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现在完成时练习二、直接引语变成间接引语练习二

发布时间:2013-10-15 09:40:26  

现在完成时练习 填空:

1. “_______ you _________ (have) lunch ?” “Yes.”

“When _____ you _____ (have) it?” “I _________ (have) it at 12:00.”

2. “____ you _____ (write) a letter to your aunt yet?” “Yes, I _____. I _______ (write) one last week.”

3. “_________ he __________ (finish) his homework?” “Not yet.”

4. “________ they ever _________ (be) abroad?” “Yes, just once.”

5. Your father _________ just ___________ (finish) his work.

6. Your father _________ (finish) his work just now. 7. Last term I ________ (learn) many English words.

8. They ____________ (not read) the interesting books yet.

9. He ______ never _____ (go) to the science museum. 10. ________ you ever _______ (drink) coke?

11. “_______ you ________ (buy) a dictionary? “ “Yes, I ______ .” “Where ____ you ______ (buy) it?” “ I _______ (buy) it in a bookstore. “When ________ you __________ (buy) it?” “ Yesterday.” 用since和for填空

1) ______ two years 2) _______ two years ago 3) _______ last month 4) ______ 1999

5) _______ yesterday 6) _______ 4 o’clock 7) ______ 4 hours 8) ______ an hour ago

9) ______ we were children 10) _____ lunch time 11) ______ she left here

1. He has lived in Nanjing ________ the year before last. 2. I’ve known him _______ we were children.

3. Our teacher has studied Japanese _____ three years.

4. She has been away from the city _____ about ten years. 5. It’s about ten years _____ she left the city.

2.短暂性转换延续性

①arrive at/in sw. get to/reach sw. come/go/move to sw.

→ be in sw./at school/at home/on the farm/be here/be there

1) He got to Beijing five minutes ago. He ___ _____ ______ Beijing for _____ ________.

2) I moved to the USA last year. I _____ _____ ____ the USA since _______ _____.

3) I went home yesterday. I _____ _____ _____ home for ______ _______.

4) They came here last week. They ____ ______ here since _______ _______.

②come/go back, return → be back come/go out → be out

1) He came out two years ago. He _____ ______ _____ for ______ _______.

2) We return to Fuzhou yesterday. We _____ _____ _____ to Fuzhou since ______.

③become → be

1) I became a teacher in 2000. I ________ _________ a teacher for ________ _________.

2) The river became dirty last year. The river _________ ________ dirty for ________ _________. ④close → be closed open → be open

1) The shop closed two hours ago. The shop _______ ________ ________ for ________ ________. ⑤get up → be up die → be dead

leave → be away from . fall asleep/get tot sleep → be asleep finish/end → be over marry → be married

1) I got up two hours ago. I ________ _______ ________ since _______ ________.

2) He left Fuzhou just now. He _______ _______ _______ _______ Fuzhou for five minutes.

3) My grandpa died in 2002. My grandpa _______ _______ ________for _______ ________.

4) The meeting finished at six. The meeting ________ ______ ______ for six hours.

5) I got to sleep two hours ago. I ________ _________ _________ since _________ __________.

6) They married in 1990. They ________ _________ __________since _________.

⑥start/begin to do sth. → do sth. begin → be on

1) I began to teach at this school in 1995. I ____ ____ at this school since ____.

2) The film began two minutes ago. The film ____ ____ ____ for ____ ____.

⑦borrow → keep lose → not have buy → have put on → wear

catch/get a cold → have a cold get to know → know

1

1) They borrowed it last week. They _________ _________ it since __________ __________.

2) I bought a pen two hours ago. I _________ _________ a pen for ________ __________.

3) I got to know him last year. I _________ __________ him since __________ __________.

4) I put on my glasses three years ago. I ________ _______ my glasses for ________ _______. ⑧have/has gone to → have been in

1) He has gone to Beijing. He ____ ____ _____ Beijing for two days.

⑨join the league/the Party/the army → be a league/a Party member/a soldier

→ be a member of the league/the Party → be in the league/the Party/the army

1) He joined the league in 2002.

He ________ _________ a _________ _________ for two years.

