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2103秋 牛津译林新教材初二8A UNIT1--4知识点期中考试知识点归纳

发布时间:2013-10-23 13:37:33  

8A unit 1

1.something to drink/eat 一些喝的/吃的东西

2.数字+more = another +数字 eg. three more = another three

3.maybe adv. (副词),意思是“也许、可能”,在句中作状语,相当于perhaps,常位于句首 在may be中,may是情态动词,be是动词原形,两者构成完整的谓语形式,与主语形成系表结构,意为“也许是、可能是”。

maybe和may be可相互转换。

He may be in the office.= Maybe he is in the office. 他或许在办公室。

You may be right.= Maybe you are right. 你或许是对的。

4.an honest boy 一个诚实的男孩 a dishonest boy 一个不诚实的男孩

5.keep a secret = keep secrets 保守秘密 keep a diary = keep diaries 记日记

6.share my joy 分享我的快乐

7.have problems (复数)(in) doing sth. = have trouble(不可数) (in) doing sth. = have difficulty (不可数)(in) doing sth. 做某事有困难

8.believe what he says = believe his words 相信他所说的话

9.tell lies 说谎 tell stories 讲故事 tell jokes 讲笑话

lie v.动词, 躺 lie ---lay--lain

n.名词,谎话 tell lies 说谎

10. interested adj.感到有趣的,一般修饰人 interesting adj. 令人感到有趣的,一般修饰物

interesting属外向性质的词,用于指人、事、物的外在影响方面,意为“使(外)人感兴趣的”;interested属内向性质的词,用于指人的内心感受方面,意为“(内心)对??感兴趣的” 。试比较:

a)That interesting old man came to our school every day.那个有趣的老人天天到我们学校来。(外在影响)

b)An interested foreigner came and visited our school.一位感兴趣的外国人来参观我们学校。(内心感受)

a)This book is interesting to me.这本书在我看来很有趣。(外在影响)

b)I’m interested in this book. 我对这本书很感兴趣。(内心感受)

课本例句:1)I think good friends should be interesting too. (page7)(外在影响)

2) Max is so interesting. (page8)(外在影响)

11.one of +形容词最高级+名字复数 eg. one of my best friends one of the tallest boys

12. has 动词,“长着,”在句中作谓语动词;with 介词,“长着,戴着”,在句中作定语 wear 动词,“穿着,戴着”,在句中作谓语动词;in 介词,“穿着”,在句中作定语

1) 动词,长着,做谓语动词

2) 介词,长着,做定语,修饰the girl,不可用has,因为句中已经有谓语动词is

课本例句:She’s a small girl with a ponytail.(page14)(作定语)

13.help sb. (to) do sth, 帮助某人做某事 help sb. with sth.

14.be willing to do sth.= be ready to do sth. 乐意做某事;愿意做做事

15.give one’s seat on the bus to someone in need 在公交车上给需要的某人让座

16.have a good voice 嗓音甜美 voice 嗓音 sound 声音 noise 噪音

17.want to be 想成为 grow up 长大

18.have a (good) sense of humour = be (very) humorous (很)有幽默感

a sense of ... ......感

19.bored adj. (人)感到无聊的 boring adj.(人、物)令人感到无聊的

feel bored 感到无聊的 a boring football match 一场令人感到无聊的足球赛

20.walk past 走着经过 past 介词 动词+past pass 动词

21.knock ... onto the floor 把......撞到地板上

22.say a bad word about sb.说某人的坏话

“众说纷纭”

① say +说话内容eg.say a bad word about sb; say to oneself 自言自语;

② speak +语言; 打电话;作演讲

③ talk with/to sb.; talk about sth.

