九年英语Unit 2 Topic 2
1. 行为 2. 沙子 3. 防止, 预防 4. 虽然,尽管 5. 法律 6. 时期,时代 7. 上升 8. 水平线, 水平
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1. behavior 2. sand 3. prevent 4. although 5.law 6. period 7. rise 8. level
? ? ? ? ? ? behave(名词) sand (形容词) rise(过去分词) importance (形容词) take (过去分词) die(现在分词) ? ? ? ? ? ? behavior sandy risen important taken dying
1. 结果 2. 到处 3. 一开始 4. 消失, 灭亡 5. 吹走 6. 妨碍,防止 7. 形成 8. 关掉(水, 电) 9. 占据 10.拿走
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 1.as a result 2. here and there 3. in the beginning 4. die out 5. blow away 6. prevent ...from 7. come into being 8. turn off 9. take up 10. take away
11. 一天天 12. 砍到 13. 转换成 14. 在地球上, 到底
? ? ? ? 11. day by day 12. cut down 13. change into 14. on earth
? 1. 我们应该尽一切努力保护环境. do everything we can ? We should _____________________to protect the environment. ? 2. 如果人人都能尽可能地遵守规章, 我们的校园 会一天天变得越来越好. does their best to follow ? If everyone _____________________the rules, our school will become better and better day by day _________________. ? 3. 人们已经意识到保护动物的重要性. have come to realize the importance ? Humans _____________________________of protecting animals. ? 4.树木可以防止泥土被风吹走. from blowing away ? Trees can stop the wind ________________the earth.
? 1.none/ no one None ? (1) ________of us has been to Tibet? ? (2) –How many students have been to the Forbidden City? None ? --___________. ? (3) –Who has gone shopping with her? No one ? --____________.
none 既可指人也可指物, 作主语时谓语使用单复数均可 , 表示三者或三者以上 “没有 任何人或物”, 可与of 短语连用, 构成none of +名词/代词. 在简略答语中, none用来回 答how many /much 引导的问句. no one 用来指人, 不能指物, 相当于nobody. 不能与of 短语连用, 作主语时, 谓语动词用 单数形式. 在简略答语中, 用来回答who引导的问句.
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2. everyone / every one everyone / every one (1) Teacher asked, ―Is ___________here?‖ Every one (2) __________of my friends likes cats. (3) My mom bought some apples, every one ________was sweet.
everyone 为不定代词, ―大家, 人人, 每人” 同于everybody.作主语 时, 谓语动词用单数. every one 可以指人也可以指物, 指人时同于everyone. every one 后又可接of 短语, 而everyone 则不可以.
? 3.run away / blow away/ wash away/ throw away
? (1) We can recycle the waste paper rather throw away than _______them _________. ? (2) The forest can help us prevent the blowing away wind from ________the earth _______. run away ? (3) The robb
er has ___________. We can’t catch him. ? (4) When I was playing the waters in the washed away stream, my shoes was _________.
? 4. raise / rise
raises ? (1) The farmer_________ chickens on the bill . rose ? (2) The balloon ________slowly from the ground just now. risen ? (3) The river has _________two feet because of the heavy rain. rises ? (4) The sun ________in the east every day. raises ? (5) The wind can _________the fallen leaves from the ground.
raise 常作及物动词, 意思是 “升起, 举起,提升,提出, 筹集, 饲养, 种植”. 说 明主语发出的动作要作用于其他食物, 强调主观. rise 为不及物动词, 意思是 “上升, 起身”, 以及东西或价格的升高. 说明主 语自身移向较高的位置.强调客观.
? 5.deal with / do with dealing with ? (1) He is good at _________pressure. do with ? (2) What do you ____________the broken bowl? deal with ? (3) I really don’t know how to ________the situation.
deal with意为 “解决, 处理,应付”, 当表达 “如何 处理......?‖时, 疑问词常用how.
do with 意为 “处理, 打发, 安排”, 与deal with 都 可作 “处理”讲, 但疑问词常用what.
