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unit 6 I'm going to study computer science 八年级上

发布时间:2013-10-20 10:39:22  

一、 Vocabulary

1.cook n. 厨师 v. 烹饪;煮

2. doctor n. 医生

3.engineer n. 工程师

4.driver n. 驾驶员;司机

5.pilot n. 飞行员、

6.violinist n. 小提琴师

pianist n. 钢琴家

scientist n. 科学家

7.college n. 学院;大学;高等专科学校

8.education n. 教育

9.medicine n. 药;医药

10.university n. 综合性大学,高等学府

11.London 伦敦

12.article n. 文章;论文

13.send v. 邮寄;发送

14.team n. 队;组

15.foreign adj. 外国的

16.able adj. 能够

17.question v. 表示疑问;怀疑;提问;质询

18.meaning n. 意义;意思

19.discuss v. 讨论;商量

20.promise n. 承诺;诺言 v. 许诺;承诺

21.beginning n. 开头;开端

22.improve v. 改进;改善

23.physical adj. 身体的

24.themselves pron. 他(她)们自己

25.hobby n. 业余爱好

26.weekly adj. & adv. 每周的(地)

27.schoolwork n. 学校作业;功课

28.agree v. 同意

29.own adj. & pron. 自己的;本人的

30.personal adj. 个人的;私人的

31.relationship n. 关系;联系

32.resolution n. 决心;决定

33.self-improvement n, 自我改进;自我提高

34.computer programmer 计算机程序;编程人员

二、 常考词组与课文知识点

1.grow up

成长;长大(grow作为动词,有“生长;成长”之意,指动植物的生长、成长情况。有grow构成的短语还有grow into,表示“成长为”)

I grew up in Chicago. 我在芝加哥长大。

2.every day

每天(在句中作状语)

辨析:every day和everyday

3.be sure about

确信;对??有把握(后接名词、代词或动名词,与be sure of意思相同)

He is sure about∕of success. 他自信会取得成功。

4.make sure

确保; 查明;确信;务必(常用于祈使句中,表示请求或要求对方按照要求做某事,后接that引导的宾语从句或of短语)

Make sure that you pick us up at five. 你一定要在五点钟来接我们

We made sure of our seats for the movie. 我订好我们电影院的座位了

5.send···to···

“把···送到···”。Send及物动词,意为“送;寄”。常用于send sb. sth.=send sth. to sb.结构,意为“把某物送给某人”。

6.be able to

能够做某事(后接动词原形,可用于多种时态,也可与情态动词连词)

I’ll be able to see you next week. 下周我能来看你

7.the meaning of ···的意思

8.different kinds of 不同种类的

all kinds of 各种各样的

a kind of 一种

some kinds of 几种

9.in common共同;共有(common在此为名词,意为“共有;平常”)

10.at the beginning of 在??开始;起初

from beginning to end从头到尾

at the beginning 起初

11.write down

写下;记录下(是动副词组,名词作宾语可位于write down之后,也可位于write和down之间;如果代词作其宾语,代词必须放在write down的中间)

12.have to do with 关于;与??有关系

have nothing to do sth. 与······无关

13.take up (尤指为消遣)学着做;开始做

14.agree with 同意;赞成

15.hardly ever 几乎不;很少

16.want to do sth. 想要做某事

want to be意为“想成为···”,后常加表示职业的名词。

Notice: want可用一般现在时表示将来,一般不与be going to连用。

17.practice doing sth.

练习做某事(practice及物动词,意为“练习”,后接名词、代词或动词的-ing形式作宾语) ★巧记常跟动词-ing作宾语的动词(短语):

考虑建议盼原谅(consider,suggest/advise, look forward to, excuse, pardon),

承认推迟没得想(admit, delay/put off, fancy),

避免错过继续练(avoid, miss, keep/ keep on, practice),

否认完成能欣赏(deny, finish, enjoy, appreciate),

不禁介意与逃亡(can’t help, mind, escape),

不准冒险凭想象(forbid, risk, imagine)。

18.learn to do sth.学会做某事

19.promise to do sth.许诺去做某事

promise及物动词,意为“保证;许诺”。常用于以下三种结构:

①promise to do sth.许诺去做某事

②promise sb. Sth.许诺某人某事

③promise+that从句 答应···

(promise的结构常在单项填空或完形填空中出现,考查promise后面的动词形式,即promise to do sth.)

