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新版八年级英语上册1-10单元知识点

发布时间:2013-10-25 08:02:02  

2013年秋人教版新目标八年级上册英语Units1-10单元知识点归纳

Unit1 Where did you go on vacation?

go on vacation去度假 stay at home待在家里 go to the mountains去爬山

go to the beach去海滩 visit museums 参观博物馆 go to summer camp去参观夏令营 quite a few相当多 study for为……而学习 go out出去 most of the time大部分时间

taste good尝起来很好吃 have a good time玩得高兴 of course当然 feel like给……的感觉;感受到

go shopping去购物 in the past在过去 walk around四处走走 because of因为

one bowl of… 一碗…… the next day第二天 drink tea喝茶 find out找出;查明 go on继续 take photos照相 something important重要的事 up and down上上下下 come up出来 buy sth. for sb. / buy sb. sth.为某人买某物

taste + adj. 尝起来…… look+adj. 看起来……

nothing…but+动词原形 除了……之外什么都没有

seem+(to be)+ adj. 看起来……

arrive in+大地点 / arrive at+小地点 到达某地

decide to do sth.决定去做某事

try doing sth.尝试做某事 / try to do sth.尽力去做某事

forget doing sth.忘记做过某事/ forget to do sth.忘记做某事

enjoy doing sth.喜欢做某事 want to do sth.想去做某事 start doing sth.开始做某事

stop doing sth. 停止做某事 dislike doing sth. 不喜欢做某事 keep doing sth.继续做某事 Why not do. sth.?为什么不做……呢?

so+adj.+that+从句 如此……以至于……

tell sb. (not) to do sth. 告诉某人(不要)做某事

Unit2 How often do you exercise?

help with housework帮助做家务 on weekends在周末 how often多久一次 hardly ever几乎从不

once a week每周一次 twice a month每月两次 every day每天 be free有空

go to the movies去看电影 use the Internet用互联网 swing dance摇摆舞 play tennis打网球 stay up late熬夜;睡得很晚 at least至少 have dance and piano lessons上舞蹈课和钢琴课

go to bed early早点睡觉 play sports进行体育活动 be good for对……有好处 go camping去野营

not…at all一点儿也不…… in one’s free time在某人的业余时间 the most popular最受欢迎的 such as比如;诸如 old habits die hard积习难改 go to the dentist去看牙医

morn than多于;超过 less than少于

help sb. with sth.帮助某人做某事 How about…? ......怎么样?/ ……好不好?

want sb. to do sth.想让某人做某事 How many+可数名词复数+一般疑问句? ……有多少……? 主语+find+that从句. ……发现…… spend time with sb.和某人一起度过时光

It’s+ adj.+ to do sth. 做某事的……的。 ask sb. about sth.向某人询问某事

by doing sth. 通过做某事 What’s your favorite……?你最喜爱的……是什么? the best way to do sth.做某事的最好方式

Unit4 What’s the best movie theater?

movie theater电影院 close to…离……近 clothes store服装店 in town在镇上

so far到目前为止 10 minutes by bus坐公共汽车10分钟的路程 talent show才艺表演

in common共同;共有 around the world世界各地;全世界 more and more……越来越…… and so on等等 all kinds of……各种各样的 be up to是……的职责;由……决定 not everybody并不是每个人 make up编造(故事、谎言等) play a role in…在……方面发挥作用/有影响

for example例如 take…seriously认真对待 give sb. sth.给某人某物 come true(梦想、希望)实现;达到

Can I ask you some…?我能问你一些……吗?How do you like…?你认为……怎么样?

Thanks for doing sth.因做某事而感谢。

What do you think of…?你认为……怎么样? much+ adj./adv.的比较级 ……得多

watch sb. do sth.观看某人做某事

play a role in doing sth.发挥做某事是作用/在做某事方面扮演重要的角色

one of+可数名词的复数 ……之一

Unit5 Do you want to watch a game show?

think of认为 learn from从……获得;向……学习 find out查明;弄清楚 talk show谈话节目 game show游戏节目 soap opera肥皂剧 go on发生 watch a movie看电影 a pair of一双;一对 try one’s best尽某人最大努力 as famous as与……一样有名 have a discussion about就……讨论 one day有一天 such as例如 dress up打扮;梳理 take sb.’s place代替;替换

do a good job干得好 something enjoyable令人愉快的东西 interesting information有趣的资料 one of……之一 look like看起来像 around the world全世界 a symbol of……的象征 let sb. do sth.让某人做某事 plan to do sth.计划/打算做某事 hope to do sth.希望做某事

happen to do sth.碰巧做某事 expect to do sth.盼望做某事 How about doing…?做……怎么样? be ready to do sth.乐于做某事 try one’s best to do sth.尽力做某事

Unit6 I’m going to study computer science.

