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被动语态练习

发布时间:2013-09-18 10:57:20  

被动语态
英语动词的语态 ⑴主动语态:主语是动作的执行者 ⑵被动语态:主语是动作的承受者 例: We speak English. (主动语态) 主 谓 宾
English 主

is spoken


by us. (被动语态) 介词+宾语 被动语态 The classroom is cleaned by us. The window was closed by her. A letter was written by him.

主动语态 We clean the classroom. She closed the window. He wrote a letter last night.

主动语态与被动语态的谓语动词形式

(以动词do为例)
时态 一般现在时 一般过去时 一般将来时 现在进行时 过去进行时 现在完成时 过去完成时 过去将来时 (另: 动词的主动形式 do(does) did will do am/is/are doing was/were doing have/has done had done would do 情态动词+do 动词的被动形式 am/is/are done was/were done will be done am/is/are being done was/were being done have/has been done had been done would be done 情态动词+be done)

1. They call that building” Shopping Centre”.
2. We saw a big snake in front of the tree last night. 3. Do you play football in schools all over China?

4. This lady wrote many stories for children.
5. They didn’t do much work yesterday. 6. Did anyone leave the lights on all night? 7. He doesn’t draw a horse on the wall.

特殊句型的被动语态
一 双宾语 give ,pass ,show, teach , tell等动词常常带有两个宾 语即双宾语:直接宾语和间接宾语,改为被动语态时,可以选其中任何一 个作主语。如果直接宾语作主语,那么间接宾语前要加相应的介词to/for。 间接宾语前带to的动词有:bring, give, hand, lend, offer, pass, post, send, show, take, teach, tell, write, throw间接宾语前带for的动词有:book, buy, call, cook, do, get, make, save 例:① He gave me a pen. = He gave a pen to me. 间 直 直 间

→ I was given a pen by him. 间 →A pen was given to me by him. 直 ② My mother bought me a new coat.= My mother bought a new coat for me. 直 间
→ A new coat was bought for me by my mother.

特殊句型的被动语态
二 使役动词(make /let /have)或感官动词(hear , find , watch, feel see, listen to,

等),在主动语态中,其后作宾语补足语的不定式不带

to,但是在改成被动语态时必须加to,另外help在主动语态中后面的动词不定
式可以带to,也可不带to, 但在被动语态中也必须加to。 例:① Mother often makes me do some housework. →I am often made to do some housework by mother. ② We saw him run into the classroom.

→He was seen to run into the classroom by us.

没有被动语态的动词
1. 不及物动词或动词短语无被动语态: happen \ take place(发生), break out(爆 发),break down (坏了) , appear, die, end, fail, last, lie,,

sit, spread(传播), stand, come true, fall asleep, belong to, consist of
等只用主动语态,而不用被动语态. 2. 大多数系动词:be ,feel (摸起来),sound(

听起来),look(看起来), smell(闻起来), taste(尝起来)等词无被动语态,它们的主动形式表示 被动意义。 3. 表示状态或特征的动词. 如 have, cost, fit, suit 等没有被动形 式. 例: ① ② ③ The milk tastes strange. The story happened in in 2000. The meeting lasted for 2 hours.

没有被动语态的动词
1. 不及物动词或动词短语无被动语态: happen \ take place(发生),
break out(爆 发),break down (坏了) , appear, die, end, fail, last, lie,,

sit, spread(传播), stand, come true, fall asleep, belong to, consist of

等只用主动语态,而不用被动语态.be worth 后的动名词要用主动表被
动 need, want, require等少数表示“需要”的动词后的动名词用主动形 式表示被动意义 The house needs cleaning. 房子需要打扫了。The house needs to be cleaned. 2. 大多数系动词:be ,feel (摸起来),sound(听起来),look(看起来), smell(闻起来), taste(尝起来)等词无被动语态,它们的主动形式表示 被动意义。 3. 表示状态或特征的动词. 如 have, cost, fit, suit 等没有被动形 式. catch, close, lock, open, read, sell, wash, wear, write的主动形式表 示被动意义,而且它们的状语一般是表示效果或程度的副词,如:well, easily, smoothly。如: The cloth washes easily. 这种布容易洗。 The pen writes fluently. 这支笔写起来流利。 例: ① ② ③ The milk tastes strange. The story happened in in 2000. The meeting lasted for 2 hours.

被动语态练习
一、单项选择:(注意语态和时态.) 1. The tall building____10 years ago. A built B was built C is built
B

D builds
D is cleaned

2 What a nice garden! It ____ every day. A is cleaning B was cleaning C must clean
D

3 The trees ____ every day. A water B must watered
C

C must be watered D has watered D has found

4 If the child____, please telephone the police. A found B is found C was found
B

5 _____ this kind of question often____ in your class, Li Ping? A Does, ask B Is, asked C Has, asked D Will, ask
B

6 She is ofen seen _____ basketball on the playground. A play B to play C plays D playing
B

7 Rice _____ in South China. A grows B is grow
C

C is grown C are planting

D are grown D will plant

8 We ______ trees in spring. A plant B are planted
A

被动语态练习
二、动词填空: (注意语态和时态.) 1 The room_____________ (clean) just now.
was cleaned

2 Trees _____________ (plant) in spring every year.
are planted

3 The room ________________ (should clean) every day.
should be cleaned

4 This jacket ______________ (make) of cotton.
is made

5 Sandy ________ just _________ (sweep) the floor.
has sweeped

6 Oh, the milk ____________
tastes

(taste) strange, do you think it’s OK to drink?

7 The story ____________ (happen) in 2005.
happened

被动语态练习
三、句型转换:变被动语态
1 People use knives for cutting things. Knives are used for

cutting things.

2 We must speak to older people politely.
Old people must be spoken to politely (by us). 3 We finished our homework yesterday.

Our homework was finished yesterday.
4 He gave me a book just now. I was given a book by him just now.

A book was given to me by him just now.
5 we often heard her sing this song. She is often heard to sing this song by us.

They let the boy go at once.

.Everyone should protect our environment.
Lucy has bought her brother a computer . They saw the boy steal something in the supermarket. Did they build this bridge last year? Will Tom clean his room? I won’t believe his story. People won’t use paper money in 100 years. Mary is going to wash the dishes.

Have you finished your homework?
How many books have you sold out so far? He gave me a book yesterday.

His mother bought him a new coat.


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