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中考英语应用文

发布时间:2013-10-16 09:30:08  

日记一般按照时间顺序或事情的经过来写。

最好分两段,最后一段表明自己的感受。

8种应用文文体: 语言要清楚,自然,内容要连贯、完整。

1.通知 ( Notice ) 2.书信( Letter ) 3.海报( Poster ) 4. 便条( Message ) ? ☆例1.请你根据以下提示,用英语写一则日记,不少于5句并包含所有的信息。

5.电邮 ( E-mail ) 6.日记 ( Diary ) 7.天气预报 ( Weather report ) ? (时间:9月25日,星期六,多风)

8.自我介绍 ( Self-introduction ) ? ①早上8:00起床。

一、日 记 ? ②做完作业后帮妈妈做家务。

日记是用来叙述一天生活中发生的重要事情的文体,特别是那些具有教育意义或值得? ③下午二时看电影,片名叫Assembly。

今后回忆、查阅、参考的事情;其素材应是最有趣或感受最多的一些事情;通常以记叙文? ④乘公共汽车于1:50抵达电影院。

或是以简单的议论文为主。 ? ⑤电影很有趣,过得很愉快。

★★1.英语写作的格式 参 考 范 文

Sunday, May 21st Cloudy Saturday , September 25th Windy

My Teacher(题目) This morning I got up at 8:00. After breakfast, I did my homework. Then I helped my

日记中的月份和星期,往往用简略形式,如:November 10th, Friday mother do housework. I went to the cinema at 2 o’clock this afternoon. The name of the film was

可缩写为 Nov. 10th, Fri. Assembly. I went to the cinema by bus. I got there at 1:50 p.m.

①星期的省略形式为: Sunday → Sun. Monday → Mon. The film was very interesting. We had a good time.

Tuesday → Tue. Wednesday → Wed. Thursday → Thur. 或 Thurs. 二、书 信 ※

Friday → Fri. Saturday → Sat. 书信是人们在日常生活中不可缺少的一种通讯方式,它是人们进行思想交流、信息传

②月份的省略形式为: January → Jan. February → Feb. March → Mar. 递的重要手段。书信的种类主要有:来信、复信、邀请信、感谢信、道歉信、求助信、求

April → Apr. May → May. June→ Jun. 或 June 职信、求购信、投诉信、介绍信、推荐信等等。

July → Jul. 或 July August → Aug. September → Sept 英文书信按照其正规性可分为私人信件和正式函件。在中考书面表达题中的“书信”通常都

October → Oct. November → Nov. December → Dec. 是私人书信。本节着重以私人信件为例进行讲解说明。

③ 日期的写法: 1. 正文(Body):

1→ first→ 1st 2→ second→ 2nd 3→ third→ 3rd 4→ fourth→ 4th 正文就是一封信的“主体”。从称呼下一行往右缩第二个字母处开始写,每段的开头都应与

5→ fifth→ 5th 8→ eighth→ 8th 9 → ninth → 9th 11→ eleventh→11th 正文的第一行对齐。书信正文就是一篇文章,可运用描述,议论,抒情,说明等各种方法

12→ twelfth→ 12th 13→ thirteenth→ 13th 15→ fifteenth→ 15th 写。怎么写取决于内容。

18→ eighteenth→ 18th 19→ nineteenth→ 19th 20→ twentieth→ 20th 2. 写回信,常应先提到收到对方的信,并表示谢意。常用的用语:

21→ twenty-first→ 21st 22→ twenty-second→ 22nd Thank you for your letter of November 17th, 2012. I was glad to receive your letter of April 4.

rdth23→ twenty-third→23 30→thirtieth→ 30 31→thirty→ first→ 31st I was most pleased to hear from you. I have just received your letter.

另外,还要注意一些常用来表示天气的词语: I am glad to tell you that…

小雨 → light rain 多云 → cloudy 大雨→ heavy rain 多风 → windy 3. 结束语(Closing)

毛毛雨 → fine rain 多雨 → rainy 北风 → north wind 炎热 → hot 结束语即是正文下面的客套话。一般从信纸中间偏右的地方开始写,第一个字母应大写,

西风 → west wind 闷热 → close 东北风→ northeast wind 干燥 → dry 末尾用逗号。

晴朗 → fine 或 clear 多雾 → foggy 阳光明媚→ sunny 多雪 → snowy Best wishes / regards All my best wishes. With my best respects and regards.

★★2.日记的人称和时态 Wishing you good luck / success /good health. Good luck to you / with sth.

⑴日记一般常用第一人称,以叙述型为主。 Give my love / regards to … Remember me to your family.

⑵常用一般过去时。但如果是描写景色或展望 未来,可以用一般现在时或一般将来时。 Say hello to every body. Looking forward to hearing from you.

