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打印1份 八下英语期末复习unit3-4

发布时间:2013-10-17 11:36:05  

Unit3 What were you doing when the UFO arrived?

重要短语:

1. in front of ---- 在…的前面 ---- behind 在…的后面

in the front of ---- at the back of 在…的前部 ---- 在…的后部(包含在内)

2. take off 起飞 3. get out of 离开… 4. You are kidding. 胡说八道

5. follow sb. to do sth. 跟着某人做某事 6. get into 进入

7. shout at 训斥、责备 shout to 向…喊叫

8. What happen? 发生什么事了? happen = take place 发生

9. in silence 沉默地 10. in space 在太空中 11. at the doctor’s 在诊所

12. jump down from… 从…跳下 13. climb up the tree 爬上树

14. “as + 形容词/副词的原级+as”表示“和…一样”

否定形式:“not as/so + 形容词/副词的原级+as” 表示“和…不一样”

语法:

1. The Past Progressive Tense 过去进行时

⑴用法:表示在过去某一时刻或某段时间内正在进行的动作。

⑵谓语结构:be ( was, were )+ Ving

⑶时间状语:at that time/moment at + 点钟 + yesterday/last night

from +点钟 + to +点钟 + yesterday this time yesterday just then when

he came in, ….(when引导的时间状语从句是过去时,并且动词是短暂性动词时,主句使用过去进行时)

eg: What were you doing at 7p.m. yesterday? 昨天晚上七点你在干什么?

I first met Mary three years ago. She was working at a radio shop at the time.

我第一次遇到玛丽是在三年前,当时她在一家无线电商店工作。

I was cooking when she knocked at the door. 她敲门时我正在做饭。

2. when & while用法区别

when与while都是从属连词,都有“当……时”的意思。

①when后通常用表示暂短性动词,while后通常用表示持续性动词,因此它所引导的状语从句中,谓语动词常用进行时态,如:

When the car exploded I was walking past it.= While I was walking past the car it exploded. ②when用作并列连词时,主句常用进行时态,从句则用一般过去时,表示主句动作发生的过程中,另一个意想不到的动作发生了。如:

I was walking in the street when someone called me. 我正在街上走时突然有人喊我。 ③when作并列连词,表示“(这时)突然”之意时,第一个并列分句用过去进行时,when引导的并列分句用一般过去时。如:

I was taking a walk when I met him. 我正在散步,突然遇见了他。

Unit 4 He said I was hard-working

重要短语:

1. have a surprise party 举办一个惊喜派对

2. be mad at/with sb. for sth. 因为某事对某人发火

be mad about/on sth./sb. 对某事/某人很着迷

3. not … anymore = not … any more = no more 不再 4. first of all 首先

5. pass ( on ) sth. to sb. 把某物递给某人 pass on (代词放中间)

6. work on 从事 7. be supposed to = should 应该

8. be good/better/best at 擅长于… =do well/better/best in

9. report card 成绩单 10. the disappointing result 令人失望的结果

11. this semester 本学期

12. How’s it going? 你好吗? How goes it? How are things going?

13. be in good/poor/bad/ill health 健康状况好/不好/糟糕/病着

14. end of year exams 期末考试

15. get/be nervous of sth./doing sth. 对某事/做某事感到紧张

16. have a hard time with sth.、doing sth. 在某事上/做某事处境困难

17. It’s just that… 这只是由于…

18. forget to do sth. 忘记去做某事

doing sth. 忘记做过某事

19. get over 克服 20. for now 至今为止 21. open up 打开

22. care for 照顾

23.true 符合客观事实的(人和事)

really 真实存在的(人和事)

24. be sure that 确信…

25. I don’t think (that)… 我不认为…(否定前置)

语法:

1. The object clause 宾语从句

⑴ 引导词:

that ——引导陈述句,在句中可省略;

if,whether ——引导一般疑问句,可相互替换(从句中出现or not时只能使用whether);

