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发布时间:2013-10-15 11:30:27  


1.宾语从句 宾语从句在复合句中作主句的宾语。

①由连接词+ 主语+ 谓语 构成


②由that 引导 表示陈述意义 that 可省略 He says (that) he is at home. 他说他在家里。

③由if , whether 引导 表示一般疑问意义(带有是否、已否、对否等) I don’t know if / whether Wei Hua likes fish.


④由连接代词、连接副词(疑问词) 引导 表示特殊疑问意义 Do you know what he wants to buy? 你知道他想要买什么吗? ⑤从句时态要与主句一致

当主句是一般现在时,从句根据情况使用任何时态 He says (that ) he is at home. 他说他在家里。

I don’t know (that) she is singing now. 我不知道她正在唱歌。 She wants to know if I have finished my homework.

她想要知道我是否已经完成了我的作业。 Do you know when he will be back? 你知道他将会什么时候回来? 当主句是一般过去时,从句应使用过去某时态(一般过

去时,过去进行时,过去将来时,过去完成时) He said (that) he was at home. 他说他在家里。

I didn’t know that she was singing now. 我不知道她正在唱歌。 She wanted to know if I had finished m homework.

她想要知道我是否已经完成了我的作业。 Did you know when he would be back? 你知道他将会什么时候回来?

2. get v. 得到、买、到达

3. make a telephone call 打电话

4. save money 省钱、存钱

5. ①问路常用的句子: Do you know where ?is ?


Could you tell me how to get to ??


③Could you tell me how to get to the park?

请你告诉我怎么才能去邮局好吗?中的how to get to the park 是疑问词与动词不定式连用,用作宾语,但不是宾语从句,可是 相当于how I can get to the park(宾语从句)如:


I don’t know how to solve the problem. ==

’t know how I can solve the problem.我不知道如何解决这个问题 你能告诉我什么时候离开?

6. 日常交际用语:

take the elevator / escalator to the ? floor.乘电梯/自动扶梯到?楼 turn left / right === take a left / right 向左/ 右转

go past 经过 go straight 向前直走

7. next to 旁边、紧接着 如:Lily is next to Ann. 莉莉就在安的旁边。

8. between ? and? 在?和?之间

如: Lily is between Ann and Tom. 莉莉就在安和汤姆的之间。

9. decide to do 决定做?

She decided to go to have lunch. 她决定去吃午餐。

decide v. decision n.

make a decision 做个决定

10. Is that a good place to hang out? 那是不是一个闲荡的好地方? 中的to hang out修饰前面名词place,不定式作定语.

如:There are something to eat. 这有吃的东西。中的to eat修饰代词


11. kind of +adj./ adv. 译为“有点、一点”

如: She is kind of shy. 她有点害羞。

12. expensive 贵的 反义词 inexpensive 不贵的

13. crowded 拥挤的 反义词 uncrowded 不拥挤的

14. take a vacation == go on a vacation 去度假

打扮 dress up as 打扮成..

如:He wanted to dress up as Father Christmas. 他想要打扮成圣诞老人。

16. on the beach 在海滩上 的介词用 on

17. politely adv. 有礼貌地 polite adj. 有礼貌的

18. depend on sth / doing / 从句 根据、依靠、依赖、决定于

Living things depend on the sunlight.生物对阳光有依赖性。 We can’t depend on his answer. 我们不能根据他的回答。

That depends on how you did it. 那决定于你怎样做这件事。

19. prefer动词 更喜欢 宁愿 常用的结构有:

prefer sth. 更喜欢某事 I prefer English. 我更喜欢英语。

prefer doing/ to do 宁愿做某事 I prefer sitting/ to sit.我宁愿坐着。 prefer sth to sth. 同?相比更喜欢? I prefer dogs to cats.



prefer doing to doing 宁愿做某事而不愿做某事 I prefer walking to sitting. 我宁愿走路也不愿坐着

prefer to do rather than do 宁愿做某事而不愿做某事

I prefer to work rather than be free. 我宁愿工作而不愿闲着。 20. on the other hand 另一方面

21. 把?借给某人

lend sb. sth. == lend sth.to sb. 如: Lily lent me her book. == Lily lent her book to me .


22. such as 例如

23. I’m sorry to do sth. 对做某事我觉得很抱歉、伤心。

24. in a way 在某种程度说

25. in order to do 为了做? 表目的 如: He got up early in order to catch the first bus.