④ tell sb sth.; tell sb. (not) to do sth.;tell stories/jokes/lies 讲故事/讲笑话/说谎

23.true adj.正确的,真实的 truly adv.(副词) truth n. 真相,真理,事实

24.sb.worry about sth./sb. =sb. be worried about sth./sb. 某人担心某事/某人

sth. worry(worries三单/worried过去式) sb.某事让某人担忧

eg. Something worries me.(something 不定代词做主语,谓语动词用三单)

25.look smart in his small round glasses 戴着圆圆的小眼镜让他看起来很神气

sb. look +adj.+in sth. = sth. look +adj.+on sb.

26.be famous to 对于......很出名 be famous as 作为.....出名 be famous for 因为.....很出名

27.make friends with sb. 和某人交朋友

28.listen to sb. carefully 认真地听某人讲话 careful adj. 认真的,仔细的 adv.carefully <反> adj. careless 粗心的 adv.carelessly

29.travel around the world 环游世界

30.be kind to sb. 对某人很好 be friendly to sb.对某人友好的

31.an artist 一名艺术家

32.learn more about 了解更多关于..... learn 过去式:learned/ learnt

33.take part in +比赛/活动= join in +比赛/活动 “参加......” join +组织/sb. “加入”

join sb. in doing sth. 加入某人做某事

34.be both/ be all (both/all放be动词后)

35.smile v.& n. 微笑 adj. smiling 微笑的 smiling eyes

wear/have a smile on one’s face 面带微笑

36.patient n. 病人 adj.有耐心的 <反> impatient 没有耐心的,急躁的 an impatient teacher

37.make an excellent teacher 成为一名优秀的教师

38.形容词中比较级和最高级需要双写最后一个字母,再加er/est

大(big)热(hot)天,一个穿红(red)衣浑身湿(wet)透的伤感(sad)胖(fat)子想要变得又瘦(thin)又苗条(slim)

39.what be sb。like ?问某人的长相或品格

what do(does) sb. look like?仅询问某人的长相

what do(does) sb. like?问某人喜欢什么

40.luck n. 运气 Good luck to you.祝你好运。 lucky adj. 幸运的--luckily adv. unlucky adj.不幸的

8A unit 2

1.why don’t sb. do sth.?= why not do sth.?

2.what’s school like? It’s like watching TV. be like doing sth. (like 介词,介词+doing)

3.an advertisement 一则广告 few/many advertisements

4.I’d love/like to,but ... I’m sorry,but...

5.in Year 8 (Year Eight) 名词+基数词(首字母都要大写)= in Grade Eight= in the eighth grade 一般情况下:名词+基数词(首字母都要大写)= the +序数词+名词 (首字母小写) eg. Lesson One = the first lesson

6.a mixed school 一所男女生混合的学校

7.have lessons 上课 动名词做主语,谓语动词用单数

fun n.乐趣;娱乐活动;嬉戏,嬉闹;有趣的事 adj.使人愉快的;开心的 funny adj.滑稽的,可笑的

what (great/good) fun! have fun it is fun. (都不要冠词)

9.borrow “借入” lend “借出”

borrow sth. from sb. 向某人借某物 lend sth. to sb. 把某物借给某人

19.seem to do sth. 似乎做某事 seem (to be) +adj.

eg. He seems(to be)unhappy today.他今天似乎不高兴。

11.offer sb. sth. = offer sth. to sb. 向某人提供某物

12.an article 一篇文章 what else = what other things

13.any other +名词单数= the other +名词复数 any other boy = the other boys

14.spend ... on sth. / (in) doing sth. 花费......做某事

15.wear uniforms 穿着校服 wear ties 打着领带

16.do morning exercises 做早操 exercise “锻炼”不可数,其余都可数

17.have (some time )off 休息(一段时间)

18.have time for something “有时间做某事”

19.go on a school trip 进行一次学校旅行

20.half an hour 半小时 three hours and a half= three and a half hours 三个半小时

21.have an English test 进行一次英语测试 read newspapers and magazines 读报刊杂志

22.at weekends= at a weekend=on weekends= on a weekend 在周末

8A Unit3

1. be going to +动词原形,一般将来时,表示打算或计划做某事。be随句子主语的人称和数量变化而变化。

e.g. We’re going to buy a new TV tomorrow.

