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初中英语不规则动词的过去式与过去分词归纳

发布时间:2013-10-16 12:38:36  

初中英语不规则动词的过去式与过去分词归纳

一.过去分词词尾有字母-n

1.过去分词由原形加-ne构成

do-did-done go-went-gone

2.过去分词由原形加-en构成

beat-beat-beaten eat-ate-eaten fall-fell-fallen

3.过去分词由原形加-n构成

blow-blew-blown draw-drew-drawn drive-drove-driven give-gave-given grow-grew-grown know-knew-known take-took-taken mistake-mistook-mistaken rise-rose-risen see-saw-seen show-showed-shown throw-threw-thrown

4.过去分词由原形去字母e后,再双写后面的辅音字母加-en构成

hide-hid-hidden ride-rode-ridden write-wrote-writtenforget-forgot-forgotten

5.过去分词由过去式加-n构成

break-broke-broken choose-chose-chosen freeze-froze-frozen speak-spoke-spoken steal-stole-stolen

6.完全不规则形式

am /

is-was-been are-were-been fly-flew-flown lie-lay-lain wear-wore-worn

二.过去式与过去分词形式相同

bring-brought-brought build-built-built buy-bought-bought catch-caught-caught

dig-dug-dug feel-felt-felt find-found-found get-got-got

have/has-had-had hold-held-held keep-kept-kept leave-left-lef lay-laid-laid lend-lent-lent lose-lost-lost pay-paid-paid

hear-heard-heard make-made-made mean-meant-meant meet-met-met

say-said-said sell-sold-sold send-sent-sent sit-sat-sat spill-spilt-spilt

sleep-slept-slept smell-smelt-smelt spend-spent-spentspit-spat-spat spoil-spoilt-spoilt stand-stood-stood sweep-swept-swept

teach-taught-taught tell-told-told think-thought-thought win-won-won

understand-understood-understood wake-woke / waked-woken / waked shine-shone / shined-shone / shined hang-hung / hanged-hung / hanged learn-learnt / learned-learnt / learned

三.原形、过去式与过去分词三种形式完全相同

cost-cost-cost cut-cut-cut hit-hit-hit hurt-hurt-hurt

let-let-let put-put-put set-set-set shut-shut-shut

read /ri:d/-read /red/-read /red/

四.i-a-u变化形式

begin-began-begun drink-drank-drunk ring-rang-rung sing-sang-sung

sink-sank-sunk swim-swam-swum

五.过去分词与原形相同

come-came-come run-ran-run become-became-become

六.情态动词(没有过去分词形式)

can-could must-must will-would may-might shall-should

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