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八年级英语上册第三单元

发布时间:2013-10-15 12:29:09  

短语归纳:
1.have fun 2.work hard 3.as...as 4.care about 5. be different from 6.the same as 7.as long as 8.brong out 9.be similar to 10.be good at 11.be good with 12.make friends 13.in fact
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形容词的比较级

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Liu Xiang

Yao Ming

Liu Xiang is tall.
Yao Ming is taller than LiuXiang. 2013-10-15
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Zen Zhiwei

Xiao xin

Zen Zhiwei is short . Xiao xin is shorter than Zen Zhiwei .
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Summer is hot. Summer is ________ than spring. Winter is cold. Winter is ________ than autumn.

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Liu Yifei

Mike

Liu Yifei is thin.
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Mike is thinner than Liu Yifei.
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Li Yong

Pan Changjiang

Li Yong is funny. Pan Changjiang is funnier than Li Yong.
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一、规则变化 二、不规则形容词的比较级 三、形容词比较级的用法

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Q1:形容词比较级的规则变化有些?
一、单音节和 部分双音节词 1.slow slower fast faster young younger tall taller 一般在词尾加 er,

2.fine finer

late later 以字母e 结尾的词,加r

3.thin thinner big bigger 重读闭音节词只有一个辅音字母时,双写辅音字 母,加 er, 4.easy easier lucky luckier 以辅音字母加“y”结尾的双音节词,先改 “y”为“i”再加er,
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二、多音节和部分双音节词在词前加more

important more important
delicious more delicious boring more boring

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Q2:形容词比较级的不规则变化有哪些?
原级 good bad/ill many/much little 比较级 better worse more less

far
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farther further

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Q3: 通常在什么情况用形容词比较级?
1、两者之间的比较,句中有明显的标志词 than。 The earth is larger than the moon. 变式练习:这本书比那本书有趣。 This book is more interesting than that one. 2、Which/Who is + 比较级, A or B ? 数学和英语,哪个更容易? Which is easier, maths or English? 变式练习:周杰伦和张杰,谁更受欢迎? Who is more popular ,Zhou jie lun or Zhang jie. 2013-10-15
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Q4:有哪些特殊情况下也使用形容词的比较级?
1、… is the +比较级 + of the two.(两者中·· ·) ·较·· 汤姆是这两个男孩中 较高的一个 Tom is the taller of the two boys. 变式练习:曙光学校是两所学校中较好的一所。

Shuguang school is the better of the two schools.
2、越来越·· ·比较级+ and + 比较级 …” 天变得越来越黑。 “越来越

It’s getting darker and darker. 变式练习:他有越来越多的朋友。

He has more and more friends.

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2)More +and +more+原级
保山变得越来越美丽

越来越···”

Baoshan is becoming more and more beautiful. 变式练习:英语越来越重要。 English is more and more important. 3、The + 比较级…,the + 比较级… “越…,就越…”
你吃得越多,就变得越胖。

The more you eat, the fatter you will become.
变式练习:你锻炼的越多就越健康。

The more you exercise,the more health .
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5. much,a lot ,a bit ,a little ,even , far 等修饰比较级 Lucy比她姐姐胖的多。 Lucy is much heavier than her sister.
变式练习:她今天比我更高兴。

Today she is much happier than me.

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目标检测 写出下列形容词的比较级
Short ill

shorter worse bigger later easier
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big
late easy
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delicious more delicious

? 1. A horse is ___ than a dog C A. much heavy B. more heavier C. much heavier ? 2. Emma always makes a lot of mistakes . She is ___ D A. care B. careful C. carefully D. careless ? 3. Which subject is ___ , physics or C chemistry ? A. interesting B. most interesting C. more interesting D. the most interesting
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4. In our city it’s ___ in July ,but it is even D ____ in August A.hotter, hottest B. hot, hot C. hotter, hot D. hot, hotter 5.The bread is __ than these cakes A.very delicious B. much delicious C. more delicious D. as delicious 6. _____ you work , ____your future will be . D A.Harder ; better B.The more hardly ; the more beautiful C.The more hard ;the better D.The harder ;the brighter 2013-10-15 18

c

B 8.Everyone knows China is getting______ A. strong and strong B. stronger and stronger C. more strong and strong D.strongest and strongest 9. In order to keep healthy, you should eat B ______junk food, __fresh vegetables and take enough exercise. A.fewer, fewer B. less, more C. fewer, more D.less, less
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1.necessary:形容词"必需的,必要的" e.gSleep is necessary to health.
常用结构:It is necessary for sb to do sth. =It is necessary that... “对某人来说做某事是必要的” e.g 多我来说学习英语是必要的。 It is necessary for me to study English. =It is necessary that I study English.
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2.both:"两个,两者都",其主要用法: 1.both单独做主语时其谓语动词要用复数形 式。 e.gBoth are students. 2.both...and..."两个都" 否定形式:neither...nor..."既不...也不...,都 不" e.g露西和丽丽都在吃晚餐。 他既不是教师也不是医生。

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Both Lucy and Lily are having supper. He is neither a teacher nor a doctor.

