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第五单元知识点总结

发布时间:2013-09-18 11:28:31  

三第五单元复习辅导

一、 重点短语

1. day after day 日复一日 write down 写下 think about 考虑,回想

2. on one’s own 独自地,独立地 during one’s lifetime 在某人的一生中

3. be famous for 因……而闻名 for months 数月 be born 出生

4. make a mistake 犯错 give up 放弃graduate from 从……毕业

5. come up with 提出,赶上 devote oneself to 献身于,专心于

6. succeed in 在……方面成功 set a good example 树立榜样

7. because of 因为 in one’s spare time 在某人的业余时间

8. care about 担心 care for 关怀,照顾

二、 重点句型

1.Let’s think of some questions about life. 咱们思考几个关于生活的问题吧。

think of提出建议:Who first thought of the idea? 谁先提出那个主意的? 考虑,思考:You think of everything. 你全都想到了。

打算:You’re thinking of going to Qingdao for a holiday.我们打算去青岛度假。 I can’t think of his name. 我一时不能想起他的名字了。

think about sth. 考虑;慎思;审查(尤指计划,观念,看他是否相宜、可行)。 Please think about the plan and let me have your views tomorrow. 请考虑那项计划,明天把你的看法告诉我。

think sth. over仔细想,作进一步考虑;审慎思考;

Please think over what I’ve said. 清仔细考虑我说的话。

2.How do we succeed in life? 我们怎样成功?

succeed in life成功:Bill succeed in life at the age of twenty.

succeed in passing the exam考试及格:

We all succeed in the English examination last week.上周我们都通过了英语考试。 succeed vt. 成功,其名词形式为success n. 成功

successful adj. 成功的;successfully adv. 成功地

3.What makes us happy? 什么使我们快乐?

make sb./sth. +adj. 使某人/某物 The news made her happy. 这消息使他很高兴。 He made his meaning clear. 他把他的意思说得很明白。

4.Do we need to be happy? 我们需要快乐吗?

need vt. 需要;必须 Does he need help? 他需要帮忙吗?

need为情态动词。(无不定式,无分词,第三人称单数是need而非needs,用于疑问句及否定句中后接没有to的不定式;need not缩写为needn’t): --Need you go yet? 你一定要去吗?

--No, I needn’t. /--Yes, I need. 不,我不必去。/是的,我必须去。

You needn’t go yet, need you? 你不一定要去,是吗?

need为名词,缺乏;需要;必须:

There is no need to start yet. 现在还不必动身。

There’s a great need for a book on this subject. 非常需要有一本关于这主题的书。

5.What does life mean? 生活是什么意思?

What does…mean? =What’s the meaning of…? = What do you mean by…? look up查找(指在字典、工具书或笔记本里)

When you don’t know a word, you must look it up in a dictionary. 当你不认识单词时,你必须查字典。

6.Albert Einstein had one of the great minds of last century.

艾波特.爱因斯坦是上世纪有非凡才智的人之一.

Mind此处是可数名词, 作“智力;开发有心力的人;智慧的人.”

作不可数名词时意思是“感知;思维;头脑;感知能力等.”

例如,He has had complete peace of mind.他心态已经十分平静.

7.Einstein is most famous for his Theory of Relativity

be famous for= well – known for…因为… 而出名

例如, The writer was famous for her books. 常用短语:

be famous as…为… 而出名 be famous to sb…为…所熟知

be famous in… 在… 而出名

8.During his lifetime,Einstein thought about the universe and solved many problems in physics.在他的一生中,爱因斯坦思考着宇宙,用物理知识解决了很多问题.

thought about考虑;思考. 辨析:think of,think about,think over

1)think of 和think about 表示“想到某事”“考虑到某事”时,可互换.

2) think over“仔细考虑”,比前两者的程度深 例:

He is thinking about /of buying a new car.他正在考虑买辆新车.

Let me think it over.让我仔细考虑一下.

9.For one of those articles, he received the Nobel Prize,but not until 1921.= For one of those articles,he didn’t receive the Nobel Prize until 1921.

因为他的一篇文章,直到1921年他才获得了诺贝尔奖.

10.The important thing is not to stop questioning.

最重要的事是不要停止提问问题. question (v.)问 例:

The boy is always questioning. 这孩子爱问问题.

11.One week before his death, he signed his last letter.

