Although D. When

Grammar
还可以使用 Though 或While

状语从句

在复合句中表示让步概念的状语从句被称为让步状 though 1. 引导的让步状语 as He went out, ________ it was raining. Conclusion: are poor, they buy a great many books. 2. 引导的让步状语从句,必须将从句中的表语、状语、 _________ Although as语从句。 they 常用引导词: 3. Strange _________ it may seem, he remained single all 以及谓语中的实意动词提前至从句句首,作表语的单 though/as though, 数可数名词前如有冠词,冠词需省略。 1. his life.although, even if, even though, Although多用于句首,不用于中间. 4. Child _________ he is, he has learnt advanced no matter +as +主语+其他成分 as/though adj./n./adv./v.+ 疑问词 (what/ who/ where/ when/ which/ how) , 2. Though可用于句首,句中; 还可用作副词,用于句末, mathematics. 疑问词-ever (whatever, whoever, wherever, whenever, however, though. 译为:可是;但是.如: It’s hard work, I enjoy it whichever) Though he works hard, happens, don’t be discouraged. 5. No matter ________ he makes little progress. what 3. Though引导的状语从句还可以把表语提到最前面, Hard as/though he works,go, you must write to your parents. 6. No matter ______ you he makes little progress. where 特殊引导词: 而although则不能这样用. Child(用在让步状语从句中必须要倒装), open thing 7.as as/though he was, he knew what was the right the No matter ______ hard he tried, he couldn’t how towhile ( 一般用在句首 ), do. door. Objectmatter or… , whether (…) or not 8. No as you may, I’ll go. who whether… ______ you marry in the future, he must be =Though you may object, I’ll go. an honest man.

Grammar

状语从句

比较状语从句常由下列词语引导: as …as, not so / as … as, more…than, less … than, the 比较级 + adj. / adv., the 比较级 + adj. / adv. 1. His brother is/ ____ handsome ____ he (is). as a. He is not so as healthy as his as brother. b. They jumped up and down as hard as I had expected. so/as as 2. The movie was not ______ good ____ they could. c. John is less clever than Peter. mine 3. Your busier he is, theexpensive as _______ (me). d. The bag is twice as happier he feels. e. The job is not so faster _____ he used to (drive). than 4. The driver drives difficult as I thought it would be. f. Send for a doctor as soon as (it is ) possible. 5. The more knowledge we

learn, the happier (happy) _________ we will be.

Grammar

状语从句

描述主句动作进行方式的状语被称为方式状语。通 常用下列词语引导: as, just as, as if, as though, the way (that), in the way (that)等。 a. We must do as the Party tells us. b. Leave the things as they are. c. Most plants need sunlight just as they need water. d. It sounds as if it is raining. e. They did it in a way that I had never seen before. 他们以我从没见过的方式行事。 f. As water is to fish, so air is to man. 我们离不开空气,犹如鱼儿离不开水

Grammar A. Read and decide. ① She often takes an MP3 with her wherever she goes. 地点状语从句 ② My uncle taught me several songs when I was a small child. 时间状语从句 ③ Since yoga can help people relax and keep fit, many office ladies are fond of it. 原因状语从句 ④ If you ask him, he will help you. 条件状语从句

Grammar A. Read and decide. ⑤ Though yoga doesn’t require you to jump or to run, it could hurt you sometimes. 让步状语从句

⑥ His plan was such a good one that we all agreed to accept it.

结果状语从句
⑦ Say it louder so that everyone can hear you. 目的状语从句 ⑧ He does not work as hard as his brother. 比较状语从句

Grammar B. Read and fill.

We are going out.

It’s snowing.

Grammar

We are going out.
because if unless as but though when so that even though / even if It’s snowing.

As it’s snowing, we are going out

Grammar
because if unless as but though when so that even though / even if

It’s snowing. We are going out.
We snowing, but we are going snowing. It’s are going out because it’s out. If it’s snowing, we are are going out. It’s snowing when we going out. We snowing so that we are going out. It’s are going out unless it’s snowing.

Though it’s snowing, we are going out. out. Even though it’s snowing, we are going

Grammar
IIwon’t believe when verysinceseenin the new program Wenot leavehim him much before you have America.eyes. caught sings a she after he it missed sight of until of Please tell me from him haveours had he my own 1.haven’t heard very friendmuch went to finished DoWe missedyouasshe Icomes heafter gone away. the test. She always the classroomwalks.back. with had gone while we were watching TV at home. away.
1. haven’t heard A. we were watching 2. IWe missed him very from him since he went to much TV at home. America. as 2 I haven’t heard B. he went to America. 3. Don’t leave the classroom before you have when from him C. he had gone away. 3 finished the test. Do not leave the while classroom D. you the new 4. We caught sight of a friend of ours inhave finished since 4 We caught sight of the at program while we were watching TV test.home. before a friend of ours in 5. She always sings as she walks. E. she walks. the new program after F. he 5 She always sings 6. Please tell me when he comes back.comes back. until 6 IPlease tell believe

you until I have seen it with my me G. I have seen it with 7. won’t 7 I won’t believe you my own eyes. own eyes.

Grammar Example:
She is such a clever girl that all the teachers like her. (改为so… that…句型) She is so clever (a girl) that all the teachers like her.
1. He is too young to go to school. (改为so… that…句型)

He is so young that he can’t go to school. 2. When Tom watched TV, Lily was doing her homework. (改为while句型)
Tom watched TV, while Lily was doing her homework.

Grammar
3. Tom is 1.80 meters tall, and his brother is 1.75 meters tall. (改为than句型) Tom is (0.05 meters) taller than his brother. 4. If it rains tomorrow, the sports meet will be put off. (改为unless句型) The sports meeting will be put off unless it doesn’t rain tomorrow. 5. My dream won’t come true, but I still regard singing as my hobby. (改为although句型) Although my dream won’t come true, I still take singing as my hobby. Read and rewrite

Conclusion

What have we learned ?

Different hobbies
street dancing, yoga and the good they do people Language points in the 1970s, focus on, upside down, energetic, created, environment, movement, enjoyment Grammar 状语从句

Homework

What will we do?

1. Remember the words and expressions. 2. Finish off the exercises in the workbook. 3. Read and retell the text. 4. Write a survey report about the hobbies of the people around you.


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