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第三人称单数

发布时间:2013-10-17 09:37:21  

? 第三人称单数变化,现归纳总结如下: ? 1.人称代词he, she, it是第三人称单数。如: ? ①He likes watching TV.他喜欢看电视。 ? ②She has lunch at twelve.她十二点吃午餐。 ? ③It looks like a cat.它看起来像只猫。 ? 2.单个人名、地名或称呼作主语;用第三人称 单数。如: ? ①Han Mei looks like her mother.韩梅看起来 像她的母亲。 ? ②Beijing is in China.北京在中国。 ? ③Uncle Wang often makes cakes.王叔叔经常 做蛋糕。 ?

一般现在时中,当主语是第三人称单数时, 即常在动词原形后加+s或+es。

? 4.不定代词someone, somebody, nobody, everything, something等及指示代词this, that作主 语时,第三人称单数。 ? ①Everyone is here.大家到齐了。 ? ②There is something wrong with the watch. 这块手表有毛病。 ? ③This is a pen.这是一支钢笔。 ? ④That is an eraser.那是一块橡皮擦。 ? 5.不可数名词作主语时为第三人称单数。 ? 如: ①The milk is in the glass. ? ②The bread is very small.

? 6.当数字或字母作主语时,看作第三人称单 数。如: ? ①“6” is a lucky number. “6”是个吉利数 字。 ? ②"I" is a letter. "I"是个字母。 ?

? 动词原形变第三人称单数的规则与发音规律同名 词单数变复数大致相同 ? 1、大多数动词在词尾加“S”如:①stop-stops [s] ; make-makes [s]②read-reads [z] ; play- plays [z] ? 2、以辅音字母加“y”结尾的,要先将“y”变为 “i”,然后在加“es”读[iz] ? 如:fly-flies [z]; carry-carries [z] ? study-studies [z]; worry-worries ?

? 3、以“s, x, ch, sh”结尾的,在词尾加“es”,发音 为[iz] 如:teach-teaches [iz]; watch-watches [iz] ? 4、以“o”结尾的动词,加“es”, 如:go-goes [z] do-does [z] ? 注:下面几个动词变为单数时,原词的元音部 分的发音发生了较大的变化,请注意记忆。 如: ? 1、do [du:]-does [dz] 2、say [sei]-says [sez] ? 以不发音字母“e”结尾的开音节词,如果尾音 是[s],[z]时,加“s”后字母“e”发音,与所加“s” ? 一起读做[iz]。 如: close-closes [iz]

动词短语: +s: Plays, sings, gives, starts, likes, buys some toys, gets up comes back home makes noodles, eats lunch drinks coffee begins his class +es : watches TV brushes his teeth goes to bed goes to school does my homework does some reading y→ i+ es: fly → flies study →studies

不规则变化:have-----has

I.
?

用所给动词的适当形式填空:

? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

1. He________ TV every evening. (watch) 2. We always ________ to school on foot. (go) 3. Tom, with his classmates, often ______ football after school. (play) 4. Your shoes _______ under the bed. (be) 5. ______ here and ______ by me. (come, stand) 6. His uncle usually _____

____ to work by bus. (go) 7. I always ______ up at six in the morning.(get) 8. John ________ like his father. (look)

II. 完成句子
? ? 1.该吃晚饭了。 It’s time to _______________. 2.你想来点儿面包吗? Would you ________ some ________ ? ? 3.安娜太小,还不能上学。 Ann is ________ young ________ go to school. ? 4.约翰跑得和我一样快。John ___ as fast as me. ? 5.布莱克太太经常在英语上帮助我们。 Mrs. black often ________ us ________ our English .

? ?

1.I usually get up at six o’clock. 2. We usually write e-mails on Saturday evening. ? 3. They have the same hobby. ? 4.Suhai and Su yang like listening to music after school. ? 5.Helen usually watches TV in the evening.
?

III.把下列句子改成一般疑问句并做肯定、 否定回答。

一、用词的适当形式填空。
? ? ? ? 1.What time ____hisfather____(do) thework? 2.He _________(get) up at five o’clock. 3._______you______ (brush) your teeth every morning. 4.What _____ ( do ) he usually _____ ( do ) after school? 5.Tom ______ ( study ) English, Chinese, Maths, Science and Art at school.

?

?
?

?
? ?

6. Kitty sometimes __________(go) to the park with his sister. 7.At eight at night, she __________( watch ) TV with her parents. 8.________Mike________( read ) English every day? 9.How many lessons________ your classmates______( have ) on Monday? 10.We often___________ ( play ) football in the playground.

? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

( ) 1. _____ you have a book? A. Do B. Are C. Is D. Have ( )2. They _________ on a farm. A. working B. is work C. work D. is worked ( ) 3. Does Peter like to watch TV?________. A. Yes, he like B. No, he doesn’t C. Yes, he’d like D. No, he likes ( )4. She doesn’t __________ her homework in the afternoon. ? A. doing B. to do C. does D. do ?

二.选择

? ( )5. How ____ Mr. Brown _____ to America? A. do,go B. is,go C. does,go D. does,goes ? us D. teach our ? ( )6. Where’s my camera? I_____ it. ? A. am not finding B. am not seeing C. can’t find D. can’t look at ? ( )7. How___ he go to work? He ___ to work by bike.

? ?

A. does ;go B. do;goes C. do ;go D. does;goes

?

? ( )8. ___ you usually late for school? No, ___. ? A. Do ; I am B. Does ;not ? C. Are ; I’m not D. Are ; I aren’t ? ( )9. _____ she _____ home at six every day? ? A. Is , leave B. Does , leave ? C. Is , leaves D. Does , left ? ( )10. Mr. Yang ______ English this term. ? A. teaches our B. teaches us C. teachs

三.填空
1.Let him _____(play)basketball. 2.Everyone_____(know)what he really like. ? 3.Tose girls____(be)my sister. ? 4.That girl_____(call)me every Sunday. ? 5.How___(do)she_____(spell)the word? 6.Jenny runs home and_____ (sit)on the chair. ? .

? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

变成否定形式。 1.She____ ____(do)her homework every day. 2.He_____ _____(live)in HuangGang. 3.He_____ _____(need)a

pair of shoes. 4.Danny_____ _____(see)the apple tree. 5.She_____ _____(come)from America. 6. The desk ________(have)four legs. 7. That hat _________ (look) like a cat.

? 一般疑问句: ? 1._____the desk_____(have)four legs? Yes,it ? 2._____she____(do)her homework every day?Yes,she . ? 3._____he_____(live)in HuangGang? No,he . ? 4._____he_____(need)a pair of shoes? No,he . ? 5.Does Danny_____(see)the apple tree?

.

? 6._____she_____(come)from America? ? 7._____the girl_____(look)out of the window and sees many birds in the sky? ? 8._____Jenny (run) home and_____(sit)on the chair? ? 9. My father is very strong. He can (carry) heavy box easily.


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