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Unit 8

发布时间:2013-10-24 13:45:41  

Unit 8 I’ll help clean up the city parks.

Section A

Warming up

1. What can you see in these pictures?

There are some people who need help. 2. Do you want to be a volunteer ? Yes, we have heard of many good deeds done by volunteers all over the

country. They are great. They give
people help without hope of reward.

3. How could we help people ?

You could help clean up the parks.

You could help sick people in the hospital.

I’d like to cheer up sick kids.

Listening (1b: P60)
work 1. I’d like to _____ outside. You

up could help clean ____ the city parks.
help 2. I’d like to _____ homeless people. You could give ___ food at the food out bank.

up 3. I’d like to cheer ____ sick kids. You
could ____ them in the hospital. visit 4. I’d like to help kids with their ____ schoolwork. You could _________ in an volunteer after-school study program.

Oral Practice (1c: P60)
Sample dialogue 1: A: I would like to work outside. B: You could help plant trees and grass to beautify our hometown.

Sample dialogue 2: A: I’d like to work in the hospital. B: Then you could help cheer up the patients.

Sample dialogue 3: A: I’d like to work at a station. B: You could help the passengers with

their luggage.

Listening (2a, 2b: P61)







1. We need to ____________ a plan. come up with 2. We can’t _______ making a plan. put off Clean-Up Day is only two weeks from now. 3. I’ll __________ all our ideas. write down

4. We could ______ signs. put up
5. I’ll ________ advertisements after hand out school. 6. We could each _______ ten people call up and ask them to come.

Explanation
1.You could help clean up the city park. 你可以帮助清理城市公园。 (1)动词help后可以接动词不定式作

宾语或作宾语补足语,这时不定式的
标志to可以省略也可以保留;help sb.

with sth. 意为“帮助某人做某事”。

Their father helps the children with their work. 孩子们的父亲帮助他们做功课。 Please help me to move this table.

请帮我搬一下这张桌子。

(2)clean up 意为“打扫;清理”。 Please clean up your bed and clothes. 请整理一下你的床铺和衣服。 但如果在clean 和up间加个连字符 号, 它就是名词了, 意为“扫除”。 You must give your classroom a good clean-up. 你必须对教室进行彻底地打扫。

2. We need to come up with a plan.
我们必须想出一个计划。

(1)need用作实义动词,有“必要”、
“必需”之意,有人称、数和时态的

变化,可以接名词、代词、动名词或
带 to 的动词不定式作宾语,构成疑问句 和否定句时要借助于助动词。

The man needs an English dictionary when he works. 这个人在工作时需要一本英语词典。 Do you need to see him yourself?

你必需亲自见他吗?

(2)need用作情态动词,意为“必 须”、“必要”,没有人称、数的变化, 后接不带to 的动词不定式。 通常用

于 疑问句和否定句中,构成疑问句和否定 句时,不需要使用助动词。 Need you go to the park with your classmate? 你必需和你的同学去公园吗?

【注意】 由need引出的疑问句,答语 表肯定时用must或have to;表示否定 时用needn’t或don’t have to。 A: Need I come to work tomorrow? 明天我需要来上班吗? B: Yes, you must / have to. 是的, 你必须来。

Grammar Focus (P:61)
Phrasal verbs: 1. cheer up 使高兴

2. set up

建立

3. come up with 提出 4. run out of 用完, 耗尽

5. take after (外貌, 性格等) 与 (父母) 相似 6. fix up 8. work out 修理, 修补 结局, 至最后, 结果为 7. give away 分发, 赠送

The usage of one kind of phrasal verbs: v. + adv. In the v.+ adv. phrase, v. can be vi. or vt. . If the verb is vi., when a noun will be added, there have to be a prep. after the phrase. If the verb is vt., when a noun will be added, it can be added either between v. and adv. or

after the phrase. The point we should pay attention to is: when a pronoun will be added, it has to be put between v. and adv. e.g. Our time is running out. We are running out of time.

He gave away most of his money to

the poor. (He gave most of his money
away to the poor.)

His money is little, but to our
surprise, he gave it away to the poor.

Reading (3a: P62)
The kinds of work the volunteers do:
Work in the after-school care

center, helping young children to
read; work in an animal hospital;

sing for groups of people at the city
hospital to cheer them up.

The reasons why they like their work:

Not only do they feel good about
helping other people, but they get to spend time doing what they love to do; has learned more about animals; has met some wonderful people at the hospital.

Explanation
1. Being a volunteer is great!

当一个志愿者真是太好了!
Being a volunteer 是动名词短语;

这个动名词短语在句中作主语。它在
句中相当于一个名词,常作主语、宾

语和表语等句子成分。

Learning new words is very useful to me. 作主语 My favorite sport is swimming.
作表语 Have you finished reading the book? 作宾语

2. Not only do I feel good about helping other people, but I get to spend time doing what I love to do. (1)这是一个倒装句。一个句子以否定 副词开头时,这个句子的主谓往往要 倒装。 Never will I go there again. 我将永远也不去那儿。

Little does he care about what others think. 他很少考虑别人是怎么想的。 (2) get to 表示一个动作发生的过程。 I get to love Sandwiches now. 我现在有一点喜欢三明治了。 They soon get to talk together. 他们不久就在一起谈起来了。

Role Play (3c: P62)
Sample conversation 1: A: I’d like to join the school volunteer project, but I’m not sure what I should do. B: What do you like doing? A: I like reading. B: Well, you could help young children read.

