一 一般现在时，动词用原型； 般 单数三人称，动词加“s” 。 时
I work. He works. I worked.
现在进行时, 进 am,is,are,-ing。 行 过去进行时, 时 was,were,-ing。
例句：I am working. 例句：I was working.
一般将来时， 将 will加原型。 来 过去将来时， 时 would加原型。
I will work. I would work.
现在完成时， 完 have/has加过分。 成 过去完成时， 时 had 加过分。 I have worked. I had worked.
一、一般现在时 1.用法：A.现在经常性的动作或状态 B.客观事实和真理。 2.标志词:always,usually,often, sometimes, never,every day /week /month/year/…
gets 1.The boy usually___(get) to school early. 2.Light travels ______(travel)faster than sound.
二、一般过去时 1.用法：过去的动作或状态。 2.标志词：
yesterday,the day before yesterday, three days ago, last night/week/month…,in the past；just now=a moment ago
Li Ming didn’t understand what American people said,_____? (2004北京市中考) A.couldn’t he B.could he C.didn’t he D.did he
1.用法： A.现刻动作：目前正在发生的动作。 B.现阶段动作：目前一个时期一直在进 行的动作，此刻不一定在进行。 2.标志词：now,Look! Listen!
中考模拟： --Mike, who____football in the yard? --Let me go and see. （2004顺义） A.has played B.will play C.was playing D.is playing
1.Look!What___the children___ over there? A.are;do B.are;doing C.is;do D.is doing 2.Those workers____here these months. A.are work B.are worked C.work D.are working 3.--How__you___along with your workmates? --Very well. A.do;get B.will;get C.can;get D.are;getting 4.--Must I water the flowers now? --No, you needn’t. Jack_____them.
A.is watering C.waters B.watering D.is watered
1.--Lucy! Would you like to give me a hand? --OK. I____. A.will come B.come C.am coming D.would come
2.--When____you____for Toronto? --Tomorrow. A.do;leave B.are;leaving C.will;leaving D.shall;leave
? The boy ____always ____ us! (夸赞) A.is;helping B.does;help C.can;help D./;help ?You ____ always _____ the same mistake! (责备) A.do;make B.does;make C.is;making D.are;making
四、过去进行时 1.用法：过去某时正在进行的动作。 2.标志词：at that time,this time yesterday,then,when…
1.Father______when I _____yesterday morning.
A.still slept,got up B.was still sleeping,got up C.is sleeping,got up D.sleeps,get up
2.She___apples in her garden when I____to see her yesterday. A.picked，went C.picked，was going B.was picking， went D.was picking，was going
用法：将来的动作或状态。 2.结构：will （第一人称） +V.(原型) shall be going to 3.标志词：tomorrow,the day after tomorrow,in three days,in (the) future,next week/month/term…, from now on
4.shall/will/be going to之间的区别： 1 shall往往用于第一人称疑问句, will可用于任何人称。
计划决定要做某事，一般用be going to do 结构。
1.There___two meetings tomorrow afternoon. A.are going to be B.are going to have C.is going to be D.will have
2.The twins____to the cinema with their parents tonight. A.will go B.would go C.are go D.went
3.---When____we have the meeting? ---At 8. A.are B.shall C.would D.will 4.--When___you___for London? --Next week. A.will;leaving B.are;leaving C.shall;leave D.have;left
六、过去将来时 1.用法：从过去看将要发生的动作。 2.结构：would +v.(原型) was/were/going to
1.--What did he say yesterday? --He said he____to Sydney next week. A.goes B.will go C.would go D.are going 2.--Did your son fail his English exam once again? --Yes, but he told me he____hard next term. A.studies B.is studying C.will studyD.would study
过去的动作对现在的影响。 I have finished my homework. 过去的动作持续到现在。 I have stayed here for an hour！ 这该死的！我都等了 一个小时了，他怎么 还不来？
already, just, yet, ever, never, so far(till now/up to now), recently, in the past 3 years, before, since+时间 点,for+时间段
3.现在完成时和一般过去时的异同点： 1 共同点：动作都在过去。 2 不同点：和现在有无关系。(与现
have gone to+地点,表示“去了某地”。
They have gone to Europe. (They are not here.)
have been to+地点,表示“去过某 地”。（人已回） I have been to Europe. (I am not in Europe now.)
have been in+地点+时间段,表示“在/ 来某地多久”。 I have been in Europe for three weeks. (I am now still in Europe .)
5.瞬间动词和延续性动词 若句中出现时间段，则必须使用 延续性动词。瞬间动词和延续性动 词转换关系如下：
be in / be a member of
close get to know borrow buy
be closed know keep have
get married be married come here be here
1.The film began 5 minutes ago. The film___ ___ ___ for 5 minutes. has been on
2.They left an hour ago.