4. 一般用Yours 签名,签名在右下角。

★★3.日记的写作顺序

中考英语应用文题型分析及策略

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三、 通知: ? 书面通知

书面通知是以布告张贴的形式出现,常常是张贴在显眼的位置,以引起公众的注意。为醒目起见,标题的每个字母都常大写。 书面通知的格式:

? ①标题:在正文上面正中的地方写上NOTICE。

? ②正文:通知内容包括具体的时间、地点、活动内容和注意事项。

? ③单位:发通知的单位一般写在正文的右下角。有时也放于标题之上,作为标题的一部分。

? ④时间:发出通知的时间一般写在左下角或右下角。 书面通知一般无称呼语,通知中常用第三人称。中考书面表达书面通知的卷面表现形式。

NOTICE

In celebration of May Day , there will be --- 正 文

School Office April 25th , 2012

NOTICE

? Our school will hold the winter sports meeting on our playground from January 20th to January 22nd. We hope all the students will take part in the sports meeting. Every student will have a try in all kinds of sports. Each class will write reports about the sports meeting in time. If it snows,we’ll put off the sport meeting till next week.

The Students’ Union January 15th, 2012

四、天气预报

例文1、下面的表格是哈尔滨市的天气情况,请写一份天气预报,要求条

Good morning! Here’s the weather report for Harbin. In the morning, it will be fine. In the afternoon, it will snow and there will be strong wind. In the evening, it will be a little better. The temperature will be -15°C to -8°C. Thank you for listening.

?

五、 海报 Poster

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海报(Poster)是一种带有装饰性的广告,有时还配有绘画。包括有球讯、电影消息、文娱活动海报等。海报正中往往有主题的大字标题。海报无需称呼,在正文右下角写发出海报的单位,日期位于署名的下一行,靠左下角。海报正文语言十分简洁,而不用文字详细叙述。开门见山地说明主题和活动内容,活动时间和活动地点另起一行。最后提出要求和注意事项。

1) 时态:用一般将来时和一般现在时

2) 要求:把活动的内容、时间、地点、参加规定及主办单位交代清楚即可 3) 正文的写法:

第一:第一句话用将来时交代活动的内容和时间 Eg:

( 1 ) We`ll have a show\football match on July 16th

( 2 ) There is a piece of news that we`ll hold a…+ 地点+时间 ( 3 ) … is holding +活动+地点+时间

( 4 ) We hope raise money to help the poor children

※时间也可附带在活动的后面: The time is from…to … 第二:接着交代活动的地点及其他内容 Eg: It will be held +地点 第三:介绍活动的特点,

尽量叙述积极向上的和有益的一面 Eg: ( 1 ) The match will be wonderful.

( 2 ) All the clothes are low in price ,but high quality

第四: 接着介绍一些文字材料的其他信息。如具体的方法及注意事项和要求。 Eg: ( 1 ) you can buy ticket in…,and the price is 2 yuan for each

( 2 ) By then, some new clothes are even 50℅ off, If you spend more than 100 yuan at one time, you can get a present.

( 3 ) Call Lily at 51542636 or email… 第五:用一些鼓励性语言激发读者的兴趣 Eg:

( 1 ) Please come and cheer for them. ( 2 ) I hope you don`t miss it. ( 3 ) Don`t miss it. ( 4 ) All are warmly welcome.

( 5 ) Everyone is welcome. ( 6 ) Catch the chance, or you will regret. ( 7 ) Sign up and have a good time. ( 8 ) Hurry up to… 范文:

POSTER

Friendly Basketball Match

A friendly basketball match will be organized by the Students' Union of our school. It will be held between No.3 Middle School team and ours on the basketball court on Saturday, November 25th, 2012 at 4 p.m. It is very exciting. I hope that everyone won’t miss it.

The School Students' Union Tuesday, November 24th,2012.

? 建议老师平时批改小作文时可以采取中考批卷时我们常用的方法:

扣分法或加分法:

? 1 先看格式是否正确错误减一分

? 2看文章时只要找到任何一处错误减一分 ? 3 信息关键词只要缺一处就减一分

? 4 主从复合句没有或主要句干有错误减一分 ? 5 不够五个有效句子减一分

六、留言条

注意:1、称呼;2、署名

例文1、假如你是苏珊,你要和你的同学刘畅去看电影。你去找他,他恰好不在家,你就给他写了留言条:1.电影今晚6:30开始。2.5点钟在学校门口等他。3.一起坐21路车去。Dear Liu Chang,

I go to your house, but you aren’t at home. I want you to watch a movie with me. Th movie begins at 6:30 this evening. I wait for you at our school gate at 5:00. We can take No.21bus to go there .See you soon.

Susan

例文2、假如你是张平,放学后你和同学去看电影,大约6:30回家,告诉妈妈不要担心,请根据以上内容给妈妈写一则30词左右的便条。 Dear Mum,

I will go to Children Cinema to see a film with my class mates after school. I will go back home at about 6:30 pm . Don’t worry about me. I will look after myself.