He ______ ________ a _______ _______ the ________ for two years.

He ____________ ___________ ___________ the league for two years.

2) My brother joined the army two years ago.

My brother ____ ____ a ______ for _____ _____. My brother ____ ____ in _____ ____ for two years.

3.汉译英

1)这本字典我已买了三年了。

2)他离开中国三年了。

3)我认识他们五年了。

4)他们已去了美国五年了。

6)他们已经结婚10年。

10)我入团2年了。

I _____ ______ _____ two years ago. I _____ ______ a _____ ____ for two years.

I _______ ________ a ________ of ________ _____ for two years.

I _________ _________ ___________ the _________ for two years.

一、have(has) been in 表示“在某地呆多长时间”,常与表示一段时间的状语连用,如:since, for, how long 等。例如:

Mr. Brown has been in Shanghai for three days. 布朗先生来上海已经有三天了。

二、have(has)been to表示“曾经去过某地”,现在已经不在那里了。可与just, ever, never等连用, 例如: I have just been to the post office. 我刚才去邮局了。

Mary has never been to the Great Wall. 玛丽从未去过长城。

Have you ever been to Hangzhou? 你曾经去过杭州吗? 后面可接次数,表示去过某地几次。例如:

I have been to Beijing three times. 我去过北京三次。

They have been to that village several times. 他们去过那个村庄好几次了。

三、have(has) gone to 意为“到某地去了”,表示到了某地或正在去某地的途中。总之,说话时该人不在现场。

Jack Johnson has gone to London. 杰克.约翰逊到伦敦去了。

练习:

I. 用have(has) been 或have(has) gone 填空。

A: Where ____________ Li Fei ___________? B: He ____________ to Hainan Island.

A: How long ___________ he ___________ there? B: He _____________ there for three days. A: When will he come back , do you know?

B: I’m afraid he won’t come back recently. A: Could you tell me the way to Hainan Island? B: Sorry, I _________ never ___________ there.

A: How many times _______ Li Fei ______ to that place? B: He ____________ there only once. II. 用have/has been to/in, have gone to及go的各种形式填空。

2

1)_____ his country. 1) 2) 3) __ Beijing for years. this school since three years ago.

4) __ the farm.

综合练习:

I. 用never, ever, already, yet, for, since填空

1. I have _______ seen him before, so I have no idea about him.

2. Jack has _________ finished his homework ________ an hour ago.

3. Mr. Wang has taught in this school ________ ten years.

4. “Have you ________ seen the film?” “No, I have ________ seen it.”

5. “Has the bus left _______?” “Yes, it has _________ left.”

III. 用适当的时态填空:

1.She’s _____________ (live) here ever since she was ten.

2.Both of them ________________ (be) in Hongkong for ten days.

3.Both of them ________________ (come) to Hongkong ten days ago.

6. _____________ you ____________ (find) your watch yet?

7. Are you thirsty?No I _______ just ________ (have) some orange.

8. We _____________already ______________ (return) the book.

9. ___________ they ____________ (build) a new school in the village?

10. I ________________(not finish) my homework . Can you help me?

11. My father _____ (read) the novel twice. 14. My father ___________ (read) this book since yesterday. III.句型转换:

1. He has already gone home.

He _______ ________ home ________. (否定句 ______ he _______ home ________? (疑问句) ________ __________ ________ _______ he been there? (划线提问)

2. (划线提问) 单选

1 You have _____ a tall young man. A grown B grown into C grown us D grown up

2 He has ___ the watch for a year. A buy B bought C have D had

3 Has your brother ___ the dog? A kept in B fed C fed on D kept on

4 I ___this book for two weeks, I have to return it now. A borrowed B have borrowed C kept D have kept 5 Have you ever _____to the Great Wall? It's very beautiful。 A gone B been C went D go 6 Her brother _____the Party since 1978. A joined B has joined C has been in D was in 7 The Greens _____many places of interest since they came to China.

A will visit B visited C have visited D visit

9 The bookshop __ for eight years. A has been open B has been opened Chas opened D has open 填空

2 It _____(be ) more than three years since Jim ____(leave) here.

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