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译林牛津英语第4单元my day

发布时间:2013-10-17 12:31:55  

My day

一、单词

wake up 醒过来;叫醒 sleep vi.&n. 睡觉 just adv. 确实,完全(用于加强气) fun n. 享乐,乐趣;有趣的事 exercise vi.&n. 锻炼 after-school adj. 课外的 activity n. 活动 homework n. 家庭作业 supper n. 晚餐 because conj. 因为 best adj.&adv. 最好(的) chat vi.&n. 聊天;闲谈 each other 彼此,互相 first adj.&adv. 第一(的) spend vt. 花费(钱、时间等);度 library n. 图书馆 Tuesday n. 星期二 Friday n. 星期五 practise vi.&n. 练习,操练 swimmer n. 游泳者 kind n. 种类 mail n. 电子邮件;邮件 send vt. 发送;运送 use vt. 使用 Internet n. 互联网,英特网 twice adv. 两次;两倍 week n. 星期,周 model n. 模型;模特儿 newspaper n. 报纸 letter n. 信 should modal verb 应当,应 much adj. 许多的,大量的 better adj.&adv. 更好的;更 both pron.&adj. 两者 together adv. 一起,共同 comic n. 连环漫画 Thursday n. 星期四 Monday n. 星期一 Wednesday n. 星期三 talk vi. 讲话,谈话 busy adj. 忙的,忙碌的 information n. 信息 will modal verb. 将,将要 trip n. 旅行,旅程 each adj. 每个的,每一 location n. 地点,位置 district n. 区,地区 price n. 价格 adult n. 成人,成年人 except prep. 不包括,除?之外 organize vt. 组织 would like 想要 closed adj. 关闭的;封闭的 look forward to 期待;盼望 out adv. 在外面 maybe adv. 大概;或许 wish n. 希望,愿望 dislike vt. 不喜爱;厌恶 reason n. 理由 ready adj. 准备好的 world n. 世界 difficult adj. 难的,困难的 part n. 部分 answer n. 答案 question n. 问题 clever adj. 聪明的,伶俐的

二、词组或短语

醒过来;叫醒 wake up

叫醒某人 wake sb. up

是该做某事的时候了。 It’s time for sth. = It’s time to do sth.

是该某人做某事的时候了。 It’s time for sb. to do sth.

打算做某事 be going to do sth.

去睡觉;入睡 go to sleep 玩得开心 have fun =have a good time = enjoy oneself 开心地做某have fun doing sth. = enjoy oneself doing sth.=have a good time doing sth. 一个新的网友 a new online friend 记日记 keep a diary 做早操 do morning exercises 上课 have lessons 做课外活动 do after-school activities 彼此聊天 chat with each other 对某人友好 be nice/kind/friendly to sb. (某人)花(时间或金钱)做某事 spend ??(in) doing sth.= spend ?? on sth. 每逢周二和周五 every Tuesday and Friday ??中的一个成员 a member of ?? 给我发电子邮件 e-mail me = send an e-mail to me 发送某物给某人 send sth. to sb. = send sb. sth 一周两次 twice a week 听收音机 listen to the radio 做飞机模型 make model planes 看太多电视 watch too much TV = watch TV too much 太多too much + 不可数名词 too many + 可数名词复数 太much too + 形容词或副词 总是;一直 all the time = always 约见某人,会见某人 meet up with sb. 了解很多关于电脑(的知识) know a lot about computers 舞蹈课 dancing lesson(s) 没有时间做某事 have no time to do sth. 和某人在电话上谈话 talk to/with sb. on the phone 教我们英语 teach us English 向某人问好 say hello to sb 去旅行 go on a trip 因为做某事而感谢你。 Thank you for doing sth. 期待做某事(to为介词) look forward to sth. / look forward to doing sth 你认为??怎样? What do you think of ?.? = How do you like?? 需要做某事 need to do sth. 为某事做(好)准备 get/be ready for sth. 准备做某事 get/be ready to do sth. 对??有好处 be good for? ??.对我来说很困难? be hard for sb. 了解更多关于这个世界的(事情) learn more about the world

三、重点例句

Is it time for breakfast? 是吃早饭的时间了吗? ▲陈述句为:It's time for breakfast. 还可以用it’s time to do ?来表示。 如:(a)It's time for playing football. 是踢球的时间了。

此句可以转化为:It's time to play football.

(b)It's time for English class. 是上英语课的时间了

此句可以转化为:It's time to have English class.

