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中考英语作文突破指导—作文模板

发布时间:2013-09-18 10:22:44  

1 听力-?<20 2 单项-8

3 完形-7
4 阅读-25

5 词语<10
6 补全-5

7 作文-20
所剩5-10分钟,检查:分值高到低、难到易。

一、题型特点:
书面表达是对学生的语言组织能力、行文表达能力、 基础知识、语法、词汇等综合驾驭能力的考查。

中考书面表达贴近生活,贴近时代,给同学们一更多 的表达空间。 作文题目由限制性题目到半开放性题目,提示性词语 越来越少,而给同学们的空间越来越大: 06年 Non-smoking Day; 07年 “校园节约从我做 起”;
到09年的“A Person I will never forget”,

二、考查形式(体裁):
中考英语考查形式多样:看图(表)写作、书
信、通知、日记、记人物等。

体裁包括:记叙文、说明文和应用文;

三、中考评分标准:
作文一律按档给分,与错误个数无直接关系。 影响作文分数的因素:

1 题目要求、内容要点;
2 句子准确、通顺; 3 层次结构清晰; 4 拼写、语法等错误; 5 卷面整洁度;

四、做题步骤:
1 审题:审清作文体裁(类型)时态、人称等细节; 2 列提纲(文章结构框架):分几段,以及每段大体 内容; 3 写作:在提纲的基础上补充要点;

4 复查:2遍——1遍看查拼写、语法、标点等问题;2 遍不出声读查,靠语感检查语句是否通顺、连贯等;
5 誊抄:不允许做任何的更改。 *总之做到三审:体裁、时态、人称; 三思:词汇—>短语—>句式; 三查:要点、拼写和语法、连贯。

五、作文一般框架:
文章分3段: (1)综述:概括性强,最多2句话引入主题;

(2)正文——主要内容:层次性强,一定要有过渡型 连接词。最多展开3个方面,每个方面最多2句话;
(3)结尾:紧扣主题,2句话内结束,尽量升华。

六、如何列提纲:
例1:利弊型作文——Microblog的利与弊 Para1: (综述)with the development of internet… more and more popular… Para2: (利)First, convenient, anywhere, any time; Second, share… with…; Last, express views free, money-free… Para3: (弊)However, one coin has two faces. On the one hand, a waste of time——affect study; On the other hand, not safe——stolen, hurt feelings

Para4: (个人)As a student, make good use of it.

七、如何列提纲:
例2:计划安排型作文——谈假期安排 Para1: (综述)graduate from…, holiday is coming, plan for this holiday Para2: (正文)Firstly, study comes first. make preparations for the first senior year; Secondly, visit tourist attractions; Last but not least, do sports to build up my body.

Para3: I am sure I’ll have a meaningful holiday. (I’m looking forward to the coming holiday.) (I can’t wait to enjoy my summer vocation.)

八、常见的作文类型模板:
1 书信 Dear ..., I’m glad to receive your letter… ----------

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Best wishes! Yours, Lucy

a书信开头常用语
? I am very glad to receive your letter (hear form you). ? Hello, Jane. Is everything going (on) well? … /How is everything going (on)? ? I’m writing to you for some advice on how to… ? I’m writing to ask if you can ... ? How time flies! It has been months/years since we last met. ? Thank you for inviting me to ….

b 书信结尾常用语
? Best wishes (to/for you). ? Wish you good luck. ? (I am) looking forward to hearing from you.

八、常见的作文类型提纲模板:
2 图表、数字比例型
(提出讨论或调查的事实)Last week, our class had

a class meeting on (how to)… Here are the results.
(表达出不同看法或观点)Most students think …

While … 20% of them choose to…. Another 15 believe… There are also some… saying that… (表达个人看法) As a student, I agree to…

3 说明利弊型
Nowadays … is becoming more and more popular. It has many advantages . First, 优点1… Besides, 优点2… However, every coin has two sides. It also brings us bad influences. On the one hand, 缺点 1… On the other hand, 缺点2… In my opinion,个人观点 …

4 不同观点型
We made a survey about whether we should …提出矛盾问题. Different people hold different ideas. Some believe …正方观点. First, 原因1… Besides, 原因2… While others don’t agree. They think…反方观 点. On the one hand, 原因1… On the other hand, 原因2… As for me,个人观点 …

5 解决问题型 Recently, the … problem has been more and more serious. …should do something to solve it. Firstly, 方法1… Secondly, 方法2… Finally, 方法3… I am sure if everyone can make a contribution to …, the … will become better and better.

九、常用过渡性词语
叙事文常用的句子间连接词:
At first; at last; in the end… then/next/after that… when/while/as soon as/not… until… at the same time; at times; so that To one’s surprise/joy Luckily/fortunately/unluckily/unfortunately… in a word

表示并列:either…or;

neither…nor;

both…and;

not only…but also;

表示递进的:besides; what’s more; what’s worse;

表示原因的:because; for…; because of…; thanks to…;
表示结果的:so; as a result; so…that…; therefore;

表示目的的:so that…; in order that…;
(in order) to…; for…; 表示对比的:Some----- while others------; on the one hand, on the other hand; Each coin has two sides.; prefer…to…; would rather do…than do…;

表示转折的:however; but;
表示举例的:for example; for instance; such as…; like…; that is to say… 表示总结的:in a word; 表示利弊的:be good/bad for sb.;

be harmful to sb.;

do harm to sb.; …

have great/much influence on sb.;

have an effect on sb.;
表示

喜爱的:love/like/enjoy…; be fond of…; be interested in…; show great interest in…; lose oneself in…; put one’s heart into…; be good at; be poor at; be weak in;