Sample conversation 2: A: I’d l

ike to join the school volunteer project, but I’m not sure what I should do. B: What do you like doing? A: I love music. B: Well, you could sing some beautiful songs for the patients in hospital.

Writing and Speaking (4: P62)
Sample dialogue 1:
A: I like singing. What kind of volunteer work do you think I could do? B: You could sing for the patients in hospital.

Sample dialogue 2:
A: I like cooking. What kind of volunteer work do you think I could do? B: You could help cook for the old without children in our community.

Sample dialogue 3: A: I like playing computer games. What kind of volunteer work do

you think I could do?
B: You could help the old in our community learn to surf the Internet.

Section B

Make sentences (1b: P63)
1.

I gave away my old picture books to the poor children in the remote villages.

2.

The girl spent most of her money on clothes and ran out of her money before her mother came to see her.

3.

Lily and Lucy both take after their mother.

4.

My bike has broken down, so I will have it fixed up.

Listening (2a, 2b: P63)

1.Jimmy fixes up bicycles.
2.Jimmy sells bikes.

T F F T

3.Jimmy takes after his mother.
4.Jimmy has run out of money.

Reading (3a,3b: P64)
Phrasal verbs:

cheer up, run out of, put up,
call up, hand out, set up, come up

with, fix up, give away.

The things that Jimmy did to
solve his problem: 1. He did a radio interview.

2. He put up some signs. 3. He called up his friends. 4. He handed out advertisements. 5. He told the teachers. 6. He set up a call-in center for parents.

Explanation
1.I take after my other. 我张得像我的妈妈。 take after 意为“在外貌、性格等方 面与(父母)相像”。 与take after意思相近的词组还有look like (看去像……)、be like (像……一样)。 Who does the boy look like? 这个男孩看上去像谁?

2.Last week everyone was trying to cheer up Jimmy, the Bike Boy. 上周所有人都尽量让单车男孩吉米高 兴起来。 try to do sth. 意思是“尽力去做某 事”,但不强调所做的事是否成功。 Try to finish your work on time, please! 请尽量按时完成你的工作!

类似表示“尽力做某事”的词组还 有下列两种: try doing sth. 表示“试着去做某事”。 Yesterday the old man tried opening the door. 昨天这位老人试着把门打开了。

3....and called up all his friends and told them about the problem. 给他所有的朋友打电话告诉他们他的 问题。 ① call up 表示“给……打电话”, 后 面接指人的单词。 Did the boy call up you just for a chat. 这个男孩给你打电话只是为了聊天吗?

“给……打电话”的常见说法还有: ② give …a call They were giving their teacher a call when I got there. 我到那时,他们正在给他们的老 师打电话。

③ ring up Did you ring up your father last week? 上周你给你的父亲打电话了吗? ④ give …a ring Do you know who gave Zhang Hua

a ring an hour ago? 你知道一小时前谁给张华打电话了吗?

⑥ telephone /phone (to)…
Will you please telephone to the policeman? 请你给警察打个电话好吗? ⑤ telephone / phone…up Telephone up me as soon as you arrive in Shanghai . 你一到上海就给我打电话。

Groupwork (4:P64)
1. I will pick up the litter in the park near my home. Then the paths will become clean and beautiful.

2. I will work in the old people’s

house and help wash their clothes
and sing for them.

3. I will stand at the crossing and
help hand out papers to remind

people of obeying traffic rules.

Self Check

Practice (2: P65)
A sample version: Sally Brown is a young woman who wants to be a professional singer. As a volunteer she sings at a local hospital to cheer up sick people and also sings at schools. But after she ran out of

her money for singing lessons, she

came up with ideas for making money. She put up signs asking for singing jobs and also called up parents offering singing lessons for children. Now she will be able to continue her lessons and become a professional singer.

Reading (P72)
1. I’d like to thank you for sending

money to “Animal Helpers”, an
organization set up to help disabled

people.
“Animal Helpers”动物助手,一个帮

助残疾人而建立的组织。

Thank sb. for …为……而感谢某人

e.g. Thank you for your flowers to me.
set up…引导的是一个省去关系代词

that的定语从句。
e.g. Thomas has a lab set up himself.

2. Being blind, deaf, unable to walk ,or use your hands easily is something that

most people cannot imagine.
此句中 “being…”是动名词做主语。 谓语动词用单数。 “….that most people cannot imagine” 是定语从句, 修饰something。

3. Then one day last year, a friend of mine said that she would like to help me out. Help out 意为 “使某人脱离困境” 可 分开使用。 e.g. Nobody helped me out when I lost my job.

4. You see, I’m only able to have a “doghelper” because of your kind donation! 此句中的be able to 意为 “能够 做……的事”, 可用can替换,主语为物 时一般都使用can, can没有将来时和完 成时, 也不能用于其他助动词后面, 所以

常用be able to do 来替换。

Because of 是介词短语, 表原因,
后面接名词或代词宾语。because 是连词, 词后常接从句。

A poem
It is the deepest appeal that is based on love. It is the most vital cause that is out of voluntary will. It is the noblest behavior that is devoted to helping others.

The language of dedication is the most communicative language of mankind.

基于爱心的呼唤是最深沉的呼唤 处于自愿的事业是最有生命力的事业

服务他人的行为是最高尚的行为
奉献者的语言是最易沟通的人类共同语言

Thank you for listening!


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