⑵ 时态: 注意:从句讲述的是客观真理时,不根据主句改变时态。

⑶ 语序:引导词后加陈述句语序

“主句 + 引导词 + 从句主语 + 从句谓语 + 其他”

2. Direct Speech and Reported Speech直接引语和间接引语

(一)直接引述别人的原话,叫做直接引语;用自己话转述别人的话,叫做间接引语。间接引语一般构成宾语从句。直接引语必须放在引号内,间接引语则不用引号。直接引语改为间接引语时,除将引语部分变成宾语从句外,还必须对直接引语中的人称、时态、指示代词、时间状语、地点状语等进行改变。

1. 时态的变化:直接引语变为间接引语时,通常受转述动词said,asked等的影响而使用过去化的时态,即把原来的时态向过去推,也就是一般现在时变为一般过去时,现在进行时变为过去进行时等。

例如: Tom said to me,“My brother is doing his homework.”

→Tom said to me that his brother was doing his homework.

2.人称代词、指示代词、时间状语、地点状语等等的变化;根据意义进行相应的变化。 例如:She asked Jack, “Where have you been?” →She asked Jack where he had been. He said, “These books are mine.” →He said that those books were his.

(二)直接引语改为间接引语时,都使用陈述语序,但是因为原句的句式不同,所以变成间接引语时所用的连词会有所不同。

1.陈述句的间接引语

陈述句由直接引语变间接引语,通常由that引导,可以省略。

“I want the blue one.” he told us. “我想要蓝色的。” 他说。

→He told us that he wanted the blue one.他说他想要蓝色的。

She said to me, “You can’t settle anything now.”她对我说:“此刻你无法解决任何事情。” →She told me that I couldn’t settle anything then. 她对我说那时候我无法解决任何事。

2. 疑问句的间接引语

直接引语如果是疑问句,变成间接引语后,叫做间接疑问句。间接疑问句为陈述语序,句末用句号,动词时态等的变化与间接陈述句相同。引述动词常用ask, wonder, want to know, inquire。间接疑问句一般有三种:

(1)一般疑问句由直接引语变为间接引语时, 由whether或if 引导。如:

“Has he ever worked in Shanghai?”Jim asked. “他在上海工作过吗?”吉姆问。

→Jim asked whether/if he had ever worked in Shanghai. 吉姆问他是否在上海工作过。你

“Can you tell me the way to the hospital?” The old man asked.

那个老人问:“你能告诉我去医院的路吗?

→The old man asked whether I could tell him the way to the hospital.

那个老人问我是否能告诉他去医院的路。

(2)特殊疑问句由直接引语变为间接引语时,仍由原来的疑问词引导。如:

“Which room do you live in?” He asked. “你住哪个房间?”他问我。

→He asked me which room I lived in. 他问我住哪个房间。

“What do you think of the film?” She asked. 她问“你怎么看这部电影?”

→She asked her friend what she thought of the film. 她问她的朋友怎么看这部电影。

(3)选择疑问句由直接引语变为间接引语时,由whether/if …or引导。如:

“Is it your bike or Tom’s?” Mum asked. 妈妈问:“这是你的自行车还是汤姆的?”

→Mum asked whether/if it was my bike or Tom’s. 妈妈问这是我的自行车还是汤姆的。

3. 祈使句的间接引语

当祈使句变为间接引语时,间接祈使句的引述动词常用tell,ask,order,beg,request,order等,而把直接祈使句变成带to的不定式短语。如:

Jack said, “Please come to my house tomorrow, Mary.”杰克说:“玛丽,明天请到我家来。→Jack asked Mary to go to his house the next day. 杰克请玛丽第二天到他家去。

The teacher said to the students,“Stop talking.”老师对学生们说:“不要讲话了。” →The teacher told the students to stop talking.老师让学生们不要说话了。

