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初一英语上册 第三讲

发布时间:2013-10-14 13:25:21  

英语新目标七年级第一单元知识点 Unit 1.

重点短语

1. name’s=name is 名字是

2. I’m=I am 我是

3. she’s=she is 她是 he’s=he is 他是 you’re =you are 你(你们)是

they’re=they are 他(她;它)们是 that’s=that is 那是 isn’t=is not 不是(单数 形式)

he’s not =he is not=he isn’t 他不是 what’s=what is 什么是 where’s=where is 在哪儿是 Let’s=Let us 让我们

4 .Nice to meet/ see you. 见到你很高 兴

5 .how many + n(可数名词复数) 多少 how much + n.(不可数名词) 多少

6. family name 姓氏

7. given name 名字

8 .telephone number =phone number 电话号码

9. ID card 身份证

10. Good morning 早上好

11. Good afternoon 下午好

12. Good evening . 晚上好 Good night.晚安

13. Sit down, please. =Have a seat, please. 请坐

14. That’s all right. 好;行;不用谢;没关系 That’s right . 对的、正确的 All right .好的,行,好吧

15. Not at all.=It’s a/my pleasure =That’s OK. =You’re welcome. =That’s all right. 不用谢

重点句型 :

1. What’s your name? 你叫什么名字?

My name’s Jenny. / I’m Jenny. / Jenny. May I have your name? Yes, my name’s Jenny. What’s her / his name? 她 / 他叫什么名字? His/Her name’s Tony/Gina.

2. What’s your first / given name?你的 名是什么?(对于外国人来说,中国人 相反) What’s your last / family name?你姓什 么? What’s your full name? My full name/ It is Tony Brown. My first name is Tony. My last name/family name is Brown.

3. I’m Mary. = My name is Mary. 我叫玛丽。 She is Mary. = Her name is Mary. 她叫玛丽。

4. Nice to meet you! 见到你真高兴。 Nice to meet you, too.见到你也很高兴。

5. What’s your telephone number? 你的电话号码是什么? It’s 555-3539.

重点语法:

1,形容词性物主代词:my(我的) your(你的) his/her/its(他/她/它的) our(我们的) your(你们的)their(他们的)后面需要接名词,修饰名词,做前置定语。 在句中可作主语,宾语等成分。 My book is here. This is my book. Her pen is blue. His jacket is on the bed.

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2, 主格: I you he/she/ it we you they 在句中做

主语,陈述句中一般放句首,后面紧跟 am/is/are 及其他动词。 I’m a student. She looks

great. He likes English.

人称代词的用法 第一人称 第二人称 第三人称

主格

I/we you /you he /she/they

宾格 me/us you/you him/her/them

人称代词的主格作主语,宾格作宾语用在动词或介词后。it :表示人以外的动物和东西。 ②

也可以表示天气,时间,距离等,此时it 并不意为 “它”。③it可代替不明性别和身份的

人.

Be动词用法口诀:

Be有am,is,are 我(I)用am 你(you)用are is连着他(he)她(she)它(it)

我们(we)你们(you)他们(they)要用are 单数名词用is 复数形式要用are

变否定真容易be后not为标记

变问句be提前,句尾问号要配全(?)

应用时多注意缩写形式要牢记:

I'm=I am you're=you are he's=he is she's=she is it's=it is

we're=we are you're=you are they're=they are ... ...

相关练习衔接

一、用be动词的适当形式填空

Part one:

1. I ______ an English teacher now.

2. They _______ glad to see each other .

3. Helen and Nancy ________ good friends.

4. The little dog _____ two years old this year.

5. Look, there ________ lots of grapes here.

6. There ________ a sign on the chair on Monday.

7. Today _____ the second of June. Yesterday ______ the first of June. It _____ Children’s Day. All the students ______ very excited. 8.The sky blue.

9.

10. There ________(be) some water in the bottle.

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Part two:

用恰当的be动词填空。

1. I ______ a boy. ______ you a boy? No, I _____ not.

2. The girl______ Jack's sister.

3. The dog _______ tall and fat.

4. The man with big eyes _______ a teacher.

5. ______ your brother in the classroom?

6. Where _____ your mother? She ______ at home.

7. How _______ your father?

8. Mike and Liu Tao ______ at school.

9. Whose dress ______ this?

10. Whose socks ______ they?

11. That ______ my red skirt.

12. Who ______ I?

13.The jeans ______ on the desk.

14. Here ______ a scarf for you.

15. Here ______ some sweaters for you.

16. The black gloves ______ for Su Yang.

17. This pair of gloves ______ for Yang Ling.

18. The two cups of milk _____ for me.

19. Some tea ______ in the glass.

20. Gao shan's shirt _______ over there.

21. My sister's name ______Nancy.

22. This ______ not Wang Fang's pencil.

23. ______ David and Helen from England?

24. There ______ a girl in the room.

25. There ______ some apples on the tree.

26. _______ there any kites in the classroom?

27. _______ there any apple juice in the bottle?

28. There _______ some bread on the plate.

29. There _______ a boy, two girls, three men and ten women in the park.

30. You, he and I ______ from China.

二、句型转换:

1. They are doing housework .(分别改成一般疑问句和否定句)

____________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________

2.The students are cleaning the classroom .( 改一般疑问句并作肯定和否定回答) ____________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________

3.Tom is under the tree.(变为否定句)

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4.The mouse’s teeth are sharp.(变一般疑问句并作肯定回答)

5.The skateboards are black.(改成否定句)

6.Its branches are long.(意思不变,改否定句)

7.She is always a good student.(改为一般疑问句,作否定回答) .

