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unit3 i am more outgoing than my sister SectionB(绝对经典)

发布时间:2013-10-25 08:01:57  

第六讲(教师用)

Unit 3 I am more outgoing than my sisiter (人教版)

? 授课内容:同步知识复习 难题通关 词汇辨析 短文填空 半期预演 ? 授课重点:重点单词短语 短文填空 半期预演

? 授课难点:短文填空技巧 难题通关

? 教学内容:

? 一.重点单词复习

(一)短语归纳(写出下列短语的中文意思 )

1. more outgoing _______________ 2. as...as..._______________

3. the singing competition_______________

4. the most important_______________

5. be talented in music _______________

6. the same as_______________

7.care about _______________

8. be different from_______________

9. be like a mirror _______________

10. as long as_______________

11. bring out _______________ 12. get better grade_______________

13. reach for _______________ 14. touch one’s heart_______________

15. in fact_______________ 16. make friends_______________

17. be good at _______________18. the other_______________

19. be similar to_____________20. be good with_______________

(二)重点单词突破

1.内心;心脏______________________________

{单词连珠}痛心;悲痛_________________

心跳_________________

腹地;中心地带_________________

Heart attack_________________

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{短语聚会}learn by heart_________________

使某人伤心_________________

全心全意_________________

Lose one’s heart_________________

赢得??的心_________________

{活学活用}

翻译句子:

1.他有一颗非常善良的心。_____________________________________________

2.眼不见,心不烦。___________________________________________________

3.我跑步的时候心跳得特别快。_________________________________________

2.(使)破;裂;碎;损坏_________________

{形式变化}(必记):原形( )-过去式( )-过去分词( ) {应用}

翻译句子:

1.昨天,小明打破了教室的窗户。_____________________________________

2.小明已经打破了学校了窗户。_____________________________________ {一词多义}

3.At last,Bill broke ( )the silence._____________________________________

4.My watch was broken.( )_____________________________________

5.Don’t worry.I never break ( )my promise._______________________

6.We should better be careful not to break ( )the law.

7.A break ( )in the pipe was found out.

____________________________________________________________

8.They worked all day without a break( ).

________________________________________________________________ {短语聚会}break down 出故障;坏掉

break _______ 闯入;破门而入

2

break ________中段

break ________ 爆发

{活学活用}

温馨提示:

break away from打破,脱离,挣脱,改掉

break down出毛病,身体(精神)衰弱,分解,拆开

break off暂停,中断 break in强行进入,插话 break through突破 break into闯入你 break into pieces成为碎片

break out爆发 break up捣碎,驱散,瓦解,学期结束,拆散

根据以上温馨提示,在下列句子中填入恰当的介词。

1) The criminal(罪犯) managed to break _______ ______ the police and ran into the woods(树林).

2) When he heard the news, he broke _______ and cried.

3) Don't break ________ while others are speaking.

4) Why don't you break ________ for a few minutes and have some coffee?

5) When does school break ________?

6) After harvest (丰收)we break _________ the soil with a tool pulled by two oxen(公牛).

(二)短语用法(写出下列中文对应的英文短语)

1. _______________ 享受做某事的乐趣

2. _______________ 想要做某事

3. _______________ 与…一样…

4. _______________ 擅长做某事

5. _______________ 让某人做某事

6. _______________ 对某人来说,做某事是……的

{短语活用}

1.我们在聚会上玩得很开心。_______________________________________

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2.放学后孩子们踢足球踢的很开心。_____________________________________

3. 李雷和吉母跑得一样快。__________________________________

4. 约翰和你的年龄不一样大。___________________________________

5. 这部电视剧不如那部有趣。__________________________________________

6. 她把她的书保管得像刚买的一样新。___________________________________

7. 汤姆不像他哥哥那样擅长运动。______________________________________

8.我能和你搬一样多的纸张。___________________________________________ 句型结构归纳总结:(1)______________________________________

(2)______________________________________

(3)注意:________________________________________

(4)________________________________________

二.难题通关(这些题有点小陷阱,有点小难小难的,一定要细心哟!童鞋加油加油吧!)

单选题

1. She is _______of the two.

A. the cleverest B. the cleverer

C. the clever D. cleverest

【解析】此题容易误选A。这是由于思维定势引起的。因为最高级的比较范围往往用of短语引出,那么一些考生一看到of一词就毫不犹豫地选择了A项。其实,由这里的two可知,两者中的比较只能用比较级,而且指特定的两者中―较……的那一个‖时,比较级前往往要用定冠词the。因此正确答案为B。

2. —How far is the factory from here?

