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中考英语首字母填空(主观性完形填空)技巧及62篇练习

发布时间:2013-10-25 11:51:40  

中考主观完形填空解题技巧

主观型完形填空即首字母填空也称为限制型完形填空,

它的特点是将一篇文章中若干个词“掏空”,留下该词的首字母,它既作为提示又作为限制,让我们根据短文的意思把单词拼写完整,使文章连贯。

学生们在通读全文、掌握大意的前提下,采用先易后难,再逐项填空的应试策略。做题时要通过字里行间来捕捉信息,既要理清逻辑,又要综合考虑,最后通过复读全文来消除疏漏。

首字母填空类短文的阅读题属于能力测试的范畴,它考查的范围极广,可以是英语知识的方方面面,还可能涉及其它学科。它要求考生在充分理解短文的基础上将单词拼写出来,并且单词形式合理,符合语法规范,符合短文需要。

常用的答题技巧如下:

1. 通读短文知大意,看整体全面了解来源:

与阅读理解题和其它类型的完形填空一样,首先要通读短文,了解文章的大意。每篇短文段落之间必然承上启下、前呼后应。因此通读全文时要一气呵成,只要能了解短文的大意即可,细节不理解可以跳过。因此,在解题之前通读一遍短文,目的是对文章有个全面的了解,弄清其中心思想和大意。

2. 复读短文抓信息,前后照应巧猜词

在了解文章大意的前提之下再次通读短文,目的是对短文有更进一步的了解。在阅读时要特别注意一篇文章的开头(一般不设空)和结尾,它们能提供主要的信息,帮助了解全文所描述的事件或文章的中心思想。在阅读过程中,要注意上、下文的关系,这对于把握文章的整体意义大有用处。另外,要学会跳读,即对不理解的地方采用暂时回避的方式,待真正理解全文之后再找解决的方法。有些短文填空题,有时出现约 3%~5% 的生词是很正常的,这就要求学生根据构词知识或上、下文的意思加以猜测,来确定它的词义。

3. 反复推敲多分析,慎重答题讲合理

再次通读短文,对留空的句子进行全面的分析,看它在全文中所处的位置、作用和意义。这一遍阅读要求是精心阅读,要留心找出关键词、短语或句子,还要结合所给首字母的提示,进行填写,并注意单词的正确形式。

4. 认真复查全文,把握整体和词形来源

做完以后,再认真读一遍,检查所填写的单词是否与文章要求相符,文章是否通顺,前后是否呼应,有无句型结构及语法错误。从实际中看,很多学生能够充分利用词首字母和短 1

文内容填写单词,但是,问题往往出现在单词的形式变化上。比如填 q ,要求填写 quickly ,而多数考生只知道填写 quick ,忽略了词性问题。因此,深思熟虑很重要。

5 按照词性形式分类进行填空

名词:考虑名词的数,即可数名词与不可数名词.

动词:考虑动词的时态(主谓一致),语态(主动和被动),以及非谓语动词形式(to do, doing, done)

形容词与副词:考虑原级,比较等级

介词:常用in /to/ at / on / below / under/ bofore / after/ by / for/as /from/ of /with/untill/till /during/through /since/within/along/aross/about/against 等等

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English.

I still remember visiting Moscow. It is the capital of Russia, the b years old. I lived and studied there for one year, I had some happy memories.

One of the most interesting things of that city was that t 3 were here and there. Almost each of the families had a dog. I made friends with The weather in Moscow was very cold. It snowed almost every in winter. together.

Now I am b 10 in China, but I miss them so much. I will never forget my happy memories of this visit to Moscow.

These years, with the development of society, more and more teenagers have suffered from stress. Some of the problems can make 3

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1) Americans like to spend m 3 than they have,so many of them are always in debt(欠债).But Chinese usually spend less than they have, .

2) The American kids themselves make their own money.Most .

3) Many American parents think there is n 6 need to send their children t0 an expensive university.It’s different in China.Many Chinese parents would do anything to send their children to expensive universities ’t rich enough.

About school

1) Many American girls take part in sports,dancing and singing groups while many Chinese girls take part in study groups.

2) Many American students think that B is good while many About friends

Most American parents let their sons or daughters make friends by usually enjoy knowing more about their children’different ways,and usually stop them from staying out too late with friends.

十二

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Do you have bright ideas? Ideas for inventions that c 1 the world we don’t often make the idea a real thing. Recently, there was a

groups in the contest: Group A was there were eleven prize-winners altogether.

Neil Hunt, one of the prize-winners, was c 6 “Sunshine Superman” by one newspaper writing about his design. When people study the

weather, it’s important to be able to record the sunshine accurately(准确地,精确地直接的) sunshine. Neil’ways of using solar power(太阳能). Neil plans to keep inventing. The ideas in the competition were so g 10 that we are surprised that the industry (工业界) doesn’t ask more school children for suggestions.

