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新概念一__L99-100新

发布时间:2013-10-25 09:36:25  

单词学习
leave (left, left) describe zip label handle address pence belong v. 遗留 v. 描述 n. 拉链 n. 标签 n. 提手,把手 n. 地址 n. 便士 v. 属于

He left his key in the classroom. Remember to turn off the light when you leave. leave 指知道东西忘在哪个地方 lose 丢失(不知道丢失东西的地方) leave…for… 离开(某地)前往 attach a label to… 在…上贴标签 茶壶的把手 the handle of a kettle

丢失

Structure:
1.几天前我把一只手提箱忘在开往伦敦的火车上了。 I left a suitcase on the train to London the other day. the other morning 几天前的上午 the other week 几周前 the other month 几月前 2.是只蓝色的小箱子,上面有拉链。 箱把上有一标签,上面写着我的名字和住址。 It’s a small blue case and it’s got a zip. There’s a label on the handle with my name and address on it. 3.这只是不是?这只箱子有张标签。 What about this one? This one’s got a label.

Structure:
4.让我看看。 Let me see it. 5.怎么回事? What's the matter?

6.这箱子不是我的!您给错了!
This case doesn't belong to me! You've given me the wrong case!

Fill in the blanks.
? M: I ____ a suitcase on the train ___London left to ___ _____ ____ the other day . ? A: Can you describe it ,sir ? ________ ? M: It’s a _____ _____ case and it’s got a small blue zip ____ .There ‘s a ____ on the ______with my label handle name ____ address and _________ on it . ? A: Is this case ______? yours ? M: No, that’s not ______ . mine ? A: What about this ___ ? This one ‘s got label _____ a one ____ . me see ? M: Let ____ ____ it . name address ? A: What’s your ______ and ________ ? David Hall Bridge Street

? A: That ‘sright .D.N Hall ,______Street ______ Bridge _______. Three pounds fifty pence , please . ______ _____ ? M: Here ____ ____ . you are ? A: Thank you . ? M: Hey ! ? A: What’s thematter ? ________ ? M: This _______ doesn’t _______ ____ me . case belong to ? You’ve _______ me thewrong case . _______ given

my That is not _____ kite. That kite is very small, but _____ is very big. ( I ) mine they them Where are _____? I can’t find _____. Let’s calltheir parents. ( they ) _____

He His ___ is my brother. ____ name is Jack. his Look! Those pens are _____. ( he )

it is (it’s) it Don’t touch _____. _______ not a it is (it’s) a tiger! (it) cat, ______

Lesson 99

Ow!
by Teresa

"Ow!" is used in writing to represent the noise that people make when they suddenly feel pain. 哎哟 (书面语中表示突然疼痛时的叫声) 例:Ow! Don't do that! 哎哟!别那样做!

I believe I can fly

宾语从句
概念:

宾语从句在复合句中作主句的宾语。
复合句结构: 主句 +连词(引导词)+ 宾语从句

1. I
主语

believe
谓语

you . (简单句)
宾语 (复合句 ) fly .

2. I
主语 主

know that
谓语 句

I
宾语从句

can

连词 从句主语

从句谓语

宾语从句的常见种类:
(1) 动词的宾语从句 常用来引导宾语从句的动词有: believe, think, say, etc.

(2) 形容词的宾语从句 常用来引导宾语从句的形容词有: sorry, sure, afraid, glad, etc.

连词(引导词)

当宾语从句是陈述句时(包括肯定句 和否定句),连词由that引导,因为 that在从句中不作任何成分,也没有 任何具体意思,因此在口语或非正式 文体中常省略

?我想他是个好学生 ?I think (that) he is a good student ?I believe (that) this house is for sale . ?我想他们将在后天搬进来吧。(L91) ?I think (that) they will move in the day after tomorrow. . ?我想这房子是要出售的吧!(L89)

?牙科医生现在能给我看一下吗?(L77)
?Can the dentist see me now?

?恐怕不能,克罗夫特先生。
?I’m afraid (that) he can’t, Mr. Croft. ?对不起,我不知道。

I ?I’m sorry (that)don’t know .

ow [au] int. 哎 哟 slip [slip] v. 滑倒,滑了一脚 fall [f?:l] v. 落下 跌倒 (fell [fel] , fallen ['f?:l?n] ) downstairs ['daun'stε?z] adv. 下楼 hurt [h?:t] ( hurt, hurt) v. 伤,伤害,疼痛 back [b? k] n. 背 sure [?u?] adj. 一定的,确信的 X-ray ['eks-rei] n. X光透视 licence [‘lais?ns] n. 执照 stand 站立 站起来 help 帮助 at once 立刻

New words and expressions

What’s wrong with them?
They slipped.

