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八上英语三单元

发布时间:2013-10-17 08:05:14  

Unit 3 I’m more outgoing than my sister

八年级上册英语导学案: Unit 3 I’m more outgoing than my sister

Section A 1a—1c

【教学过程】 一、 导入(启发探究 3分钟) How do we describe people?

Adjectives Sentences

tall Jim is tall . quiet Lucy is quiet . _________ ____________ _________ ____________ Let’s describe the follwing people: (1)tall : Jim is taller than Tim .

quiet : Lucy is quieter than Lily , etc . (2)late : Lucy was later for school than Lily .

free : Lucy was freer than Lily last weekend ,etc . (3)heavy : Jim is heavier than Tim .

funny : Jim is funnier than Tim , etc . (4)thin : Lucy is thinner than Lily .

big : This apple is bigger than that one . etc .

? 当A 和B做比较时时,用“比较级+ than +比较对象”来表示。 如:My room is smaller than yours. 我的房间比你的小。

She got there earlier than I did. 她比我到得早。 二、自学(自主探究 6分钟)

I Before we describe the people in 1a,let’s learn the new words. outgoing ['a?tɡ????] adj.外向的

better ['bet?(r)] adj.更好的;较好的 adv.更好地

loudly la?dli] adv.大声地;高声地;花俏地 quietly ['kwa??tli] adv.安静地;悄悄地;平静地

II we can use all of them to describe the people.

outgoing \ better \

loudly \ quietly \

III finish 1a

IV . 写出下列各形容词的反义词.

1. short____________2.old____________ 3.busy____________ 4. thin____________5. calm____________ 6.early____________ 7. good____________8. hot____________ 9. cool____________ 10. ugly____________11. same___________12. happy____________

13. healthy_______14. friendly___________ 15. expensive_________

三、交流(合作探究 10

分钟) I、完成17页1a

1、Match cach word with its opposite.

2、看图片,用尽可能多的形容词来描绘图中六个人物。注意要用到1a中的几组反义词。3、比较下列句子:a. Tom has short hair. a. Tom is calm.

b. Tom has shorter hair than Sam. b. Tom is calmer than Sam.

小组内说一说a、b两个句子有什么不同?你能理解这种比较的句子吗? 4、小组活动:和你的组员共同比较图中三对双胞胎的不同点。 II、完成17页1b

1、听录音完成1b。录音播放同时抓住关键信息边听边记录。 2、听录音并跟读。

3、大声朗读录音材料并明确其含义。 III、完成17页1c 1、两人一组完成1c对话 2、在全组表演1c对话 3、在全班表演1c对话

四、总结(引深探究 15分钟)

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Unit 3 I’m more outgoing than my sister

写出下列形容词的比较级。

funny thin small fast serious popular fat heavy outgoing athletic

用所给词的适当形式填空.

1. My bike is ____________ , but hers is ____________ than mine .(new) 2. Which is ____________ , this one or that one ?(nice) 3. My brother is ____________ than my sister .(funny) 4. Li Ying is ____________ than Li Ping .(thin) 5. She is a little quiet than ____________ .(I) 6. My room is much bigger than ____________ .(she)

7. My mother is very ____________ every day . And my father is even ____________ than her .(busy)

8. This sweater is too big . Do you have a ____________ one ?(small)

五、练评(包含“考点链接” 应用探究 6分钟) 句型转换

1. Tom is thin . Jim is thinner .(合并为一句) Tom is ____________ ____________Jim . Jim is ____________ ____________ Tom .

2. This computer is newer than that one .(同义句)

That computer is ____________ ____________ this one .

3. Tom is twelve years old . Jim is fourteen years old .(合并为一句) Tom is ____________ ____________ Jim . 4. My cousin is calmer than his .(同义句)

His cousin is ____________ than ____________ . 5. Tom is healthier than Jim . (提问)

____________ is healthier , Tom ____________ Jim ?

完形填空:

Most American families are smaller than the families in other countries. Most American familiar have one or two __1__.

Children in the US will __2__ their parents home when they grow up. They usually live __3__ their parents because they want to find good jobs. They often __4__ to their parents or telephone then. And they often go to visit their parents on __5__. Parents usually let their children choose(选择)their own(自己的)__6__. Americans thinks it __7__ for young people to decide their lives by themselves.

Children are asked to do some work __8__ their house. And in many families, children are paid for__9__ some housework so that they can learn __10__ to make money for their own use. 1. A. uncles B. aunts C. parents D. children 2. A. leave B. reach C. love D. go away

3. A. near B. far from C. next to D. close to 4. A. come B. drive C. move D. write

5. A. Monday B. weekdays C. Friday D. holidays 6. A. jobs B. job C. works D. thing

7. A. bad B. beautiful C. important D. wrong 8. A. outside B. around C. except D. beside 9. A. to do B. do C. doing D. does 10. A. what B. when C. where D. how

【教学过程】

一、导入(启发探究 3分钟)

Step 1学过的部分双音节和多音节描述性形容词

adjectives Sentences 多音节词

This story is interesting. 部分双音节词This park is beautiful . ______________ _______________________ ______________ _______________________ Step 2 . 单音节词和部分双音节词形容词举例运用

Sentence 1. ______________________________ Sentence 2. ________________________ Sentence 3. ___________________________ Sentence 4. ________________________