十三

British teenagers can leave school at sixteen after taking their GCSE work pretty hard! Today’s teens spend more time doing their homework for 2.5 – 3 hours every evening. 10

Free Time

It’s not all work, of course. What do British teenagers do to have és and listening to music.

Communications

In addition to the Internet, teenagers in Britain use their computers to and spend hours texting (发短信) their friends and chatting. Today, way to communicate. More than 90% of 12- to 16-year-olds have a sweets and cigarettes.

Fashion (服饰)

At school, almost all British teenagers have to w 8 a school uniform. However, in their free

t 9 they can wear whatever they like, and what they like is designer names such as Nike, Diesel and Paul Smith. In fact, 40% of British teens say that they think it is important to have the latest fashion. Looking good doesn’more than £100 on one item of clothing.

十四

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from high school or college. You are learning all the time. For example, a 5 happen when you get a job. You learn when you p 6 a sport or In Japan, lifelong learning is very important. People in Japan like to 书法) and foreign languages and learn new things.

When we graduate from school, we can continue to learn. Make lifelong learning become one of your goals!

十六

On May 23, six pandas left an important panda base (基地) in

Wolong, southwest China’s Sichuan Province, because of damaged (损坏的) s 1 and food shortages after the May 12 earthquake, a local official said.

The pandas were t 2 by trucks from China Giant Panda Protection and Research

C 3 to Ya’an, another base less affected by the earthquake, said Xiong Beirong, an official of Sichuan Provincial Forestry Bureau (林业局).

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Eight other pandas l 4 for the Chengdu Research Base on May

18. They will be carried by China Southern Airlines (CSA) to Beijing, Hemin.

Liu Shaoyong, a leader of CSA, said the pandas were scheduled (预定) to leave Chengdu at 3 p.m. Saturday. They will travel on a Boeing “There is e 7 water now, b 8 food is still a big problem. The pandas need bamboos and apples.” Xiong Beirong said.

After the earthquake, tons of bamboo shoots, apples, eggs, milk powder and medicines were brought to the center, but the supplies could There are about 1,590 pandas l 10 in the wild in China, mostly in Sichuan and the northwestern provinces of Shaanxi and Gansu.

十七

The mobile phone is a useful thing, but maybe I don't know h 1 to use it. Sometimes it makes things difficult for me.

One day I wanted to see my friend nearby. I could a 2 at his would be better to ring him up. I him for the first time, but the line was busy. Five minutes later, there was an answer, but it was the 14

I asked him if he was at home in the afternoon. And he said--at 1 6 I thought he said--he would be at home all afternoon. So I went to his me over the telephone that you would be at home all afternoon!" Here w 9 his answer, "No, I said: 'I will NOT be at home all afternoon.'"

I went back to my room, sat down in front of the mobile phone and 十八

We were singing, “Happy birthday to you?” My mother was smiling, surrounded by my father, my little sister and me.

It was time to send wishes. My father said, “You’ve done m 1 ” After kissing my mother, my sister said, “Mum, you’eyes.” ’s eyes and said, “Dear mum, I am always waiting for one day when you and Dad get old.” My parents seemed puzzled (困惑), and I explained, “When you’re old, I will take care of you just like you take care of me.” There were tears in their eyes? Yes, w 5 they get old, I will take care of them. These words were 15

My parents are just common people, b 8 they’re great. Like other teach us how to be real people. My parents have done a lot of things for me and I am very thankful to them.

However, they will not always be able to take care of me. One day, that doesn’t matter. I, their child, will take charge.

十九

Tom was a poor boy.He made a living by cleaning leather(皮革) s 1 for others in the

street..One day,appeared in front of Tom.

He watched his d 4 shoes for a while,and then,looked at

Tom.Tom knew this kind of people well.They love money but hate to spend it.

Tom said,“,sir.Only two pence(便土),sir.

Mr.Miser shook his head and walked away.

Tom thought for a second and then called out,‘‘I’d like to clean it for nothing.”This time

Mr.Miser agreed.And soon one of his shoes was shining brightly. 16

When the rich man put his other shoe on the stool(凳子),Tom said he wouldn’ he was paid two pence for his work.Mr. anything and went away.

But to his s 8 , the well-cleaned shoe was so bright that it made the other one look even

dirtier.Mr.Miser looked round.People in the street were l 9 at him.

Finally the rich man a 10 and gave Tom two pence.In a very short time his two shoes shone brightly.

二十

Do you know the differences between the new building and the old ones?

Old buildings h 1 brick(砖)and stone walls. The walls hold up the In cities, many modern building l 3 as if they are made just of windows. Walls of dark glass reach high into the air. Many buildings are than 50 stories(层)tall.

they only cover up the frame(框架)made of steel. Have you ever watched a new building going up? The steel frame is built 17

练习1

in tourists come to visit every year.

bring happiness but also pollution to the place, which to turn it into area. MY in the final exams.