? slip [slip]
? ? ? ? ? ? ? 1)v. 滑倒,滑了一跤 在楼梯上滑倒 slip on the stairs 我在结冰的路上滑倒了。 I slipped on the icy road. 他在马路上滑了一跤,摔断了腿。 He slipped on the street and broke his leg.

?2)v. 滑落 ?钢笔从我的手中滑落。 ?The pen slipped from my hand.
?杯子从Lucy的手中滑落 ?The cup slipped from Lucy’s hand.

3)v. 溜走 ?他偷偷地溜出房间。 ?He slipped out of the room. ?slip away/ off 不辞而别 ?她从舞会上偷偷地溜了出去。 ?She slipped away from the party.

4)n. 疏忽,错误 a slip of the pen 笔误

口误 a slip of the tongue

What is the matter with Ruo Xi?

She fell downstairs.

? fall [f?:l] (fell [fel], fallen ['f?: l?n])

? 1)v. 落下,跌倒
? 她昨天掉进河里去了。 ? She fell into the river yesterday.

? 秋天叶子都落了 .
? Leaves fall in fall.

? 2) n. 秋天;
? fall / autumn ? 我最喜欢的季节是秋天。 ? My favorite season is fall. ? waterfall 瀑布

? 3) v. 下降 ? 明天气温将下降。

? The temperature will fall
tomorrow.

? --fall across 偶然碰到…,与… 邂逅 ? 昨天他偶然碰见了他以前的女朋友。 ? He fell across his ex-girlfriend yesterday. ? --fall in love with… 爱上某人 ? 她对他一见钟情。 ? She fell in love with him at the first sight.

? downstairs ['daun'stε?z] 下楼 downstairs = down + stairs ? Go dow

nstairs 下楼去 ? be downstairs 在楼下 e.g. Where are you? I am downstairs. 上楼 upstairs

hurt [h?:t] ?1) v. 伤 ?他从楼梯上摔下来,伤到了背部。 ?He fell downstairs and hurt his back.

?2)v. 伤害感情 ?我感到受到了伤害。(尤指思想、心灵) ?I feel hurt. ?3)v. 疼痛 ?痛吗? ?Does it hurt?

?back ?1) n. 背,背部 ?lie on one’s back ?面朝天地躺着 ?侧卧 lie on one’s side

?我的背部痛 ?My back hurts.

2)n. 背面 ?手背 ? the back of the hand ?纸的背面 ?the back of the paper
?3)n. 后面,后部 ?教室的后面有2名学生。 ?There are two students at the back of the classroom.

?stand up 站立,站起来 ?sit down 坐下 ?倒立 stand on one’s head ?stand behind 做…的后盾,支持… ?我将一直支持你。 ?I will stand behind you all the time.

?help ?1)v. 帮助 ?help sb. out 帮助某人解决难题, 摆脱困境
?我不知道怎么做这项工作,请帮我一把。 ?I don’t know how to do this work. Please help me out.

?help sb. with sth. ?帮助某人做某事
?你帮我做家务真是太好了。 ?You are so kind to help me with the housework. ?你能帮我学英语吗? ?Can you help me with English?

?sure adj. 一定的,确信的 ?你肯定吗? ?Are you sure? ?我肯定他会来。 ? I am sure that he will come.

ow [au] int. 哎 哟 slip [slip] v. 滑倒,滑了一脚 fall [f?:l] v. 落下 跌倒 (fell [fel] , fallen ['f?:l?n] ) downstairs ['daun'stε?z] adv. 下楼 hurt [h?:t] ( hurt, hurt) v. 伤,伤害,疼痛 back [b? k] n. 背 sure [?u?] adj. 一定的,确信的 X-ray ['eks-rei] n. X光透视 licence [‘lais?ns] n. 执照 stand 站立 站起来 help 帮助 at once 立刻

?Watch the video and answer questions:
1. What’s wrong with Andy? 2. Must Andy go to see the doctor?

Answer the two questions: 1. What’s wrong with Andy?

2. Must Andy go to see the doctor?

课文讲解
?What’s the matter, Andy? ?What’s the matter? = What’s wrong? =What happened? ?I slipped and fell downstairs. ?downstairs是副词,修饰fell ?fall off… 从…跌落 ?昨天夜里,她的奶奶从床上摔下来。 ? Her grandmother fell off the bed last night.

?书从桌子上跌落 ?The book fell off the table. ?Have you hurt yourself? ?现在完成时 ?hurt – hurt — hurt

?Yes, I have. I think that I’ve hurt my back. ?I think 后面接宾语从句( that可省略) I’ve hurt my back. 做think的宾语。 ?腰 waist 脚踝 ankle ?我想她己经上床睡觉了。(现在完成时 ) ?I think that she has already gone to bed.