Step 3. Learn :多音节词和部分双音节词形容词比较级规则变化

*在多音节和部分双音节词的词前加more(更)/less(较不),most(最)/least(最不); 另外,由过去分词转化而成的形容词,不论多少个音节都用这种形式。如:

beautiful more/less beautiful most/least beautiful

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Unit 3 I’m more outgoing than my sister

serious more/less serious most/least serious popular more/less popular most/least popular tired more/less tired most/least tired worried more/less worried more/less worried

pleased more/less pleased most/least pleased 用法举例:

interesting : This story is more interesting than that one . beautiful : This park is more beautiful than that one . ________ ___________________________________________ ________ ___________________________________________ Step 4写出下列各词的比较级

1. long 2. good 3. heavy 4. short 5. tall _ 6. loudly 7 .thin 8. lazy 9. outgoing 10. fast. 11.early 12. friendly 13. many/much 14. funny 15. important_ 16. clearly 17. hard-working

Step 5.用所给词的适当形式填空.

1. I think Tara is ____________ than Lucy . (outgoing) 2. Tom is a little ____________ than Jim .(serious) 3. Lucy is much ____________ than Lily . (athletic)

4. Pop music is ____________ than the classical music(古典音乐).(popular) 5. This car is even ____________ .(expensive) 6. These flowers are so ____________ .(beautiful)

二、自学(自主探究 6分钟) 1、拼读单词、记忆汉语。

hard-working [hɑ?d 'w??k??]adj.勤勉的;努力工作的

competition [?k?mp?'t??n] n.竞争;比赛 fantastic f?n't?st?k] adj.极好的;了不起的 which adj.哪一个;哪一些 pron.哪一个;哪些 clearly ['kl??li] adv.清楚地;显然地 win [w?n] v.赢;赢得;获胜;获得 n.胜利 2、学习2a:归纳比较等级的构成 形容词与副词的比较级 大多数形容词(性质形容词)和副词有比较级和最高级的变化,即原级、比较级和最高级,用来表示 Interviewer : Tina , do you think you are different from Tara ? 事物的等级差别。原级即形容词的原形,比较级和最高级有规则变化和不规则变化两种。 Tina 1.规则变化 单音节词和少数双音节词,加词尾-er,-est来构成比较级和最高级。

Interviewer : So, Tara , are you ________ than Tina ?

2.不规则变化

三、交流(合作探究 10分钟) 学习.2b Listen 1. 看图画,猜测Tina和Tara的异同点 2. Listen and complete activities 2b .

3. 听音填空

: Oh , sure . We’re very different . I’m _______ than Tara . And I’m _______ . Let’s see , what else ? Oh , I’m __________ , too . 3

Unit 3 I’m more outgoing than my sister

Tara : I guess so . But I’m ______ than Tina . And I’m _______ .

4、读对话,找出比较级并在其下划线。 A: That’s Tara, isn’t it?

B: No, it isn’t. It’s Tina. Tina is taller than Tara. And she also sings more loudly than Tara.

Julie: Did you like the singing competition yesterday, Ann? Anna: Oh, it was fantastic! Nely sang so well! Julie: Well, I think Lisa sang better than Nely. Anna: Oh, which one was Lisa?

Julie: The one with shorter hair. I think she sang more clearly than Nely. Anna: Yes,but Nely danced better than Lisa.

Julie: You can tell that Lisa really wanted to win ,though.

Anna: Well, everyone wants to win. But the most important thing is to learn something new and have fun.

5、Pairwork .

1. Ask and answer questions about Sam and Tom . A: Is Tom smarter than Sam ?

B: No , he isn’t . Sam is smarter than Tom .

四、总结(引深探究 15分钟) 2c总结比较级的运用

? 当A 和B做比较时时,用“比较级+ than +比较对象”来表示。 如:My room is smaller than yours. 我的房间比你的小。

She got there earlier than I did. 她比我到得早。

注意:一般来说,比较对象为人称代词时,用主格或宾格均可。但是,当句子中谓语动词为及物动词时,人称代词用主格或宾格意义不同。 如:I like you better than he (likes you). 我比他更喜欢你。

I like you better than (he likes) him. 我喜欢你胜过喜欢他。

根据句意填入单词的正确形式:

1. My brother is two years __________(old)than me.2. Tom is as ________(fat) as Jim. 3. Is your sister __________(young) than you? Yes,she is.4. Who is ___________(thin),you or Helen? Helen is.

5. Whose pencil-box is __________(big),yours or hers? Hers is.6. Mary’s hair is as __________(long) as Lucy’s.

7.Ben ______ (jump) ________ (high) than some of the boys in his class.

8.______ Nancy sing __________ (well) than Helen? Yes, she _____. 9.Fangfang is not as _________ (tall) as the other girls.

10.My eyes are __________(big) than ________ (she).. 11.Which is ___________(heavy),the elephant or the pig?

12.Who gets up _________(early),Tim or Tom?

13._____the girls get up_______(early) than the boys?No,they______. 14. Jim runs _____(slow). But Ben runs _____(slow).

15.The child doesn’t______(write) as ____(fast) as the students.