目标聚焦

1、 be动词的用法 2、 基数词0—20

3、 不定冠词a和an的用法 4、 可数名词单、复数的变化 5、 代词

6.人称代词主格I, we, you he, she, it, they 7.形容词性物主代词my, your, his, her 8.指示代词

this, that, these ,those

课前单词小测

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跟我一起读

1、 询问姓名

提问:_________________________________

回答:_________________________________

2.自我介绍,见面打招呼

___________________________________

___________________________________

3.询问对方电话号码

询问:________________________________

回答:________________________________

7. be的一般现在时形式:am,is,are

8. what 引导的特殊疑问句

9. 形容词性物主代词:my,your,our,his,her,its,their

10. Numbers in English 英文数字

语言知识讲与练

1.I’m 的用法

【练习】I am Jenny.=__________ ___________ is Jenny.

2.Hello 的用法

Hello是不分时间的比较随意的打招呼方式,对方仍用Hello!或Hi!来应答

Hi更随意,用于以下四种情况:(1)打招呼(2)打电话(3)提醒对方注意(4)表示惊讶

【练习】---Hello!Who’s that?

---________!This is Kate.

A.Hello B.Hi C.Thanks D.A or B

3.形容词性物主代词考查

【练习】1._________is a bird._________ name is Polly.

2.---Sir,is this your sweater?(毛衣)

---Oh,it’s not my sweater,maybe(也许) it’s _________sweater.See that woman over

there.(在那儿)

A.her B.his C.my D.she

4.数词(number可以缩写为No.)

基数词和序数词

基数词用法

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● 表示数字、年龄、日期等,在句中可用作主语、定语、表语

①---What’s one and two?

---One and two is three.

②---How old are you?

---I’m twelve.

● 表示编号

Lesson One Unit One

● 表示电话号码,按单个基数词读出

● 表示时刻

【练习】Gina lives(住) in ________.Mine(我的) is next to hers.

A. four room(房间)

B. Four Room

C. Room Four

D.

the room four

Police Station 匪警台 110

Fire 火警台 119

First Aid 120

Weather Report 天气预报台 121

Check Telephone Number 114

Report a Traffic Accident 道路交通事故报警台 122

【练习】354-0082________my telephone number.

A.is B.am C.are D.be

5.last name,family name和first name

【例】Thomas Alva Edison ---full name 托马斯.阿尔瓦.爱迪生

Thomas---first name=given name名

Alva---middle name 中间名(注:middle name 经常省略)

Edison---last name=family name姓

【思考】说出 Alexander Graham Bell 名字的各部分组成

【思考】中文名字与外国名字的不同点

7.

be 动词的用法(一)

be 动词三种形式:am,is,are

【口诀】

我(I)用am,你(you)用are,is 连着他(he),她(she),它(it),其余单数用is,复数用are.

【练习】用am,is,are填空

① I ___________ a girl.

② His telephone number _________ 285-3325.

③ How ________ you?

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④ Mike and Jim __________ boys.

⑤ My name __________Yony and her name _________Linda.

【重点短语回放】

1.名字____________ 2.姓氏_____________ ____________

3.电话号码_____________________ 4.身份证____________________

【重点句子回放】

1. I __________ Gina.我是吉娜。

2. _________your name? 你叫什么名字?

3. My _________ is Bob. 我的名字叫鲍勃

4. What’s __________ name? 她叫什么名字?

5. Her name ____________Cindy. 她的名字叫辛蒂

6. _________________________? 他叫什么名字?

7. _________________________. 他的名字叫艾瑞克

8. What’s your ____________number? 你的电话号码是多少?

9. _____________ 534-9867. 我的电话号码是534-9867。

10. _______________________________? 你的姓氏是什么?

11. ________________________________. 我姓布朗

12. What’s your _______________? 你叫什么名字?

13. My first name _____________ John. 我的名字叫约翰。

家庭作业

专项练习一

一. 用括号中适当的词填空。

1. I ________(am, are, is) from Australia.

2. She _______ (am, are, is) a student.

3. Jane and Tom _________(am, is, are) my friends.

4. My parents _______ (am, is, are) very busy every day.

5. _______ (Are, Is, Do, Does) there a Chinese school in New York?

6. _______ (Be, Are, Were, Was) they excited when he heard the news?

7. There _____ (be) some glasses on it.

8. If he _____ (be) free tomorrow, he will go with us.

二. 用所be动词的适当形式填空。

1. A: Where _______the post office. B: It ________ behind the building.

2. A: _______ you Miss Black? B: Yes, I ______.

3. It _____ a shirt, it _______(not) a skirt.

4. There ________ a big playground in our school.

5. There ______ many books in my schoolbag.

6. There _________ some fish in the box.

7. _______ there any chairs in the classroom?

8. You’d better _______ early next time.

专项练习二

1.You can see _______ if you go out at night.

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A.million stars B.thousand of stars

C.hundreds stars C.million of stars

2.—Is this your ________ visit to my hometown,Zunyi?

—No.I’ve been here for many times.

A.one B.the first C.first

floor.

A. two B. second C. the second

4.More than nine students are doing sports now.

A .hundreds B. hundred of C. hundred D. hundreds of

5. Now, everybody, please turn to Page ________ and look at the ________picture.

A. Fifth; five B. Five; fifth C. Fifth; fifth D. Five; five

6. I don’t believe that this _____ boy can paint such a nice picture.

A. five years old B. five-years-old C. five-year-old

7. Football is so exciting that _____ people in the world play it.

A. million of B. millions of C. two millions of

8. There are over ______ students in their school.

A. hundreds B. nine hundreds C. hundreds of D. nine hundred

of the land is covered with trees and grass in Pingjiang, Yueyang.

A. Three fives B. Three fifths C. Three fifth

10. September is _____ month of the year.

A. ninth B. nine C. the nine D. the ninth

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