“Don’t touch anything.” He said.“不要碰任何东西。”他说。

→He told us not to touch anything.他对我们说不要碰任何东西。

4. 动词时态和代词等的变动

(1). 某些代词,限定词,表示时间或地点的副词和个别动词在间接引语中的变化规则如下: 直接引语 间接引语

today that day

now then, at that moment

yesterday the day before

the day before yesterday two days before

tomorrow the next day / the following day

the day after tomorrow two days after, / in two days

next week/ month etc the next week/month etc

last week/ month etc the week / month etc. before

here there

this that

these those

come go

bring take

(2)如果引述动词为现在时形式,则间接引语中的动词时态,代词,限定词和表示时间或地点的副词不用变化。而如果引述动词是过去时,以上内容就要有相应变化。变化情况如下: 现在时间推移到过去的时间,即一般现在时变为一般过去时;

“I feel better today.” He said. “我今天感觉好多了。”他说。

→He said that he felt better that day. 他说他那天感觉好多了。

现在进行时变为过去进行时;

“Xiao Ming is doing some washing” Mum said. “小明正在洗衣服。”妈妈说。 →Mum said that Xiao Ming was doing some washing. 妈妈说小明正在洗衣服。

Unit3 What were you doing when the UFO arrived?

一、单项选择。

( ) 1. I met a friend of mine_____ I was walking in the park.

A. before B. when C. after D. if

( ) 2. We’ll go for a walk if it_____ tomorrow.

A. will not rain B. isn’t raining

C. doesn’t rain D. isn’t rain

( ) 3. I met Li Lei_____ hospital last Sunday. He was ill_____ hospital then.

A. in the, in the B. in, in the C. in the, in D. in, in

( ) 4. Grandma is now at _____.

A. the doctor’s B. the doctors

C. the doctor D. a doctor’s

( ) 5. You go to see a doctor in a hospital. When he asks you, “What’s your trouble?” You should say“_____.”

A .I’m feeling terrible B. Don’t trouble me.

C. Give me some medicine, please D. Please take care of me

( ) 6. When you are_____ trouble, why not phone the_____?

A. at, police B. in, policeman

C. in, police D. at, policeman

( ) 7. ____ useful invention the computer is!

A. What a B. What an

C. How a D. How an

( ) 8. I can’t find____ to sit on the crowded bus.

A. nowhere B. somewhere

C. anywhere D. everywhere

( ) 9. My mother was cooking while I____ the radio.

A. listened to B. have listened to

C. was listening to D. is listening to

( ) 10. ______ TV at that time?

A. Did you watch B. Have you watched

C. Were you watching D. Are you watching

( ) 11.They arrived____ Paris ____ a winter evening.

A. at, in B. to, on C. in, on D. in, at

( ) 12. Mr. Green told us____ too much time____ reading novels.

A. don’t take; on B. not to take; in C. not to spend; in D. don’t to spend; on

( ) 13. Do you know_____?

A. what he happened B. what the matter is with him.

C. what happened to him D. what did he happened

( ) 14. The thief_____ the purse and _____.

A. drops, run after B. droped, ran away

C. dropped, run away D. dropped, ran away

( ) 15.People in China are always dressed ____ their best clothes _____ New Year’s Day.

A. at, in B. to, on C. in, on D. in, at

二、用所给动词的正确形式填空。

1. —What_____ you_____(do) when he arrived? —I ___________(watch) TV at that time.

2. When I___________ (walk) in the street, I__________ (meet) my best friend Jim.

3. Mum_________ (buy) my father a nice coat and a pair of trousers last Sunday.

4. While my parents were doing some cleaning, my sister_________ (shout) to me loudly.

5. When he saw the thief steeling things in the office, he closed the door and ________ (call) the police.

6. He first met his girl friend two years ago, she__________ (work) in the supermarket.

7. Thank you for_________ (teach) us so well, my dear teacher.

8. What________ your parents_________ (do) at nine o’clock last night?

三、句型转换。

1. David was (对划线部分提问)

_______ _______David when the UFO arrived? (对划线部分提问)

_______ ______you _______ when she came in?

3. Lily followed her father to see her mother in hospital. (同义句)

Lily ______ ______ her father to see her mother in hospital.

