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英语口语会话主题

发布时间:2013-10-24 12:44:18  

? Greeting People ? 问候 ? Starting a conversation ? 与陌生人交谈 ? Introducing yourself and ? 自我介绍、介绍他人 introducing someone ? 附录1. 文化注释: 人的称谓 ? Appendix 1`: Cultural Notes:

Addressing People

Section B: Language Drills 语 言 技 能 训 练

? Part I Retelling the Story: ? 第一部分 复述故事:诚实 Being Honest ? 第二部分 会话练习:他乡迷路 ? Part II Pair Work ? 第三部分 电影配音:《音乐之声》 Lost in the Street ? Part III Movie Dubbing

The Sound of Music

Section C Chatting Time 聊 天 时 间

? Warm-up Reading: ? 阅读材料:欢迎到悉尼

Welcome to Sydney ? 聊天主题 1:我的家乡 ? Chatting Topic 1: ? 聊天主题 2:了解你的同伴 My Hometown

? Chatting Topic 2: Getting to know your partner

Section A Communicative Functions

1. Greeting People

1.1 Model Dialogue

A: Say, Sharon, how are you doing?

B: Michael! Hey, how are you?

A: Not bad. Where are you going?

B: Over to the library. How about you?

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A: Oh, I just finished two sessions in chemistry. Boy, I skipped my breakfast and I’m so

hungry!

B: Well, I’d better let you go get some lunch.

A: Yeah. It was great seeing you again. Maybe we could get together sometime.

B: Sounds good. I’ll give you a call.

A: OK. Great. Well, I’ll be seeing you.

B: OK, Michael. Enjoy your meal.

A: Thanks. Bye.

B: Bye.

1.2 Useful expressions

? The following are some of the phrases and sentences often used in people’s daily greetings and responses. Try to work out the situations in which they may be used and discuss the formality of each expression.

How do you do? How do you do? Nice to meet you.How are you? I’m fine. How about you?

I’m afraid I’m not feeling well.

How’ve you been? Pretty good.

What’s new? Nothing.

How are you getting on? Not bad.

How are you doing? Just as usual.

Long time, no see. Yeah. It’s been quite a while.

How is everything? Pretty good.

1.3 Follow-up Practice:

Work out conversations with your partner according to the given situations:

1. You greet a visiting scholar in the lecture room.

2. You greet Jenny, a friend you haven’t seen for long time.

3. You greet your aunt, who has been sick in bed for a week or so.

2. Starting a Conversation

There are many ways to start a conversation. Generally, people start their conversation from something they are commonly involved or interested in, for example, an activity that they all take part in or a book they both like. They need to find this kind of conversational openings to avoid abruptness. These openings ought to change with the situation.

2.1 Model Dialogue

A: Well, excuse me. Can I sit here?

B: Um, yeah, of course. Sit down please.

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A: Right, thanks.

B: Great party, isn’t it?

A: It’s lovely, yes. Jack’s so creative that he can always come up with some surprise. You

know him well?

B: Yeah, pretty well. Actually I’m his cousin.

A: Well, never heard of him talking about you. What’s your name?

B: Margaret, what’s yours?

A: Lisa. Nice to meet you, Margaret. Oh, Jack’s going to make his speech. Let’s see

what’s the joke this time.

B: OK.

2.2 Other Useful Conversational Openings

? The following are some of the phrases and sentences often used to start a conversation. Try to work out the situations in which they may appear.

2.3 Follow-up Practice

? Start a conversation in each of the situations below.

a) You are sitting next to someone in an office reception area.

b) You are in a doctor’s waiting room with one other person.

c) You want to talk with someone you meet at a cocktail party.

3. Introducing Yourself and Introducing Others

? In our daily interactions with people, we very frequently have to make introductions for ourselves and the others. Making introductions appropriately means a good beginning for a possibly very good friendship or relation. Read the dialogues below. With your partner, discuss the situations which may possibly serve as the setting for the dialogues.

3.1 Model Dialogues

Dialogue 1. Introducing oneself

A: Hi, my name is Jack Gibson. Can I have your name please?

B: I’m Sally. Hello, Mr. Gibson.

A: Hello, Sally. Just call me Jack.

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Dialogue 2. Introducing Others

Peter: Oh, Jesus, that’s Rose Mathews!

Harry: What?