他起早床,是为了赶上头班公共汽车。 26. 等级/同级比较:as?as , not as/so?as

①as + 形容词/ 副词原级 + as


如: He works as hard as we. 他工作和我们同样努力。

②否定式:not as + 形容词/ 副词原级 + as

== not so + 形容词/ 副词原级 + as

He doesn’t work as / so hard as we. 他工作没有我们那样努力。

27. hand in 上交


1. be supposed to do . 应该 如:

We are supposed to stop smoking. 我们应该停止吸烟。

知识拓展 表示应该的词有:should, ought to ,be supposed to

2. shake hands 握手 shake 本意是“摇动、震动”

3. You should have asked what you were supposed to wear.

你本应该问清楚怎么样穿才得体。中的“should have asked”是


如:She should have gone to Beijing. 她本应该去了北京。(没有去)

4. be relaxed about sth. 对某事随意、不严格 如:

They are relaxed about the time. 他们对时间很随意。

5. pretty adv. 相当,很=very She is pretty friendly. 她相当友好。 adj. 美丽的 She is a pretty girl.她是一个美丽的女孩。

6. make plans to do == plan to do. 打算做某事 如:

She has made plans to go to Beijing.==She has planed to go to Beijing. 3

7. drop by 访问 看望 拜访 串门

We just dropped by our friends’ homes.我们刚刚去朋友家串门。

8. on time 按时

9. after all 毕竟 终究 如:You see I was right after all.你看,毕竟还是我对了。

10. invite sb. to do sth. 邀请某人做某事 如: Lily invited me to have dinner.莉莉请我吃晚饭。

11. without 没有

12. around the world == all over the world 全世界

13. pick up 捡起 挑选 如:He picked up his hat. 他捡起他的帽子。

14. start doing == start to do 开始做某事 如

He started reading.== He started to read. 他开始读。

15. point at 指向

16. stick v. 剌 截 n. 棒,棍

chopstick 筷子 是由chop(砍)+stick(棒)合成,


17. go out of one’s way to do 特意,专门做某事 如:

He went out of his way to make me happy.


18. make mistakes 犯错误(复数)make a mistake 犯错误(一个)

19. be different from 与?不同 如:

Chinese food is different from theirs. 中国菜与他们的不同.

20. 我发现要记住每一样事是困难的。

形式宾语 真正宾语


find / think + it/them +形容词 to do sth. 如: I think it hard to study English.

21. cut up 切开 切碎 如:Let’s cut up the water melon. 让我们切开这个西瓜吧。

22. make a toast 敬酒

23. crowd v.挤满 其形容词和过去式及过去分词都是:crowded

24. set n. 一套 v. 设置

25. can’t stop doing 忍不住做某事 I can’t stop laughing. 我忍不住笑 4

26. make faces 做鬼脸

27. face to face 面对面

28. learn?by oneself 自学 如: I learn English by my self. 我自学英语。

Unit 13

1would rather do than do 宁可 也不

Would rather do 宁可做宁愿做

2therefore 因此所以 用在正式用语中,常作为数学逻辑等精密推理中

So then 于是 因此 用语简洁的日常用语会话,日常文化 ,推论不必严密 3 serve sb (with) sth /serve sth to sb


Serve sb 为某人服务 serve for 用做

4under the skin 在内心里

5 for instance 一般列举同类的人或者事物中的一个例子,位置灵活You can't depend on her: for instance, she arrived late yesterday.


Such as 用来列举一类人或者事物中的几个例子,但必须要少于前面所提及的总数,位置只能在列举的名词前面There are few poets such as Keats and Shelly. 像济慈和雪莱这样的诗人在很少了

6 list ?as 把?列为

Be listed in 登记在?里

7 at a time同时 连续的

At one time 曾有一时 往昔

At all time 总是时常

At any time 随时

8 in truth 实际上

To tell the truth 说实话

The truth is that 事实上

9 to start with 首先

10 be guilty for 对?内疚

11 in bad /poor taste低俗的 格调低的

Unit 14

1 chop sth down 砍倒

2it is one’s turn (to do sth /doing sth)轮到某人做某事

3be off 离开走开

Unit 15

1 go /grow grey 变灰白


Blue 蓝色代表忧郁沮丧

Red 红色代表炙热残酷革命

Green 绿色代表的是缺乏经验 幼稚的

White 白色代表 纯洁的

Violet 紫色代表谦虚



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