Some dogs just don't know how to have fun. 一些狗就是不懂得怎么玩。

▲have fun的意思是“嬉戏”,“娱乐”,fun为不可数名词。

fun有时也可以作形容词,意思是“有趣的,令人愉快的”。

如:(a)Swimming in the sea is great fun! 在海里游泳是件很有趣的事。

(b)The game sounds fun. 这个游戏听上去很有趣。

下面是米莉的一篇日记。

Do morning exercises 做早操

▲do exercise 意思是“做运动”,也可说take exercise。

如:Do at least 30 minutes exercise every day. 每天最少做30分钟运动。

米莉写了封邮件给她的新网友汤米。

1 Amy is my best friend. 埃米是我最好的朋友。

▲best是形容词good的最高级。 英语里多数形容词分为原级、比较级和最高级。

如:good好(原级)、better较好(比较级)、best最好(最高级)。

最高级前一般要加the,但如果前面有my等限定的词,就不用加the了。

(a)My English is good.My Maths is better.My Chinese is the best.

我的英语很好,数学更好,语文最好。

(b)English is my best subiect. 英语是我学得最好的科目。

2 My favourite lessons are Chinese and English. 我最喜欢的课程是语文和英语。

▲favourite是形容词,意思是“最喜爱的”,没有比较级和最高级。

如:What's your favourite sport? 你最喜欢的运动是什么?

3 I spend about two hours a day doing my homework. 我一天花大约两个小时做家庭作业。 ▲spend?(in) doing something 意思是“花(时间、钱)干某事”,后面的动词要用动词的ing形式, in可以省略。同样的意思还可用spend?on something表达。

如:(a)I will spend 80 yuan buying books./I will spend 80 yuan on books.我要花80元钱买书。

(b)Millie spends 20 hours doing sports every week.

Millie spends 20 hours on sports every week. 米莉每周花20个小时做运动。

4 We must do some housework at home because we are all members of the family.

我们在家应该做一些家务,因为我们都是家庭中的成员。

5 We always have a good time at our school. 我们在学校里总是很开心。 ▲have a good time是一个固定词组,意为“过得开心,过得愉快”。

类似的说法还有enjoy oneself。

如:(a)Look! They are having a good time in the park. 看!他们在公园玩得多开心。 (b)Amy always enjoys herself in the Swimming Club. 埃米在游泳俱乐部里总是过得很快乐。

6 Please e-mail me soon! 请尽快给我发电子邮件! ▲e-mail在这里作动词,意思是“发电子邮件”。

如:Please e-mail me a new form. 请发给我一份新的表格。 e-mail还可以作名词,表示“电子邮件”。

如:I get lots of e-mails everyday.

▲send意思为“派、送、寄”。

如:(a)Please send a letter to me when you get there. 请你到那儿就寄封信给我。

(b)If you need money, I will send some to you. 如果你需要钱,我就给你送一些去。

Millie goes to the Reading Club twice a week. 米莉一星期去读书会两次。 ▲twice表示“两次、两倍”,once表示“一次”,三次以上用time表示次数。

如:(a)I have seen the film three times. 我已经看了三次这部电影了。

(b)I have practised reading this poem many times to improve my skill.

我已经练习读了这首诗许多次来提高我的技巧。

My mum says we shouldn't watch too much TV. 我妈妈说我们不应该看太多的电视。 ▲should意思为“应该”,其否定形式shouldn't意思为“不应该”。

如:(a)You should do your homework first. 你应该先做你的家庭作业。

(b)We shouldn't play too many computer games. 我们不应该玩太多的电脑游戏。

She walks him every day. 她每天带他出去遛遛。

▲walk后加某种动物,意思是“牵着(动物)走,溜”。

如:My mother often walks our dog in the morning. 妈妈经常在清晨遛狗。

We play together all the time. 我们总是在一起踢球。 ▲all the time表示“一直、始终、总是”。

如:The baby is crying all the time. 这个婴儿总是在哭。

▲from?to ?意思是“从??到??”。

如:She can count from 1 to 100. 她能从1数到100。

Then she meets up with Simon. 然后她和西蒙见面。 ▲meet up (with somebody)意思是“约见(某人)”。

如:(a)Let's meet up after school! 放学后我们见个面。 (b)Mary often meets up with Tom after work. 玛丽经常下班后和汤姆见面。

She is very busy and does not have much time to talk with her friends.