练习2:

Seumas Mcsporran is a very b____ man. He is 60 years old and he has thirteen jobs. He is a postman, a policeman, a fireman, a taxi driver, a school-bus driver, a boatman, an ambulance man, an accountant, a petrol attendant, a barman, and an undertaker. Also, he and his wife, Margaret, have a shop and a small hotel. Seumas l_____ and works on the island of Gigha in the west of Scotland. Only 120 people live on Gigha but in s_____ 150 tourists come by b_____ every day. Every weekday Seumas gets up at six and makes b_____ for the hotel guests. At eight he drives the island’s children to s_____. At nine he collects the post from the 18

boat and delivers it to all the houses on the island. He also delivers the beer to the island’s only pub. Then he helps Margaret in the s_____.He says:“Margaret likes being busy, too. We n_____ have holidays and we don’t like w_____ television. In the evening Margaret makes supper and I do the accounts. At ten we have a glass of wine and then we go to bed. P_____ our life isn’t very exciting, but we like it.”

1._____ 2 _____ 3 ____ 4 _____ 5 ____ 6.___ 7 ____ 8 ______ 9 ______ 10

练习3:

Tim spent in a bookshop can be enjoyable. If you go to a good s________, no assistant will come near to you and say , “Can I h______ you ?” You needn’t buy a________ you don’t want. You may try to find out where the book you want is. But if you w_______, the assistant will lead you there and then he will go away. It seems that he is not interested i_____ selling any books at all.

There is a story which t_______ us about a good shop. A medical student found a very useful book in a shop, but it is too expensive for him to b______. He couldn’t get it from the library, e_______. So every afternoon he went there to r______ a little at a time. One day, however, he couldn’t find the book from its usual place and was leaving when he saw an assistant signing to him. To his s________, the assistant pointed to the book in a corner, “I put it there so as not to be sold out .” said the 19

assistant . Then he let the student go on with his reading.

1 _____ 2 ____ 3 _____ 4 _____ 5 ____ 6 _____ 7 ____ 8 ______ 9 _____ 10 _____

Passage 1

Here’s a story about Ming’s life on the waters. Ming has lived all his life in china. His home is a large house-boat with a roof, one of hundreds that move up and down. In about six years he has not once but he is never lonely. He is a strong swimmer. In fact, he could swim before he could walk. When he wants to play with his him. Ming’s father is a fisherman, but he never a line or a net(网). Great black birds called cormorants do the fishing for him. Rings(圈)have been put around the birds’ so that they cannot eat the fish they to bring the fish to people. And then

people reward(奖励)them with a fine big fish as soon as their work is Ming loves watching the cormorants, but better still he likes with his mother. The shops, of course, are boats very like .

Passage 2

Can animals be made to work for people? Some scientists think that one day animals may be trained(训练)to do a number of simple jobs of people. They say that at a circus(杂技场),for example, we may 20

skillful(熟练的)things. Perhaps you have seen them on the television or in a film. If you watch closely, you may find that the trainer(驯兽员)always a piece of fruit as a reward(报酬). animals may be trained to do a lot of simple things if they know they will get a reward Of course, as we know, dogs can be trained to look after a house, and geese to give warning(警报)by m 9 a lot of noise when an enemy comes near. And also it .

Passage 3

In recent years, playing kite-board seems to become more and more popular in Alaska in America. It is a new and old game. The game has the interest of many young people. The game is interesting but a A kite-board is in fact a skateboard(滑雪板)drawn(拉)by a few big by some young people in Holland as the last century. Since the board was hard to control(控制),f 6 people dared(敢)to play it. With the development of the design(设计) as about 50 kilometres an hour. If you 21

haven’t had any practice, you’d better not play it. It is not but also the sensitivity of your brain(大脑的敏捷).

Passage 4

British Milkman Steve Leech saved some shops and flats with milk and won a National Bravery Award(国家勇敢奖).

Leech, 35 years old, said that when he was sending out milk as

heard a loud, strange sound behind him and then he saw smoke coming out of a shop in Cornwall, southern England. “That must be a fire, I ” Leech said. “Then I quickly for the ” He used 320 pints of the shop, the fire was under control(得到控制).

of eight people in the flats above the shops. “It was hard work all those bottles. But it was even harder trying to tell my boss where all the milk had gone,” Leech said jokingly.

Passage 5

While in Russia, Ed Jackson ran short of(缺少)money. So he wrote to his brother, asking for $500. “Send the by telegram(电 22

报)to the bank(银行)here,” he wrote. After a week Ed began v 3 the (护照)to the bank clerk(职员). “Nothing has come for you, Mr. Jackson,” he was told. This went He then phoned his brother, asking That evening Ed Jackson was arrested(被捕)hotel bill(账单). He tried to tell the police what his problem was, but no fifteen days.

Passage 6

April Fools’ Day is on April 1st. People can play If you succeed, you usually laugh and say “April Fool!” too, and he will never be angry with you.