在他死前一个星期,他在最后一封信上签了名.

sign在此句中是动词,总为“签名(于),署名(于)” 例

Both parties have signed the contract.双方在合同上签了字.

sign用作动词的另一个意思为“做手势” 例

The teacher signed to /for me to be quiet. 老师示意我安静.

sign还有名词词性,意为“记号,符号”“标牌” 例

mathematical sign数学符号 traffic sign交通标志

12.He graduated from the Southwest Agricultural University in 1953. 他1953年毕

业于西南农业大学。

graduate from美国人常用,指在中等学校或大学修业期满。

graduate at英国人常用,指在大学修业期满。

graduation为名词

13.He came up with an idea for a hybrid rice in the 1960s. 在二十世纪六十年代,

他提出了杂交水稻的想法。

come up with=find or produce (an answer) 意思是“找到,提出

One day the librarian comes up with an idea. 有一天图书管理员提出了一个办法。

14.From then on, he has devoted himself to research and to the development of new

varieties. 从那时起,他就献身于开发和研究新品种。

devote oneself to献身于;致力于“to”为介词后接名词或动词。

She is devoting herself to reading. 他正专心读书。

Bethune devoted his life to care for the sick. 白求恩专心照顾他的病人。

devoted adj. 献身的,专心于的

be devoted to one’s country精忠报国a devoted friend忠实的朋友

15.This made China a worldwide leader in rice producer. 在水稻生产方面,杂交水

稻使中国成为世界领先者。

make宾+补(形、名、介词短语等),使处于某种状态(地位),使成为: Too much food made him ill. 吃得太多使她病了。

They made him captain. 他们选他当队长。

make+宾+补(动词原形)He made me repeat it. 他让我重述一遍。

16.For this, he was honored with the name “Father of Hybrid Rice”. 因为这个,

他被尊称为“杂交水稻之父”。

I was honored with an invitation to the wedding. 我以受邀参加婚礼为荣。

17.Because of Professor Yuan’s hard work, China now produces enough rice to feed

here people every year. 因为袁教授的努力工作,现在中国每年生产足够的大米来养活全中国人。

because of因为,由于;是一个介词短语,后接名词或动词。

She was absent because of sickness. 他由于生病而缺席。

18.It is said that Professor Yuan is one of the richest people in China. 据说袁教授是

中国最富的人之一。

It is said that=They said that据说,后接从句:

It is said that Bill Gates is one of the richest people in the world. 据说比尔盖茨是世界上最富有的人之一。

19.He cares about nothing but his research. 除了研究之外,他什么也不在乎。

care about 关心,在乎;指表示认为某事重要并产生兴趣或忧虑,常用于疑问句和否定句:

He doesn’t care about anything we may say. 我们说什么他也不在乎。

I don’t care about your opinion. 我不在乎你的意见。

care for喜欢;常用于疑问句和否定句;照顾;是较正式的用语;

I don’t really care for tea. 我其实不大喜欢喝茶。

The mother cared for the sick child day and night. 母亲日夜照顾生病的孩子。

20.You become a hero. 你成了英雄。

hero n.英雄;勇士;豪杰

Lin Zexu was a great hero in the history. 林则徐是历史上一位伟大的英雄人物。 (戏剧、小说中德)男主角,男主人公(女主角为:heroine)

Who is the hero of the film? 谁是这部电影的男主角?

21.When you care for those around you. 当你关心周围的人的时候。

1)care for喜欢;照顾;照料;抚养

I don’t care for tea. 我不喜欢喝茶。

友情提示】:

care v. 关心;忧虑

We should care about the poor. 我们应该关心穷人。

vi.喜欢,想,照顾

His son cared for him when he was ill. 当他生病时,他的儿子照顾他。

n. 忧虑,焦虑,照管,管理,看护,注意

Take care of your brother while I am away. 当我不在时,你要照顾好你的弟弟。

2)around prep. &adv.在…的周围,环绕,大约,左右

There was a fence around the yard. 在院子的四周围有一圈篱笆。

They walk around the town. 他们在城里四处走动。

There are around 80 pyramids in Egypt. 在埃及大约有80座金字塔。

adv.到处;四周

It’s a field house around with tall trees. 它是一间四周都是高树环绕的房

22.Set an example. 做榜样,树立榜样

He set a good example by arriving on time. 他树立了一个守时的榜样。

【衔接】:

example n.榜样;模范

Mary’s courage is an example to us all. 玛丽的勇敢是我们大家的榜样。

Example is better than precept. (谚)身教重于言教。

23.Earlier this year, I had told Mrs. Liu that I would like to help her teach our English class. 今年初,我告诉过刘老师我想帮助她教我们的英语课。

would like意为“想要”“愿意”,用于礼貌的提出要求或表示愿意提供帮助,后面接名词、代词、to+动词原形,不能加动名词。

We would like a cup of tea. 我们想喝茶。I would like to go. 我愿意去。

like意为“喜欢”“喜爱”,后面接名词、代词、+动词原形或动名词。

We like playing basketball. 我们喜欢打篮球。

want v.要,想要;想得到 want to do sth. 想(要)去干某事

I want to go to Shijiazhuang for my holiday. 我要去石家庄度假。

want sb. to do sth. 要某人做某事 I want sb. to help me. 我需要有人帮助我。 I’m sending you the puzzle so you can try to guess who it is. 我把这个谜发给你,因此你可以猜猜他是谁。

24.try用法小结

尝试 I don’t know whether I can succeed, but I will try.

try to do sth. 尽力做;试图做

try doing sth. 试着做

25.I hope he will be famous someday.

【辨析】:hope与wish

hope意为“希望”,用于实现可能性和大的希望,hope to do/that…

He hopes to be a doctor. 他希望成为医生。

wish意为“希望”“愿望”,wish (sb) to do 所表示的希望大体是可能实现的。 We wish you to be happy. 我们希望你幸福。

语被动语态专练

( )1. One or two man-made satellites ______ in our country every year.

A. have been sent up B. will be sent up C. is sent up D. are sent up ( )2. Our TV set _____ yesterday.

A. is repaired B. was repaired C. had been repaired D. would be repaired ( )3. A new building _____ in our school next year.

A. will be built B. is built C. is being built D. has been built

( )4. Many books on science _____ since I went to college.

A. were bought B. have been bought C, will be bought D. are bought

( )5. A wonderful English talk _____ by Mr Liu tomorrow.

A. has been given B. is given C. is being given D. will be given

( )6. How __ the Great Pyramid (金字塔) __ many years ago without modern

machines. A. is…builtB. would…be built C. have…been builtD.was…built

( )7. Mr Li , you _____ on the phone.

A. are wanted B. were wanted C. are being wanted D. will be wanted

( )8. _____ the work _____ yet ? A. is finished B. Will…be finished

C. Has …been finished D. Would …be finished

( )9.This maths problem _____ out by little Tom. A. can be easily work

B. can easily be worked C. can is easily worked D. can easily worked

( )10.Trees _____ in winter but in spring. A. not can be planted

B. can be not planted C. can’t be planted D. can not be plant

( )11.This kind of cars ____ in Japan ten years ago. A. can only be made

B. could only made C. be could only made D. could only be made

( )12.____ to the front at that time ?

A. Could be guns and food carried B. Could guns and food be carried

C. Can guns and food be carried D. Could guns and food were carried

( )13.The bear ______ to the zoo tomorrow morning.

A. may be send B. may is sent C. may be sent D. is may sent

( )14.We hear a bridge _____ over the river this year.

A. may be built B. may is built C. may be build D. may built

( )15.A book ____ more than once if you want to understand it better.

A. must be readed B. must be read C. must to be read D. must read

( )16.Such films _____ by children like you.

A. must be not seen B. must not be see C. must not seen D. must not be seen ( )17._____ the book ____ if I can’t finish it in time ?

A. Must…renew B. Must…renewed C. Must…be renew D. Must…be renewed ( )18 “_____ the text ____ today ?” asked Tom

A. Can…be copyed B. May…be copy C. Must…is copied D. Must …be copied ( )19.Kate has a high fever. A doctor must _____ at once.

A. send for B. is sent for C. be sent D. be sent for

( )20.Don't go in . Your son _____ inside the room.

A. is operated on B. is being operated on C. operates on D. has been operated ( )21.Food and clothes ____ by women. A is often talk about

B. are often talked C. are often talked about D. often talked about

( )22.The baby ____ when Mother was out. A. well looked after

B. was looked well C. is well looked after D. was well looked after

( )23.In the past ten year, a lot of new buildings _____ in our city.