她很忙,没时间和她的朋友交谈。

▲have(no) time to do something 意思是“有/没有时间做某事”。 如:I have no time to watch TV. 我没有时间看电视。

Please get some information about the China Space Museum,the China Science and Technology Museum and Beijing Zoo. 请你找一些有关中国太空博物馆、中国科技馆和北京动物园的信息。 ▲information意思是“消息、信息、资料”,为不可数名词。 “一条信息”为a piece of information。 如:(a)There is some good information about health on the Internet. 网上有一些好的健康方面的信息。

(b)There are five pieces of information on this page. 在这页上有五条信息。

Every day except Monday 除了周一,每天(开放)。 ▲except意为“除??之外”

如:He usually goes to work on foot except when it rains. 除了雨天,他一般都走路上班。 此外需要注意except与besides的区别。试比较:

We all go to the party except him. 除他以外,我们都去了晚会。(他没去)。 We all go to the party besides him. 除他以外,我们大家也都去了晚会。(他也去了)。

Dear Mr. Wu

Thank you for organizing the class trip .We would like to go to Beijing Zoo in Xicheng Distric. The price for each student is 5 Yuan. The Zoo is open from 7:30 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.

We cannot go to The China Space Museum or The China Science and Technology Museum because their prices are too high and The China Science and Technology Museum is closed on Mondays. We are all looking forward to a great day out!

Millie

1 Thank you for organizing the class trip. 感谢你组织这次班级旅行。 thank somebody for doing something 意思是“感谢某人做某事”。 如:Thank you for helping me. 感谢你帮助我。

2 We would like to go to Beijing zoo in Xicheng District. 我们想去西城区的北京动物园。 ▲would like to do something 意思是“想做某事”。 如:I’d like to show you a picture. 我想给你看一张照片。

3 We are all looking forward to a great day out! 我们都盼望着出去好好玩。 ▲look forward to(doing)something 意思是“盼望着(干)某事”。 如:(a)I look forward to the holidays. 我盼望着假期。

(b)He looks forward to seeing her again soon. 他盼望着早日再次见到她。

1 Millie,what do you think of your new school? 米莉,你认为你的新学校怎么样? ▲What do you think of? 意为“你认为??怎么样”。 类似的说法还有How do you like??

如:(a)What do you think of Nanjing? 你认为南京怎么样?

(b)How do you like my new shoes? 你认为我的新鞋子怎么样? 2 Don't worry.别担心。

▲worry意为“担心”,“发愁”通常与介词about搭配,表示“为某事或某人担心”。

如:You don't have to worry about him. 你不必为他担心。

1 Millie's happiness chart米莉的喜好表

▲love意思是“爱”,在感情上比like强烈。

如:(a)We love our country. 我们热爱祖国。

(b)My parents always tell me to love every body. 母总是告诉我要爱所有的人。 ▲like意思是“喜欢”、“爱好”,是普通用语,指对某人、某事持赞许的态度或发生兴趣,并积极 参加活动。后接名词、代词、动词的ing形式或不定式作宾语。

如:(a)We all like English. 我们都喜欢英语。

(b)I like going shopping on Saturdays. 我喜欢周六去购物。 ▲dislike意思是“厌恶”、“讨厌”。

如:(a)I dislike it when he lies. 我讨厌他撒谎。

(b)Tom dislikes doing homework. 汤姆不喜欢做家庭作业。

2 It helps us get ready for the day. 它帮助我们为一天做好准备。 ▲get ready for意思是“为??做准备”,后跟名词或代词,get ready to后跟动词原形。

如:(a)My mother is getting ready for dinner. 我妈妈在准备晚饭。

(b)Get ready to run. 准备跑。

3 I can chat with friends and eat nice food. 我能和朋友聊天,吃到好吃的食物。 ▲chat with somebody意思是“与某人闲谈,聊天”。

如:She likes to chat with her friends on the phone. 她喜欢在电话里和她的朋友聊天。

4 1 love reading because 1 want to learn more about the world.

我爱看书是因为我想了解更多有关世界的知识。

▲learn about something意思是“学习、了解某事”。

如:(a)I am keen to learn about the town's history。 我很想了解这个城镇的历史。 (b)If you want to learn more about the universe,you can search the Internet.

如果你想知道有关宇宙的更多知识,你可以上网搜寻。

I like some parts of the day and I dislike others. 我喜欢一天的某些时候,不喜欢另外一些。 ▲some?others?表示“一些??其他的一些??”。others表示不确定的其他的、某些。

如:After school some students do homework,some clean the classroom,others do after-school activities. 放学后一些学生做家庭作业,一些打扫教室,其他的人进行课外活动。 others前面加the,表示固定范围内的人或物中的“其他的,其余的”。

如:(a)He sat far away from the others in the room. 他坐得离房间里的其他人很远。

(b)There are five bags on the ground. Two of them are Mrs. Brown's.The others are mine.