五、练评(包含“考点链接” 应用探究 6分钟) 基础写作训练。

至少从5个方面比较自己和一个朋友或家人的区别。不少于50个单词。(10分)

【教学反思】

【教学过程】 一、 导入(启发探究 3分钟)

我的过去与现在 (Self-check2)

课前任务: 学生准备自己小时侯与现在的照片。

(1)教师可以向全班同学展示自己以前和现在的照片(最好是把照片扫描到电脑, 用幻灯片的方式放映。), 请同学们描述几张照片的区别。如: You are older than before. / You are taller than before. / You have longer hair than before. / You are more beautiful than before. / You are more serious than before. 学生说出这些句子的时候, 教师适当地引入 a little, much ,等修饰形容词比较级的副词和 as?as, the same as, 等原级结构的短语。

(2)两人一组, 互相向对方展示自己带来的照片, 用所学的句子结构描述几张照片的相同和不同之

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Unit 3 I’m more outgoing than my sister

处。

(3)请一些同学在全班展示自己和Partner所带来的照片, 并叙述它们之间的相同和不同之处。

二、自学(自主探究 6分钟) 写出下列词的比较级。

outgoing____________; athletic______________; wild___________; serious______________________; beautiful________________; quiet_________; calm__________; popular_______________________; good___________; well___________;

cool___________; important______________; heavy_____________;thin_________; fat___________; hot____________。 三、交流(合作探究 10分钟) Reading ( Activity 2d)

Task1:小组成员看图画,猜测人物的动作及感受。 Task2:小组自学课文的生词并尝试听写部分生词。 Task3:小组长带领组员正确朗读课文,注意语音语调。

Task3:小组长带领组员翻译课文,并勾画短语。

唱歌比赛 比、、、、唱得好

头发较短的那个 比、、、、、唱得清楚 比、、、跳得好 更多地练习

重要的是学到东西 重要的是得到快乐

介词短语做后置定语修饰人或物 the one on the black bike, the one in a red coat, the man in the green car

1. Ali plays more soccer than Ahmet ( ) 2. Both brothers like tennis. ( ) 3. Ali is more outgoing than Ahmet. ( )

4. The twin brothers are popular at school. ( )

5. Ali likes to watch soccer games on TV. ( )

四、总结(引深探究 15分钟) 几个值得注意的比较级句式 一、the+比较级, the+比较级

此句型表示后者随着前者的变化而变化,意为“越??就越??”,前者相当于一个条件句,因此,要用一般现在时代替一般将来时。如:

The better I knew him, the more I liked him. 我越了解他就越喜欢他。

The more difficult the questions are, the less likely I’ll be able to answer them. 题目越难我越答不出。

二、the+比较级+of the two

表示“两者中较?的那个人或物”时,在比较级前加定冠词the。如: He is the taller of the two. 他是两人中较高的那个。

She was the more promising worker of the two. 她是两人之中更有培养前途的工人。 三、比较级+and+比较级

此句型表示“越来越?”,单音节形容词或副词用“-er+and +-er”,如: Things are getting better and better every day. 情况一天天好起来。

It’s becoming more and more difficult to find a job. 找工作越来越困难了。 Holiday nights are getting less and less expensive. 假日机票越来越便宜了。 四、not +比较级+ than / no +比较级+ than

比较级前加not,表示前者不如后者,与not as?as相当;比较级前加no是对两者的否定,意为“和??一样不??”,与neither?nor?或“as+相反意义的形容词或副词+as”相当。如: He is not taller than me. 他不如我高。

He is no taller than me. 他同我一样不高。(即一样矮)

His English is not better than mine. 他的英语不如我的英语好。

His English is no better than mine. 他的英语同我的英语一样不好。(即一样差) You are not more careful than he is. 你不如他仔细。

You are no more careful than he is. 你和他一样不仔细。(即一样粗心) 五、less / least +原级

“less+原级”表示降级的比较级;“least+原级”表示降级的最高级。如:

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Unit 3 I’m more outgoing than my sister

Would you mind speaking less quickly? 你可否讲得慢一点?

The movie was less funny than the book. 电影没有书那么滑稽有趣。

This is the least useful of the four books. 这是四本书中最没用的一本。

It is said that those who eat the most are the least healthy. 据说吃得最多的人身体最差。 六、less?than?的用法

1. 本身用作比较级:把more看成many或much的比较级,后接名词,表示“比?更多”。如: Statistics show that there are more boys than girls at school. 统计数字表明学校的男生比女生多。

2. 后接多音节形容词和副词:more后接多音节形容词或副词,前后是两个或两类人或物进行比较时,表示“比??更”。如:

Airports were more closely watched than anyplace else. 飞机场比任何其他地方看守得更严密。 All human beings are much more intelligent than animals. 所有人类的智力都比动物高得多。 3. 对同一对象的两个方面进行比较:若是对同一个人或物在不同方面进行取舍时,意为“与其说??倒不如??”,此时,不论形容词或副词是单音节、双音节还是多音节,一律用more?than?。如 He is more hungry than tired. 与其说他累了,倒不如说他饿了。 I was more annoyed than worried. 我与其说是着急,不如说是生气。

五、练评(包含“考点链接” 应用探究 6分钟)

1. (2013,上海奉贤模拟)She looks as __________ as a Barbie Doll. A. carefully B. lovely C. beautifully D. sweetly

2. (2012,湖北襄阳)-Helen, can I wear jeans and a T- shirt to the school talent show? 一OK,but a dress might be _________.