Mother’s Day is on the second Sunday of May. It’s a day to On that day mothers usually receive flowers and cards from their children. Easter Day falls on the first Sunday after the full moon which is on or after March 21st. It’s also called Easter Sunday. It is said that on that day Many people go to church and children 23

Thanksgiving Day is on the fourth Thursday in November. It’s a day when people give thanks for the good things in life. Usually families all 25th. It’s the most important festival in a gifts, send Christmas cards and visit friends.

Passage 7

all the time and couldn’t do some So he left the school and opened a of the town. It wasn’t big enough but all the books were nice and most people liked to buy some there. When the shop he could read at home. He knew a lot and the learned(有学问的)person were glad to make f 5 with him.

It was Sunday and it was cold outside. Mr King was very busy. At nine in a girl. She was dressed up and there. Standing by the shelves, she looked over the books one after It made them in a fearful mess(凌乱不堪). Mr King came up to her and asked, “Excuse me, madam. What can I do for you?” “Your books are all dull(乏味的),” said the girl, “I want a one.” “That’s easy,” Mr King smiled. He out a cookbook(烹调书)and said, “Here you are, madam.”

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Passage 8

Once Effendi had a joke with the Prime Minister(首相). He said the Effendi at once.

“Effendi, since you knew when my minister would die, you must also know the date of your own death. Say it out, or you’ll die today.”

at the king and answered, “But how can I know? I’ll die than you.”

that he would die if he killed Effendi. He thought he must keep Effendi alive(活着) him go.

Passage 9 a bus-driver and he feels no sorry about it. He was finding his new work far When he was driving along Catford Street recently, he out of a shop and run towards a waiting car. One the money got so afraid 25

in their of it. While the car was moving the police. The thieves’ car was badly damaged(损坏) to recognize(辨认). Shortly

Passage 10

Now, let’s begin our sports report. Here’s a really good game, the one I have seen this year. It’s the last five minutes of the France. He has the ball now. He it over the heads of the Englishmen towards the goal. But he’s too far France and England still have gets the ball. He gives it to Bill, “King of the match”. Bill puts the ball into the goal. In the the English team

Passage 11 the phone to talk with others almost anywhere on the earth. But when you use the phone, you don’t see the person you are in the future. “Picture phone” 26

or “Vision phone”. it, two people who are talking can see each other. to show the person you’re calling. They may have other uses in the future. One day you may and ask to borrow a book. Then you’ll be able to read the book right over your picture phone. Or you may be able to go that you think you want to buy, you’ll go to your phone and call the you the thing you’re interested in right over the phone. You’ll be able to shop all over town and leave your room.

Passage 12

Henry was worried. This was his first time to go traveling by air. He did to find his seat, so he went to the air hostess and asked, “Could you help me? I can’t find my seat.” The air hostess him and fasten the seat belt. She told about when the plane was going up. And she also said that Henry’s ears might feel a little , but he didn’t need to worry many people felt like that. When the plane was

very high, Henry could stand up and walk round. He could read books, newspapers or see films. The air hostess would 27

the flight and arrived home soon.

Passage 13

Some of Robert’s old friends w about young people in their that old people were cleverer than young people. Then one of them said, “But young people are than old people.” Robert. He thought he was as “That is not possible,” said his friends.

“Well,” said Robert, “In one of my garden there’s a big stone. When I was young, I couldn’t it. I wasn’t strong Now I’m old and when I try to move it, I can’t. That’s I’m as strong as before.”

Passage 14

In the home a dad is very important. He is the person who provides us money and clothes. He can make your bedroom more beautiful, your bicycle and help for taking you in the car to and from parties, music less**, and dancing less**. He is the as 28

the bills. Dad is someone who will support you in an you to be right. He is someone who reads your and treats(奖励)you if it is good. A dad likes to come

Passage 15

in winter? Yes, but a greenhouse(温室)must of glass. A large and two meters the glass. The wind from getting in. The air inside the greenhouse built all over the world. All kinds of vegetables can be brought onto our dinner tables in winter.

Passage 16

Traveling to all countries of the world gets easier and easier, but how well each other? Here is a simple test. Imagine(设想) at four o’clock, what time should you

your foreign business friends to come? If they are German, they on time. If they are American, they’ll probably be fifteen minutes early. If they are British, they’ll be fifteen minutes late. 29

was widely used in the world, what they did was certain to be widely understood. Very soon they were completely(完全地 , the British are happy to have a business lunch and discuss business matters with a not to work while eating. other, and they don’t drink at lunch. The Germans like to talk about business

dinner; the French like to eat first and talk afterwards. They have to be well fed and watered before they discuss anything.

Passage 17 of robots in the world now. Some of the robots can walk, sing and dance. Some can talk

years, see a robot at work. By then, we need do the cooking or go shopping ourselves. We just give orders(命令) to a robot and it will do a 9 the housework. A robot will be our .