Peter: The woman talking with the Chairman. Haven’t seen her for ages. Come on, let’s

go say hello. (They go over to Rose when she finishes talking with the Chairman)

Hey, Rose!

Rose: What?…It’s you, Peter?!

Peter: Hey, how are you? Gee, we haven’t seen each other for… it must be close to five

years!

Rose: Well, how have you been?

Peter: Pretty good.

Rose: How are Sandra and the kid?

Peter: They’re just fine. Oh, Rose, this is Harry Lynton, our sales manager.

Rose: Hi, Mr. Lynton.

Harry: Hi, how are you?

Peter: Gee, we ought to go somewhere to chat a bit. How about Marie’s Cafe, the one on

the other side of the street?

Rose: Sounds great. Just give me a minute to call my office.

Peter: OK.

3.2 Useful Expressions

? Here you’re provided with some expressions usually used in making introductions. Again, try to make out with your partner the situations in which they’re respectively used.

Self-introductions

Introducing other people

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3.3 Follow-up Practice

? Work out dialogues in each of the following situations:

a) You are with your friend, Mary, in a café. Another friend of yours, Mike, comes in. He and

Mary do not know each other.

b) Introduce yourself to a new colleague, Mary Wong, who is joining your company as the

advertising manager.

≈ ≈ ≈ ≈ ≈ ≈ ≈ ≈Refreshing Your Memory ≈ ≈ ≈ ≈ ≈ ≈ ≈ Social Responses: What would you say?

? With your partner, discuss what you would like to say in the situations below. If you need, refer back to the useful expressions of the section.

a) At an official reception banquet, you are introduced by an acquaintance to Donald and Nancy Cromer, who are on a visit to your city.

b) You are taking part in your friend’s wedding ceremony. You don’t know people around you very well, but you want to talk with them.

**************************************************************************** Appendix 1. Cultural Notes: Addressing People

1. One of the first problems connected with interpersonal relationship is how to address the

other person. Both English and Chinese people have two kinds of personal names -- a surname

and given name(s). But the order of these names and their use in the two languages is

somewhat different. In Chinese the surname comes first and is followed by the given name(s),

but in English this order is reversed, as can be seen from the following examples:

Liu Dazhi Steve Lambert

????

surname given name given name surname

So first of all, Chinese people need to be perfectly clear which name is the surname in English and which are the given names.

2. The use of the surname and given name in English and Chinese can be summarized as follows:

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It should be pointed out that in neutral situations and relationships, westerners themselves vary in their preference for being called by their surname or by their given name. British tend to be more conservative than Americans in this respect, and also older people than younger. So it is often safer to use the surname unless the westerner asks to be called by his given name or unless he only gives his given name. 3. In a formal introduction, titles are often used before a person’s last name. The following is a list of titles used in introductions and conversations: Dr. (Doctor) Used to address medical doctors and university professors who have earned a doctorate degree. (Ph.D.) Mrs. Used to address a married woman (teacher, director, etc.) Miss Used to address an unmarried woman (teacher, waitress, business woman, etc.) Ms. Used to address an unmarried or married woman (teacher, housewife, professional etc.) Mr. Used to address a man (teacher, businessman, etc.)

Section B Language Drills

2. Retelling the story: Being Honest

? Task 1. If a tape-recorder is used:

Listen to the recorded passage and then retell it.

If a tape-recorder is not available, the teacher will read the story twice and then the students will retell the story. ? Task 2. Give a 3-minute talk based on the story you’ve just heard.

Story Being Honest

A certain old gentleman was very unhappy about modern education, and thought that young

people nowadays were not being taught the importance of knowing the difference between right

and wrong.

One day he was taking a walk in the park near his home when he saw some young boys

standing around a small cat. The old gentleman went up to the boys and asked them what was

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happening. One of the boys said to him, “We’re having a contest. We’re telling lies, and the one

who tells the biggest one gets to keep the cat” The old gentleman thought that this was a good opportunity to teach the boys a useful lesson, so he said to them, “I’ve never told a lie in my life.” All at once there was a great shout from all

the boys, and they said, “You’ve won! You can take the cat!”

3. Pair Work : Lost in the Street

Role A: You are visiting Germany for the first time. You are lost in the street.

1. You need some coins to make a phone call.

2.You want to buy a local map.

3.You are looking for Rose Hotel.