He is giong to play football with his friends this Sunday.

2. exercise 意为“锻炼、训练、练习”

(1)做动词:You don’t exercise enough.

(2) 做名词:作“练习”和“早操”讲,是可数名词

e.g. If you want to improve your English,you must do more exercises.

They do morning exercises every morning.

3. need 意为“需要”,可作实义动词和情态动词

(1)实义动词:need + 名词/动词不定式

e.g. I need much more money.

You’re too fat, you need to exercise.

need + v.ing形式时表示被动意义

e.g. The flowers need watering.

Your clothes need washing.

(2) need 做情态动词时,不能单独作谓语, 只能和其他动词原形构成谓语; 在句中放在谓语动词之前, 谓语动词前若有助动词,则在助动词之前;疑问句中, 则在主语之前。 多用在否定句或疑问句中; 无人称和数的变化; 否定式构成是在后面加 "not"。

e.g. You need not attend the meeting tomorrow.

You didn't need to tell him the news; it just made him sad.

needn't + have + 过去分词 表示“过去做了没必要做的事情。 ”

You needn't have taken it seriously.

这件事情你不必太认真。

4. come on 的用法

(1)用来请求、激励、劝说时,意为“来吧”,如:

Come on, Lucy. Don’t be so shy.

Come on, you can do it .

(2) 用来催促别人快走/做…时,意为“快点”,如:

Come on, it’s getting dark.

Come on, Mr Wang is waiting.

(3) 用来表示责备和不耐烦,意为“得了吧,行了,够了”,如:

Come on, don’t sit there dreaming.

(4) 用于体育竞赛等场合激励队友时,意为“加油”,如:

Come on, Come on,!

(5)用于挑战或激怒对方时,意为“来吧,试试吧,好吧”,如:

Come on, I’m not afraid of you.

5. enjoy onesflf 意为“玩的开心”,相当于have a good/great/wonderful time 或者have fun. onesflf是反身代词,它包括ourselves我们自己;yourself你自己;yourselves你们自己;themselves他/它/她们自己;itself它自己;himself他自己;herself她自己;myself我自己

e.g. They enjoyed themselves during the holiday.

拓展:enjoy sth./doing sth.,相当于like

e.g. My little sister enjoys reading picture books.

6. take a boat trip 意为“乘船旅行”。常用词组take a bus/taxi/plane to someplace tour指的是在各处作短暂停留的长距离旅行。

trip(休闲或公事等的)短途旅行

travel到远方去或长期旅行

journey较正式的用语;通常指有预定地点的长途旅行。

7. take care 意为“保重”或者“小心”

e.g. Take care not to hurt yourself.

拓展:take care of = look after

8. invite sb. to do sth. 意为“邀请某人做某事”

e.g. I invited him to join our club.

Invite sb. to sp. 意为“邀请某人去某地”

e.g. Amy invited me to her birthday party.

9. join 意为“加入、参加”,表示加入某个组织、党派或社会团体从而成为其成员。 e.g. join the pioneer 加入少先队 join the army 参军

join in 也是“加入、参加”,多指参加比赛或活动

e.g. Why didn’t you join in the talk last night?