Passage 18 trip there. 30

out to visit a famous museum, but I didn’t know way to go, so I stopped a stranger and asked, “Excuse me, does this street lead(通向)to the Grand Museum?” “Yes,” he answered. “Go along this street and turn left at the second crossing. You can’t it”. two blocks(街区) and turned to my left, but the museum there. Then I asked a second stranger. He said, “Go along this street and turn left at the second crossing.” But I couldn’t find the museum. I asked a third stranger and he said the same thing.

walked up and said. “Excuse me. Where’s the nearest ?” I answered , “Go along this street and turn left at the second crossing!”

Passage 19 in taking care of animals? Girls and boys who like animals may want to study to be animal doctors. They’re “vets”. Many of them work in animal . Others may . Some study animal diseases(疾病) and try for animals.

Vets listen to an animal’s . They check(检查) its ears, eyes, mouth, animals when they need to. They may give the animals shots(注射) and tell the pets’ what food is best. 31

Passage 20

“I don’t want move!” Fred said to his father. “I like living here in New . I want to stay!”

“We have to . Fred.” Mr. Sparks said, “I have a job in the you wait until you see them? Maybe you will like .”

“Never!” was Fred’s .

, the Sparks family left the city by plane. They big plane. This time they flew over water.

At l 11 they saw land. “This is Hawaii,” Mr. Sparks said. “And it is . But we will visit the other islands, too.

of them are beautiful.”

“I don’t care(关心 they are like,” said Fred. “I wish I could go to New York City right now!”

Passage 21 the life with computers. Using computers and easily. You are able to send a letter in the world without putting 32

a stamp. E-mail can send its message to the other side of the world seconds(秒 time and money. It serves(服务) for twenty-four hours. So it doesn’t matter if your friends are in bed when you send E-mail to them, or you are seeing a film at the Can you imagine(想象computers? Students will teach themselves in the schools of the future. Computers . Students will follow the less** by world-class teachers. If they don’t understand something, they will ask or E-mail their teachers. Computers are becoming more and more popular indeed.

Passage 22

Dear Mum and Dad,

I’m very happy to visit Beijing again. Great changes have taken place here. Yesterday, I went to visit Qiming Middle School---I had lived there nearly two years. Maybe you don’t believe(相信) I couldn’t find the there! A taxi driver took me there in the end, he said, “Beijing . Sometimes even a Beijinger cannot find a way.” everywhere in Beijing. Many people are attending(参加) English classes in the evening schools, some of them can 33

speak very good English. I’m the 2008 Olympic can be held in Beijing successfully(成功地).

Passage 23

A storm dropped(降) heavy rains on central and southern parts of China. the Xiangjiang River in Hunan, floods caused in the past weeks killed 25 people and 13 others were missing.

The Chinese Government warned some parts in Yunnan and the city of few days.

In Changsha water levels rose(水位上升) to 38 metres early Monday the danger line. 21 people have been killed, while three were heavy floods hit northern parts by Saturday.

hardest hit and many people were left homeless(无家可归).

About 620 million yuan has been lost in the floods. Guangdong has sent to Meizhou, Heyuan and Shaoguan to help the people again.

Passage 24

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a baby, she drew on the . So she he painted. This made him laugh. lines on his painting. She was only two and a half got angry. She cried and said, “I want to paint like you!” her father thought about his own childhood. He also understand him. They an artist.

she still has a normal(常人的) life. So the Wang family lives like everyone else.

Passage 25

Dear Editor,

I used to be a doctor in the children’s department of a local have been poisoned(中毒) by the bottle that we now use in China. an American. He showed a plastic pill bottle that is “Childproof”(防儿童的). The design simple that I’m sure our Chinese factories could produce these by 35

for most young adults can open them without any difficulty. I’m sure that the expense of making such tops would be very low. As a doctor, I’d love to see this done. And most parents would be grateful.

Passage 26

Climbing a mountain is hard work. But one step after another finally . he climbs, the more wonderful his view(视野) is. If he keeps climbing, he will have a new world before him. He will have a new everything. language is something like climbing a mountain. This new language can give you a new view of life. And it is more than a look at the surface(表面) of things. It can open the way into people’s minds and hearts, into a culture(文化 from the one of your own. This will make you richer, in things that money can’t buy. Even though you never set foot on a ship or a plane, you can be an through books.

at the scenery around him, everyone who is interested in reading will find in books as he fights on to learn more and more of that new language.

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Passage 27

It was getting dark. Some children and two Canadian women were still on the ice near a big hotel. They were having a good time. . One of the boys fell into the water. The children shouted, “Help! Help!” They didn’t know to do. The and skated over to get the boy out of the water. they didn’t push him up onto the ice, he would soon die.

. Some of them had ropes and poles(绳和竹竿). A young man jumped into the water to wave to the

people.

The boy and the two Canadian women were out of water at last. One of the women didn’t feel well. She was sent to the at once. But she felt very happy because the boy was safe.