? (1)somebody, something, somewhere 用于肯定句, anybody, anything, anywhere, 用于否定句和疑问句.如果 表示请求许可, 希望得到对方的肯定回答时仍用some系列 不定代词. none, nobody, nothing 本身表示否定, everybody, everyone用于各种句式. ? (2) 修饰不定代词的形容词应放在不定代词的前面.e.g. I have something important to tell you. ? (3) 不定代词作主语时, 谓语动词常用单数.e.g. Everyone likes peace. ? (4) 表示人的不定代词作主语时, 其反意疑问句的主语通常 用代词they 或he .e.g. Everyone is here, aren’t they? / isn’t he? ? (5)当句子中的主语是物的不定代词时,其反意疑问句的主 语通常用代词it. e.g. Everything goes well, doesn’t it?
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( B )1.—Would you like to have _____? —No, thank you. I’ve had enough. A.anything more B.something more C.more anything D.more something ( D )2.The driver was badly hurt _____ of the traffic accident. A.at a result B.in the result C.with the result D.as a result ( B )3.This washing machine is very easy to use. _____ can learn to use it in a very short time. A.Somebody B.Anybody C.Nobody D.Few people ( D )4.—Hi, Bob! I can’t find my story book. Have you seen it? —Sorry, I haven’t. Why not ask Jim? Perhaps he’s seen it _____. A.anywhere B.everywhereC.nowhere D.somewhere ( B )5._____ everybody likes watching TV in my family. My parents like doing outdoor activities. A.No B.Not C.None D.Nobody
? ( D )6.We must plant more trees after we _____ every year. ? A.cut off them B.cut them off ? C.cut down them D.cut them down ? ( A )7.The cleaners must keep the stree
t _____. ? A.from getting dirty B.to dirty ? C.to get dirty D.getting dirty ? ( B )8.—Is _____ ready for the trip? ? —No, we haven’t got a camera. ? A.nothing B.everything C.something D.anything ? ( A )9.None of us _____ running, but we all like swimming. ? A. likes B.like C.liking D.would like to ? ( C )10.Liang Li always helps others _____ she is very busy. ? A.but B.and C.althoughD.because
? A: _____________________The wind is blowing What bad weather! strongly with lots of sand. I couldn’t see anything, and my face hurt while I was walking down the street just now. ? B: I’m sorry to hear that . _____________________ . But what cause these sandstorms? People have cut down too many trees. ? A: _________________________________As a result ,a lot of rich land has changed into desert. but how can that affect the weather? ? B: That’s bad, ______________________________ ? A: Trees can stop the wind from blowing the earth away. ? B: And a lot of water can be saved by forests. ? A: They can also prevent the water from washing the earth away. ? B: Cutting down trees is harmful to human beings, animals and plants. Although we have built ―The Great Green Wall‖, we still need to work hard to protect the environment.
? A: _____________________ Mike? I phoned you, but you Where have you been? weren’t in. ? B: 1I’ve been to a rubber factory. Why did you go there? ? A: ________________________ ? B: 2 Because I found the factory pouring waste water into the river. It has made several old people who live nearby sick. That’s terrible ? A: 3.___________________ ? B: Do you think―Greener China‖can do something? Yes, of course. ? A: 4 _____________________I think we should write a letter to the newspaper about the pollution. Good idea! ? B: 5 ___________________ It’s our duty to protect the environment.
? 1. stop...from , pour ? We should stop the factory pouring waste water into the river. ? 2. smoke , harmful , health ? Smoking is harmful to our health. ? 3. a lot of , flowers , garden ? There are a lot of flowers in the garden. ? 4. everyone , care for , wild animals ? Everyone should care for wild animals. ? 5. book, take up , space ? These books took up a lot of space.
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6.not, spit , anywhere Don’t spit anywhere in public. 2. remember, light Remember to turn off the lights when you leave. 3. noise , in the library Don’t make noise in the library. 4. leave , rubbish Don’t leave rubbish here and there. 5. plant trees, hill We should plant more trees on the hill.
harm, cost, produce, recycle, deal, take, ton, percent, find, all
tons People in Britain produce about 430 million____ of percent waste every year, and put about 85 ________of the harms waste into the land. This_______ the environment and takes to find _______up a lot of space. It’s difficult _______new
land to put the garbage in . At the same time, dealing costs ________with the waste _________too much money. ? Every year, people in Hong Kong produce about 5 all million tons of waste. Of _____ the garbage, about 35 recycled percent can be______ while the rest can’t . produced ? The garbage________ every day has become a serious problem around the world. How shall we deal with it?