?他认为他是正确的。 ?He thinks that he is right.

Try and stand up. Can you stand up? ?and 连接两个动词 ?上楼来看一看吧 ?Come upstairs and see it. ?去买条新裙子吧! ?Go and buy a new dress. ?去洗下你的

手吧! ?Go and wash your hands.

?try to do …尽力,设法做… ?我将设法找到他。 ?I will try to find him. ?请尽力帮助她。 ?Please try to help her. ?下次争取做得更好些 ?Try to do better next time. ?我正在努力学好英语。 ? I'm trying to learn English well.

?try doing 试着… ?他试着把真相告诉他的妈妈。 ?He tries telling his mother the truth.

?辨析:
?try to do sth. 表示“尽力……",强调付出努力,但 不一定成功; try doing表示"尝试干、干……试试",含有"看结果如 何"之意。

?我试着敲了敲后门,但没人回答。

?I tried knocking(knock) at the back door, but nobody answered.

Here. Let me help you. ?Here 在这里是感叹词,意思是“来”或 “喂” ?Let sb. do sth. 让某人做某事 ?让他走。 ?Let him go. ?Let me help you = Let me give you a hand.

ANDY: Ow! LUCY: What's the matter , Andy? ANDY: I slipped and fell downstairs. . LUCY: Have you hurt yourself ? ANDY: Yes, I have. I think that I've hurt my back . LUCY: Try and stand up. Can you stand up ? Here. Let me help you. .

?I’m sorry, Lucy. ?I’m afraid that I can’t get up. ?由that 引导,做afraid的宾语从句

?我恐怕会迟到。 ?I’m afraid that I will be late. ?恐怕明天会下雨。 ?I’m afraid (that) it will rain tomorrow. ?get up ① 起床 ② = stand up 站起来

I think that the doctor had better see you.
?had better do sth. 最好… ?你最好给你的妈妈打个电话。 ?You’d better call your mother now. ?我们现在最好回到车站去。(L95) ?We had better go back to the station now.

?她最好告诉他真相。 ?She had better tell him the truth. ?否定 ?had better not do sth. 最好不… ?你现在最好别跟他说话。 ?You had better not talk to him right now.

?I’ll phone Dr. Carter.

?phone the doctor = call the doctor Dr. = doctor ① 医生 ② 博士

? The doctor says (that) he will come at once.

? 在英语中,如果把某人所说的话告诉另一 个人,要用间接引语。间接引语不用引号 ,往往在引语前面加that 等引导词。
? Ex . A 练习

?at once 马上,立刻 ?= immediately ?常用于一般将来时。

?I'm sure (that) you need an X-ray. ?X –ray 以元音因素开头,故用 an

Choose

D

1. Joe

and

downstairs. B. slipped/ fall D. slipped / fell

A. slipped / fall C. slip / fell

A

2. Don’t worry! Let us
A. give

you a hand.

B. to give C. and give D. gave

ANDY: I'm sorry, Lucy. I'm afraid that I can't get. up. LUCY: I thinkthat the doctor had better see you. . I'll phone Dr. Carter. LUCY: The doctor says that he will come at once you need an X-ray . I'm sure that , Andy.

Lesson 99 Ow! ANDY: Ow! LUCY: What's the matter , Andy? ANDY: I slipped and fell downstairs. . LUCY: Have you hurt yourself ? ANDY: Yes, I have. I think that I've hurt my back .

LUCY: Try and stand up. Can you stand up ? Here. Let me help you. .

ANDY: I'm sorry, Lucy. I'm afraid that I can't get. up. LUCY: I thinkthat the doctor had better see you. . I'll phone Dr. Carter. LUCY: The doctor says that he will come at once you need an X-ray . I'm sure that , Andy.

?Lesson 100 ?He says that…… ?She says that …… ?They say that……

Grammar
宾语从句:宾语可由名词,代词或
名词短语或句子来充当。当一个句子 充当宾语时,这个句子称为宾语从句 。 宾语从句要注意三个方面: 1.引导词:
原句如果是陈述句,变为宾语从句时要用that 引导,而that无意义,仅起连接作用。在口语 和非正式文体中常可省略 that. e.g. I think (that) you can do it.

2.语序: 一定要使用陈述语序。

e.g. He knows what he should do next.

3. 时态:
主句一般现在时,从句据句意用各种时态。 主句一般过去时,从句只能用相应的过去时态。 如宾语从句所陈述的内容是客观真理,客观事实, 自然现象或定理等,则用一般现在时。

e.g. Everyone thinks (that)Milke will win the game. I thought (that )he watched the match.

The teacher said (that) the earth goes around the sun.