Zhang Ping

例文3、假如你是张明,星期日你受到了Tom的邀请,他邀请你去参加他的生日聚会。你很感谢他的邀请,但是你有很多其他的事情要做,还要为周一的考试准备。于是你马上去他家找他,可恰巧他不在家,于是你给他写了一张留言条,并带给他最好的祝愿。 Dear Tom,

Thank you for inviting me to your birthday party. But I’m sorry I can’t come. Because I have to study for the exams. But I still want to wish you have a happy birthday. I hope you have lots of fun!

Zhang Ming

七、 假条

注意:1. 称呼 xxx,; 2. 正文; 3. 署名; 4. 日期(可省)

例文1、丽丽的妈妈生病住院了。今天将要动手术。丽丽将到医院照看她,所以丽丽今天不能去上学了。请以丽丽的身份给格林先生写一则请假条。 Dear Mr. Green,

My mother is in hospital. She’ll have an operation today. I’ll go to the hospital to look after her. So I’m afraid I can’t go to school today.

Yours, Lily

例文2、假如你教凯特,你的妈妈突然生病了,爸爸又去广州出差了,你不得不在家照顾妈妈,想向你的老师Miss Wang,请三天假,并表示自学功课。请根据以上内容写一则请假条。 Dear Miss Wang,

I’m very sorry to tell you that I cant’s go to school today. My mother is ll and my father has gone to Guangzhou on business. I have to look after my mother at home. So I will ask three days’ leave, I can learn lessons by myself.

Your student, Kate

八、电话留言

例文1、Tim给Andy打了一个电话,邀请他去参加周二的圣诞聚会,但Andy没在家,他的哥哥John记下了Tim的留言,请你描述此电话留言的主要内容。

Date: today Time: 7:30pm To: Andy From: Tim

Message: Join Christmas Party this Thursday; Some colorful lights and balloons are needed. Andy:

I received a telephone call. It was made by Tim at 7:30pm. He wanted you to join Christmas Party this Thursday at his home. You must bring some colorful lights and balloons when you go there on that day. John

例文2、假如你是刘梅,你在8月20日下午3点15分接到吉姆给约翰的电话,约翰不在,Jim, Lin Tao, Kate星期日去West Hill野餐,他们在学校

3

门口见面,坐公共汽车去,他们希望John一起去,并且带一些吃的,不要迟到。你接了电话,请根据通话内容留一张电话留言条。 From: Jim To: John Date: Aug. 20th Time:3:15 John,

Jim, Lin Tao and Kate will have a picnic at the West Hill this Sunday. They will meet at the school gate and go there by bus. They hope you can go with them. Please bring some food with you and don’t be late.

Liu Mei

九、感谢信

例文1、Jenny邀请Jane在星期一参加生日晚会。但是Jane那天晚上要参加数学考试,没时间去。请帮Jane写一封感谢信,她同时送上一份礼物,以示祝贺。时间5月20日。 Dear Jenny, May 20th

Thank you for inviting me to your birthday party, but I’m afraid I can’t come. Because I’ll have a math exam on Monday evening. Here is a gift for you. I hope you will love it. Happy birthday.

Yours, Jane

十、失物招领、寻物启事

注意:1.标题;2.署名

例文1、假如今天上午你在学校的操场上捡到一个钱包,包内有300元钱和一张IC卡。你将钱包交到了总务处,请失主到总务处(the General Affairs Office)认领。很据上述提示写一则招领启示。

Found

A wallet with three hundred yuan and an IC card has been found on the playground this morning. If it is yours, please come to the General Affairs Office.

The General Affairs Office

例文2、本人于昨天在学校操场拾到一件校服上衣,兜里有钱若干,还有钥匙一串。有丢失者请与初三(二)班王爽联系,或打电话13318969889.

Found

I found a uniform on the school playground yesterday afternoon. There is some money and a

4

set of keys. If it is yours, please call 13318969889 or contact Wang Shuang of Class Two, Grade Three.

Wang Shuang

例文3、今天是11月22日,Tina在学校餐厅用餐时不慎丢失一个黑色的包,里面有一件短裙,一件衬衫。有拾到者请打电话63390668。谢谢。

Lost

I lost a black bag when I was having lunch in the school dinning room. There is a skirt and a blouse in it. If you find it, please call 63390668.Thank you.

Tina

例文4、假如你不慎将书包遗失在操场上,书包是蓝色的,有些脏。里面有一个红色的铅笔盒,一本英语书和一个黑色的钱包。你很着急,于是用以上信息写了一张寻物启事,并留下了联系方式(13912341234)。

Lost

I have lost my schoolbag in the playground. It’s blue and a little dirty. There is a red pencil-box, an English book and a black wallet. If you find my schoolbag, please call me. My telephone number is 13912341234.Thank you very much.