Passage 28

Most American families are smaller than the families in other countries. and one or two children each.

37

Children in the US will leave their parents’ home when they grow up. from their parents because they want to find them. And they their parents on holiday.

their children choose their own jobs. Americans important for young people to decide on their lives by

to do some work around their house. And in for doing some housework so

Passage 29

difficult in The economies(经济)of the to grow by 4% each year just to keep the old number of and so more people are work. Some people have no jobs now because new the work of many people in a shorter time. holidays. In all of the countries of the world machines are taking work from people, not One machine can often do the to the cities a 38

70% of them can find jobs.

Passage 30

Someone says, “Time is money,” but I think time is even more we can get it it’ll never return. That’s we mustn’t waste(浪费) time. It’s sure that the is usually limited(有限的).Even a second is very important. We should But some people don’t know the importance of time. They spend their limited time smoking, drinking and playing. They do not know that wasting time

In a word, we should save time, we shouldn’t today’s work for .

Passage31

Can animals be made to work for us? Some scientists think that one day that in a film or on TV we may see elephants, monkeys, dogs, bears, or carefully, you may find that those animals are given something to eat in return for animals may be taught 39

to do a number of simple jobs if they will get something to eat. Of course, as we know, dogs can be used to guard a house, and And we can also teach used in that these monkeys drive trains.

Passage32

If you don’t use your arms or your legs for some time, they will become weak; when you start using them again, they will gradually (逐渐地)become stronger again. Everybody knows this. Yet many people do not seem to know that it is the with memory. When someone says give it enough chance to become stronger.

that it is his own fault. But if he tells us that he has a poor memory, many of us think of us know that it is just his own fault.

found some people can’t read or write but they usually they cannot read or write and they to remember things; they cannot write them down in a little notebook. They must remember dates, names, songs and stories; so 40

their memory is the whole time being exercised.

from these people : practise remembering.

Passage33 a small bag on the I could find out the owner’s name. There was inside it except some dollars and a picture of a woman and a young girl about twelve years old. I put the photo back and took the bag to the police station. Before I left, the

. He thought the owner might want to thank me.

That evening I went to have dinner with my aunt and uncle. They had also asked a young woman to have dinner with us. Her face was familiar, but I couldn’t our talk, the young her bag that afternoon. All I had seen her. She was the young girl in than the girl in the , of course, when I told her about the

bag. After dinner we went to the police station and got back her bag. The policeman said to me, “It’s a wonderful thing. You found not only the bag, but also the owner of the bag. ”

41

Passage34 everything all his life. When you are still a baby, mother takes good care of you as much as possible. In your waking hours she always holds you in her arms. When you are ill, she stops her work right now to look after you day and

and forgets about herself. When you are growing up day by day, she feels very happy.

to go to school, mother still looks after you all on more clothes. She always stands in the wind waiting for you back from school knows about your study and spend much money on your school things. When you do well at on her face. Mother can do everything for you day after day.

Mother is always ready to give everything she has to her children, not to Mother Love for ever!

Passage35

man. He is 60 years old and he has 42

thirteen jobs. He is a postman, a policeman, a fireman, a taxi driver, a school-bus driver, a boatman, an ambulance man, an accountant, a petrol attendant, a barman, and an undertaker. Also, he and his

and works on the island of Gigha in the west of Scotland. Only 120 people every day. for the hotel guests. At eight he drives the island’s children to collects the post from the boat and delivers it to all the houses on the island. He also delivers the beer to the island’s only pub. Then he helps . He says:“Margaret likes being busy, too. We have holidays and we don’t like television. In the evening Margaret makes supper and I do the accounts. At ten we have a our life isn’t very exciting, but we like it.”

Passage36 assistant will come near to you and say, “Can I you?” You needn’t buy you don’t want. You may try to find out where the , the assistant will lead you there and selling any 43

books at all. us about a good shop. A medical student found a very useful book in a shop, but it is too expensive for him to . He couldn’t get it from the library, . So every afternoon a little at a time. One day, however, he couldn’t find the book from its usual place and was leaving when he saw an , the assistant pointed to the book in a corner, “I put it there so as not to be sold out.” said the assistant. Then he let the student go on with his reading.

Passage37

( S=salesgirl; H=Han mei )

S: Good morning. Can I help you? this blouse last week, but there's something wrong with it. it now. I want you back. water?

H: Of course not.

. Did you you washed it?

. I didn't put it in cold water until I washed it.

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Passage38

When you go to England you may find the traffic there is different from in the streets, because the traffic on the left. You must look to the right and then the left before you cross a street.

In the morning and in the evening when people go to or come back from then.

When you go by bus in England, you have to take care, too. Always a look first or way.

. You can sit on the second one. From there you can see the city very well.

Passage39

? Dogs? Horses? No! The a 2 to the question is cows. Why cows? Cows give us milk. And milk is one of our of food.