20.remember 及物动词,意为“记住”,常用于以下三种结构:

①remember to do sth.记住去做某事(事情没有做)

②remember sb./sth. 记住某人/某物

③remember doing sth.记得做过某事(事情已做)

21.love to do sth.喜爱做某事

22.keep on doing sth.不断地做某事

辨析:keep on doing和keep doing

两者都有“不停地做”之意,其区别是:

23.finish doing sth.

做完某事(finish,及物动词,为“完成”,后接名词、代词或动名词作宾语;为不及物动词时,意为“完成”))

24.help sb. to do sth. 帮助某人做某事

25.agree to do sth.同意做某事

26.be going to +动词原形 “打算做某事”

27.when引导的时间状语从句的主从复合句中,如果主句和从句的动作都发生在将来,主句用将来时,从句用一般现在时表示将来。

When I go to Lisa’s party, I’ll call you.

辨析:when和while

28.worry about 担忧;烦恼

29.not everyone 不是每一个人,是一种不完全否定形式

(不完全否定还有:not all···/all···not, not···both/both ···not, not every/every···not)

30.get及物动词,意为“得到;获得;取得”。后接名词或代词作宾语。

31.get lots of exercise多锻炼。

exercise在此处做不及物动词,意为“锻炼;运动”。

exercise也可作可数名词,意为“体操;练习题”

exercise也可作动词,意为“运动;锻炼”

32. sounds interesting.

Sound在此用作连系动词,意为“听起来”,后常接形容词作表语。常见搭配还有sound like,表示“听起来像”。作名词时,意为“声音”。

辨析:sound, noise和voice

33.foreign languages.

foreign形容词,意为“外国的”,其名词foreigner, 意为“外国人”。

34.the most common kind最普通的一种

common在此为形容词,意为“普通的;常见的”。主要指因许多人或物所共同具有或使用而常见。

辨析:common

与usual

35. The first resolution is about my own personal improvement.

Own 形容词或代词,意为“属于自己的”。用在所有格之后,强调某事物为个人所有。常见短语有:of one’s own“自己的”;on on’s own“独自的”。

练习题

A.英汉互译

1. 2. 3. 计算机程序

4. 写下,记录

5. 同意,赞成

6. grow up

B.根据句意及首字母或汉语提示拼写单词

1. My brother wants to be a .

2. My father is a 3. language.

4. How can I i my spoken English.

5. Our (队)has won the football match.

三、 be going to的用法

【教材典句】

1. How are you going to do that?

2. I’m going to practice basketball every day.

两句都是含有be going to(将来时)的句子。

【语法全解】

be going to的用法:

(1)“ be going to+动词原形”表示将来的打算、计划或安排。常与表示将来的tomorrow, next year等时间状语或when引导的时间状语从句连用。其各种句式变化借助be动词完成。be随主语有is, am, are的变化,going to后接动词原形。

①肯定句:主语+be going to+动词原形+其他。

He is going to take the bus there.

I’m going to see my friends this weekend.

②否定句:主语+be not going to+动词原形+其他。

He isn’t going to take the bus there.

I’m not going to see my friends this weekend.

③一般疑问句:Be+主语+going to + 动词原形+其他?(转变上面的两个句子) 肯定回答:Yes, 主语+ be.

否定回答:No, 主语+ be not.

④特殊疑问句:特殊疑问词+be+主语+going to + 动词原形+其他?

When are you going to see your friends?

What is he going to do this weekend?

What are you going to do next week?

(2)如果表示计划去某地,可直接用be going to+地点。

We are going to Beijing for a holiday.

Jim is going to Shanghai by plane.

(3)表示位置移动的动词如go, come, leave等常用进行时表示将来。

The bus is coming.

My aunt is leaving for Beijing next week.

I’m going

(3)be going to与will的区别:

①对未来事情的预测用“will+动词原形”表达,will没有人称和数的变化。变否定句要在will后加not,也可用will和not的缩写形式won’t;变一般疑问句将will提前至句首。 --- Will planes be large in the future?

--- Yes, they will./No, they won’t.

Students won’t use books to study.