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3.similar:形容词“相似的,类似的” 常用结构:be similar to=be like"和...相似" e.gYour new haircut is similar to mine. similar与same: 1.similar=like"大致相似的,类似的"但不一样。 e.g这姐妹俩看上去很像。 The sisters look similar. 2.same“相同的,同样的”前面需加定冠词 the,常用结构:the same as"与...相同" e.g他的书包和你的一样。 His bag is the same as yours.

4.as...as"与...一样",表示两个人/物在某方面 程度相同。两个as中间是形容词或副词的原 级。e.gTom和他的爸爸一样高。 Tom is as tall as his father. 当表示“甲方在某一方面不如乙方时”用: not as...as=so...as. e.g体育不及英语重要。 PE is not as important as English. =PE

is so important as English. 5.as long as"只要,既然" e.gAs long as it doesn't rain we can go.

6.be good with sb"和...相处很好"=get along/on with sb e.g他和他的老师相处的很好。

He is good with his teacher. =He gets along/on with his teacher.

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所给词的正确形式填空: 1.She is much___(good) at drawing than I am. 2.Holly's best friend is___(funny)than she is. 3.The reporter spoke very___(clear)so that we could hear every word. 4.There are___(many)boys in our class than in theirs.
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5.There is a___(say)that behind every successful man there's a woman. 6.When she came in,Bob___(break) off his talk with Jane. 7.We approached(靠近)the birds ___(quiet) and watched them.
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1.I think computers are very useful.They can help us get much___on the Internet. A.gameB.informationC.ideaD.messag e 2.The teacher speaks loudly so that the students can hear her___. A.slowlyB.quietlyC.clearlyD.carefully 3.The mother walked into the room___in order not to wake up her baby. A.quicklyB.quietlyC.heavilyD.fast

7.___you study,___knowledge you'll get. A.The harder,more B.The harder,the more C.Harder,the more D.Harder,more 8.Ted is___more serious than John A.few B.a lot of C.a little D.very 9.His bike is the same as___. A.I B.me C.my D.mine 10.They__swim across the river. A.can both B.both can C.are both D.both are

11.We don't look the same,____we're twins. A.although B.but C.however D.so 12.English is___than Japanese in China. A.important B.importanter C.more important D.much important 13.—Dick.is Nick your twin brother? —Yes,and I'm thirty minutes___than him. A.fatter B.taller C.heavier D.older 14.Don't___at him.He tried his best. A.smile B.laugh C.cry D.cough 15.Can a dog run___a horse? A.so fast as B.as fast as C.as faster as D.so faster than

16.Soccer is becoming___in China today. A.most and most popular B.most popular C.popular and popular D.more and more popular 17.The more careful you are,the___mistakes you will make. A.few B.fewer C.fewest 18.It's summer now.The weather is getting__. A.higher and higher B.lower and lower C.hotter and hotter D.colder and colder 19.Lili isn't as___as Peter.She often makes mistakes. A.careless B.careful C.carelessly D.carefully

20.Lin Tao's watch is the same__yours.So I don't know which is his. A.for B.on C.as D.with 21.___you need me,I'll stay. A.As B.Because of C.The same as D.As long as 22.Please___your book.Listen to me carefully. A.bring to B.bring out C.took out D.put out 23.He always agrees with his friends about everying.__,he has no thoughts of his own. A.In fact B.Because of C.As well D.As well as

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24.—Do you know the man__is reading the book over there? —Yes,he's Mr.Green,our math teacher. A.which B.what C.where D.who 25.I don't__what he does. A.take care of B.care about C.look after D.look up 26.Your bag is__to mine.I don't know which one is mine. A.same B.similar C.like D.unlike
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27.John can play__

_guitar,but he can't play ___chess. A.the,/ B./,the C.the,the D.a,the 28.This pen is___expensive than that one. A.much more B.much C.the most D.very more

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Kate and Sandy 1 sister.They both live2 now.Kate is3than Sandy.She likes their life in town very much.Kate thinks living in town is4than5in the country,She likes the lights in town,She thinks the lights6are more becutiful than the stars.She likes reading, and she reads7than Sandy.Sandy likes the country8.She often goes to the country to help her aunt9the farm work.Sandy likes running.She runs faster than Kate.In the country,Sandy can run longer than in town. She also thinks runningin the country10the most exciting thing to do. 2013-10-15 34


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