10. beginning 意为“开始、开端、起点”。 from beginning to end 自始至终

at the beginning = at first “起初,开始”,反义词组为at the end

at the beginning of…在…的初期 e.g. at the beginning of April 四月初

11. feel sick 意为“感到恶心”。sick adj. 有病的;想呕吐的,作呕的 →sickly adv. 多病的 sickness n. 疾病 sickroom n. 病房 sicken v. 使患病

e.g. She is taking care of her sick father. 她在照顾她病着的父亲。

Many people were sick during the voyage. 航行中很多人想吐。

a sick boy 一个生病的男孩 a sickly boy 一个多病的男孩 be sick of…厌烦

e.g. I am sick of this weather. 我厌烦这种天气。

拓展:ill与sick都有“生病的”意思,但ill只能作表语,不能作定语;sick既能作表语,也

能作定语。

12. arrive at 意为“到达”,arrive at +小地点(如村、镇、车站等)

arrive in 也是“到达”,arrive in +大地点(如国家、大城市等)

拓展:arrive,get和reach都有“到达”的意思,arrive和get都是不及物动词,前者较正

式,后者较口语化。两者之后均不可直接加宾语,但可接here, there, home之

类表地点的副词作状语。e.g. We got/ arrived here last night.

要表示“到达某地”,arrive要借助介词in或者at;而get其后需接介词to, e.g. When we got to the park, it began to rain.

reach是及物动词,后面直接跟地点名词作宾语,reach Nanjing 到南京。Reach

之后也可接here,there,home等词。

13. be made of 意为“由…制成”,强调从成品中可以看得出原材料。

e.g. The desk is made of wood. 桌子由木头制成。

be made from 也是“由…制成”的意思,强调从成品中看不出原材料。

e.g. Paper is made from wood. 纸是由木头制成的。

拓展:be made in “由…制造”,强调产地

e.g. This kind of machine is made in China.

be made by “被…(人)制造”,说明制造者是谁

e.g. This ship is made by the workers.

14. not…any more 意为“不再…”用于短暂性动词,强调动作上的“不再(存在或发生)” not…any longer “不再”用于延续性动词,强调时间上的“不再(存在或发生)”

e.g. I won’t talk to him any more.表示一时生气,虽然嘴上说不再理他了,但也

许过几天就会好的

I won’t talk to him any longer. 表示真的再也不理了,绝交了。

15. “It’s +adj. +动词不定式”句型,意为“做某事是…”

e.g. It's boring to stay at home. 呆在家很无聊。

此句中代词it只作形式主语,真正的主语是后面的动词不定式。所以此句可改成: To stay at home is boring.

16. It takes (sb.) some time to do sth.意为“花费某人多少时间去做某事”,这里的it作形式

主语,真正的主语是to do sth.

e.g. It takes me half an hour to walk to school every day.

17. and, but, or

and是并列连词,用来连接两个词性相同的词、短语或句子,表示并列或附加关系。 e.g. He can speak English and Chinese.

She likes singing and dancing.

注意:如果and连接的两个句子的主语相同,and后就不必再重复该主语。

如果and连接的两个句子的主语和谓语相同,and后就不必再重复主语和谓语。

but为并列连词,意思是“但是、然而、却”,用来连接两个有对立或对照性关系的的

词、短语或句子,表示一种转折关系。

e.g. I like Hunan Road,but only for shopping.

or是并列连词,意思是“或者、还是”,表示一种选择关系。当or连接两个主语时,

谓语动词的单复数形式与or后面的主语保持一致。

e.g. The twins or Lily is going to tell us a story.

or当“否则、要不然”讲时,表示在以祈使句为条件下的相反假设。

e.g. Hurry up, or you’ll be late.

18. 动词不定式----在英语中,有些动词后可以跟不定式,即“to + 动词原形”,在句中作

宾语。常用这种结构的动词有:agree/choose/decide/hope/plan/prepare/want等。

19. 反身代词。当主语和谓语是同一个人时,我们使用反身代词。

(1)反身代词做同位语,用于强调

e.g. The manager himself served the customers. (主语同位语)

The manager served the customers himself. (主语同位语)

I told them I wanted to see the manager himself.

(2) 反身代词作介词宾语

e.g. She finnshed the job by herself.