Role B: You are a Chinese overseas student in Germany. You are waiting for a bus when a stranger (Role A) approaches you. You have some coins in your pocket. You need them for the bus.

Role A starts the conversation.

4. Movie Dubbing

? If a tape-recorder is used:

Step 1. Listen to the recorded message carefully. Pay attention to the pronunciation,

stress and intonation.

Step 2. Students practice reading.

Step 3. Students act out the play.

If a tape-recorder is not available, students can use their imagination and originality to try different ways of dubbing the given message and then act out the play.

★☆ ★☆ ★☆ ★☆ ★☆ ★☆ ★☆ ★☆ ★☆ ★☆ ★☆

Sound of Music (5分20秒)

After meeting the Captain, Maria is now going to meet his seven children for the first time. The Captain blows his whistle. After slamming of doors, the children appear on the terrace in a line, and then walk down one by one. Captain introduces them to Maria.

Captain: Now, this is your new governess, Fraulein Maria. As I sound your signals, you

will step forward and give your name. You, Fraulein, will listen carefully. Learn

their signals so that you can call them when you want them.

Liesl: Liesl.

Friedrich: Friedrich.

Louisa: Louisa.

Kurt: Kurt.

Brigitta: Brigitta.

Marta: Marta.

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(The youngest girl steps forward.)

Captain: And Gretl. Now, let's see how well you listened.

Maria: Oh, I won't need to whistle for them, Reverend Captain. I mean, I'll use their

names. And such lovely names.

Captain: Fraulein, this is a large house. The grounds are very extensive. And I will not

have anyone shouting. You will take this, please. Learn to use it. The children will help you. Now, when I want you, this is what you will hear.

(The Captain whistles.)

Maria: No, sir. I'm sorry, sir. I could never answer to a whistle. Whistles are for dogs and

cats and other animals but not for children and definitely not for me. It would be too humiliating.

Captain: Fraulein, were you this much trouble at the abbey?

Maria: Oh, much more, sir.

Captain: Hmm.

(Maria whistles.)

Maria: Excuse me, sir, I don't know your signal.

Captain: You may call me Captain.

(The Captain leaves.)

Maria: At ease. Well now that there's just us. Would you please tell me all your names

again and how old you are?

Liesl: I'm Liesl. I'm sixteen years old and I don't need a governess.

Maria: Well, I'm glad you told me, Liesl. We'll just be good friends.

Friedrich: I'm Friedrich. I'm fourteen. I'm impossible.

Maria: Really? Who told you that, Friedrich?

Friedrich: Fraulein Josephine. Four governesses ago.

Louisa: I'm Brigitta.

Maria: You didn't tell me how old you are, Louisa.

Brigitta: I'm Brigitta, she's Louisa. She's thirteen years old and you're smart. I'm ten and I

think your dress is the ugliest one I ever saw.

Kurt: Brigitta, you shouldn't say that.

Brigitta: Why not? Don't you think it's ugly?

Kurt: Of course, but Fraulein Helder's was ugliest. I'm Kurt. I'm eleven. I'm

incorrigible.

Maria: Congratulations!

Kurt: What's incorrigible?

Maria: I think it means you won't be treated like a boy.

Marta: I'm Marta and I'm going to be seven on Tuesday. And I'd like a pink parasol. Maria: Well, pink's my favorite color, too. Yes, you're Gretl, and you're five years old?

My, you're practically a lady! Now I have to tell you a secret. I've never been a

governess before.

Louisa: You mean you don't know anything about being a governess?

Maria: Nothing. I'll need lots of advice.

Louisa: Well, the best way to start is to be sure to tell father to mind his own business. Friedrich: You must never come to dinner on time.

Brigitta: Never eat your soup quietly.

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Kurt: And during dessert always blow your nose.

Gretl: Don't you believe a word they say, Fraulein Maria. Maria: Why not?

Gretl: Because I like you.

Frau Schmidt: All right now, children! Outside for your walk. Father's orders. Now, hurry up! Hurry up! Quick. Quick. Quick. Fraulein Maria, I'm Frau Schmidt, the housekeeper. Maria: How do you do!

Frau Schmidt: How do you do! I'll show you to your room. Follow me.

Section C Chatting Time

1. Warm-up Reading

Read the following passage. It will prepare you for further discussions to be followed.

Welcome to Sydney

Sydney is Australia’s oldest, largest and liveliest state capital with a population of over 3,000,000. It is a colorful, modern city but it has also a natural beauty with green parkland and perhaps the world’s most beautiful deep-water harbour.