A. good B. bad C. better D. worse

3. (2012,山东淄博)-Is that girl Amy?

一No,that’s Wendy. Amy is ___________ than Wendy. A. thin B. thinner C. thinnest D. the thinnest

4. (2012,湖南常德)Li Hua’s shoes are as _______ as Zhang Hui’s. A. cheap B. cheaper C. the cheaper 5. (2012,安徽改编)-Are you relaxing yourself here ?一Yes. It is _______to walk slowly along the river.

A. fantastic B. boring C. Strange D. terrible

6.(热点题)The water in the lakes and rivers in Yunnan became _______ because of the dry weather.

A. fewer and fewer B. more and more C. less and less D. little and little

7(热点题)Li Na _________ a gold medal again in Shenzhen ____ January 5th

,2013. A. beat;in B. won; in C. Won; on D. beat;on

8.There are more students in Grade Two than _______ .

A. grade one B. other grade C. in Grade One D. others grade 9. The Internet makes the world become________.

A. bigger and bigger B. more and more C. smaller and smaller D, more and more beautiful 10. (2012,贵州铜仁改编)The weather in Harbin in summer is ______ than that in Beijing. They’re different.

A. cool B. much cooler C. Hot D. much hotter 11. Her bag is newer than __________. A. mine B. my C. me D. I

12. Lin Tao is younger than __________ boy in his class. A. any others B. any other C. the other D. the others 13. Which one is __________, this one or that one? A. good B. bad C. best D. worse 14. He is __________ than me.

A. older B. elder C. young D. more younger

15. I don’t like the movie. It’s much too __________. A. more boring B. scarier C. sad D. sadder

【教学反思】

【教学过程】 一、 导入(启发探究

3分钟)

List the things that are the same and differet between you and your partner .

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Unit 3 I’m more outgoing than my sister

二、自学(自主探究 6分钟) 语法知识:

Is Tom smarter than Sam? No,he isn’t. Sam is smarter than Tom.

Is Tara more outgoing than Tina? No, she isn’t. Tina is more outgoing than Tara. Are you a friendly as your sister? No, I’m not. I’m friendlier. Does Tara work as hard as Tina? Yes, she does.

Who’s more hardworking at school? Tina thinks she works harder than me.

1. I can do the work better with __________ money. A. more B. less C. fewer D. much

2. I’m __________ quieter than Susan. A. little B. few C. a little D. a few

3. The watch is not __________ beautiful as that one. A. very B. too C. so D. more

4. His French isn’t so good as __________. A. her B. she C. his D. hers

5. It’s much better than __________ classes. A. have B. has C. to have D. having

三、交流(合作探究 10分钟) Step 3a

1 .read the words in the box,and know their meanings 2.make up the sentences and finish the task. 3.check the answers.

4.read the sentences aloud by the students. Step 3b

1 .read the words in the box,and know their meanings 2.answer the quetions and finish the task. 3.check the answers.

4.read the sentences aloud by the students. 5. Step 3c

1 .read the words in the box,and know their meanings 2.make conversations in pairs.

3.act out the conversations. 4. underline some phrases:

四、总结(引深探究 15分钟) 形容词与副词的比较级 (一) 原级比较 1. 由“...as + 形容词 + as...”或“...as + 形容词 + 名词 + as...”构成。 2. 由“...not so (as) + 形容词 + as...”或“...not so (as) + 形容词 + 名词 + as...”构成。

as...as意为"和??一样",表示同级的比较。使用时要注意第一个as为副词,第二个as为连词。其基本结构为:as+ adj./ adv. +as。例如:

(1)This film is as interesting as that one.这部电影和那部电影一样有趣。 (2)Your pen writes as smoothly as mine.你的钢笔书写起来和我的一样流畅。 My grandpa is as energetic as a young man.

Exercise is as useful a way as any other to lose unwanted weight. I try to find as much information as I can about what happened. 其否定式为not as/so +adj./ adv. +as。例如:

This dictionary is not as/so useful as you think.这本字典不如你想象的那样有用。 Luckily the weather was not so wet as it is today.

若有修饰成分,如twice, three times, half, a quarter等,则须置于第一个as之前。例如: Your bag is twice as expensive as mine.你的袋子比我的贵一倍。

(二). “否定 + 比较级” 相当于最高级。

— Wait until we get a satisfactory reply, will you? — I couldn't agree more. The idea sounds great to me. 5. “a + 比较级 + 名词(than...)” 结构常出现在以never构成的完成时态的动词后面。 How beautifully she sings!I have never heard a better voice. 6. 倍数表示法:...times as + 形容词原级 + as...; ...times + 形容词比较级 + than...;...times the + 性质名词 + of...。 The dining hall is three times as large as that one. The dining hall is three times larger than that one. The dining hall is three times the size of that one. (三)比较级应注意的问题

1. 为了避免重复, 常用the one代替单数可数名词, the ones, those 代替复数名词, that 代替单数或不可数名词。

2. 当比较对象属于同一范围时,需使用other来排除自身,否则会造成与自身相比较的矛盾。 Canada is larger than any other country in North America.

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Unit 3 I’m more outgoing than my sister

4. “no + 形容词的比较级 + than”结构表达对两者均否定。 Don't be proud so early. You are no better than me.

5. 比较级前面可以用even, still, yet , any, much, rather, a little, a lot, by far等修饰语用以加强语气或表示比较程度。

To tell you the truth, my boyfriend is much older than me.