(3) 反身代词作动词宾语,有些动词与反身代词成固定搭配,翻译时“自己”多不译

出。

enjoy oneself 玩的开心 help oneself 自便、自取

behave oneself 有礼貌、规矩

20. take place 意为“举行、发生”。多指举行活动

e.g The school sports meeting will take place tomorrow.

happen 多指无计划,偶然发生的事。

happen to sb./sth.“遭遇”指不好的事发生在某人、某物上

e.g. What happened to you?

A car accident happened to him yesterday.

拓展:take one’s place或take the place of sb./sth. 意为“代替某人/某物”

21. forget to do sth. 意为“忘记做某事”(未做)

e.g. My mother often forgets to turn off the light.

Don’t forget to bring your homework here tomorrow.

拓展:forget doing sth. 意为“忘了做过某事”(已做)

e.g. I’ll never forget seeing her dance for the first time.

He forgot turning the light off.

22. What a great idea! 此句为感叹句。感叹句是用来表达人的特殊情感的句子,如赞美、

惊叹、喜悦等。感叹句可以是一个单词、一个不定式,一个由短语构成的独立句,也可以是由what或how引导的句子,what或how与所修饰的词置于句首,其他部分用陈述句语序,句末用感叹号。

(1)what引导的感叹句:what修饰名词,单数可数名词前要加不定冠词a/an,复数

名字或不可数名词前不用加。

what + (a/an) + adj. + n. (+主语+谓语)!

e.g. What an interesting story it is!

What heavy snow it is!

What good children they are!

(2)how引导的感叹句:how修饰形容词或副词,如果how修饰形容词,则句中的

谓语动词用系动词;如果how修饰副词,则句中的谓语动词用行为动词。

How + adj./ adv. (+主语+谓语)!

e.g. How cold it is today!

How happy they look!

注意:在表示同一意义时,既可用what也可用how

e.g. What a hot day it is!= How hot the day is!

23. as soon as possible 意为“尽早的”,相当于as soon as you can

e.g. Come back as soon as possible/ you can.

24. .Let’s =Let us 但他们之间还是有一些区别的,特别是在反义疑问句中

Let us have a rest,___________?

Let’s have a rest,___________?

25.enjoy oneself = have a good/great /wonderful time in doing sth

26.take care !=take care of yourself! 多保重

8A Unit 4

1. no problem 没问题

2. instruction n. 指示,说明 read the instructions

3. had better do sth / not do sth

4. stand for 代表,象征

5. terrible adj.可怕的 terribly adv. look terrible 看起来很糟糕

be terrible at ......在。。。。。。很糟糕

6. make a mistake 犯错误

拓展:by mistake 错误地

and no mistake 无疑地,的确

7.all day =the whole day 整天 注意all与whole 的区别

8.take a course学习一门课程

9.attend lessons 上课

辨析 take part in /attend/join/join in 的区别

10.instead of +doing sth 代替,而不是 注意与Instead的区别

11.repair the table repair =mend

12.ought to do sth ==should do sth 应该做某事

13.give advice 给出建议 advice 不可数 some advice 一些建议

14.help sb (to) do sth /help sb with sth

拓展:

Can’t help doing sth 禁不住,情不自禁地做

With the help of sb ==with one’s help 在某人的帮助下

Help yourself 请随便吃

15.leave v.使处于某种状态 leave +n/pron +adj/adv/pp

16.fill sth with ...把。。。。装满,充满

sth be filled with ==sth be full of

fill in 填满,填充

17.spend/pay/cost/take的辨析

18.be crazy about .....对。。。。着迷

drive sb crazy

19.work on 从事于,继续工作

work out 算出,解决,制定出

20.keep on doing sth 一直持续不断地做某事

keep sb/sth doing 让某人/某物不停地做

21.finish doing sth 做完某事

22.correct adj.正确的 correctly adv. Incorrect adj.不正确的

23.active adj.积极的,活跃的 inactive adj. activity n .

24.be not happy with .....对。。。。。不满意

25.secret adj 秘密的 keep a secret

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