As well as being famous for its modern buildings and roads, there are many places of historical interest in Sydney. For example, Mrs Macquarie’s Chair, the area called the Rock’s dating back to the early nineteenth century, and the attractive terrace houses of Paddington, are all close to the harbour and the city centre.

Sydney has many attractions which tourists can enjoy – surf beaches, a zoo, Koala Bear Park and an Opera House which

is situated at the water’s edge. Some say that this is one of the most beautiful examples of modern architecture in the world. For further entertainment there is a wide variety of restaurants, theatres, nightclubs, sports and social clubs. There is also a very efficient network of communications within the city, including an underground railway, buses and taxis. Sydney has a very pleasant, temperate climate. The average temperature in summer is 21.7°C, and in winter 12.6°C

There are few places in the world where a visitor can find such a rich variety of natural and historical beauty, entertainment and culture. Ask any Sydneysider about his city and he’ll say “there’s no place like it!”

2. Relevant vocabulary

The vocabulary and expressions below are often used in talking about one’s hometown. Go through the list and find out what you might be using in your conversation with your partner.

Landscape and land features

Scenic adj. 自然景物的,景色优美的 Mountainous adj. 多山的 hilly adj 多小山的 fertile adj 肥沃的,富饶的 plain n. 平原,草原 plateau n. 高原 rain forest n. 雨林 orchard n. 果园

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valley

creek waterfall desert

n. 山谷,流域 n. 小溪,小河 n. 瀑布 n. 沙漠

lake n. 湖泊 pond n. 池塘 Weather and Climate

atmosphere climate n. 大气 n. 气候

temperature n.气温 tropical adj.热带的 rainy adj.下雨的, 多雨的 humid/damp adj.热带的 frigid adj.寒冷的 cloudy adj.多云的 foggy adj.有雾的 freezing adj.冰冻的, chilly adj.寒冷的 drizzle n.细雨

gust n.阵风, 一阵狂风 (雨、冰雹等) whirlwind n.龙卷风 typhoon n.台风 flood n.洪水,水灾 hurricane n.飓风 cyclone n.旋风 drought n.干旱 sandstorm n.沙暴,暴风沙 rainfall n.降雨 Cities and facilities

landmark n. (航海)陆标, 里程碑

minibus

n.微型公共汽车,小巴

parking lot n.停车场 People and Customs

skyscraper n. 摩天楼, 高丛的烟囱 residential area n.居民区,住宅区 shopping mall n.大型购物中心 teahouse n茶馆,茶楼 highway(Am.) n.高速公路;大道 motorway(Br.) n.高速公路

subway(Am.) n.地下道,地道

underground(tube)(Br.) 地铁,地下铁 sidewalk (Am.) n.人行便道 pavement(Br.) n.人行道,公路 overpass(Am.) n.立交桥,高架桥 flyover(Br.) n.立交桥 trolley n.手推车

3. Chatting Topic 1 : My Hometown

? Take turns with your partner to ask each other questions in the table below about your

hometowns.

populous adj人口多的,人口稠密的 exotic adj异国情调的 festive adj喜庆的;欢乐的 festival n.节日, 喜庆日 native adj本国的, 出生地的 dialect n.方言, 语调 accent n.重音, 口音, 重音符 religion n.宗教, 信仰 autonomous adj.自治的 costume n.装束, 服装 ethnic group n.同种,同文化之民族 firecracker n.爆竹, 鞭炮 fireworks n.烟火, 激烈争论 Food

hot and spicy adj.辣的, greasy adj.多脂的, 油污的 light adj.清淡的 hotpot n.罐焖土豆烧肉 grilled adj.烤的, 炙过 barbecue n.吃烤烧肉的野餐 deep-fried adj.油炸的 shallow-fried adj. 油煎的 stir-fried adj.旺火煸炒的 chinese cuisine n.烹饪 beverage n.饮料 liquor n.液体, 汁,酒精饮料 dish n.盘, 碟, 盘装菜 dumplings n.面团布丁,饺子 steamed bread n.馒头 instant noodles n.方便面

My Hometown

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Chatting Topic 2: Getting to know your partner

? Now it’s a good time to know other people in the class. Go around the classroom to ask anyone any of the questions in the table underneath, and answer the questions asked by the others.

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