地上有五个袋子,其中两个是布朗夫人的,其余的是我的。

埃米和桑迪正在图书馆学习,但她们做英语家庭作业时遇到了困难。两人一组,将对话补充完整。

Can you tell me the answer to number two? 你能告诉我第二题的答案吗? ▲the answer to意思是“??的答案”。类似用to的词组还有:

The key to the bike自行车的钥匙 the tickets to the film电影票

四、日常用语

Is it time for breakfast? 是吃早饭的时候了吗?

What are you going to do today? 今天你打算干什么?

Please e-mail me soon! 请尽快给我发电子邮件!

We are in Class 1, Grade 7. 我们在七年级一班。

What are they talking about? 他们在谈论什么?

Do you like swimming/drawing? 你喜欢游泳/画画吗?

四、语法

人称代词(主格形式)

1.人称代词的主格形式有:

I (我); We (我们); You (你、你们);

He (他) She (她); It (它); They (他们)。

人称代词的主格形式在句中只作主语和表语。

例如:We are in Class 4, Grade 7. 我们在七年级四班。

Who is that? It’s I / me. (在口语中常用宾格) 是谁呀?是我。

2.人称代词除主格外,还有宾格,它们是:

me (我); us (我们); you (你、你们);

him (他); her (她); it (它); them (他们)。

人称代词的宾格在句中只能作宾语,不能作主语。

例如:Miss Wang teaches us English. 王老师教我们英语。

I give him a ball. 我给他一个球。

3.一般现在时行为动词的一般疑问句句型:

Do /Does +主语

宾语?

当主语是第三人称单数时,谓语动词要用Does;主语不是第三人称单数时,则要用Do。

五、词语辨析

1. Is it time for breakfast? 是吃早餐的时间了吗?

例如:

It’s time for class. 是上课的时间了。=It’s time to have a class.

Is it time for class? 该上课了吗?

It’s time for the meeting.=It’s time to have a meeting. 该开会了。

Is it time for the meeting? 该开会了吗?

2.eat breakfast=have breakfast,“吃早饭”,前者是在美国英语中多用;后者是在英国英语中多用。breakfast, lunch, supper表示三餐,此外还有dinner通常指“正餐”,是指一天中最好的一顿饭。在英国,一般家庭把dinner安排在中午,晚上的饭就叫supper,上层人家则把它安排在晚上,而中午的那顿饭叫lunch。安排在中午的dinner也称early dinner(午餐),晚上左右的叫late dinner(晚餐).

例如:What time do you have dinner?(

多用于英国)

What time do you eat dinner? (多用于美国)

3.have assembly开晨会

动词不同的含义。例如:

have a meeting 开会

have a class meeting 开班会

have a party 举行聚会

have breakfast 吃早饭

have a look 看一看

have a class 上课

have a good time 过得愉快

have a talk 交谈

have a swim 游泳

have a rest 休息一下

have a walk 散步

have a game 进行一次比赛

have a picnic 吃野餐

4.go to bed是指“上床睡觉”,并不意味着当时就睡着,只是进入了睡觉的形式。

例如:Jim goes to bed at nine o’clock every evening.

吉姆每天晚上九点钟睡觉。(不一定进入睡眠状态,也许十点钟或十一点钟才入睡)

例如:

The man is tired. He goes to sleep very quickly. 那人很疲劳,很快就睡着了。 例如:You should sleep eight hours a day. 一天你应该睡八小时。

例如:The baby is asleep. 那小孩睡着了。

5. Telling your friends about your school life. 告诉你的朋友关于你的学校生活。

tell sb about sth 告诉某人某事

例如:Jack is telling us his new school life. 杰克正在告诉我们他新的学校生活。

6. There are more than 1800 students at my school. 我校有1800多个学生。

more than 用于数词前表示“超过、多于”的意思,= over 。

例如:More than five thousand people are there at the concert. 五千多人在那儿出席了音乐会。 There are more than fifty students in our class. 我们班有五十多名学生。

7. There are lots of nice people in my class. 在我班有很多好的人。 lots of=a lot of,意思是“许多;大量”,后既可跟可数名词复数,也可跟不可数名词。

例如:There are lots of (a lot of)eggs in the basket. 篮子里有许多鸡蛋。 There is lots of (a lot of) milk in the glass. 杯子里有许多牛奶。

8. Amy is my best friend. 埃米是我最好的朋友。 best “最好的”,是形容词good的最高级。

9. Sometimes, we buy snacks from the tuck shop. 有时,我们从校内的零食店买零食。 sometimes,副词,“有时”,用作状语,可以放在句首,也可放在动词前,有时也置于句子末尾。 例如:I sometimes have letters from him. 我有时收到他的来信。