3.The man died a week ago.
have been away They____ ____ ____for an hour. The man___ been dead for a week. has ____ ____
4.He joined the club 3 days ago. H
e___ ____ ___the club for 3 days. has been in 5.They got married 10 years ago. They____ ____ _______for 10 years. have been married 6.He came here an hour ago. He___ been here since an hour ago. has ____ has ____home for 2 hours. Jack___ been
7.Jack got home 2 hours ago.
has been 8.Mum opened the door just now.The door___ ____open for a while. 9.They got to know 10 years ago. They____ ______since 10 years ago. have known 10.I borrowed the book a week ago.I____ _____the book for a week. have kept 11.I bought the car a year ago. I____ ____the car since a year ago. have had
1.--What a nice bike! How long____you____it? --Just two weeks.(2004北京市中考) A.will;buy B.did;buy C.are;having D.have;had 2.--How long have you____here? --Since 1997. A.arrived B.moved C.come D.lived 3.--I can’t find my pen.____you____it anywhere? --No.Look!What’s that under your book? A.Have;seen B.Do;see C.Did;see D.Had;seen 4.--I’m sorry to have kept you waiting. --Oh,not at all.I__here for only a few minutes. A.will be B.was C.am D.have been 5.I won’t go to see the film because I____the ticket.(2002河南) A.lost B.have lost C.will lost D.didn’t lost
现在完成时 八、过去完成时 1.用法：发生在 过去的过去的动作。 They had got married when he came back.
got married came back
终于结婚 了！好幸 福呀！
by the end of…,by the time…,when+一般过去时
过去完成时是一种相对存在的时态，判定时必须根据 上下文找到一个可以作为参照点的过去时间，在此参照点 前发生的动作都可以用过去完成时。 1.We____learning 1000 words by the end of last term.
A.finished B.have finished C.had finished 2.The train____when we got to the station. A.leaves B.have left C.were leaving D.had left D.finish
3.By the time he returned,his son____supper.
A.cooks B.had cooked C.has cooked D.was cooking
1.Sorry,I____to help you at ten.I was busy at the moment. A.won't come B.can't come C.didn't come D.shouldn't come 2.He_______this pen for five years.He______it in 1997. A.has bought,bought. B.bought,bought C.has kept,has bought D.has had,bought 3.She_________the flowers in the garden when I_________to see her yesterday. A.watered，went B.was watering， went C.watered，was going D.was watering，was going 4.I don 't know if my friend_________.If he _________,I'll let you know. A.comes,comes B.comes, will come C.will come,comes D.will come,will come 5.John said he_________ supper.He was quite full. A.had had B.was having C.had D.has eaten
6.There_________two parties next week. A.are going to be B.are going to have C.is going to be D.will have 7.It______10 years since I______here. A.is,come B.is,have come C.was,came D.is,came 8.--Kate likes eating chocolate. --____. Look, she is eating.(2003十堰市) A.So Lucy does B.So does Lucy C.So they
do D.So do they 9.Kate_________to bed until her mother_________back. A.won't go,come B.hadn't gone, came C.went,came D.didn't go,came 10.His brother_________from home for a long time. A.has left B.has been away C.left D.will leave 11.--Lucy,___you____your ticket? --Not yet. (2003河北省) A.did;find B.have;found C.has;found D.do;find
12.--____to the United States?（2003安徽） --No,never,but I went to Canada a few years ago. A.Have you been B.Have you gone C.Did you go D.Have you went 13.The man who lived on the island thought he___ never____. (2001广州) A.will;found B.would;be found C.is;found B.had;been found 14.--I don’t know if his uncle____. --I think he___if it doesn’t rain. (2003重庆） A.will come; comes B.will come; will come C.comes; comes D.comes; will come 15.--Linda had nothing for breakfast this morning,__? --No,she got up too late.(2003河北） A.had she B.hadn’t she C.did she D.didn’t she
16.The flowers____well if they____.(2002青岛) A.won’t grow; don’t take good care of B.don’t grow; are taken good care of C. won’t grow; are not taken care of D. don’t grow; don’t take care of
17.--Hurry up! It’s time to leave. --OK,____.(2003江西) A.I’m coming B.I’ll come C.I’ve come D.I come 18.There____an English evening next Tuesday.(2002甘肃) A.was B.will be C.will have D.are going to be 19. I must return the camera to Li Lei, I____it for two weeks. A.keep B.borrowed C.have kept D.have lent (2003辽宁) 20.--When__ this kind of computer__? --Last year.(2002天津) A.did; use B.was; used C.is; used D.are; used 21.--Jerry,____you____your lost book? --Not yet. A.did;find B.have;found C.has; found D.do;find 22.--Don’t forget to post this letter for me,please! --No, I____.(2003江西) A.don’t B.won’t C.mustn’t D.can’t 23.Do you know if____back next week? If he____back,please let me know.(2002黑龙江) A.he comes, will come B.will he come; comes C.he will come; comes D.will he come, will come