五、练评(包含“考点链接” 应用探究 6分钟)

根据句意填入单词的正确形式:

1. My brother is two years __________(old)than me.2. Tom is as ________(fat) as Jim. 3. Is your sister __________(young) than you? Yes,she is. 4. Who is ___________(thin),you or Helen? Helen is.

5. Whose pencil-box is __________(big),yours or hers? Hers is. 6. Mary’s hair is as __________(long) as Lucy’s.

7.Ben ______ (jump) ________ (high) than some of the boys in his class. 8.______ Nancy sing __________ (well) than Helen? Yes, she _____. 9.Fangfang is not as _________ (tall) as the other girls. 10.My eyes are __________(big) than ________ (she).. 11.Which is ___________(heavy),the elephant or the pig? 12.Who gets up _________(early),Tim or Tom?

13._____the girls get up_______(early) than the boys?No,they______. 14. Jim runs _____(slow). But Ben runs _____(slow).

15.The child doesn’t______(write) as ____(fast) as the students.

【教学反思】

【教学过程】

一、 导入(启发探究 3分钟)

比较级运用

I am older than Tom.

M y book is newer than yours.

kate 's skirt is cheaper than mine. My hair is longer than hers. You are heavier than me.

1. Go through the sentences in activity 1a , and do the activity . 2. Discuss :

A: I think a good friend makes me laugh .

B: For me , a good friend ____________________ .

C: Yes , and a good friend ____________________ , too .

D: That’s not very important for me . I think a good friend____________ . E: I agree with you . And a good friend ____________________ . etc .

选择正确答案。

1.I work as ______as my sister, so we both get good grades. A. harder B. hardest C. hard D. hardly

2.I have the same hairstyle ______ his, but my hobby is different ______ his. A. as, from B. from, as C. for , from. D. with, from 3.Their book is ________ than mine.

A. very interesting B. more interesting C. most interesting D. interester

二、自学(自主探究 6分钟)

though conj.虽然;尽管;adv.不过 care about关心

talented ['t?l?nt?d] adj.有才能的;有天赋的

truly ['tru?li] adv.真实地;真诚地;正确地 care [ke?(r)] v.关心;担忧;照顾;在乎

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Unit 3 I’m more outgoing than my sister

请选择正确的词组翻译填空。

对?有好处;擅长于?;善于与某人打交道;对某人和善;

be good for___________; be good to sb._________________ be good with sb.__________________; be good at____________; do well in_______________。

根据上边所学词组,完成下列问题。

1.She is good _____children, so we think she should be a teacher.

2.We both get good grades because we are both good ______ school work. 3.If we are good ______others we can build a society of hamony. 4.Her cousin can do better _____math than her.

5.Don’t smoke any more! It isn’t good ______ your health.

三、交流(合作探究 10分钟)

阅读1a中的内容及1b中的对话后,完成下列各题。 1.翻译下列词组。

have cool clothes_______________; be popular in school_______________; like to do the same things as me_______________________;

be good at______________; make sb. Laugh________________; 2.使用1a中的词句,按下边对话提示制作对话。

A:I think a good friend should have cool clothes. What about you? B: In my opinion, a good friend should like to do the same things as me. I don’t think a good friend should have cool clothes.

C: For me, a good friend should ?. I think it’s unnecessary for a good friend to be good at school- work..

3.展示你们的对话。

四、总结(引深探究 15分钟)

阅读1c、1d题目,完成下列要求。

1.弄清题意并小组讨论如何做才能提升自己的听力。

2.听磁带,完成听力。注意使用你们讨论所得的听力技巧。 3.同老师同学核对答案。

make用法小结

1. 当make的意思是“做、制造、制作”时,常用的句型是:

(1) make sth. (to do sth.) 意为“制造某物”。例如: She can make kites. 她会制作风筝。

(2) make sb. sth. / make sth. for sb. 意为“为某人制作某物”。例如:

His mother made him a beautiful coat. / His mother made a beautiful coat for him. 他的母亲为他缝制了一件漂亮的外衣。

(3) 被动语态中常用be made of / from, be made in, be made by等短语来表示“??是由??制成的”,“??是在??制成的”和“??是被??制成的”。例如: Wine is made from grapes. 酒是由葡萄酿制成的。

These cars were made in Changchun. 这些汽车是在长春制造的。

.be made of 表示制成成品后,仍可看出原材料是什么,保留原材料的质和形状,制作过程仅发生物理变化。如:

The kite is made of paper.风筝是用纸做的。

.be made from 表示制成的东西完全失去了原材料的外形或特征,或原材料在制作过程中发生化学变化,在成品中已无法辨认。如:

The paper is made from wood.纸是木头做的。

Butter is made from milk.黄油是从牛奶中提炼出来的。

2. 当make的意思是“使、使得”时,一般用于“make + 宾语 + 宾补”这种结构,常用的句型是: (1) make + sb. / sth. + adj. 意为“使某人或某物处于某种状态”。例如: The news made him happy. 这个消息使他很高兴。

在此句型中,通常用it作形式宾语,而动词不定式或从句才是真正的宾语,而且要后置。例如: Computers make it easier to learn English. 电脑使英语学习更加容易。 当然,除了接形容词作宾补外,还可以接名词、动词的过去分词等作宾补。例如: They all want to make Jim their monitor. (名词)他们都想让吉姆当班长。