1)sometimes为副词,意思为“有时”,可用于句首、句中或句末,在句中作状语。

例如:Sometimes he goes to the cinema on Sunday. 星期天他有时去看电影。 2)some times是词组,意思为“几次,几倍”,其中的times为可数名词的复数形式。

例如:He has been to Beijing for some times before. 他以前去过北京几次。 3)sometime指某个不明确的时间,意思为“某个时候”。

例如:We’ll take our holiday sometime in August. 我们将在八月的某个时候度假。

4)some time指某“一段时间”,其中的time为不可数名词,意思为“时间”。

例如:I spend some time practicing speaking English every day. 我每天花一些时间练习说英语。

10. Mrs.Tang, our Principal, talks to the whole school at 8:00 a.m. every day in the Assembly Hall. 我们的校长唐女士每天上午八点在会议厅同全体学生谈话。

whole形容词,意思是“整个的,全部的”,其同音词是hole(洞;孔;坑)其同义词是all。

例如:We spent the whole day looking for you. 我们花了一整天找你。

〖注意〗whole和all的区别:

whole和all作为形容词,都有“整个的;全部的”意思,但用法略有不同。

1)与复数名词连用时,whole

all

例如:It snowed for three whole days. 下了整整三天雪。

All my books are kept here. 我所有的书都保存在这里。

2)all和whole在句中的位置不同,all放在限定词之前;whole放在限定词之后。

例如:all the time 整个时间

the whole time 整个时间

11.I also like playing volleyball. 我也喜欢打排球。

also副词,表示“也”的意思,比较正式,位置通常接近动词,一般不用于句末。

例如:He also plays the piano. 他也弹钢琴。

too 多用于口语,位置通常放在句末,其前用逗号与前句隔开,其后用句号;有时too也在句中出现,但前后都要用逗号隔开。

例如:He is a worker, too. 他也是名工人。 〖注意〗too只用于肯定句中,不用于否定句中,在否定句中要用either。

12. Millie goes to the Reading Club twice a week. 米莉一周去阅读兴趣小组两次。

twice a week 一周两次,英语表示一次用once,两次用twice,自三次以后用基数词+times表示次数。例如:once a day 一天一次 three times two months 两个月三次

four times 四次 ten times 十次

13. Your mum says we shouldn’t watch TV too much or films.你妈妈说我们不应该看太多的电视和电影。 should “应该”,shouldn’t “不应该”,是should 的否定形式。

14. She walks him every day. 她每天带他去溜溜。

walk用作不及物动词,“步行;散步”;用作及物动词,“带??散步;带??溜溜”。

例如:We usually walk to school.我们通常步行上学。=We usually go to school on foot.

Tom walks his dog every evening. 汤姆每天晚上带狗散步。

15. What’s the news? 是什么消息?

news “消息”,不可数名词。表示一条消息要用a piece of news.

“许多消息”要用 much news ,不能用 many news ,因为 many 只能修饰可数名词。

例如:I have a piece of good news to tell you. 我有一条好消息要告诉你。

16. Peter won the first prize in the football match. 彼得在足球赛中赢得了第一名。

win the first prize 获得冠军,won 是 win 的过去式,表示该动作在过去就发生了。

〖注意〗won的同音词one。

17. I’d like to ask you some questions. 我想问你一些问题。

would like to do sth “愿意干某事;想要做某事”,语气较婉转。

例如:I would like to watch TV. 我想看电视。

I would like to have a cup of water. 我要喝杯水。

18. go on a school trip 去学校组织的旅行、远足、郊游

trip名词,“旅行;旅程”,尤其是指短途的游玩或有特别目的的旅行。

例如:a weekend trip周末旅行 go for a trip去旅行 have a trip进行旅行

19. Each student can spend ¥10. 每个学生可以花十元钱。 〖注意〗each 和every 的区别

each 和every都有“每一个”的意思,但each指一定数目中的“每一个”;“个别”意义较重

表示各有不同,更强调“个人”。

例如:Each one has his weakness. 每人都有每人的缺点。 every,指数目不确定的许多人或物中间的“每一个”,强调“总和”,表示“大家”。

例如:Every one is here. 大家都到了。 each和every后的谓语动词要用第三人称单数形式。

each可主语、同位语、定语和状语,而every只能作定语。

20. We are all looking forward to a great day out. 我们都盼望着出去好好玩一天。

look forward to sth/ doing sth(要跟动名词形式) “盼望着某事/做某事”。

例如:I’m looking forward to seeing you. 我正盼望着见到你。 He looks forward to Children’s Day. 他盼望儿童节。

21. May I borrow some money? 情态动词 can 和 may

can 表示“能、会、可以”,后加动词原形,否定式为can not/can’t.

may “可以”,后加动词原形,常表示许可或征询对方许可。在口语中可代替can;

但比can正式,否定式为may not。

例如:We can speak a little English. 我们会说一点英语。

You may put your bike here. 你可以把自行车放在这儿。

〖注意〗

(1)当请求“朋友或同学”许可时,我们常用can;请求“老师家长或其他成年人”我们常用may,表示更礼貌。

(2) may 的否定式如表示不可以、禁止、阻止的意思时,常用mustn’t/can’t代替may not。

例如:May I watch TV now, mum? No, you mustn’t/can’t. You must finish your homework first.