Suppose(假设)that all the milk cows make in one year were put bottles. And suppose these bottles were put side by side. The line That is a lot of milk, to 45

make butter cheese, ice cream and many other things. It takes many cows milk. But not as many as it used to. A cow used to give only about 1,500 quarts(夸脱)of milk a year. Now a fine cow may more than 3,000 quarts in a year.

Why do cows give more milk today? Now farmers have better cows. The and better food.

Passage40

Here’s a part of an e-mail answer from Joe giving some advice to his son in college. “When I was young, I often met about what to do and what not to do. My grandmother told me not to worry about those things. , I should try to do well those things, and I do them every day. For example, I need to eat every people and know how to should be all right and comfortable. Every night I sleep, so my bed should let me have a good that you do a better job of the one in a lifetime things as well.”

Passage41

Let me tell you a story. A good friend of mine lives with six hundred 46

he left school, he has travelled all over for animals for his own zoo. He writes books about . The money for his books for all the animal food. My friend told me that when he was looking for water last week (There is not enough water on the oil. money water for a long time, but he knows that if he tells anybody else about it, it will of his zoo and his life’s work. So I think he will not tell you and me about what he found — because oil and water can’t be together. Oil may bring greater trouble to his animals than not having enough water. Do you think so?

Passage42 means the earth, the sun, the moon and the stars and the space away that we can not see the earth. It has already man from the earth. Man-made satellites have been space by many countries. They go round the earth. They are the earth, the weather and other messages. It makes different countries understand each other much better. So 47

place. People call the small place “the global village”.

48

答案

一1.lies 2.area 3.covered 4.richest 5.farmers 6.capital 7.foreign 8.speak 9.old

10.problem

二1.biggest 2.with 3.there 4.love/ like 5.when 6.happily 7.friendly 8.covered

9.snowmen 10.back

三1.worried 2.ways 3.visit 4.Firstly 5.enough 6.diet 7.matter 8.able 9.share

10.sadness

四1.houses 2.with 3. out 4.bigger 5.just 6.much 7.weather 8.come 9.called

10.window

五1.served 2.luck 3.took 4.end 5.happiest 6.job 7.could 8.myself 9.sho/shom

10.become

六1.than 2.instead 3.what 4.time 5.dark 6.round 7.less 8.taken 9.that 10.lose 七1.few 2.whether 3.without 4.shown 5.However 6.above 7.although 8.change

9.controling 10.return

八1.too 2.cross 3.carefully 4.rainy 5.hurry 6.wet 7.clearly 8.themselves 9.longer

10.less

九1.countries 2.live 3.far 4.find 5.write 6.visit 7.own 8.important 9.paid 10.how 49

十1.even 2.gone 3.return 4.time 5.something 6.importance 7.playing 8.lives

9.leave 10.no

十一1.moved 2.between 3.more 4.money 5.ask 6.no 7.though 8.bad

9.themselves 10.in

十二1.change 2.Perhaps/Probably 3.encourage 4.two 5.over 6.called 7.hours

8.only 9.important 10.great/ good

十三1.so 2.studying 3.fun 4.also 5.with 6.become 7.teenagers 8.wear 9.time

10.cheap

十四1.homework 2.activities3.last 4.whether 5.right 6.forst 7.sure 8.own 9.fact

10.abilities

十五1.example 2.But 3.stop 4.happen 5.also 6.play 7.life 8.new 9.activities 10favorite

十六1.shelters 2.taken 3.Center 4. left 5. stay 6. and 7. enough 8.but 9.last

10.living

十七1. how 2. arrive 3. it 4. rang 5. again 6. least 7. nobody 8. shouted或screamed

9. was 10. else

十八1.many 2.do 3.good 4.looked 5.when 6.for 7.very 8.but 9.clothes 10.. themselves

十九1.shoes 2.bright 3. named 4.dirty 5.brush 6.unless/until 7.angry 8.surprise

9.laughing/looking 10.agreed

二十1.have 2.building 3.look 4.more 5.enough 6.but 7.first 8.finished 9.in

10.them

练习1 KEYS :1、located 2、thousands 3、tourism 4、worries 5、decides

6、protected 7、marks

练习2KEYS: 1. busy 2. lives 3. summer 4. boat 5. breakfast 6. school 7. shop 8. never 9. watching 10. Perhaps

练习3KEYS: store, help, anything, want, in, tells, buy, either , read, surprise

P1 1. river 2. land 3. friends 4.visit 5. uses 6. necks 7. taught 8. finished 9. shopping 10. own P2 1. instead 2. quite 3. gives 4. or 5. different 6. for 7. times 8. used 9. making 10. 50

factories

P3 1. won 2. difficult/dangerous 3. carefully 4. played 5. early 6. few 7. learn 8. fast 9. safe 10. body

P4 1.usual 2.suddenly 3.thought 4. decided 5. pushed 6. shouted 7. everywhere 8. reached 9. lives

