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M6 Save our world u2

发布时间:2013-10-23 13:37:30  

Module 6 Save our world
Unit 2 Remember three words: reduce, reuse and recycle.

Period 2 Reading and writing

The situation is becoming very serious. If the earth is in danger, we are in danger as well.

Save our world!!!

How to be green?
1.“How green are you? ”Here “green”
means __________. A. having the color of grass or leaves B. covered with green grass C. environmentally friendly

D. make it clean

How green are you? Do you care about protecting the environment and saving energy ? Tip小贴士No.1:一些词汇的表面意义在不同的 语境下可有不同的引申含义。可根据上下文猜测。

Questionnaire
How green are you? Do you care about protecting the environment and saving energy? Try these questions and see.
Yes ※ Do you try to walk or ride a bike to school? ※ Do you buy new clothes just because they are the latest fashions? ※ Do you open a window instead of turning on air conditioning? □ □ □ □ □ □ No □ □ □ □ □ □

※ Do you buy things produced locally instead of made abroad?
※ Do you take your own cloth bag when shopping instead of using plastic bags? ※ Do you sort the waste before throwing it away?

While reading :it’s important

Enjoy reading

to find information quickly.We can use the headings.

How can we care about our earth?
关心,在乎

To be green ,we should reduce reuse remember:_____ _____ and recycle ______.

What do they mean? Reading:reading

reduce ---use less

and telling

reuse ---use again.use as long as
possible. recycle ---change things into something else

Water changes into ice when it is 0 centigrade.

To reduce :
1.Why shouldn’t we waste things?
Because this saves money and reduces pollution and waste going into the environment. Before we buy something new,we should…. We should think whether it is really necessary. When we do buy things,we should…. We should choose local products if possible,and try not to buy too many things from abroad.

To reuse
1.It is necessary to buy something A that last _____. A. a long time B . a short time 2. It is necessary to look after things ,so they will last that_____________. mend 3. It necessary to ________them . B
A. Throw them way B.repair them 4. It’s better to use a china cup and a lunch box A _____a paper cup and a paper bag. A.instead of B. instead

instead of &instead
instead of sb./sth./doing instead

练习: 1.You should play _________ working all day. instead of 2.He will go to Italy instead of _________France. 3.He didn’t answer my question,_________,he instead asked me a question. 4.He is tired.Let me go ________. instead 5.We’d better go by bus _________ on foot. instead of

To recycle

1.Recycling takes energy,so it’s better 1.Although recycling takes energy ,we to throw things away. ( TF should not throw things away. or F) 2.Find out what can be recycled __________________ in your neighbourhood and take part in recycling programmes __________________.
3.Buy products

made from recycled materials ______________,such as recycled save trees paper ,to help ______ ______.

Say which things you SHOULD ( ) do and which you SHOULDN’T( ). 1. buy the latest fashions [ ] 2. choose local products [ ] Tip小贴士No.2:做细节理解题时,要在原文中 3. waste energy when things are made [ ] 找到信息,并与选项进行比较。 4. buy things from abroad [ ] 5. repair things [ ] 6. use paper cups and bags [ ] 7. throw things away [ ] 8. burn things [ ]

× √

√ ×



×

×

×

×

×

How to be green?
Choose local products if possible and try not to buy things from abroad.

祈使句 Do…/Don’t do…
特殊句式: It is better than… It is better to do sth instead of doing sth 情态动词 should/can/must

Don’t use a paper cup or a paper bag. It’s better to use a china cup and a lunch box because you can use them again.
It’s better than throwing things away or burning them… We should also buy products made from recycled materials, such as recycled paper, to help save trees.

Find the similar sentences. Reduce
Reduce means “use less”. Don’t waste things. This saves money and reduces pollution and waste going into the environment. Before we buy something new, think whether it is really necessary——or maybe the old one will be just as good! When we do buy things, choose local products if possible and try not to buy too many things from abroad.

Find the similar sentences. Reuse
Reuse means “use again”. Use things for as long as possible. When we buy things, make sure that they last a long time. We should look after them so that they will last, and we should repair them if we can instead of throwing them away and buying new ones. Don’t use a paper cup or a paper bag. It’s better to use a china cup and a lunch box because you can use them again.

Find the similar sentences. Recycle
Recycle means “change things into something else”. Although it takes energy to change something into something else, it’s better than throwing things away or burning them. Find out what can be recycled in your neighbourhood and take part in recycling programmes. We should also buy products made from recycled materials, such as recycled paper, to help save trees.

Find the similar sentences. Reduce
Reduce means “use less”. Don’t waste things. This saves money and reduces pollution and waste going into the environment. Before we buy something new, think whether it is really necessary——or maybe the old one will be just as good! When we do buy things, choose local products if possible and try not to buy too many things from abroad.