I spoke loudly in order to make my voice heard.(过去分词) 我大声地讲话,以便让别人听到。

(2) make + sb. / sth. + 省略to的动词不定式, 意为“使某人或某物做某事”。例如: Our English teacher often makes us retell the texts. 我们的英语老师经常让我们复述课文。

当把这样的句子变为被动语态时,原句中省略的动词不定式符号to必须要还原。如把上面的句子变为被动语态,应为:

We are often made to retell the texts (by our English teacher). 3. make还可以构成大量短语:

make the bed make a plan

make faces 做鬼脸 make friends 交朋友 make cakes 做蛋糕 make noises 制造噪音 make paper 造纸 make money 赚钱

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Unit 3 I’m more outgoing than my sister

make yourself at home 请自便 make oneself understood 使别人理解 make up 编造/化妆/构成 make use of

be made of/ from be made in be made up of make sure (确信、弄清楚)

五、练评(包含“考点链接” 应用探究 6分钟) 选择题。

1. Lucy is very short, but she is __________ than her sister. A. shorter B. longer C. taller D. older

2. Frank is __________ friendly than his brother. A. a little more B. a few more C. much D. a little 3. Sam is __________ at Chinese than Jim. A. good B. well C. better D. gooder

4. This one is too large. Can you show me a __________one? A. larger B. large C. small D. smaller

5. —Do you think March is __________ than January? —Yes, it’s __________ warmer.

A. better, a little B. well, much C. worse, very D. nicer, quite

及时巩固练习:汉译英。

1. 昨天放学后老师为什么让他呆在教室里。

______________________________________________________

2. 你已经铺好床了吗?_____________________________________ 3. 小动物们选猴子为森林之王。_________________________________ 4. 叫他上课不要做鬼脸。________________________________________ 5. 自从她来到中国以来,她已经制作了二十多个飞机模型。 ______________________________________________________

6. 我已下定决心要学好英语。_______________________________________ 7. 他说的话使我很伤心________________________________________ 8. 这些玩具狗是用木头做的。___________________________________

【教学反思】

【教学过程】 一、 导入(启发探究 3分钟) 选择填空。

1.Lu Xian has more foreign friends than Wang Ban __________. A. is B. have C. was D. does.

2.I think the Chinese are _________than the Japanese.

A friendlier B. more friendly C. friendlyer D. more friendlier. 3.Their grandparents ________ at home on weekends. A are all B. are both C. all are D. both are.

4. Are you good _____ spending time with kids? We need a teacher. A. as B. in C. at D for

5.This summer is much _______ than last summer. A. too hot B. hot C. hotter D. hottest.

“it”做形式主语和形式宾语。

Getting on well with your classmates is very important for you.仔细观察这个句子,你可以发现,划线部分是这个句子的主语。英语也是一门非常美的语言,为了避免头重脚轻,让这个句子均衡,主语可用it来取代,把真正的主语使用to+动词原形放到句子后边。具体如下: It is very important for you to get on well with your classmates.

I find it a little difficult for me to get on well with my classmates. 在这个句子中,你可以发现,划线部分是做了这个句子的宾语。而it仅仅是它的形式宾语。其目的跟上边的的句子是一个道理。请根据上边所讲,完成下列问题。

1.It is a little tired for us ________ to watch the soccer games held in South Africa. A. stay up B. to stay up C. staying up D. stays up

2.Our parents think _____ impossible for me to get good grades in the coming final exam. A. / B. it C. I D. me

3. Getting up early is good for our health.(同义句)

_______ is good for our health_______ ________ ________early.

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Unit 3 I’m more outgoing than my sister

二、自学(自主探究 6分钟)

serious [ 's??ri?s] adj.严肃的;严重的;庄重的 mirror ['m?r?(r)] n.镜子;反映

necessary ['nes?s?ri] adj.必要的;必然的 both [b??θ] adj.两者都 pron.两者

should [??d] aux.应该;可能;应当;将要 touch [t?t?] vt.触摸;感动

reach [ri?t?] v.到达;伸出;达成;取得联系;延伸去够 heart[hɑ?t] n.心脏;内心

fact [f?kt] n.事实;真相;实际 break[bre?k] v.打碎;折断;违背;解决;中断

laugh [lɑ?f] v.发笑;笑;嘲笑 n.笑声;笑;笑料 similar ['s?m?l?(r)] adj.类似的

share [?e?(r)] vt.分享,共享;分配;共有

1.翻译下列词组。

belike like reading books like studying harder. enjoy studying together. it’s not easy for me to make friends.

don’t need a lot of them as long as It’s not necessary to be different from helps to bring out the best in me.

getting better at tennis. much less hard-working, maybe I don’t really care be the same as. In fact ,

“ A true friend reaches for your and touches your heart .” she’s funnier than anyone I know. made me laugh and feel better. talk about and share everything

care about be always there to listen.

