Are you carrying too much on your back at school? I'm sure lots of children of
your age will, say "Yes". Not only the students in China have this problem, but children in the United States also have heavy school bags.
Doctors are starting to worry that younger and younger students are having back and neck problems as a result of schools bags being too heavy for them.
"It's hard for me to go upstairs with my bag because it's so heavy, "said Rick Hammond, an 11-year-old student in the US.
Rick is among students who have common school bags with two straps(带子) to carry them, but many other students choose rolling(有滚轮的)bags.
But even with rolling bags, getting up stairs and buses is still a problem for children. Many of them have hurt their backs and necks because of the heavy school bags.
But how much is too much? Doctors say students should carry no more than 10% to 15% of their own body weight(重量).
Scott Bautch, a back doctor, said children under Grade 4 should stay with 10 % . But it is also important that older children don't stay with over 15 %, because their bodies are still growing. "Children are losing their balance(平衡) and falling down with their school bags, "he said.
Parents and teachers are starting to tell children to only take home library books they will be reading that night. Some teachers are using pieces of paper or thin workbooks for students to take home.
One of the best answers is, as some children said, to have no homework at all!
（ ）31. From the passage we can know that .
A. only children in China carry too heavy school bags
B. children in other countries don't carry too heavy bags
C. both children in China and the US carry too heavy school bags
D. only children in the US carry too heavy school bags
（ ）32. Children feel it hard for them to go upstairs because
A. they are too young
B. their school bags are too heavy
C. they don't know how to go upstairs
D. their parents don't always go upstairs with them together
（ ）33. If a child carries a heavy school bag, .
A. his back and neck will be hurt
B. his head and arms will be hurt
C. his hands will be hurt
D. his feet will be hurt
（ ）34. According to the doctor, Scott Bautch, if a child in Grade 5 weighs(重) about 30 kilos, the school bag he carries should not be overA. 5 kilos B. 3 kilos C. 5. 5 kilos D. 4, 5 kilos
（ ）35. Some students think the best answer to his problems is that . .
A. they should have a little homework to do after they get home
B. their teachers had better not ask them to do any homework
参考答案： Exercises1:1.that 2.where 3.how 4.if/whether 5.why 6.when
Exercises 2: 1.what my Chinese name was 2.where you live
3. if/whether we understood what he/she had said
if/whether she was ready./whether she was ready or not
短语识记：1. be frightened of 2.food on 3.be helpful to 4.play an important role in
5.have something in common 6.upside down 7.slow down 8.at the bottom of
9.on the contrary 10.on top of that 11.pray for 12.go by 13.see?as?
1-5 BCCCD 6-10 BBABD 11-15 DACDC 16-20 DAABC
21-25 ACBAB 26-30 DCBDC
31-35CBADB 36—40 A
1. kill 2.useful 3.empty 4.destroy 5. nature
第二节：1.feed on 2. On the contrary 3.are frightened of
4.are help to 5.if/whether Iwas D C B B 41—45 B A C A D
课后作业： 1-5 DABDC
6-10 ABDAC 11-15 BAACD