(3)情态动词的一般疑问句只要把情态动词提到主语前面即可。

本句中的some用于表示客气请求的疑问句中,希望对方能给予肯定的回答。May I ?的句型是表示客气的

some,不用any。

而在通常情况下,some用于肯定句,any用于疑问句和否定句中。

例如:I have some questions to ask. 我有些问题要问。

Do you have any questions to ask? 你有些问题要问吗?

There aren’t any questions to ask. 没有任何问题要问。

六、【精选短语】

1.want to go to sleep

想去睡觉

的三种表达:

①want to do sth

②would like to do sth

③feel like doing sth

2.keep a diary写日记 (强调写日记的习惯)

write a diary写日记(强调写日记的动作)

⑴She keeps a diary every day.

⑵Look. Tom is writing a diary.

3. do morning exercises做早操→ do eye exercises做眼保健操

exercise ⑴练习题;操(可数名词) ⑵锻炼;运动(动词;不可数名词) You should exercise more.=You should do/take more exercise.

4.do after-school activities 参加课外活动

have lessons上课→ have a(n)?lesson/class上一节?课

5. at lunchtime=at lunch 午饭时

6. sit under the trees in/on the playground 坐在操场上的树下

7. be nice to sb对某人友好= be kind to sb= be friendly to sb

8. go to the Reading Club 去参加读书兴趣小组

9. every Tuesday and Friday 每周四和周五

⑴every+单数名词,每一?

⑵every other+单数名词,每隔一?,every other day每隔一天

⑶every+数词+名词复数,每?个?,every three hours 每三小时

10. practise with my friends 和朋友们一起练习

在英式英语中动词“练习”是practise,名词“练习”是practice;

在美式英语中都是practice。

常用短语:practise a lot多练习,practise doing sth练习/操练做某事。 ①You need more practice.你需要多练习。

②Practice makes perfect.熟能生巧。

11. be a member of the Swimming Club 是游泳兴趣小组的一员

(延续性动词)be a member of?→ (非延续性动词)join?加入?

He joined the club last year.

→ He’s been a member of the club since last year.

12.the same kind同一种类

⑴the sameThe same food does not agree with every constitution.

The young man lives in the same house as his parents. ⑶the

(定语从句) :This is the same watch that he lost last night. all the same仍然

—Sorry, I don’t know the way. — Thank you all the same.

13. twice a week每周两次→ twice两次;两倍

一次once,两次twice,三次three times,三次以上都用?times表示,

如:four times 对twice a week,often/always/?等频度副词的提问用How often。 —How often do you go to the Basketball Club? —Once a week. 14. in the school football team (英式英语)

→ on the school football team (美式英语)

在某队用in/on都可以。

⑴a team event 团体比赛项目

⑵a team race 团体比赛

⑶team spirit合作精神;集体精神;团队精神

⑷teamwork n.协同工作;配合

15. meet up with Simon与西蒙会面

⑴meet up with sb(按照安排)见面、会面

They met up with each other again later for a drink.

⑵meet with sth.遭遇某事

He met up with failure again.

16.on Mondays=every Monday每周一 on+星期几的复数=every+星期几

17. teach us English

→ teach sb+科目,教某人某科目(注意不能用物主代词)

⑴teach oneself sth=learn sth by oneself 自学?

⑵teach sb (how) to do sth 教某人(如何)做某事

18. say hello to her向她问好,问候她

=greet sb 向某人问好

=agree with sb 同意某人(的意见

)

=refuse sb 拒绝

感谢某人

⑤向?告别

=congratulate sb 向?祝贺

①say (sth) to sb 对某人说(某事)

②say to oneself 心里想

③That is to say. 换句话说,也就是说。

④say cheese (照相前请人微笑时说) 笑一笑

⑤It is said that?=They say? 据说??