—It’s about 4 kilometres _______.

A. far B. long

C. Away D. near

4

【解析】此题容易误选A。这是由于受到汉语思维的影响,因为译成汉语正好是―大约4公里远‖。其实,问距离时可以用How far is …. ?,但是far不能与表示具体的距离连用,此时应该用away。因此,正确答案为C。

3. —Do you have enough men to carry these chairs?

—No. I think we need _______ men.

A. another B. other two

C. more two D. two more

【解析】此题容易误选A或B或C。选A的同学是由于草率做题造成的,因为这里空格后面是个复数名词,而不是单数可数名词,因此不能选A。选B或C的同学是由于汉语思维的影响引起的,汉语中说―另外两个‖,但是英语中要说other two或two more,这与汉语的习惯不一样。正确答案为D。

其实,another后面也可以接一些表示时间、距离、金钱、重量等的复数名词。如:

If you give us another twenty minutes (= twenty more minutes), we will finish the work. 如果你再给我们二十分钟,我们就可以完成这项工作。

4. He is taller than _______ girl in his class.

A. Any B. other

C. any other D. another

【解析】此题容易误选C。这是由于思维定势引起的。平时大家都熟悉这样的句子China is larger than any other country in Asia. Shanghai is larger than any other city in China. 于是than any other这个结构在同学们的头脑中已经根根深蒂固了。其实,到底要不要other, 关键是看主语是否也在比较的范围之内;如果在范围之内,就必须用other, 以此来避免与自身进行比较;如果不在范围之内,则不能用other, 因为没有必要把自身排除。这里主语he不属于girl in his class之列,不能用other, 因此正确为A。

5. How beautifully she sings! I have never heard _______ voice.

A. the best B. a best

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C. the better D. a better

【解析】此题容易误选A。这是由于思维定势引起的,许多同学认为最高级前加了定冠词the肯定没错。其实,这是一个暗含比较级,它省略了一些我们很清楚的东西,句子的完整形式应为:I have never heard a better voice than her voice. 因此正确答案为D。

6. _______ fathers made them have piano lessons.

A. Peter and Ann’s B. Peter’s and Ann’s

C. Peter’s and Ann D. Peter and Ann

【解析】此题容易误选A或C。错误的原因是由于受思维定势的影响。平时考生们做多了―This is Lucy and Lily’s bedroom. ‖这样的题,那么一看到这样的题就想到只是在后面一个单词后面用所有格。其实,到底用一个所有格,还是用两个所有格,取决于它们所修饰的名词:如果所修饰的名词是单数可数名词,就只在后面一个名词后面用所有格;如果所修饰的名词是复数可数名词,就两个名词都用所有格。正确答案为B。

7.There are a lot _______ people today than yesterday.

A. of B. / C. most D. more

【解析】此题容易误选A。有不少考生因受― a lot of +名词‖这一思维定势的影响,一看到a lot,就选择了A。其实,该句中的a lot是用来修饰形容词的比较级more的,than引导的是比较状语从句。正确答案为D。

8. ―Excuse me, are you _______? ‖

―No, we are _______. ‖

A. American, Englishman B. American, Germans

C. American, Germen D. Englishman, Americans

【解析】先从词性来看,American 和 German 既可以用作名词也可以用作形容词,用作名词时,其复数形式分别为Americans 和 Germans;选项中的Englishman只能用作名词,其复数形式是Englishmen。

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先看第一空:如果单从Excuse me, are you _______?来看,要是填Englishman,就应该在其前加不定冠词,即说成Excuse me, are you an Englishman? 但是,根据答语中的 we are…可知,问句中的you 其实是指―你‖,而是指―你们‖,所以如果用Englishman,就应换成 Englishmen 才对。由此可排除选项D。

再看第二空:由于German的复数是Germans,不是Germen,由此可确定C错误;再根据we are…可知,其后若用名词Englishman,必须要用复数Englishmen,而不能是单数,所以排除A。选b

三.词汇辨析 5.receive accept

receive 收到 强调收的动作

accept 接受,收下 强调收的结果

He _____ a present yesterday, but he didn’t _____ it, because it was too much expensive and he sent it back.

