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现在进行时&一般将来时

发布时间:2013-10-16 12:38:34  

现在进行时

一.意义——当表示现在正在进行的动作或正在发生的事。

二.构成:be (am, is ,are )+动词现在分词-ing形式

肯定句: 主语 + be + 现在分词V-ing (+ 其他) I’m doing my homework now .

否定句:主语+be+not+动词-ing +其他. I’m not doing my homework now.

一般疑问句:Be+主语+动词-ing +其他?

Are you doing your home work now? Yes, I am . No , I’m not .

特殊疑问句:特殊疑问词+be+主语+动词-ing+其他?What are you doing now ?

但疑问词当主语时其结构为: 疑问词 + be + 动词ing?

三. 现在分词的构成: (1)一般在动词末尾直接加ing,如:cook-cooking

(2)以不发音字母e结尾的动词,先去掉e,再加ing, 如 skate →skating make →making dance → dancing write → writing have → having ride → riding come → coming

(3)以重读闭音节结尾的动词,中间只有一个元音字母,词尾只有一个辅音字母,应双写末尾的辅音字母,再加ing, 如: putting running beginning stopping swimming shopping jogging

sitting getting forgetting letting四.时间标志——now,句前的look ,listen 一、写出下列动词的现在分词:begin________ shop_________

play________ run__________ swim _________make__________go_________ like________write________ ski________read________ have_________ sing ________ dance________put_________ see________ buy _________ love_________live_______ take_________ come ________ get________stop_________ sit _______

二、用所给的动词的正确形式填空:1.The boy __________________ ( draw)a picture now.

2. Listen .Some girls _______________ ( sing)in the classroom .

3. My mother _________________ ( cook )some nice food now.

4. What _____ you ______ ( do ) now?5. Look . They _______________( have) an English lesson .

5.They ____________(not ,water) the flowers now.

6.Look! the girls ________________(dance )in the classroom .

7.What is our granddaughter doing? She _________(listen ) to music.

8. It's 5 o'clock now. We _____________(have)supper now

9.______Helen____________(wash )clothes? Yes ,she is .

三、句型转换:

1. They are doing housework .(分别改成一般疑问句和否定句)

_____________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________

2.The students are cleaning the classroom . ( 改一般疑问句并作肯定和否定回答)

________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

3.I'm playing the football in the playground .

____________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 一般将来时

1.用be doing表示将来:主要意义是表示按计划、安排即将发生的动作,常用于位置转移的动词。 如:go,come,leave,arrive等,也可用于其他动作动词。 We are having fish for dinner.

We are moving to a different hotel the day after tomorrow.

这种用法通常带有表示将来的时间状语,如果不带时间状语,则根据上下文可表示最近即将发生的动作。 A: Where are you going? B: I am going for a walk. Are you coming with me?

A: Yes,I am just coming. Wait for me.

2.用be going to do表示将来:主要意义,一是表示―意图‖,即打算在最近的将来或将来进行某事。

Are you going to post that letter? How long is he going to stay here? I am going to book a ticket.

另一意义是表示―预见‖,即现在已有迹象表明将要发生或即将发生某种情况。

It’s going to rain. George is putting on weight; he is going to be quite fat.

3. 用will/ shall do表示将来: 一是表示预见 You will feel better after taking this medicine. Do you think it will rain?

二是表示意图. I will not lend the book to you. Take it easy,I will not do it any longer.

基本结构:She will come to have class tomorrow. Will she come to have class tomorrow? She won’t come to have class tomorrow. What will she do tomorrow? 肯定形式:①am/is/are going to + do;②will/shall + do.

否定形式:①am/is/are going not to + do;②will/shall not + do.

(1)表示将要发生的动作或存在的状态及打算、计划或准备做某事。将来一般时用来表示单纯的将来事实。将来一般时常和表将来的时间状语连用,如:tomorrow,next week,next month,next year,in a few days等。 如:He’ll come next week. 他下星期来。

(2)用于状语从句中。表时间和条件的状语从句一般用现在一般时表将来,但有时亦可用将来一般时。连词before引导的时间状语从句可用将来一般时。

如:It will be long before he will come back. 他要过很久才会回来。(此句重点是 before从句)

(3)表条件的if从句亦可用将来一般时,这种从句的主语多用it。

如:I will come tomorrow if it will suit you. 如果对你方便的话,我明天来。

一、用所给动词的一般将来时填空

1. I ______(leave)in a minute. I ______(finish)all my work before I ______ (leave).

2. —How long _____ you _____(study)in our country? —I _____(plan)to be here for about one more year.