2.核对你们结果并大声朗读它们。

3.按要求划出描述人外貌性格的词,注意它们的原级和比较级。

三、交流(合作探究 10分钟)

Read2a again . Then fill in the blanks .

a. I like to have friends who __________ like me . (be)

b. There are some __________ , though . (different)

c. It’s not __________ to be the same .(必要的,必需的) d. He always __________ me in tennis . (打败) e. I don’t really __________ .(对?在意)

f. I think differences are not __________ in a friendship . (重要的)

阅读2a,完成下列问题。

1.Who likes to have friends who are different from him or her? A. James Green B. Huang Lei C. Mary Smith D. Larry. 2.Yuan Li is ________ than James Smith.

A. smarter B. quieter C. taller D. more outgoing 3.Huang Lei thinks it’s _____ to be the same.

A. necessary B. important C. unnecessary D. different 4.Larry always beats Huang Lei in ______.

A. basketball B. baseball C. tennis D. soccer. 5.Who have opposite views according to the passage?

A. James Green and Mary Smith B. James Green and Huang Lei C. Yuan Li and Larry D. Carol and Mary Smith

四、总结(引深探究 15分钟)

both用法: 1)both单独做主语谓语用复数形式。 Both are smart.

2) both of + porn. (pl.) / both of + the/her +n.(pl.) both of us/ the boys are doctors. 3) not both 部分否定“并非两者都”,全部否定时用 neither? nor? 4) both 可以做限定词 Both her eyes are red.

5) both? and? 连并列成分 Both Lucy and Lily are having supper.

laugh v. & n. 笑

We all laughed loudly when she made a joke. 她说了个笑话,我们都大声笑起来。 We all laughed at his joke. 听了他的笑话我们都笑起来。

He laughs best who laughs last. 谁笑在最后,谁笑得最好。/不要高兴得太早。 (与at连用)嘲笑

Don’t laugh at him. 别嘲笑他。

People have often laughed at stories told by seamen. 人们常常嘲笑海员所讲的故事。 Everyone laughed at his foolish antics. 大家都笑他那种愚蠢的滑稽动作。 笑;笑声 We had a good laugh at his joke. 我们被他的笑话逗得哈哈大笑。

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Unit 3 I’m more outgoing than my sister

though conj. 虽然;纵然;即使;尽管 = although

Though it was raining,he went there. 虽然当时正下着雨,他还是到那里去了。 Though he was poor he was happy. 虽然他很穷却很快乐。

注意:不能受汉语的影响,在though引导的从句后使用but。如: Though he was poor,but he was happy.(误)

though adv.. 不过,可是,然而,常用于句末,用逗号隔开。 Jim said that he would come, he didn’t , though.

五、练评(包含“考点链接” 应用探究 6分钟)

1. (2011,浙江宁波)-Have you seen the funny movie Let the Bullet Fly?

一Yes,it made me ___________ many times. A.laugh B. cry C. Sleep D. sing

2. (2011,江苏宿迁)Paul isn’t as ___________ as Sandy. He often makes mistakes in his homework.

A. careless B. more careful C. More careless D. careful

3.(2011,广东肇庆) ____________you don’t give up,your dreams will come true. A. As long as B. As soon as C. As well as

4. It’s important _________ us _________ _English well.

A. of; learning B. for; to learn C. Of; to learn . D.or; learning

5.Betty and Mary are in _________ school,but they are in __________ Classes.

A. same;different B. same;the different C. The same; the different D. the same;different 6.(2013,安徽模拟)Jack is good at drawing. I think no one draws __________ . A. better B. best C. Worse D. worst

7. (2012,辽宁鞍山)There are millions of websites on the Internet and there _________ a lot of useful ________ on the websites.

A. are;informations B. are;information C. Is;information D. is;informations

8. (2012,湖北孝感)-Let’s go shopping at the new mall. 一Why not shop online? It’s ____. A. expensive B. more expensive C. Less expensive D. the most expensive

9.(2012,甘肃白银)Now, some robots are ____________ to do the same things ______ people. . A. enough smart;as B. enough smart;for C, Mart enough;as D: smart enough;with

10.( 2011,江苏无锡) ___________Amy likes to go to the cinema,but she doesn’t like to see horror films.

A. Since B. As C. Though D.不填

【教学反思】

【教学过程】 一、 导入(启发探究 3分钟)

1)按要求写出下列词的正确形式。

happy(比较级)_________ more athletic(原级)___________ funny(比较级)_____________ delicious(比较级)_______ good(比较级)__________ thin(比较级)_________

big(比较级)___________ more outgoing(原级)______________-

用所给词的适当形式填空。

1. My bike is ___________(new),but hers is __________(new) than mine. 2. Miss Gao isn’t as ______(fat) as Miss Green. 3. ---Who is ___________-(heavy), Liuli or LiuYing? ---Liu Ying is __________(thin) than Liu Li.

4. My English teacher is much______(fun) than my math teacher. 5. Miss Yang is _________(calm) than Miss Li.

2)用所给词的适当形式填空。

be the same as, be good at , like, make sb. laugh, be different from 1. Tom ____________Peter. They are outgoing.