1.whether引导的从句居于句首。 Whether he agrees with me or not,I don’t know. 2.从句位于介词后作介词宾语。 They are talking about whether he will come here. 3.whether在不定式前,与不定式组成词组。 I don’t know whether to stay or go. 4.主句的谓语动词是discuss等动词。 They are discussing whether they should sell the old house.

注:宾语从句表示不肯定或疑问时,由 whether或if引导,表“是否,是 不是,能否”等。不充当任何句子成 分,只起连接作用,但不能省略。 whether与if引导宾语从句时,一般可通用, 但在下列5种情况下,whether不可换用if:

5.从句中有or not时。

I don’t know whether or not it rains.

宾语从句的分类:
1.作动词的宾语: Everyone knows that he is a good student.
say, think, believe, hope, know, understand, suppose等

2.作介词的宾语: This depends on how hard you work. 3.作形容词的宾语: They are afraid that they are wrong. 描写感情的形容词后,如afraid, sure, sorry,glad等

e.g. 他认为他需要拍个X片。 He thinks that he needs an X-ray. e.g. 我知道我能修理这部车。 I know that I can repair this car. e.g. 他们认为他们会有更多的钱。 They believe that they will have more money. e.g. 她说她冷 She says that she is cold.

e.g.我觉得你需要拍个X片。
I am sure that you need an X-ray.

e.g.听到你生病了我很难过。
I am sorry that you are ill. e.g.你为我所做的一切我很满意。

I’m very plesed with what you are doing.

使用宾语从句要注意的3个问题:

1.形式宾语it:如宾语从句后有补语,要用形 式宾语it来代替,而将从句

放到补语的后面去。

e.g. He has made it clear that the meeting will not be hold. 2. 宾语从句否定意义的转移:在think、believe、 suppose、except等后的宾语中,如从句谓语是 否定的,一般将not移至主句谓语,而将从句宾语变 为肯定形式。即:否定前移。 e.g. 我想他没时间玩足球。 I think that he doesn’t have time to play football I don’t think that he has time to play football.

3.反意疑问句:宾语从句的主句是主语+think (except,suppose,believe,imagine)时, 附加疑问句部分要根据主句的主语而定:当主语 是第一人称时,要根据从句而定;主语是第二、 三人称时,与主句保持一致,并且要注意否定前移。 is he e.g. I don’t think he is serious,________? You believe she is a good teacher, don’t you ________?

巧学宾语从句口诀:
宾语从句三注意,时态、语序、引导词。 主句若是过去时,主从时态要一致。 宾从表达是真理,一般现在就可以。 引导词也不难,陈述可用that连。 一般问句表“是否”,if、whether来引导。 特殊问句作宾从,疑问词引导就能行。 还有一点要说明,陈述语序要记清。

What’s the matter with him? He says that he is tired. I think that he is tired.

She thinks that he is hungry.

What’s wrong with them? I am sure that they are thirsty.

They say that they are thirsty.

What’s the matter with her?

I say that she is cold.

She says that she is cold.

What’s the matter with her? I believe that she is ill.

She says that she feels ill.

What’s the matter with her?
I am sure that she has a headache.

She says that she has a headache.

What does he need? I am sure that he needs a haircut.

He says that he needs a haircut.

What do they want ? I think that they want some food.

They say that they want some money.

What will he do? I believe that he will buy the house.

He says that he will sell the house.

What can he do ? I think that he can wash the car.

He says that he can repair the car.

Pariwork:Ask your partner!
What's the matter with the girl?
I think/ I believe/ I'm sure/I'm afraid that she is .../she feels/ she has got...

Open your book and finish Part B on page 204.
? Let's listen to the tape and repeat!
? finish Part A and B on page 204.

1 It’s 7:30. I can’t believe you___ cooking A dinner yet, Sally.
A. haven’t started C. don’t start B. didn’t D. hadn’t started

2 The teacher told us yesterday that December

25th ____ Christmas Day. A A. is B. was C. has been

D. will be

3 The teacher said that the earth _______round A the sun. A. goes B. go C. went D. will go

A 4 We ’d like to tell you that you ______the exam A. have passed C. pass 5 B. had passed D. will pass

“Could you tell me______?” “ Yes. They ___ C to the library.”

A.where are the twins, have been
B. where were the twins, have been C. where the twins are, have gone 6 D. where

the twins were, have gone C Our father said that he ______ a new

computer next week.
A. will buy B. have bought C. would buy D. buys

A 4 I find _____ important that we practice English every day. A. it B. this C. that D. what

5 You can’t imagine ____when they received B the nice gift.
A. how they were excited

B. how excited they were
C. how excited were they

D. they were how excited

?Homework ?1. 抄单词 3.1.1 ?2. Ex. B 单数题目 ?3. 每天听磁带30分钟 ?4.背Lesson 99 Try and stand up ?5. 预习Lesson 101 家长签字


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