grow up成长;长大 every day每天 be sure about对……有把握 make sure确信;务必 send…to…把……送到…… be able to能 the meaning of……的意思 different kinds of不同种类的

write down写下;记下 have to do with关于;与……有关系 take up开始做;学着做 hardly ever几乎不;很少 too…to…太……而不能……/太……以至于不能

be going to+动词原形 打算做某事 practice doing练习做某事 keep on doing sth.不断地做某事 learn to do sth.学会做某事 finish doing sth.做完某事 promise to do sth.许诺去做某事 help sb. to do sth.帮助某人做某事 remember to do sth.记住做某事 agree to do sth.同意做某事 love to do sth.喜爱做某事 want to do sth.想要做某事

Unit7 Will people have robots?

on computer在电脑上 on paper在纸上 live to do 200 years old活动200岁 free time空闲时间

in danger处于危险之中 on the earth在地球上 play a part in sth.参与某事 space station太空站

look for寻找 computer programmer电脑编程员 in the future在未来 hundreds of许多;成百上千

the same…as…与……一样 over and over again多次;反复地 get bored感到厌烦的 wake up醒来 fall down倒塌

will+动词原形 将要做……

fewer/more+可数名词复数 更少/更多……

less/more+不可数名词 更少/更多……

have to do sth.不得不做某事

agree with sb.同意某人的意见

such+名词(词组) 如此……

play a part in doing sth. 参与做某事

There will be + 主语+其他 将会有……

There is/are +sb./sth.+doing sth.有……正在做某事

make sb. do sth. help sb. with sth.帮助某人做某事 try to do sth. 尽力做某事

It’s+ adj.+for sb. to do sth. 对某人来说,做某事……的。

Unit8 How do you make a banana milk shake?

milk shake奶昔 turn on接通(电流、煤气、水等);打开 pour…into…把……倒入…… a cup of yogurt一杯酸奶 a good idea好主意 on Saturday在星期六 cut up切碎 put…into…把……放入…… one more thing还有一件事 a piece of一片/张/段/首…… at this time在这时 a few一些;几个 fill… with…用……把……装满

cover…with…用……覆盖…… one by one一个接一个;逐个;依次 a long time很长时间 how many+可数名词复数 多少…… how much+不可数名词 多少……

It’s time (for sb.)+to do sth. 到(某人)做某事的时间了

First…Next…Then…Finally 首先……接下来……然后…….最后……

want + to do sth.想要做某事 forget+to do sth.忘记去做某事 how + to do sth.如何做某事 need+to do sth.需要做某事 make+宾语+形容词 使……怎样 let sb. +do sth.让某人做某事

Unit9 Can you come to my party?

on Saturday afternoon在周六下午 prepare for为……做准备 go to the doctor去看医生 have the flu患感冒 help my parents帮助我的父母 come to the party来参加聚会

another time其他时间 last fall去年秋天 go to the party去聚会

hang out常去某处;泡在某处 the day after tomorrow后天 the day before yesterday前天 have a piano lesson上钢琴课 look after照看;照顾 accept an invitaton接受邀请

turn down an invitation拒绝邀请 take a trip去旅行 at the end of this month这个月末

look forward to盼望;期待 the opening of… ……的开幕式/落成典礼 reply in writing书面回复 go to the concert去听音乐会 not…until直到……才

meet my friend会见我的朋友 visit grandparents拜访祖父母 study for a test为考试学习 have to不得不 too much homework太多作业 do homework做家庭作业

go to the movies去看电影 after school放学后 on the weekend在周末

invite sb. to do sth.邀请某人做某事

what引导的感叹句结构:What+a/an+adj.+可数名词单数(+主语+谓语)!

What+adj.+名词复数/不可数名词(+主语+谓语)!

help sb.(to)do sth.帮助某人做某事

be sad to do sth.做某事很悲伤

see sb. do sth. see sb.doing sth.

the best way to do sth.做某事最好的方式

have a surprise party for sb.为某人举办一个惊喜派对

look forward to doing sth.期盼做某事

reply to sth./sb.答复某事/某人

What’s today?今天是什么日子? What’s the date today? What day is it today?

Unit10 If you go to the party,you’ll have a great time!

stay at home待在家里 take the bus乘公共汽车 tomorrow night明天晚上 have a class party进行班级聚会

half the class一半的同学 make some food做些食物 order food订购食物 have a class meeting开班会

at the party在聚会上 potato chips炸土豆片,炸薯条 in the end最后 make mistakes犯错误 go to the party去参加聚会 have a great/good 玩得开心 give sb. some advice给某人提一些建议 go to college上大学 make(a lot of)money赚(许多)钱 travel around the world环游世界 get an education得到教育 work hard努力工作 a soccer player一名足球运动员 keep…to oneself保守秘密

talk with sb.与某人交谈 in life 在生活中 be angry at/about sth.因某事生气 be angry with sb.生某人的气

in the future在将来 run away逃避;逃跑 the first step第一步 in half分成两半 solve a problem解决问题 school clean-up学校大扫除

ask sb. to do sth.要求某人做某事 give sb. sth.给某人某物

tell sb. to do sth.告诉某人做某事 too…to do sth.太……而不能做某事

be afraid to do sth.害怕做某事 advise sb. to do sth.劝告某人做某事

It’s best (not) to do sth.最好(不)做某事 need to do sth.需要做某事

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