2. I ___________to have friends who are like me.

3. Last Sunday I went to watch a dolphin show, and it __________ 4. Tara and Judy ________-English now.

5. What __________you_______ ______your best friend?

二、自学(自主探究 6分钟)

loud [la?d] adj.大声的;adv.大声地;响亮地

primary ['pra?m?ri] adj.最初的,最早的 be different from和 ... 不同

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Unit 3 I’m more outgoing than my sister

information [??nf?'me??n] n.信息;情报;资料;通知 as long as只要

bring out拿出; 推出 the same as与 ... 同样的

in fact事实上;实际上;确切地说 be similar to类似于; 与 ... 相似 自学3a

仔细观察2幅图画,用描述性形容词说出图画给你的感受; 朗读方框的单词,说出2个人的异同; 写出句子比较2个人的异同; 检查句子正误;

再次大声朗读文段。

三、交流(合作探究 10分钟)

小组学习3b:

联系自己的实际,比较自己与他人的异同个5点; 完整写出自己与他人的区别,注意时态正确; 加上连接词使这10个句子成为一段文章 加上标题。工整抄写在3c处。

写作拓展

周琼是方欣最要好的朋友,请你以方欣的身份,按照下列图表提示,撰写文章对比你们相同和不同的地方。注意使用比较级及“the same as、a little、much、as?as、both、different”等用于比较

I like to have friends who are like me._________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Fang

四、总结(引深探究 15分钟) 形容词比较级的用法

1. 双方比较,表示一方超过另一方时,用“比较级+than”结构表示,意为“比??”。如:This bike

is better than that one.这辆自行车比那辆好。

2. 表示一方不如另一方时,用“less+原级+than”结构表示,意为“??不如??”。如:This room

is less beautiful than that one .这个房间不如那个房间漂亮。 3. 表示一方超过另一方的程度或数量时,可在比较级前加表示程度的状语。如:even, a lot, a bit,

a little , still, much, far , yet, by far等。如:The weather is even worse than yesterday.天气比昨天更糟糕了。

4. 表示一方随另一方的程度而变化时,用“the +比较级(主语+谓语),the +比较级(主语+谓语)”

结构,如:The harder he works, the happier he feels.他工作越努力,感到越快乐。 5. 不与其他事物相比,表示本身程度的改变时,用“比较级+and+比较级”的结构,意为“越来越??”。

如:The weather is getting hotter and hotter.天气越来越热了。 The girl becomes more and more beautiful.这个女孩变得越来越漂亮了。

6. 在比较从句中,为避免重复,常用that(those),one(ones)代替前面出现的词。如:The book on

the chair is more interesting than that on the desk.椅子上那本书比桌子上那本有趣。 7. 表示两者在某一方面相同时用“as+形容词或副词原形+as“的句型。如:I think English is as

important as math.我认为英语和数学一样重要。 Tom runs as fast as jack.汤姆跑地和杰克一样快。 8. 表示一方在某一方面不及另一方时用“not as /so+形容词或副词原形+as”的句型。如:It is not

as/so warm today as yesterday.今天不如昨天暖和。

He did not come as /so early as Wang Lin.他不如王林来得早。 这种句型可以和第2种“less +原级+than “转换”。 It is less warm today than yesterday. He came less early than Wang Lin.

及时练

1) 用所给词的适当形式填空。

1. Her sister’s hair is longer than___________(she). 2. Everyone enjoys_________(listen)to music. 3. Math is not so______(difficult)as you think.

4. More than one boy________(know) how to play computer. 5. The girl is __________(funny) than her sister.

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Unit 3 I’m more outgoing than my sister

2) 选择

1.Tina is about three centimeters(厘米)________than Tara.

3) tall B. long C. taller D. longer 2.___________come from Canada.

A. They both B. Both they C. Both them D. Them both

3. --In your English study reading is more important than speaking , I think. --I don’t agree. Speaking is _______reading.

( )5.A.best B.better C.well D.good ( )6.A.play basketball B.play a basketball

C.play the basketball D.play basketballs ( )7.A.good B.better C.best D.well ( )8.A.six B.all C.four D.both ( )9.A.hard B.harder C.very hard D.hardest ( )10.A.too B.two C.at D.also A. as important as B. so important as C. more important D. the same as 4.Jim likes sports. He is ________than his brother. A. quieter B. quiet C. athletic D. more athletic

5. When the little boy______ some one coming upstairs, he stopped________. A. hears; to cry B. listened; crying C. heard; crying D. listened; to cry 6.His words make me________ A. angrily B. anger C. angry D. angrier 7. I’m good at ______,but Lilei is good at __________. A. Chinese; play computer B. Chinese; to play computer C. Chinese; playing computers D. China; play computers

8. He has two_________. One is sport and the other is stamp collecting. A. interest B. interesting C. interests D. interested 9. She became more and more____ in computer.

A. interested B. interest C. interests D. interesting 10.Tom is ___________of the twins.

A. the more athletic B. more athletic C. athletic D. the most athletic 五、练评(包含“考点链接” 应用探究 6分钟) 完成selfcheck 检查答案 拓展练习

Mary has some friends. 1 Betty, Peter, Alice 2 Mike. Mary is the oldest 3 .Betty is thirteen years 4 .She is younger than Mary and older than Peter. Alice is nice and Mike is seven.

Betty and Peter are 5 runners. But Peter runs faster. Mary and Betty like to 6 .Mary plays better than Betty. Alice sings 7 of them. Mary and Betty study in a middle school. Alice and Mike study in a primary school. They 8 work hard at school. But Betty works 9 .Her handwriting is good, 10 .

( )1.A.They are B.It is C.There are D.We are ( )2.A.but B.or C.them D.and ( )3.A.in the five B .of five C.of the five D.for the five ( )4.A.older B.old C.oldest D.very old

【教学反思】

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