6.look up look for find find out

look up 查词典、书、电话簿等,代词放中间

look for 寻找 强调找的动作

find 找到 强调结果

find out 发现结果 是指经过调查、研究、分析或判断等努力而发现的结论 1 He often takes a dictionary and ______ the new words in it?

2 The little girl _____ her pen everywhere but didn’t _____ it at last.

3 Look! Rita is crying over there. Let’s go and _____ why is she crying.

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7.keep borrow lend

keep 借 是一个延续性动词

borrow 借(进) 强调从别人那里借来,有borrow… from

lend 借(出)强调将东西借给别人,有 lend …to

1 – My bike is broken, can I ___ yours ,Lily?

-Oh, sorry, I’ve ____ it to Sandy.

2 –How long may I ____ this book?

-For about two weeks.

四.综合板块-短文填空(虽然这种题型有点难,但是知识积累到位了,把握了做题技巧,你就能高分突破哦!加油吧,童鞋。)

每空限填一词,使短文通顺、意思完整

Tips

1.通读全文,弄清短文大意。

这一步是做好此类试题的根本,我们没有掌握短文的意思就不能写出正确答案。解答此类试题时我们应该先越过空格,通读全文,通过我们掌握的基本常识和逻辑思维了解文章的大意,理清文章的脉络,同时还要注意某些与空格有关的关键信息,为填写空格打好基础。例如:

This week, my family tried to save electricity. We never left the lights on when leaving the rooms. We switched off the TV when was watching it. Mum only used cold water in the washing machine.

通过阅读,我们知道:我家第一周计划节电,离开屋子时关灯; 时关掉电视;洗衣机里使用凉水。显然通过常识我们可以断定:我们关掉电视是在“没人”看电视的情况下,因此该空答案应该是:nobody。

再如:

us to school, but now my sister and I have started riding our bikes to school. It’s hard work but good exercise! This week dad and a few of the people he works with also started to go to work together in one car and share the cost. This should greenhouse gases.!

My friend and I became volunteers at school. We help make our school more earth-friendly. 阅读此段,我们知道:母亲过去常常我们去学校,但现在我和妹妹开始骑自行车上学,父亲也和很多人乘一辆车上班。通过短文的两处暗示:骑自行车、父亲和很多人乘一 8

辆车上班,我们可以判断妈妈过去是开车送我们去上学,因此答案是drive。该段最后一句的空格则可以根据以上的描述判断这样做的目的是减少(reduce)温室气体。

2.复读短文,运用技巧,前后照应,确定答案。

掌握了短文的大意,答案就有了把握,然后就是根据一定的技巧和前后信息,确定正确的答案。那么这些技巧是什么呢?

①根据句子的语法结构判断所填词是什么词类。

容词和副词涉及比较急等;名词涉及单复数;数词分基数词和序数词等等)。

例如:

We started recycling this week. We tried to write on both sides of our paper, not just no one side. We also divided our rubbish into bags for bottles, cars, paper and food. Mum kept the plastic shopping bags from the supermarket to use them as rubbish bags. These are great ways to help our environment.

We stopped taking long baths and had short showers . We flushed the toilet with used water. When mum and dad made tea or coffee, they used water in the kettle(水壶). My sister and I didn’t leave the tap running when we brushed our teeth.

阅读此段文章第一空后面是名词,说明空格处是形容词,根据上下文我们可以填写different,如果我们不考虑这些,而填写了differently等就不会得满分。再譬如第四个空,我们要注意用little的比较级形式less。就如上面的例子中的第一个空,used to后要求跟动词原形,用错就会丢分。

3.复读检验,消除疏漏。

答案基本确定后,我们还要再次阅读全文,认真检查是否存在疏漏,意义是否连贯,语法是否正确,是否符合逻辑,是否存在拼写错误等。由于考试时间有限,很多同学做题时比较快,往往做完后不进行仔细检查,于是会出现不应该发生的错误,这样的丢分非常可惜。

短文填空1

My family __1__ spend the summer vacation by the beach.Usually we go to Qingdao, but this year we’re going somewhere __2__ ,We’re going to Hainan. My dad says Hainan is __3__ than Qingdao, and he says the beaches are __4__ beautiful. My friend Zhao Fei went to Hainan last year, and he said it was a great place __5__swimmming.Zhao Fei is really __6__ at swimming, but I`m __7__. I __9__sitting on the beach and ___10__a book

短文填空2

Robots have a long history, The first one was made by a Greek inventor.(希腊发 9

明家)

You may see robots in some movies. The robots in these movies are stronger, __1__and cleverer than people .In real life, most robots are used in factories. They do many dangerous, __2__or boring jobs.