十一、贺卡

注意:1.称呼:To xxx,; 署名:From xxx

2.正文:a、……节日快乐; b、希望、祝愿……

例文1、假如你叫Alpha,你校新来的外教Judy Smith 明天将要到你班上课。明天是她的生日,请你为她写一张生日贺卡。 To Judy Smith,

Happy birthday to you! I think it’s your first birthday at our school. We’ll have a party for you. I hope you can enjoy it. Thank you for teaching us.

From Alpha

例文2、今天是教师节,二班的学生给吴老师写了一张贺卡,他要祝老师节日快乐。 To our dear teacher Mr. Wu,

Happy Teachers’ Day! Thank you for helping us so much! I hope you’ll have a happy year in our class!

Best wishes for you !

From your students of Class Two

十二、 广告

注意:要有署名

肯德基推出一种新的饮料—Xue Ding Coffee,里面有冰淇淋,冰块,咖啡,非常美味。而且价格便宜,请为它做个广告。要求用5句话表达相关内容。

We have a new drink. There’s ice-cream, ice and coffee in it. It’s cheap. And it’s very delicious. Please hurry up. Come and enjoy it.

KFC

十三、 电子邮件(e-mail)

To: Kayla @hotmail.com Subject: Re: Pen-pal wanted Hello, Kayla,

I’m Mike. I am 15 years old. I’m glad to know that you would like to have a pen-pal. I also want to find a pen-pal from the Internet. When I’m free, I like to listen to the music, go hiking and play basketball. I’m good at English and art .We can learn from each other and be good friends. I hope to hear from you often. Best wishes. Mike

应用文写作技巧

阅读表达五句话,判断文体再说话。 书信电邮多问候,海报通知勤欢迎。 过去时态写日记,将来时态报天气。 留言易写出错多,人称用词换得多。 介绍自己不算完,讲讲决心和感受。 信息多,别嫌烦,细心找寻准又全。 信息零乱没关系,可用过渡连词串。 提笔之前打草稿,语法准确不跑偏。 卷面干净字工整,标点符号常记挂。 灵活句式来点缀,写出满分应用文!

书面表达(10分)

? Narration 记叙文(5W1H )

? Exposition 说明文 ( How—Way )

? Argumentation 议论 ( Why-Reason )

一、( 记叙文六要素 ) :Who What When Where Why How

二、说明文篇章结构写前指导

第一段:导入主题自然恰当,结尾要紧扣在说明文体裁上,Here is my advice / Here are my ways / suggestions,语言精彩,有修辞方法(排比、比喻、设问、引用等),不能写成其它文体。

第二段:从三个不同的侧面来说明问题。

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第三段:首尾呼应,总结扣题,If you follow my…有精美语句、 谚语,升华主题。 说明文主体段------第二段结构

至少要分三点进行说明,每种方法至少含有三句话,一句中心句,两句推展句。(一句中心句写方法,二句陈述理由,三句写结果,二句三句也可举例说明方法的好处或具体描述方法使用)。要求中心句结构一致,句式整齐,上下对照。(如果是祈使句,则均为祈使句;如果是陈述句,则均为陈述句;We should…)要求有过渡语言First、Second, Third恰当关联词However, Therefore, Also, What’s more,单复句交替,句式不单一,紧扣主题。 说明文主体段结构积累。

How to do something First Second Third

三、议论文注意事项: 1.论点鲜明

思想内容积极向上,赞同还是反对,“该”还是“不该”,旗帜鲜明,不要模棱两可。同一篇作文中不能既有赞同又不赞同的两种观点。

(第一段最后提出中心论点,最后一段要重申论点)

2.过渡自然 :适当使用一些表示并列、递进、因果、转折的连词。 ( To begin with, After that, In addition…) 整个文章要围绕why 写作要求

第一段有下列写法:

? (1) 引用名言警句法:

? The Value of Time

A proverb says, “Time is money.” We can get many things more than once, but how can we take the lost time back? Nothing can be done without time just as no life lives without air. ? (2) 设问法:

Making Friends With Our Parents

Should we students make friends with our parents? My answer is “Yes”. 第二段模式:主题段 Why

1. For one thing, For another… What’s more

2.First of all…,Besides this / Moreover…,Lastly / Finally 3.To begin with…,Next, Furthermore/ In addition 第三段模式:三句话(首尾呼应、重申论点、内容升华) ? 1. All in all 综上所述 ? 2. In a word 总而言之

? 3. So in my opinion 依我看来 ? 4. Generally speaking 通常说来

? 5. There is no denying the fact that 不可否认的事实是 ? 6. There is no doubt that 毫无疑问 ? We should use the Internet…..

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