②will常表示说话人相信或希望要发生的事情,而be going to 指某事肯定发生,常表示事情很快就要发生。

I believe Lucy will be a great doctor.

③陈述将来的某个事实用will。

I will ten years old next year.

④表示现在决定将来要做的事情用will.

I’m tired. I’ll go to bed.

⑤表示意愿用will。

I’ll tell you the truth.

⑥表示计划、打算要做的事情用be going to,而不用will.

I’m going to buy a computer this month.

巧记一般将来时:

将来动作或状态,经常、反复莫忘怀;

打算、计划心里揣,决定某事在未来。

四、 家庭作业

(一)单项选择

1. He’s going to _____ an engineer when he _____ up.

A. do; grow B.do;grows C.be;grow D.be;grows

2. An _____ must take _____ lessons.

A.actor;act B.actor;acting C.acting;actor D.acting;act

3. What is he going to do when he _____ some money?

A.is going to save B.save C.saves D.will save

4. I’m going to travel _____.

A.a place interesting B.a interesting place

C.somewhere interesting D.interesting somewhere

5. That sounds _____.

A.like good B.like a good plan C.likes good D.likes a good plan

6. --_____ the Greens going to move?

--Maybe Beijing or Shanghai. I’m not sure yet.

A.What is B.What are C.Where is D.Where are

7. Mr Brown is an editor. And he finds a _____ job _____ a teacher in our school.

A.part-time;as B.part-time;for C.full-time;as D.full-time;for

8. More exercise can help you _____.

A.fit B.keep fit C.keep joy D.keep busy

9. --What is your New Year’s _____ ?

--I’m going to study a lot.

A.exercise B.resolution C.job D.subject

10. I think the exhibiiton will _____ me rich and famous.

A.let B.have C.make D.help

(二)补全句子

1. 他不会在那儿。

He _____ going to _____ there.

2. 她不想成为一名篮球员。

She _____ want to be a basketball _____.

3. 我将做我想做的事。

I’m going to _____ _____ I want to do.

4. 他们打算搬到某个有趣的地方。

They are going to _____ somewhere _____.

5. 我想成为一名时装杂志的记者。

I want to be a _____ for a fashion magazine.

(三)按要求改写句子

1. We got over 1,000 letters from our readers about their New Year’s resolutions.(改为同义句)

We got _____ _____ 1,000 letters from our readers about their New Year’s resolutions.

2. She is going to take acting lessons tomorrow.(改为否定句)

She _____ going to _____ acting lessons tomorrow.

3. 对划线部分提问)

_____ _____ your cousin going to leave?

4. What are you going to do?(改为同义句)

What _____ you _____ to do?

5. Many students are going to work harder at school this year.(改为同义句)

_____ _____ students are going to work hard at school this year.

(四)阅读理解

Steven Jobs, the designer of Apple Computer, was not clever when he was in school. At that time, he was not a good student and he always made troubles with his schoolmates. When he went into college, he didn’t change a lot. Then he dropped out(退学). But he was full of new ideas.

After he left college, Steven Jobs worked as a video game designer. He worked there for only several months and then he went to India. He hoped that the trip would give him some new ideas and give him a change in life.

Steven Jobs lived on a farm in California for a year after he returned from India.

In 1975, he began to make a new type of computer. He designed the Apple Computer with his friend in his garage(汽车库). He chose the name “Apple” just because it could help him to remember a happy summer he once spent in an apple tree garden. His Apple Computer was such a great success that Steven Jobs soon became famous all over the world.

1. Steven Jobs was not a good student in school because he _____.

A.never did his lessons B.was full of new ideas

C.always made troubles with his schoolmates D.dropped out

2. Steven Jobs didn’t finish college, did he?

A. Yes, he did. B.No, he didn’t. C.Yes, he didn’t. D.No, he did.

3. Steven Jobs designed his new computer _____.

A.in India B.with his friend C.in an apple tree garden D.by himself

4. Steven Jobs was famous for his _____ all over the world.

A.new ideas B.apple C.Apple Computer D.video games

5. From this passage we know _____.

A.Steven Jobs didn’t finish his studies in the college because he hated his schoolmates

B. Steven Jobs liked travelling in India and California

C. Steven Jobs liked trying new things and making his new ideas become true

D. Steven Jobs could only design video games

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