表达个人想法的:I think/believe…; (as) for me; in my opinion/view; as a student;

from the bottom of my heart; personally; 其他:in general; generally speaking; to be short(简言之); to be honest; to tell the truth; as we know;

make up one’s mind to do;

in a way;

十、作文万能句式
I will work hard to make my dream come true. I hope your dream will come true one day. It takes sb. +时间+to do… Sb. spend(某种人称时态)+时间/钱+on sth./ (in) doing sth. It’s important/necessary/useful…(for sb.) to v… It’s nice/kind of sb. to v.. It’s time for sb. to do sth. It’s a waste of time to… It’s …years/days since sb. +ved Sb. have great fun doing It’s a pity that… It’s an honor to… (很荣幸做某事)

I’m/We’re not allowed to … I’m afraid of making mistakes…

There be …doing…
Great changes have taken place in…

sth is/are well worth v-ing.
It seems/seemed that… It seems (im)possible to v…

It is said that…
As the saying goes, …

…and …. are different in many ways.
too + adj./adv. + to do There are many differences between … and …

I have made up my mind to do …

I am sure that…
I am not sure whether/if… I would rather do…. than do… It doesn’t matter if… Thank you for v-ing.

If everyone can make a contribution to the earth/
nature/ society, our life will be better and better.

十一、作文万能短语
have/look for a chance to do be/get used to (doing) sth. be proud of/ take pride in… do outdoor activities learn sth. from sb. agree with sb. to do sth.

play an important/active part/role in… with the help of sb.=with one’s help (反义:without one’s help) be/get ready to do sth.= be/ get ready for sth. pay attention to… make friends with… take good care of … get on/along well with …

wish you successful/success

as time goes by…

graduate from…

pass the (final) exam

looking back to the past three years,…(用现在完成时态) keep you mind on your goals

make up one’s mind to do sth. (on sth.)
make a decision to do work hard at English

once in a while/ at times/ now and then(时而,偶尔,有时) from then/now on so far

in the future(将来)/ in future(从今以后) increase our knowledge in fact/as a matter of fact in the beginning/ at first to start/begin with feel like doing give up doing have trouble/difficulty in (doing) sth. have (no) time to do have experience in (doing) sth. follow one’s advice/suggestions master some basic … skills be allowed to do sth. ask sb. for help/turn to sb. for help can’t wait to do can’t help doing

be supposed to do encourage sb. to do

be made to do deal/do with …

work out/solve the problems all sorts/kinds of… at home and abroad

one of the +形容词最高级+可数名

词的复数… be full of…/be filled with come up with good ideas be surprised at sth.(to do sth.) keep healthy/fit keep/be in good health learn sth. by oneself

a good way to do…/of doing

keep (on) doing

worry about…/ be worried about…

in one’s spare/free time
be kind/friendly to

in one’s daily life
be strict with sb. in sth.

help others

say thank you/hello to sb.

have fun/enjoy oneself/have a good time

plenty of +可数名词复数或不可数名词
Sth. be popular with sb. know little/much about … be/feel sorry for in/during class help sb. (to) do sth. share sth. with sb. try/do one’s best to do

teach sb. to do sth. before/after class help sb. with sth.

一、认真审题,确定时态人称,同时关注题材格式 时态:故事性文章一般用过去时, 其中表达感受时可用现在时。 说明性或议论性文章一般用现在时, 举例时可用过去时。 根据题目要求也会出现时态的交错使用, 如过去和现在的对比等。 如果句中出现了时间状语, 时态则要遵循时间状语。 如ago,last…——过去时; next,in…——将来时等 人称:注意在句子中人称的统一。 例如:Thanks to the teachers, we have improved our English. 其中we和our就是人称的统一。 格式:注意书信格式的开头和结尾。

二、找全信息点,紧扣主题,突出重点

切忌只看表格中或所列1、2、3中的信息点。
一定把题读全,找齐信息点,

建议用铅笔标出,写完后再涂掉。
根据题目,可适当增加合理内容。

特别注意文章要有开头和结尾。

三、成文时表述正确,文字流畅
切忌与汉语提示的一一对应,

使用所学表达方法将语义表达出来即可。
首先考虑句子结构(如主谓宾,主系表等)。 同时注意短语的正确使用和单词的拼写, 最好使用课本上学过的短语和句式。

四、文章结构清晰,重点句型出彩, 可使文章在得分上提高一个档次 考虑文章的篇章结构,使用适当的连接短语, 使文章结构紧凑。 文中正确使用两三个好的句型, 如:宾语从句、状语从句、动名词做主语等。 宾语从句举例: I believe Tianjin will be more beautiful . 状语从句举例: If everyone does something for the environment, our hometown will become clean and beautiful. 动名词做主语举例: Reading books in the sun is bad for our eyes. It's bad for our eyes to read books in the sun.

五、认真检查,检查信息点是否全面, 时态、人称是否一致,句子结构是否清晰,

短语使用、单词拼写是否准确等。
检查后,将草稿誊写在纸上,

请注意按结构分段,书写清晰。
建议大家练习或模仿不同题材的文章,

特别注意改错总结和吸取范文中好的结构与表达方法,
适当运用于自己的文章中。

*
?词数80左右,不少于70词,不多于 100词。 ?

不能使用其他颜色笔、修正液等可被 视为标记的工具;绝对不能透露真 实信息。


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