Try to walk to walk bike to school 1.Do you tryor ride a or ride a bike to school? it saves energy and reduces pollution. (Yes/No) because ________ Don’t buy new clothes just because they 2.Do you buy new clothes just because they are the latest fashions? (Yes/No) are the latest fashions. Open a window window instead on 3.Do you open ainstead of

turningso the Tip小贴士No.3:可以用because,so, of that, turning on air conditioning? hot. (Yes/No) air conditioning when you feel ______. when等连词使文章更连贯,更有说服力。 4.Do you buy things produced locally We should buy things produced locally instead of made abroad? (Yes/No) _____. instead of made abroad. This saves energy. 5.Dobetter to take your own cloth bag It’s you take your own cloth bag when shopping instead of using plastic bags? when shopping instead of using plastic (Yes/No) bags because you can use it again. _____. 6.Do you sort the waste before throwing it We should sort the waste before throwing away? (Yes/No) it away so that it can be ________. recycled.

?

?

? ?

?

Reduce buy new clothes just because they are the latest fashions choose local products instead of made from abroad waste energy when things are made open a window instead of turning on air conditioning try to walk or ride a bike to school

Reuse Recycle ? repair things ? throw things away ? use paper cups and bags ? burn things ? take your own ? sort the waste cloth bag when before throwing shopping it away instead of using plastic bags

It is better for Chinese people to buy Chinese products than products from abroad.
It is better to use a lunch box and china cup than a paper bag and paper cup, because they are reusable, paper cups can only be used once and have to be thrown away. It is much better to recycle used things than burn them. In this way, we can use less energy; also, burning pollutes the air.

We can’t change the past but we can change the future. Save the environment and it will save you later. It’s our world, take care of it.

5 Read the passage again and give reasons for what you should or shouldn't do. You shouldn't buy the latest fashion because it wastes energy to make them. You should choose local products because that saves energy.

You shouldn't waste energy because it’s precious.

You shouldn't buy things from abroad because its costs a lot of energy to bring them to you. You should repair things because it saves resources. You shouldn't use paper bags and cups because they have to be recycled. You shouldn't throw things away because they should be recycled..

6. Work in pairs and answer the questions.

1. What can we reuse?

We can reuse a lot of things, such as paper, water. 2. What can be recycled?
Paper, cloth, batteries and glass can be recycled.

3. What can’t we throw away? If things can be used for a longer time, we shouldn’t throw them away.

4. What takes a lot of energy to make?
New things take a lot of energy to make.

5. What pollutes the air and water?
Things made out of plastic and rubber.

How to protect the environment?
We all need a healthy environment, but Tip小贴 we produce waste every day and it does 士No.4: harm to our environment. Though we are 写作时, young, we can still do something to help. 巧用课本 Here are some ideas. Remember th

ree words: reduce, reuse and recycle. 上的短语 Reduce means___________.... 和句子。 Reuse means___________... 可以模仿 Recycle means___________... In fact, even the simplest everyday 课文结构 谋篇布局。 activities can make a real difference to the environment. Save the environment and it will save you later.

Writing

Work in pairs. Make a poster about how to be green. Make a list of things you use every day that you could recycle. glass bottles, newspapers, old clothes .... Make a list of the things that use electricity in your home. lights, car, fridge ... Make a list of green products --things that have already been recycled. paper...

Make suggestions about how to be green. Give reasons using because, so and so that. Don't throw bottles away because it's better to recycle them. Do turn out lights so that you use less energy. Try to use recycled paper because it saves energy.

1.protect the environment
environmental education 2.stop sb. (from) doing sth.

保护环境
环境教育/保护 阻止某人做某事

3.care about
care for 4.the latest fashion 5.turn on air conditioning 6.instead of doing sth. 7.things produced locally 8.made in China

关心,在乎,在意
喜欢,照顾 最新的款式 打开空调(不可数) 代替做某事(放于句中) 本地产品 中国制造

made abroad

国外制造

9.when doing sth. before doing sth. 10.sort the waste 11.be bad for=do harm to=be hamful to

当做某事的时候 在做某事以前 分类垃圾 对……造成伤害

be good for=do good to
12.the simplest everyday activities 13.make a/no/some/much difference to

对……有好处
最简单的日常活动

对……产生重大(没有、一些、许多)影响 14.if possible=if sb. can 15.try not to do sth. 16.too many+复数 如果可能的话 尽力不做某事

too much+不可数

太多的……

17.things from abroad 18.as long as possible=as long as sb. can 19.It’s better to do sth.