—I _____(hope)to visit the other parts of your country. —What ______ you ______(do)after you ______(leave)here? —I ______(return)home and ______(get)a job.

3. I ______(be)tired. I ______(go)to bed early tonight.

4. Mary’s birthday is next Monday, her mother _____(give)her a present.

5. It is very cold these days. It ______(snow)soon. 6. —_____ you _____(be)here this Saturday?

—No. I ______(visit)my teacher. 7. —______ I ______(get)you a copy of today’s newspaper?

—Thank you. 8. I am afraid there ______(be)a meeting this afternoon. I can’t join you.

9. Mike ______(believe, not)this until he ______(see)it with his own eyes.

10. Most of us don’t think their team ______(win).

二、单项选择

1. There __________ a meeting tomorrow afternoon.

A. will be going to B. will going to be C. is going to be D. will go to be

2. Charlie ________ here next month.

A. isn’t working B. doesn’t working C. isn’t going to working D. won’t work

3. He ___ very busy this week, he __ free next week. A. will be; is B. is; is C. will be; will be D. is; will be

4. There ________ a dolphin show in the zoo tomorrow evening.

A. was B. is going to have C. will have D. is going to be

5. –________ you ________ free tomorrow? – No. I ________ free the day after tomorrow.

A. Are; going to; will B. Are; going to be; wil C. Are; going to; will be D. Are; going to be; will be

6. Mother ________ me a nice present on my next birthday. A. will gives B. will give C. gives D. give

7. – Shall I buy a cup of tea for you? –________.

A. No, you won’t B. No, you aren’t. C. No, please don’t D. No, please.

8. – Where is the morning paper? – I ______ if for you at once. A. get B. am getting C. to get D. will get

9. ________ a concert next Saturday? A. There will be B. Will there be C. There can be D. There are

10. If they come, we ________ a meeting. A. have B. will have C. had D. would have

11. He ________ her a beautiful hat on her next birthday. A. gives B. gave C. will giving D. is going to giving

12. He ________ to us as soon as he gets there. A. writes B. has written C. will write D. wrote

13. He _____ in three days. A. coming back B. came back C. will come back D. is going to coming back

14. If it ________ tomorrow, we’ll go roller-skating. A. isn’t rain B. won’t rain C. doesn’t rain D. doesn’t fine

15. – Will his parents go to see the Terra Cotta Warriors tomorrow?– No, ________

A. they willn’t B. they won’t. C. they aren’t D. they don’t.

16. Who ________ we ________ swimming with tomorrow afternoon?

A. will; go B. do; go C. will; going D. shall; go

17. We ________ the work this way next time. A. do B. will do C. going to do D. will doing

18. Tomorrow he ________ a kite in the open air first, and then ________ boating in the park.

A. will fly; will go B. will fly; goes C. is going to fly; will goes D. flies; will go

19. The day after tomorrow they ________ a volleyball match.

A. will watching B. watches C. is watching D. is going to watch

20. There ________ a birthday party this Sunday.A. shall be B. will be C. shall going to be D. will going to be

21. They ________ an English evening next Sunday.

A. are having B. are going to have C. will having D. is going to have

22. ________ you ________ free next Sunday? A. Will; are B. Will; be C. Do; be D. Are; be

23. He ________ there at ten tomorrow morning. A. will B. is C. will be D. be

24. ________ your brother ________ a magazine from the library?

A. Are; going to borrow B. Is; going to borrow C. Will; borrows D. Are; going to borrows

25. – Shall I come again tomorrow afternoon? –________ .

A. Yes, please B. Yes, you will. C. No, please D. No, you won’t.

26. It ________ the year of the horse next year. A. is going to be B. is going to C. will be D. will is

27. ________ open the window? A. Will you please B. Please will you C. You please D. Do you

28. – Let’s go out to play football, shall we? – OK. I ________.

A. will coming B. be going to come C. come D. am coming

29. It ________ us a long time to learn English well. A. takes B. will take C. spends D. will spend

30. The train ________ at 11. A. going to arrive B. will be arrive C. is going to D. is arriving

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