19. get some information about?→ information about??的消息 information n(不可数)信息;消息;情报;资料;资讯

a piece of information 一则消息

information superhighway 信息高速公路

information technology=IT 信息技术

20. go on a trip=have a trip旅行 → go on a trip to?去某地旅行

21. every day except Monday除了星期一以外的每一天

except

=except for ()除?之外,可以转化为only ①They all came except Mark.=Only Mark didn’t come.

②He had nothing with him except for some coins.

=He had only some coins with him.

⑴besides除?

⑵beside靠近;在旁边 Please sit here beside me.

⑶expect vt.预料;预计,表示预料某事将会或很可能发生(注意expect与except的拼写) I’m expecting him to arrive soon.

22. look forward to a great day out期待着好好出去玩一天

⑴look forward to sth/doing sth

期待(做)某事,常用于进行时,to是介词,其后必须接名词、代词或动名词。 I’m looking forward to hearing from Sandy.

⑵ out adv.在外面,

go out外出;go out for a walk外出散步;go for a walk去散步

forward adv.向前,fast forward=F.F快进(录音机、影碟机等上的快进键)

23. need to practice it more需要多练习

need 的用法:

need sb/sth 需要某人或某物

need to do sth需要做某事,有必要做某事

need do sth在一般疑问句中把Need提到句首。

在含Must的一般疑问句的否定回答时用needn’t (不必)。

—Must I finish my homework before 5:00p.m.? —No, you needn’t

. ⑶in need 需要,常作定语

help people in need帮助需要的人; be in need of?需要?;

be in great need of?急需?

24. be good for sb/sth.对?有好处,有益于?→

be bad for sb/sth. 对?有害处,有害于?

①Smoking is bad for your health. 吸烟有害健康。

②A lot of exercise is good for us.

七、词语辨析

1. each和every都含有“每一个”的意思,但是each指两者或以上的人或物,侧重个体;every指三者或以上的人或物,侧重全体。对两个以上的人或物,特别提及其中的一个时,each比every着重个别的情况;被each修饰的名词一定是单数,不加冠词;作代词时,是单数,可以指人或物;each of?“?中的每一个”,没有every of?。语。each other彼此;互相。every other?每隔一个?, e.g. every other day每隔一天。

① Every student should wear school uniform on Monday morning.

② Every man is not honest.

③ Each of us has his own duty. =We each have our own duties. ④ The waiter handed each of them a menu.

⑤ We each have our own particular tastes, haven’t we? =Each of us has?

【注意】当each作名词复数或人称代词we/you/they的同位语时,动词用复数形式,语意上等于 “Each of us/you/them/名词复数+动词单数形式”。

2.both 的用法:

⑴pron.两者;双方,用于be动词之后或行为动词之前,常用both of?, We/You/They both=Both of us/you/them, They both like sports.=Both of them like sports.

⑵adj.两者的,双方的,

常用短语both?and? 意思是“?和?都?”,动词用 复数形式。 Both you and he are right.

3.busy忙的,繁忙的;繁华的a busy street一条繁华/繁忙的街道 ⑴busy→busier→busiest,

busy→business企业;商业;生意,on business出差

⑵be busy with sth 忙于某事

be busy (in) doing sth 忙于做某事

4.open①开→close关

open②开着的;营业的→closed关闭的;不营业。

open/close常指开关门窗、计算机软件;商店开关门等。

①Close the door.

②Can you tell me how to open the e-dictionary on the computer? ③Hualian Happy-mart is open at 6:30 a.m. and closed at 9:30 p.m. close还指“靠近的”,“亲密的”。

①The park is close to a cinema. ②We are close friends.

【比较】turn on/off 开/关(电流、液流、气流等)。

①Turn on the TV.

②Turn off the tap.关掉水龙头。

5. 一周七天的写法:

Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday.

6.⑴ local adj.当地的

local paper地方报纸,local call本地电话;市内电话(简称“市话”) ⑵ location n.地点;位置

Location: 1 Bei Sanhuan Zhong Lu, Xicheng District

八.【必背句型】

1. Is it time for breakfast?

⑴It’s time for sth. 是做某事的时候了。

It’s time for bed. It’s time for class.

⑵It’s time to do sth. 是做某事的时候了。

It’s time to have lunch. = It’s time for lunch.

⑶It’s time for sb to do sth. 是某人做某事的时候了。

It’s time for you to take the medicine.

2. Our classes begin at 8:25 a.m.我们在上午8:25开始上课。

3. I spend about two hours a day doing my homework.

⑴Sb spend time (in) doing sth,

Sb spend time on sth=It takes sb time to do sth.某人花费时间做某事。 ⑵Sb spend

=Sth cost sb money.

4. She is a very good swimmer.

=She is very good at swimming.