来自国外的东西 尽可能长一点 最好做某事

You’d better do sth
20.a china cup 22.change sth. into sth. 23.join+组织/人/俱乐部 join in+某个活动

你最好做某事
一个陶瓷杯 把某物变成某物 参加组织/人/俱乐部 参加某个活动

take part in+活动/会议/聚会等
join sb. in doing sth. 24.recycled materials

参加活动/会议/聚会等
与某人一起做某事 可回收的材料

Words and expressions

reduce vt. 1. 减少;缩小;降低 He is trying to reduce expenses. 他正试图减少开支。 2. 使处于(某种状态);使化为,使变为 [(+to)] The fire reduced the paintings to ashes. 大火将这些画烧成了灰烬。

necessary a. 1. 必要的,必需的[(+for/to)] Oxygen is necessary for life. 氧气是生命所必需的。 It is necessary that he be sent there at once. 有必要马上派他到那里去。 2. 必然的,无法避免的 Poor health is a necessary result of overexertion. 体弱是过度劳累的必然结果。

care vi. 1. 关心;担心

;在乎,介意[(+about/for)] Do you care if I go? 如果我去的话,你不介意吧? 2. 喜欢,愿意,想要[(+for)] I don't care for coffee. 我不喜欢喝咖啡。

care vt.[W] 1. 对...介意,对...计较[+wh-] I don't care what they say. 我不在乎他们说什么。 2. 喜欢,愿意,想要[+to-v] I don't care to go out. 我不想出去。

instead ad. 1. 作为替代 He is too busy, let me go instead. 他太忙了,让我去吧。 2. 反而,却 He didn't give John the money, but he gave it to me instead. 他没把钱给约翰,却给了我。

cloth n. 布;(棉、毛、合成纤维等)织物;衣料[U] five yards of cloth 五码布 a piece of cloth 一块布

sort vt. 1. 把...分类 They sort apples by grade. 他们把苹果按等级分类。 2. 挑选,区分 Can't you sort the good from the bad? 你难道不会区分好坏吗?

harm n. 1. 损伤,伤害;危害 Harm set, harm get. 害人反害己。

difference n. 1. 差别,差异[(+between)] Whether it rains or not makes no difference to me. 下不下雨对我来说都一样。 2. 差,差距;差额[(+between/in)] The difference in temperature between the day and the night there is thirty degrees. 那里白天与黑夜的温差是三十度。

Language points

1. be careful /about of 小心/谨慎地对待 如: Be careful of /about the ice on the road. 当心马路上的冰。 Be careful of /about your health. 注意你的健康;请多保重。

2. throw away 扔掉 Don’t throw away those boxes. 不要把那些箱子扔掉。 Do not throw that plastic bag away, it may come in handy. 别把那个塑料袋扔了,会用得着的。

3. care about 关心,介意,在乎 I care about you a lot. 我对你很关心。 I don’t care about money. 我不在乎钱。

4. do harm to 对……有害 The trials show that smoking will do harm to people. 试验显示抽烟对人体有害。 It wouldn't do him any harm to work a bit harder. 工作努力点对他没什么害处。

5. do good to 对……有好处 Exercise will do good to your health. 锻炼将对你的健康有益。 A holiday will do good to you. 休假会对你有好处。

6. everyday 是形容词,“每日的,每天 的”,它用来修饰后面的名词。 every day 是两个单词,后面不能有 名词被它修饰,只能在句中作状语。 It rained practically every day. 几乎天天下雨。 He reads the Bible everyday. 他每天读圣经。

7. change into 把...变成 They are changing desert into farmland. 他们正在使沙漠变为农田。 The ugly caterpillar will change into a beautiful butterfly. 丑陋的毛虫会变成美丽的蝴蝶。

Can you imagine that this is the water they drink everyday?

Air pollution

deforestation

garbage

desertification

Starvation

deforestation

Water pollution

most serious problems

Words and expressions
reduce reuse necessary plastic repair care instead 减少,减小 重新利用 有必要的 adj.塑料制的n.塑料 修复 在意,关心;

担心 代替

Words and expressions
instead of cloth sort harm 代替,而不是 布 挑拣 伤害

do harm to
difference

对...造成伤害
差别,差异

1.Look at the pictures. Say which things are better for the environment and why.

Try these questions and see if you are green.
1.Do you try to walk or ride a bike to school? (Yes/No) 2.Do you buy new clothes just because they are the latest fashions? (Yes/No) 3.Do you open a window instead of turning on air conditioning? (Yes/No) 4.Do you buy things produced locally instead of made abroad? (Yes/No) 5.Do you take your own cloth bag when shopping instead of using plastic bags? (Yes/No) 6.Do you sort the waste before throwing it away? (Yes/No)

How green are you ?
? 5 Yes 1 No You’re quite green!

? 4/3 Yes 2/3 No You care about protecting the environment. ? 2/1Yes 4/5 No You need to do better in protecting the environment.


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