. A. are put up B. have put up C. have been put D. have been put up

( )24.Joan said the wallet ____ in no time. A. will be handed in

B. would be handed in C. had been handed in D. would be handed

( )25.Jack often does things foolishly, so he ____ sometimes ____ by others.

A. is…laughed B. is …laughed at C. was…laughed D. has…been laughed at

( )26.Rubbish ____ but collected and recycled(回收)into useful things .

A. is not now given B. will not now given C. doesn't now be given D. is now not given up ( )27.The rope ____ by the boy when he almost fell down from a tree.

A. caught hold of B. was caught hold C. was caught hold of D. would be caught hold ( )28.People have come to know that their health must ______. A. pay more attention

B. pay more attention to C. be paid more attention D. be paid more attention to

( )29.The children ____ a beautiful picture by the teacher in the classroom.

A. were shown B. were shown to C. was shown D. was shown to

( )30. A beautiful picture ____ the children in the classroom.

A. was shown to B. was shown C. were shown to D. were shown

( )31. Tom ____ a new bike tomorrow.

A. will lend B. will lent C. will be lent D. will be lent to

( )32. A new bike ____ Tom tomorrow.

A. will be lent B. will be lent to C. was lent to D. is lent to

( )33. The Frenchman ____ some eggs and a glass of milk. A. have been bringing

B. have been brought C. has been brought D. has been bought to

( )34. Some eggs and a glass of milk ____ the Frenchman. A. have been brought to

B. has been brought to C. have been brought D. has been brought

( )35. Miss White said she ____ some beautiful coats in the shop. A. had been show

B. has been shown C. had been shown to D. had been shown

( )36. Miss White said some beautiful coat ____ her in the shop.

A. had shown to B. had been shown to C, had been shown D. had be shown to ( )37. A song ____ the guests by the famous singer now.

A. is sung to B. is being sung for C. is been sung to D. is being sang for ( )38. Pictures _____ the people in the park every day.

A. are drawn for B. are drawn to C. are drew for D. are draw to

( )39. Jack ____ answer the question in French.

A. asked to B. was ask C. was asked D. was asked to

( )40. The guards ____ search the young man.

A. wee ordered B. were order C. were ordered to D. ordered to

( )41. Mr Brown ____ take the medicine twice a day.

A. has told B. has been told to C. has been told D. has be told to

( )42. The Browns ____ leave the hotel already.

A. has been seen B. have being seen C. have been seen to D. have be seen to

( )43. The thieves ____ steal out of the shop in a hurry. A. have been noticed to

B. had been noticed to C. have been notice D. have been noticed

( )44. The boys ____ copy the new words ten times before they went home.

A. were make B. were made to C. were maked to D. was made to

( )45. A man ____ cry for help last night.

A. was heard to B. was heard C. was hear to D. heard to

( )46. Mary ____ do morning exercises on the playground.

A. saw to B. was saw to C . was seen to D. was seen

( )47. Tom ____ watch TV after he finishes his homework

A. will let to B. will be allowed C. will be let D. will be allowed to.

( )48. Now Little Jack ______ draw a picture of a bird.

A. is be helped B. is been helped C. is being helped to D. is being help to ( )49. A letter ______ Tom and will be post tomorrow.

A. has written to B. has been written to C. has written D. has been written

( )50. Great changes ____ in the village since then. A . have been taken place

B. took place C. have taken place D. were taken place

( )51. An American film ____ on TV on Saturday evening.

A. is being shown B. will be shown C. will show D. has been shown

( )52. In the last few years Beijing ____ greatly.

A. has changed B. has been changed C. changed D. was changed

( )53. The road _____ repaired now. A. has B. is C. is being D. has been ( )54. The Great Wall ____ all over the world.

A. knew B. is being known C. was know D. is known

( )55. These books ____ in the library for a long time.

A. have kept B. had kept C. have been kept D. were kept

( )56. ____ trees usually_____ in April ?

A. Have…planted B. Are…planted C. Have…been planted D. Do …plant ( )57.The wounded soldiers ____ to the hospital at once.

A. must be sent B. must are sent C. must sent D. must send

( )58. When we got there, the road _____at that time.

A. is being repaired B. was being repaired C. has been repaired D. was repaired ( )59. A nice gift ____ her daughter on her last birthday.