10. opening

P5 1. traveling 2. money 3. visiting 4. showed 5. on 6. worried 7. where 8. before 9. pay 10. sent

P6 1. jokes 2. day 3. laughs 4. thank 5. rest 6. life 7. presents 8. together 9. December 10. seen

P7 1. busy 2.reading 3.center 4.closed 5.friends 6.except 7.someone/somebody 8.another

9.delicious 10. took

P8 1. would 2. fell 3. heard 4. catch 5. when 6. angrily 7. looked 8. earlier 9. afraid 10. let

P9 1. became 2. interesting 3. run 4. full 5. with 6. away 7. back 8. telephoned 9. easy 10. caught

P10 1. best 2. game 3. for 4. passes 5. kicks 6. away 7. minutes 8. player 9. end 10. wins P11 1. use 2. talking 3. change 4. called 5. with 6. something 7. librarian 8. through 9. send 10. needn’t

P12 1. how 2. showed 3. down 4. move, 5. strange 6. because 7. flying 8. either 9. bring, 10. enjoy

P13 1. talking 2. agreed 3. stronger 4. except 5. before 6. corner 7. move 8. enough 9. still 10. why

P14 1. with 2. cages 3. repair 4. unhappy 5. spend 6. telephone 7. pay 8. believes 9. record 10. newspaper

P15 1. planted 2. built 3. made 4. long 5. wide 6. reach 7. through 8. stopped 9. warm 10. being

P16 1. understand 2. meeting 3. expect 4. arrive 5. language 6. found 7. example 8. prefer 9. each 10. before

P17 1. know 2. lot 3. with 4. more 5. drive 6. plane 7. may 8. not 9. all 10. friend P18 1. first 2. started 3. which 4. miss 5. walked 6. wasn’t 7. again 8. somebody/someone 9. band/bus-stop/bookstore/bar 10. quickly

P19 1. interested 2. called 3. hospitals 4. zoo 5. ways 6. ill 7. medicine 8. heart 9. operate 10. owners

P20 1. like 2. here 3. move 4. new 5. don’t 6. there 7. answer 8. later 9. flew 10. another 11. last 12. on 13. All 14. what 15. back

P21 1. living 2. quickly 3. anywhere 4. in 5. saves 6. back 7. but 8. learning 9. watching 10. online

P22 1. for 2. way 3. much 4. heard 5. sure

P23 1. along 2. rain 3. following 4. above 5. least 6. seriously/badly 7. when/after 8. were 9. useful

10. homes

P24 1. As 2. even 3. him 4. when 5. drew 6. old 7. Then 8. couldn’t 9. become 10. but

P25 1. Hospital 2. who 3. open 4. with 5. me 6. so 7. bottles 8. opened 9. difficult 10. but P26 1. top 2. around 3. higher 4. thinking 5. foreign 6. different 7. even 8. walking 9. look 10. pleasure

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P27 1. skating 2. broke 3. what 4. that 5. thin 6. reach 7. quick 8. help 9. other 10. hospital P28 1. parents 2. far 3. telephone 4. visit 5. let 6. it 7. themselves 8. asked 9. paid 10. use P29 1. more 2. everybody 3. need 4. possible 5. without 6. do 7. longer 8. farms 9. moving 10. only

P30 1. important 2. spent 3. back 4. gone 5. why 6. time 7. useful 8. lives 9. leave 10. lose P31 1. taught 2. say 3. watch 4. doing 5. different 6. jobs 7. factories 8. been 9. believe 10. even.

P32 1. same 2. doesn’t 3. know 4. parents 5. few 6. ever7. better 8. because 9. have 10. learn.

P33 1. saw 2. whether 3. nothing 4. address 5. remember 6. During 7. lost 8. where 9. older 10. surprised.

P34 1.everyone/everybody 2.night 3.enough 4.time 5. put 6. breakfast 7. usually 8. smile 9. world

10. remember

P35 1. busy 2. lives 3. summer 4. boat 5. breakfast 6. school 7. shop 8. never 9. watching 10. Perhaps

P36 1. store 2. help 3. anything 4. want 5. in, 6. tells 7. buy 8. either 9. read 10. surprise. P37 1. bought 2. washed 3. wear 4. change 5. money 6. hot 7. seems 8. instruction(s) 9. before 10. either,

P38 1. foreigner 2 careful 3 drives 4 busy 5 dangerous 6 remember 7 moves 8 take 9 wrong 10 floors

P39 1. most 2.answer 3.kinds 4.into 5.times 6.drinking 7.used 8.much 9.give 10.care P40 1. trouble(s) 2. only 3. Instead 4. cook 5. others 6. different 7. speak 8. shoes 9. everyday 10. means

P41 1. since 2. looking 3. animals 4.pay 5. found 6. needs 7. enough 8. end 9. except 10. put

P42 1. universe 2. between 3. far 4. around 5. by 6. into 7. about 8. receiving 9. from 10. smaller

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