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初中英语常用时态及练习题

发布时间:2013-10-17 11:36:05  

英语常用时态及练习题

一、 一般现在时

1.概念:经常、反复发生的动作或行为及现在的某种状况。

2.时间状语: always, usually, often, sometimes, every week (day, year, month…), once a week, on Sundays,

3.基本结构:动词 原形 (如主语为第三人称单数,动词上要改为第三人称单数形式) 动词三单形式的变化规则:

(1)多数直接在动词词尾加-s. play - plays like - likes ask---asks work---works get---gets

(2)以字母s, x, ch, sh或o结尾的动词,在词尾直接加-es.

watch---watches wish---wishes do---does go---goes

(3)以"辅音字母加 - y"结尾的动词,要先变y为i再加-es.

try---tries study---studies cry---cries fly---flies

4.否定形式:am/is/are+not;此时态的谓语动词若为行为动词,则在其前加don't,如主语为第三人称单数,则用doesn't,同时还原行为动词。

5.一般疑问句:把be动词放于句首;用助动词do提问,如主语为第三人称单数,则用does,同时,还原行为动词。

6.例句:. It seldom snows here. He is always ready to help others. Action speaks louder than words..

二、 一般过去时

1.概念:过去某个时间里发生的动作或状态;过去习惯性、经常性的动作、行为。

2.时间状语:ago, yesterday, the day before yesterday, last week,last(year, night, month…), in 1989, just now, at the age of 5, one day, long long ago, once upon a time, etc.

3.基本结构:be动词;行为动词 的过去式 动词过去式的变化规则:

1、一般情况下,动词词尾加ed

如:worked、played、wanted、

2、以不发音的e结尾动词,动词词尾加d,如:lived、moved、decided、declined、hoped、judged、raised、

3、以辅音字母+y结尾的动词,把y变为再加ed,如:studied、fried、copied、justified、cried、carried、

4、以一个辅音字母结尾的重读闭音节动词,双写词尾辅音字母,加ed,如:stopped、begged、fretted、

4.否定形式:was/were+not;在行为动词前加didn't,同时还原行为动词。

5.一般疑问句:was或were放于句首;用助动词do的过去式did 提问,同时还原行为动词。

6.例句:She often came to help us in those days. I didn't know you were so busy.

三、 现在进行时

1.概念:表示现阶段或说话时正在进行的动作及行为。

2.时间状语:now, at this time, days, etc. look . listen

3.基本结构:be+doing

动词ing的变化规则:

1.一般情况直接+ing 例:sweep-sweeping read-reading

2.以不发音e结尾的去e+ing 例:take-taking make-making have-having ride-riding 3.重读闭音节一个辅音字母结尾,双写辅音字母+ing 例:shop-shopping sit-sitting swim-swimming

4.以ie结尾的动词,把ie改为y ,再加ing die---dying lie---lying

4.否定形式:be+not+doing.

5.一般疑问句:把be动词放于句首。

6.例句: How are you feeling today? He is doing well in his lessons.

四、一般将来时

1.概念:表示将要发生的动作或存在的状态及打算、计划或准备做某事。

2.时间状语:tomorrow, next day(week, month, year…),soon, in a few minutes, by…,the day after tomorrow, etc.

3.基本结构:主语+am/is/are+going to + do;will/shall + do.

4.否定形式:am/is/are not going to do ;will/shall not do。

5.一般疑问句:be放于句首;will/shall提到句首。 6.例句:They are going to have a competition with us in studies. It is going to rain.

用动词的适当形式填空

1.I like ____________ (swim).

2.He _________(read) English every day.

3.We _________(go)to school at seven in the morning.

4.Mike________(go)to school at seven in the morning.

5.My mother________(like) ______(go) shopping.

6.I can ________(draw) many beautiful pictures.

7.She_________(make) a model plane.

8.Do you ________(like)_________(run)?

9.Does he_________(like)_________(jump) ?

10.Does Nancy_________(grow)flowers on Saturday ?

11.The teachers________(like)___________(dance).

12.The teacher________(like)____________(dance).

13.The students___________(speak) English in class.

14.The student_________(speak) Chinese after class.

15. Let's____________and play football . ( go )

16. He_____________ like swimming . ( not )

17. I'm sorry ____________that . ( hear )

18. Wang Bing is____________ ( write ) an E-mail to his friend .

19. He has_____________a headache . ( get )

20. _________you study English at school ? Yes , I___________. ( do )

21. ______your sister study English at school ? No , she__________ . ( do )

22. I'm _________ better . ( feel )

23. Why__________Tom absent today ? ( be )

填空:

1. Miss Li _______ (like) sleeping in the day.

2. Listen! Who ________ (talk) with your parents

3. The girl ________ ( not dance ) on Wednesday. She dances on Friday.

4. He wants ________ (be) a teacher.

5. Everyone _________(say) she is a good shop assistant.

6. Can she _________ (sing) in English

7. They like ________ (read) under the tree. Look! They ________ (sit) there to read.

8. Let's ________ (eat) lunch together(一起).

9. Look! A cat ________ (run) up the tree.

10. It's 6:30. My brother ________ (see) a movie.

11. Sam ________ (go) to school at 7:00 every day.

12. Peggy is ________ (clean) the bedroom now. She is a good girl.

13. --- Where ________ Mr. Green ________ (live)

--- He ________ in London.

14. --- ________ you ________ (clean) your bedroom

--- No, I'm not. I'm cleaning the living room.

15. --- ________ Nancy ________ (talk) on the phone

--- No, she isn't. She ________ (eat) lunch now.

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