4. Tom had a traffic accident yesterday. (同义句)

A traffic accident________ _________ Tom yesterday.

5. She was so tired; it’s difficult for her to arrive on time. (同义句)

She was _____ tired _______arrive on time.

四、根据汉语提示完成英语句子。

1.当飞机起飞的时候, 天正下着大雪。

It_______ ______heavily when the plane______ _____.

2.他们起得很早, 以便能赶上第一班车。

They got up early_______ _______they could ______the first bus.

3.孩子们穿上最好的衣服来庆祝春节。

The children ______ _____ ______their best clothes to ___________ the Spring Festival.

4.瞧, 孩子们正在寻找一只小猫。

Look! The children_______ _______ ______ a small cat.

5.我女儿正在写信时, 其他的孩子都在外面玩耍。

My daughter was writing a letter_____the other children ______ _____outside.

Unit 4 He said I was hard-working

一、用所给单词的适当形式填空。 2. Lily isn’t good at math, in the end二、用所给动词的正确形式填空。

1. Dick said he__________ (report) some important things to us the day after tomorrow.

2. First of all, you must tell me what you__________ (do) at nine last night.

3. My best friend tells me he ___________ (send) some gifts to me for my birthday.

4. Listen, some beautiful birds__________ (sing) in the tree.

5.______you _______ (argue) with your father when I knocked at the door?

6. I was surprised_________ (find) that Ann got mad after hearing the bad news.

7. I don’t know if Lucy_________ (come) to see me in five days.

8. The teacher told us the earth________ (travel) round the sun.

9. I don’t think you are__________ (suppose) to smoke in the classroom.

10. He said he ___________ (clean) his bedroom at this time yesterday.

三、句型转换。(每空一词)

1. Meimei said,” I can pass the end-of-year exam easily.” (同义句)

2. I hope that my parents are both well. (同义句)

.

3. “Don’t shout at the old people”, mother said to her son. (同义句)

4. I liked spring better than summer. (同义句)

5. This little girl is very clever. (变感叹句)

_______ the little girl is!

四、单项选择。

( ) 1. —The earth goes round the sun.

—What did he say? I couldn’t hear him. — ___________.

A. He says the earth goes round the sun.

B. He said the earth goes round the sun.

C: He said the earth went round the sun.

D. He says the earth went round the sun.

( ) 2.The box is .

A. big enough, put my shoes

B. enough big, put my shoes in

C. big enough, put my shoes in

D .big, put shoes in

( ) 3.She told us she liked

A. to play B. playing the

C. to play a D. playing a

(

A looked worrying , looked over

B. seemed like worried; looked after

C. looks worried , looked after

D. seemed worried; looked over

(

A. does he B. doesn’t he C. can’t she D. can she

( in the supermarket.

A. woman teachers, tomatoes

B. woman teachers, tomatos

C. women teachers, tomatos

D. women teachers, tomatoes

( ) 7. Tom says he_____ wash hands before a meal.

A. must to B. will has to C. has to D. have to

( ) 8. They _____ to visit our school the day after tomorrow.

A. come B. coming C. are coming D. shall come

( ) 9. When you come here this afternoon. Please_____ your sister_____ you.

A. take, with B. carry, with

C. bring, with D. bring, to

( ) 10. I’m afraid there_____ a heavy rain this afternoon.

A. will be going to B. will C. will have D. will be

( ) 11._____ there was something wrong with the machine.

A. There seems B. It seemed that

C. He seemed D. It seem that

( ) 12. I didn’t know she______ play______ guitar(吉他) when she was four.

A. can, \ B. could, the C. could,\ D. can, the

( ) 13. Mother thought______ a clever boy.

A. he is B. him C. him was D. his

( ) 14. Can you______ this word______ English?

A. say; in B. speak; in

C. speak; with D. say; with

( ) 15.The rich men can buy______ lots of things.

A. himself B. him C. them D. themselves

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