Some people can’t look after __3__and robots are used to help them. For example, some people can’t see, so they use a dog __4__themselves move around. This dog is called a guide dog, Scientists are __5__a robot to help them. In the future, robots might take the place of (代替) these dogs.

Robots are __6__used in hospitals, In one hospital ,a robot __7__meals from kitchen to the sick people’s rooms, It never loses __8__way because it has a map of the hospital in its computer systems(系统).

In the future, robots __9__in space, But robots will never take the place of human, they can, however, help __10__ in a lot of different ways.

短文填空3

My little sister is in Grade Seven this year, her favorite subject is math, and she is very good __1__it.

One day, a friend of my father’s from America __2__us some pictures about America and __3__us to his home. My sister wanted to go there very much, but my father said she must speak __4__very well. From then on(从那时起),she __5__to work hard, She kept __6__English for about half an hour every morning ,In class ,she listened very carefully and __7__the teacher’s questions as soon as possible. There was an American teacher in her school. After school , she often talk to him __8__English and asked him __9__help about English. Now she always says‖ My dream is to be a diplomat(外交官)“ I am__10__her dream will come true one day.

? 半期预演(现在的知识水平,你能在半期考试中拿到多少分呢?来练练手吧!

童鞋,努力吧!) 一.单项选择.(15分)

21. -Twice a year.

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A. How soon B. How often C. How long D. How far

22. Is this new bike the same as______

A. her B. she C. hers D. she's

23. Here _____the results ______the student activity survey.

A. is; with B. are;of C. is , of D. are, with

24. I’m not feeling very ________ at the moment.

A. good B. well C. better D. best

25. There’s ________ important in today’s newspaper.

A. nothing important B. important nothing

C. anything important D. important anything

26. Let’s go to the teacher for _______ .

A. a advice B. an advice C. some advice D. some advices

27. What’s the matter ________ Jim? He has a fever.

A. at B. for C. about D. with

28. You look like ill. Why _______ to see the doctor?

A. not go B. don’t go C. not going D. not to go

29. Is he all right? No, I ________ .

A. think so B. don’t think so C. think D. don’t think

30. _____ Dasan is from Canada ,_____he can speak Chinese very well.

A. Although, but B. Although, / C. Although, so D. /, so

31. I think doing sports is _____our health.

A. good at B. bad for C. good for D. good to

32. My mother is out, so I have to _____ my young sister at home.

A. look at B. look after C.look for D. look over

33. He worked late ______ eleven o’clock yesterday.

A. after B. until C. since D. in

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34. It’s important _____ in good health.

A. keep B. keeping C. to keep D. keeps

35. We shouldn’t eat _____ junk food.

A. too many B. too much C. many too D. much too

二. 完形填空. (10 分)

城镇) like him. He’s often病人) and looks them over carefully.(仔细)he’s always busy and has little time to rest.

One morning Mr Black got to the hospital and saw there was a fat woman in It was my birthday yesterday, sir , said the woman. My husband(丈夫) gave . But I couldn’t push my way in (挤进)have to lose some weight(减肥). You’ll be able to (能) what I say.

You’re 富有的) woman. He bought me not a coat, but a 36. A. doctor B. farmer C. soldier D. cleaner

37. A. bad B. dangerous C. cold D. kind

38. A. Or B. But C. So D. Then

39. A. classroom B. waiting room C. park D. zoo

40. A. How do you do B. How are you

C. What’s the matter D. How old are you

41. A. house B. school C. shop D. present

42. A. It doesn’t matter B. It’s a pleasure

C. I have no idea D. It’s my favorite

43. A. show B. wear C. sell D. wash

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44. A. right B. wrong C. easy D. safe

45. A. bike B. bus C. car D. Truck

三. 阅读理解. (30 分)

A

A good way to pass an exam is to work hard every day in a year. You may fail in an exam if you are lazy for most of the year and then work hard only a few days before the exam. If you want to be good at English, you have to read stories in English, and speak English as much as possible. A few days before the exam you

should go to bed early. Do not go to bed late at night. Before you start the exam, read carefully over the question paper, and try to understand the exact meaning of each question. When you have at last finished your exam, read over your answers. Correct the mistakes if there are any and be sure that you have not missed anything out.