A. is given B. is given to C. was given D. was given to

( )60. He ______ cross the street. A. sees B. saw…to C. was seen D. was seen to ( )61. I think computer ______ in everyday life before long.

A. will use B. will be used C. is used D. was used

( )62. One year ____ into four seasons.

A. has divided B. is divided C. divided D. divides

( )63. The concert _____ next Friday.

A. will be taken place B. will take place C. takes place D. took place

( )64. We _____ to be here at six o'clock.

A. were told B. told C. are told D. will tell

( )65. English _____ all over the world.

A. speak B. speaks C. is spoken to D. is spoken

( )66. ____ these trees ____ on the hill tomorrow ?

A. Will be…planted B. Will…planted C. Will…be planted D. Will…plant

( )67. He ____ much better today. A. is felt B., felt C. is being felt D., is feeling ( )68. The meeting _____ in the room 302.

A. will hold B. will be held C. will be holded D. will held

( )69. Mary told me that the story book must _____ to the library in two days.

A. be return B. be returned C. been returned D. return

( )70. The broken glass ____ away by me already.

A. has been threw B. has thrown C. has been thrown D. has be thrown

1.life(复数)_____2.die(名词)________4.succeed(名词)_____5.different(名词)__6.develop(名词)____7.famous(同义语)__8.north(形容词)____9.operate(名词)__11.who(宾格)__12.accident(形容词)___

1. Bill Gates_____(devote) himself to the computer business.

2. A lot of______(soldier) lost their______(life) in the water.

3. In the Anti-Japanese war, Bethune worked in the _______(north) part of China .

4. The doctor are _______(operate) on the patient.

5. It is __(produce) in our country.6. Why is there so much___(血 ) on the floor?

7. Is China a ______(发展 ) country? 8. There is _____(没有东西 ) in the room.

9. Hellen ____(树立 ) an example for us.

10.It is___(据说 )that there will be a football game at 2:00 this afternoon .

1. During his life time, Edison__1093 inventionsA. worked B. made C. did D. gave

2. China is famous _____ the Great Wall. A. in B. for C. with D. on

3. It ______ that Mr. Smith is dead. A. say B. said C. is said D. saying

4. The boy was not ______ to reach the apple.

A. high enough B. enough high C. tall enough D. enough tall

5. Edison was a great inventor. He _____ to inventing things.

A. give himself B. gave him C. devoted himself D. devoted him

6. Who _____ the right answer to the question?

A. came up with B. came up C. caught up with D. find out

7. Since then, forty English lessons ____in our class.

A. have learned B. have been learned C. are learned D. learned

8. Helen’s courage and hard work brought ___. A. success B. money C. death D. life

9. During your stay at school, it’s very important not to give up______.

A. question B. questioning C. to question D. questioned

10. After a few years’ hard work, they _____ in finish building the big bridge.

A. developed B. succeeded C. searched D. observed

11. The room is very clean because it_____ by us.

A. was kept B. is clean C. is cleaned D. will be swept

12. He was born ____ October of 1879 in Germany. A. on B. at C. from D. in

13. She can play _____ violin very well. A. the B. a C. / D. an

14. Please remember _____ in your paper tomorrow.

A. to hand B. hand C. handing D. handed

15.I have a lot of problems____ physics A. for B. from C. with D. on

16. His uncle has gone to HongKong. He has been there for _________

A. some time B. sometim C. some times D. sometime

17. Bagpipes are used for ___music. A. made B. make C. making D. make

18. “Would you like some more tea?” “_________, please.”

A. No more B. Just a little C. I’ve had enough D. Yes, I would

1.She bought a new dictionary last week.(被动)A new dictionary___ ___last week.

2.You may go out to play if you finish your homework.(被动语态)

You may go out to play if your homework ____ ____.

3.People say that she is taller than we think.(同义句)

___ __ __ that she is taller than we think.

4.We should clean our classroom every day.(被动语态)

Our classroom should___ ___every day.

5.What does “ success” mean?(同义句) What do you___ ____ “ success” ?

6. Dr. Bethune died in 1939.(同义句)Dr. Bethune has___ ___ since 1939.

7.We have been here since 2003.(同义句)We ____ here in 2003.

9. When he was ten years old, he could ride a bike.(同义句)

__ __ ___ ___ten, he could ride a bike.

10.Liu Huan is very famous, because he is a singer.(合成一句)

Liu Huan is_____ ____a singer.

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