=She swims well. 她游泳很好。

5. He is a member of the football team.=He is in/on the football team. be a member of the team=be in/on the team

6. Thanks for organizing the class trip.

⑴Thank sb for doing sth.感谢某人做某事。感谢你做某事:

Thank you.=Thanks for doing sth.

Many thanks.=Thanks a lot.多谢。

⑵organize vt.组织→organization n.组织

World Health Organization

世界卫生组织

7. The price for each student is ¥5. 每位学生票价5元。

price价格;价钱

⑴the price of sth某物的价格,the price for sb指该价格适用的人群。

对价格提问用is/are??

⑵价格的“高、低”用high/low,不能用expensive/cheap (指某物的贵贱用expensive/cheap)。 The price of this flat is too high.

=This flat is too expensive. 这个套房太贵了。

8. What do you think of your new school? 你觉得你的新学校怎么样?

What do you think of??=How do you like?? (请注意疑问词和动词的搭配。)

9. Don’t worry. 别担心。别着急。

⑴worry vt.使困扰;使烦恼,

worry about?→be worried about? 担心?,烦恼?

① Don’t worry about her.别担心她。

② Don’t worry about that.别担心那件事情。

⑵常用复数worries,意思是

Don’t keep your worries to yourself.

10. I like some parts of the day and I don’t like others. Some?. other(s)?一些?,其他的?

some+名词复数,other+名词复数或others。 注意some与other?/others的呼应。Some?some?others?

①Some people believe it, others don’t.

②Some students are fond of music, some love art and others prefer sport.

两个人)

两者以上)互相

每隔一? every other line每隔一行

I saw her the other day.

九.【语法详解】人称代词的主格与宾格

⑴、具体人称的指代 ⒈ 第一人称单数I代表说话者,复数we代表说话者一方(两人或两人以上或一个 集体),有时也包括说话者,也可以泛指大家。

第二人称单复数you代表听话者或对方(两人或或以上),也用来泛指大家。 第三人称单数he代表已提过的男人;she代表已提过的女人;it代表已提过的一件事或物。

who连用,those who也有相同用法;she

还可以代表月亮、船只、国家和车辆等;it

① He who knows himself is wise.自知者明。

② Those who sell out to the enemy should be severely punished.

投降者应受严惩。

③ The Titanic was on her first voyage when she sank.

泰坦尼克号是在她首航中沉没的。

④ It’s a lovely baby. Is it a boy?宝宝真可爱,是男孩吗?

⑤ It’s half past six now.

⑥ It’s cold today.

⒊they常用来指代已提到过的一些人或一些事物,还常用来指属于某一时代、某一地区或某一机关的人,目的是为了避免使用被动语态。They还常用来指代不愿指明或无法指明的人。 They say it is going to be a hot summer.据说今年夏天会很热。

还可以说

⑵、人称代词的格

⒈ 人称代词作主语时用主格,作宾语时用宾格。

⒉ 人称代词单独使用时,一般用宾格不用主格。

① —It was hard work. But I’m glad I did it. — Me too.

② —Mike hasn’t been to Shanghai. — Me either.

⒊ 人称代词在句中作表语时,一般用宾格。

如有who或that引导的强调句,则常用主格。

① —Who is knocking? —It’s me.

⒋ 人称代词用于as或than之后时,如果

as或than

用主格;如果as或than用作连词,则必须用主格。

① She is as old as me.

② I like you better than him.

③ Tony is thinner than I am.

⑶、人称代词并列使用时的顺序

人称代词并列使用时如果用于好的意思或出于礼貌,则

单数顺序为:第二、三、一人称(即将“我”调到最后); 复数顺序一般为:第一、二、三人称。

① They’ll see you, him and me off.

② ② We, you and they are all Chinese.

⑷、用作引导词的it

⒈ it

(短语)及其复合结构、动名词(短语)或主语从句等充当的真正主语。

① It is a good habit to eat healthily.

② It is a delight for her to watch her son sing in the show.

③ It is no use talking without doing.

④ It has been a great honour your coming to visit me.

⑤ It seemed strange that she passed by without a word.

⒉ it

(短语)、动名词(短语)或宾语从句等充当真正宾语。

① You must find it exciting to work here.

② She considered it important that everything should be finished by 8:00p.m. ⒊

It is?who/that?.(It is后接需要强调的部分)

注意以下句子所强调的不同:

⑴Timmy wore his best suit to the dance last night. 可将其变为以下三句:

① It was Timmy who wore his best suit to the dance last night.

② It was last night that Timmy wore his best suit to the dance.

③⑵It was because he wanted to buy a basketball that he went to town yesterday.

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