46. If people want to do well in an exam, they have to work hard_____

A. every day in a year B. for most of the month

C. for only a few days D. late at night

47. If people want to learn English well, they_____

A. only need to learn grammar B. must often practice English

C. have to go to England D. should go to bed early

48. It's important to______ a few days before the exam.

A. play too much B. have a good sleep

C. read the question papers D. have a good drink

49. When people have finished the exam, they should______

A. stand up and leave at once

B. answer.a few more questions

C. make sure that they have not missed anything out

D. leave some mistakes on the question paper

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50. The best title for this passage is______

A. An Important Exam B. An Easy Exam

C. Get Ready for an Exam D. How to Pass an Exam

B

Everybody wants to be healthy. Everybody knows food is very important. There are many healthy foods. You can have more bananas, apples, oranges, tomatoes and lettuce because fruits and vegetables are good for you. But don’t eat too much chocolate. It’s not healthy food. Healthy food can make you strong and happy.

Remember there is an old saying, ―An apple a day keeps a doctor away.‖ Sports can also keep you healthy. Get up early and do sports every day. Don’t be lazy! You will be healthy and happy.

51. Which is right?

A. Everybody is healthy. B. We want to be healthy.

C. We are important. D. Only food can keep us healthy.

52. What are healthy foods?

A. Fruits and vegetables. B. Bananas, apples and chocolate.

C. Fruits and chocolate. D. Chocolate.

53. Why are healthy foods good for you?

A. They make you happy. B. They make you grow strong.

C. They make you strong and happy. D. They are delicious.

54. What the meaning of the sentence --- ―An apple a day keeps a doctor away!‖?

A. The doctor goes away when he sees an apple

B. The doctor runs away when you give him an apple

C. You eat an apple every day and you can be healthy.

D. You eat an apple every day and you can be a doctor.

55. What can keep you healthy?

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A. Only doctor. B. Both healthy foods and sports

C. Only healthy foods. D. Only sports.

C

Old John went to see a doctor. The doctor examined(检查) and said, ―Medicine can’t help you. You must have a good rest. Go to a quiet place for a month, go to bed early, drink some milk, walk a lot and smoke one cigar(烟) a day.‖

―Thank you very much, ‖ said old John, ― I will do everything you say .‖

A month later old John came to the doctor again. ―Well, ‖ said the doctor, ―I’m glad to see you . You look much younger(更年轻).‖

―Oh, doctor,‖ said old John, ― I feel quite well now. I had a good rest. I went to bed early, I drank a lot of milk, and I walked a lot. Your advice really helped me. But you asked me to smoke one cigar a day, and the one cigar a day nearly killed(几乎杀死) me at first. It’s no joke to start smoking at my age. ‖

56. The doctor _________ .

A. asked him to take some medicine B. asked him not to take any medicine

C. didn’t say any word about medicine D. gave him some medicine

57. Old John _______ after a month.

A. didn’t get well B. got well C. was young D. was old

58. Which one is true?(正确)

A. Old John smoked before B. Old John didn’t smoke before

C. Old John didn’t smoke a cigar a day D. Old John smoked less than before

59. When Old John was ill , he looked _______ .

A. young B. old C. younger D. older

60. The best title(题目) of this passage(短文) should be ________ .

A. Old John B . Old John is ill

C. The Doctor’s advice D. Old John did as the doctor asked him

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四. 根据句意及首字母或汉语提示填空。(10分)

66.To a doctor, the most i_____________ thing is save live. (挽救生命).

67.Don’t get s_____________ out , it will make you sick(生病).

68.I want something to drink because I’m very t_____________ .

69.When you are tired, you should lie down and r___________ .

70.I have a _____________ (疼痛的) back now.

71.The baby has only two ____________ (牙齿)

72.He didn’t go to school because of his ____________ ( 病)

73. Christmas Day is a very important festival in the _w_____ countries.

74.Don’t be _a_____ , he is a child only.

75. He______(相信)he will be better soon.

often .

.

五. 句型转换.(5分)

78. Mom does housework after supper.(改为否定句)

Mom_____ _____ housework after supper.

(对画线部分提问) ____ ____ _____ Li Lei sleep every day?

80. I believe that he has too much yin. (改为否定句)

I _________ _________ that he ________ too much yin.

81. What’s wrong with Bill? (改为同义句)

What’s _________ _________ with Bill?

对划线部分提问)

_________ ________ she ________ a toothache?

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